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The Archaeology Of Mars
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The Archaeology Of Mars

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An early draft of a presentation I abandoned, but might be worth coming back to, following recent developments. See http://alun.posterous.com/re-thinking-mars

An early draft of a presentation I abandoned, but might be worth coming back to, following recent developments. See http://alun.posterous.com/re-thinking-mars

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  • 1. The Adjacent World The Archaeology of colonisation and Mars
  • 2. If we demolished the pyramids would anybody notice? Image courtesy of NASA/JPL-Caltech
  • 3. When does something become Heritage?
    • Space Heritage is largely a product of the Cold War. e.g.
  • 4. When does something become Heritage?
    • Space Heritage is largely a product of the Cold War. e.g.
    • Sputnik / Vanguard
    Image courtesy of NASA
  • 5. When does something become Heritage?
    • Space Heritage is largely a product of the Cold War. e.g.
    • Sputnik / Vanguard
    • The British Space Programme at Woomera.
    Image courtesy of Dr Alice Gorman
  • 6. When does something become Heritage?
    • Space Heritage is largely a product of the Cold War. e.g.
    • Sputnik / Vanguard
    • The British Space Programme at Woomera.
    • Skylab / Mir
    Image courtesy of ESA
  • 7. When does something become Heritage?
    • Space Heritage is largely a product of the Cold War. e.g.
    • Sputnik / Vanguard
    • The British Space Programme at Woomera
    • Skylab / Mir
    • The Race to the Moon and Mars
    Image from Amazon
  • 8. There is a common notion that everywhere has been colonised Image from “The Truman Show” (1998)
  • 9. The problems of exploration are underestimated by many Image from http://www.marsshop.com
  • 10. The problems of exploration are underestimated by many Image from http://www.marsshop.com
  • 11. The number of mars probes has varied considerably in recent decades
  • 12. Orbital mechanics lead us to expect some clustering of probes Image from Mariner 4 press kit 1964
  • 13. Orbital mechanics lead us to expect some clustering of probes Animation: Venus Express from http://www.esa.int
  • 14.  
  • 15.  
  • 16. The first exoarchaeological surveys of mars date from after 1877
    • Giovanni Schiaparelli
    Image from http://www.phys-astro.sonoma.edu/BruceMedalists/Schiaparelli/
  • 17.
    • Giovanni Schiaparelli
    • Percival Lowell
    The first exoarchaeological surveys of mars date from after 1877 Image from http://www.lowell.edu/AboutLowell/plowell.html
  • 18.  
  • 19. Many recognised acts of colonial behaviour are already occurring Image courtesy NASA/JPL-Caltech
  • 20. Many recognised acts of colonial behaviour are already occurring
    • Marcy Rockman on Knowledge and Learning
    Image from Amazon
  • 21. Many recognised acts of colonial behaviour are already occurring
    • Marcy Rockman on Knowledge and Learning
    • Locational Locations and physical characteristics of necessary resources. e.g. basic mapping of major highlands / lowlands of Mars.
    Image from Amazon
  • 22. Many recognised acts of colonial behaviour are already occurring
    • Marcy Rockman on Knowledge and Learning
    • Locational
    • Limitational Boundaries and costs of necessary resources. e.g. seasonal variation of Martian polar caps.
    Image from Amazon
  • 23. Many recognised acts of colonial behaviour are already occurring
    • Marcy Rockman on Knowledge and Learning
    • Locational
    • Limitational
    • Social Attributions of names, meanings and patterns to natural features. Transformation of environment into human landscape.
    Image from Amazon
  • 24. Discussion point
    • These points are basic / fundamental to the presentation. Therefore ethically I should make it easy to note / remember the book that I’m citing.
    • How do you do that without interrupting the flow of the talk?
    Image from Amazon
  • 25. Discussion point
    • These points are basic / fundamental to the presentation. Therefore ethically I should make it easy to note / remember the book that I’m citing.
    • How do you do that without interrupting the flow of the talk?
    Rockman, M. 2003. ‘Knowledge and Learning in the Archaeology of Colonization’ in The Colonization of Unfamiliar Landscapes: The Archaeology of Adaptation . eds. M. Rockman and J. Steele. Routledge. (1-24) Section cited on page 3
  • 26. Probes from the 1960s Film clip from ‘Planet Mars’ courtesy of NASA
  • 27. Probes from the 1960s Image courtesy of NASA : http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/database/MasterCatalog?sc=1964-077A
  • 28. Probes from the 1960s Image courtesy of NASA : http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/database/MasterCatalog?sc=1964-077A Technologically a new era? 1 st successful Mars fly-by.
  • 29. Probes from the 1960s Image courtesy of NASA : http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/imgcat/html/object_page/m04_01d.html Technologically a new era? 1 st successful Mars fly-by.
  • 30. Probes from the 1960s Image courtesy of NASA : http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/imgcat/html/object_page/m04_01d.html Technologically a new era? 1 st successful Mars fly-by.
    • Scientifically a new era?
    • Locational
    • Limitational
    • Social
  • 31. Probes from the 1960s Image courtesy of NASA : http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/imgcat/html/object_page/m04_01d.html Technologically a new era? 1 st successful Mars fly-by.
    • Scientifically a new era?
    • Locational
    • Limitational
    • Social
    • TV camera
    • Magnetometer
    • dust detector
    • cosmic ray telescope
    • trapped radiation detector
    • solar plasma probe
    • ionization chamber (Geiger counter)
  • 32. In the 1960s the relationship with Mars remained Archaeologically Platonic Image courtesy of NASA: Mariner-Mars final project report
  • 33. In the 1970s a new phase of exploration began Image from NASA: http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/viking.html
  • 34. In the 1970s a new phase of exploration began Image from NASA: http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/viking.html
  • 35. In the 1970s a new phase of exploration began Image from Malin Space Science Systems: www.msss.com/mars/pictures/viking_lander/viking_lander.html
  • 36. Probes from the 1980s
  • 37. Probes from the 1990s Image courtesy of NASA
  • 38. The 1990s saw the naming of local sites on mars Image courtesy of NASA
  • 39. In the 2000s the definition of the martian landscape is being contested
  • 40. In the 2000s the definition of the martian landscape is being contested
  • 41. In the 2000s the definition of the martian landscape is being contested
  • 42. Proto-colonisation is scheduled to start this year Image courtesy NASA/JPL-Caltech
  • 43. 2010 was to have marked a new phase in martian colonisation Image courtesy NASA/JPL-Caltech
  • 44. New issues for Colonial Archaeology
    • Mars has no native culture. How does the colonial venture define itself? What will be a place on Mars?
    • Who are the agents of colonisation? Revival of the Dutch East Mars Company?
    • For all mankind? What about the technological barriers to 3 rd world countries