The Adjacent World The Archaeology of colonisation and Mars
If we demolished the pyramids would anybody notice? Image  courtesy of NASA/JPL-Caltech
When does something become Heritage? <ul><li>Space Heritage is largely a product of the Cold War. e.g. </li></ul>
When does something become Heritage? <ul><li>Space Heritage is largely a product of the Cold War. e.g. </li></ul><ul><li>S...
When does something become Heritage? <ul><li>Space Heritage is largely a product of the Cold War. e.g. </li></ul><ul><li>S...
When does something become Heritage? <ul><li>Space Heritage is largely a product of the Cold War. e.g. </li></ul><ul><li>S...
When does something become Heritage? <ul><li>Space Heritage is largely a product of the Cold War. e.g. </li></ul><ul><li>S...
There is a common notion that everywhere has been colonised Image  from “The Truman Show” (1998)
The problems of exploration are underestimated by many Image  from http://www.marsshop.com
The problems of exploration are underestimated by many Image  from http://www.marsshop.com
The number of mars probes has varied considerably in recent decades
Orbital mechanics lead us to expect some clustering of probes Image from Mariner 4 press kit 1964
Orbital mechanics lead us to expect some clustering of probes Animation: Venus Express  from http://www.esa.int
 
 
The first exoarchaeological surveys of mars date from after 1877 <ul><li>Giovanni Schiaparelli </li></ul>Image  from  http...
<ul><li>Giovanni Schiaparelli </li></ul><ul><li>Percival Lowell </li></ul>The first exoarchaeological surveys of mars date...
 
Many recognised acts of colonial behaviour are already occurring Image  courtesy NASA/JPL-Caltech
Many recognised acts of colonial behaviour are already occurring <ul><li>Marcy Rockman on Knowledge and Learning </li></ul...
Many recognised acts of colonial behaviour are already occurring <ul><li>Marcy Rockman on Knowledge and Learning </li></ul...
Many recognised acts of colonial behaviour are already occurring <ul><li>Marcy Rockman on Knowledge and Learning </li></ul...
Many recognised acts of colonial behaviour are already occurring <ul><li>Marcy Rockman on Knowledge and Learning </li></ul...
Discussion point <ul><li>These points are basic / fundamental to the presentation. Therefore ethically I should make it ea...
Discussion point <ul><li>These points are basic / fundamental to the presentation. Therefore ethically I should make it ea...
Probes from the 1960s Film clip from ‘Planet Mars’ courtesy of NASA
Probes from the 1960s Image courtesy of NASA : http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/database/MasterCatalog?sc=1964-077A
Probes from the 1960s Image courtesy of NASA : http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/database/MasterCatalog?sc=1964-077A Technologica...
Probes from the 1960s Image courtesy of NASA : http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/imgcat/html/object_page/m04_01d.html Technologic...
Probes from the 1960s Image courtesy of NASA : http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/imgcat/html/object_page/m04_01d.html Technologic...
Probes from the 1960s Image courtesy of NASA : http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/imgcat/html/object_page/m04_01d.html Technologic...
In the 1960s the relationship with Mars remained Archaeologically Platonic Image courtesy of NASA: Mariner-Mars final proj...
In the 1970s a new phase of exploration began Image from NASA:  http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/viking.html
In the 1970s a new phase of exploration began Image from NASA:  http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/viking.html
In the 1970s a new phase of exploration began Image from Malin Space Science Systems:  www.msss.com/mars/pictures/viking_l...
Probes from the 1980s
Probes from the 1990s Image courtesy of NASA
The 1990s saw the naming of local sites on mars Image courtesy of NASA
In the 2000s the definition of the martian landscape is being contested
In the 2000s the definition of the martian landscape is being contested
In the 2000s the definition of the martian landscape is being contested
Proto-colonisation is scheduled to start this year Image  courtesy NASA/JPL-Caltech
2010 was to have marked a new phase in martian colonisation Image  courtesy NASA/JPL-Caltech
New issues for Colonial Archaeology <ul><li>Mars has no native culture. How does the colonial venture define itself? What ...
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The Archaeology Of Mars

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An early draft of a presentation I abandoned, but might be worth coming back to, following recent developments. See http://alun.posterous.com/re-thinking-mars

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Transcript of "The Archaeology Of Mars"

  1. 1. The Adjacent World The Archaeology of colonisation and Mars
  2. 2. If we demolished the pyramids would anybody notice? Image courtesy of NASA/JPL-Caltech
  3. 3. When does something become Heritage? <ul><li>Space Heritage is largely a product of the Cold War. e.g. </li></ul>
  4. 4. When does something become Heritage? <ul><li>Space Heritage is largely a product of the Cold War. e.g. </li></ul><ul><li>Sputnik / Vanguard </li></ul>Image courtesy of NASA
  5. 5. When does something become Heritage? <ul><li>Space Heritage is largely a product of the Cold War. e.g. </li></ul><ul><li>Sputnik / Vanguard </li></ul><ul><li>The British Space Programme at Woomera. </li></ul>Image courtesy of Dr Alice Gorman
  6. 6. When does something become Heritage? <ul><li>Space Heritage is largely a product of the Cold War. e.g. </li></ul><ul><li>Sputnik / Vanguard </li></ul><ul><li>The British Space Programme at Woomera. </li></ul><ul><li>Skylab / Mir </li></ul>Image courtesy of ESA
  7. 7. When does something become Heritage? <ul><li>Space Heritage is largely a product of the Cold War. e.g. </li></ul><ul><li>Sputnik / Vanguard </li></ul><ul><li>The British Space Programme at Woomera </li></ul><ul><li>Skylab / Mir </li></ul><ul><li>The Race to the Moon and Mars </li></ul>Image from Amazon
  8. 8. There is a common notion that everywhere has been colonised Image from “The Truman Show” (1998)
  9. 9. The problems of exploration are underestimated by many Image from http://www.marsshop.com
  10. 10. The problems of exploration are underestimated by many Image from http://www.marsshop.com
  11. 11. The number of mars probes has varied considerably in recent decades
  12. 12. Orbital mechanics lead us to expect some clustering of probes Image from Mariner 4 press kit 1964
  13. 13. Orbital mechanics lead us to expect some clustering of probes Animation: Venus Express from http://www.esa.int
  14. 16. The first exoarchaeological surveys of mars date from after 1877 <ul><li>Giovanni Schiaparelli </li></ul>Image from http://www.phys-astro.sonoma.edu/BruceMedalists/Schiaparelli/
  15. 17. <ul><li>Giovanni Schiaparelli </li></ul><ul><li>Percival Lowell </li></ul>The first exoarchaeological surveys of mars date from after 1877 Image from http://www.lowell.edu/AboutLowell/plowell.html
  16. 19. Many recognised acts of colonial behaviour are already occurring Image courtesy NASA/JPL-Caltech
  17. 20. Many recognised acts of colonial behaviour are already occurring <ul><li>Marcy Rockman on Knowledge and Learning </li></ul>Image from Amazon
  18. 21. Many recognised acts of colonial behaviour are already occurring <ul><li>Marcy Rockman on Knowledge and Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Locational Locations and physical characteristics of necessary resources. e.g. basic mapping of major highlands / lowlands of Mars. </li></ul>Image from Amazon
  19. 22. Many recognised acts of colonial behaviour are already occurring <ul><li>Marcy Rockman on Knowledge and Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Locational </li></ul><ul><li>Limitational Boundaries and costs of necessary resources. e.g. seasonal variation of Martian polar caps. </li></ul>Image from Amazon
  20. 23. Many recognised acts of colonial behaviour are already occurring <ul><li>Marcy Rockman on Knowledge and Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Locational </li></ul><ul><li>Limitational </li></ul><ul><li>Social Attributions of names, meanings and patterns to natural features. Transformation of environment into human landscape. </li></ul>Image from Amazon
  21. 24. Discussion point <ul><li>These points are basic / fundamental to the presentation. Therefore ethically I should make it easy to note / remember the book that I’m citing. </li></ul><ul><li>How do you do that without interrupting the flow of the talk? </li></ul>Image from Amazon
  22. 25. Discussion point <ul><li>These points are basic / fundamental to the presentation. Therefore ethically I should make it easy to note / remember the book that I’m citing. </li></ul><ul><li>How do you do that without interrupting the flow of the talk? </li></ul>Rockman, M. 2003. ‘Knowledge and Learning in the Archaeology of Colonization’ in The Colonization of Unfamiliar Landscapes: The Archaeology of Adaptation . eds. M. Rockman and J. Steele. Routledge. (1-24) Section cited on page 3
  23. 26. Probes from the 1960s Film clip from ‘Planet Mars’ courtesy of NASA
  24. 27. Probes from the 1960s Image courtesy of NASA : http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/database/MasterCatalog?sc=1964-077A
  25. 28. Probes from the 1960s Image courtesy of NASA : http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/database/MasterCatalog?sc=1964-077A Technologically a new era? 1 st successful Mars fly-by.
  26. 29. Probes from the 1960s Image courtesy of NASA : http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/imgcat/html/object_page/m04_01d.html Technologically a new era? 1 st successful Mars fly-by.
  27. 30. Probes from the 1960s Image courtesy of NASA : http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/imgcat/html/object_page/m04_01d.html Technologically a new era? 1 st successful Mars fly-by. <ul><li>Scientifically a new era? </li></ul><ul><li>Locational </li></ul><ul><li>Limitational </li></ul><ul><li>Social </li></ul>
  28. 31. Probes from the 1960s Image courtesy of NASA : http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/imgcat/html/object_page/m04_01d.html Technologically a new era? 1 st successful Mars fly-by. <ul><li>Scientifically a new era? </li></ul><ul><li>Locational </li></ul><ul><li>Limitational </li></ul><ul><li>Social </li></ul><ul><li>TV camera </li></ul><ul><li>Magnetometer </li></ul><ul><li>dust detector </li></ul><ul><li>cosmic ray telescope </li></ul><ul><li>trapped radiation detector </li></ul><ul><li>solar plasma probe </li></ul><ul><li>ionization chamber (Geiger counter) </li></ul>
  29. 32. In the 1960s the relationship with Mars remained Archaeologically Platonic Image courtesy of NASA: Mariner-Mars final project report
  30. 33. In the 1970s a new phase of exploration began Image from NASA: http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/viking.html
  31. 34. In the 1970s a new phase of exploration began Image from NASA: http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/viking.html
  32. 35. In the 1970s a new phase of exploration began Image from Malin Space Science Systems: www.msss.com/mars/pictures/viking_lander/viking_lander.html
  33. 36. Probes from the 1980s
  34. 37. Probes from the 1990s Image courtesy of NASA
  35. 38. The 1990s saw the naming of local sites on mars Image courtesy of NASA
  36. 39. In the 2000s the definition of the martian landscape is being contested
  37. 40. In the 2000s the definition of the martian landscape is being contested
  38. 41. In the 2000s the definition of the martian landscape is being contested
  39. 42. Proto-colonisation is scheduled to start this year Image courtesy NASA/JPL-Caltech
  40. 43. 2010 was to have marked a new phase in martian colonisation Image courtesy NASA/JPL-Caltech
  41. 44. New issues for Colonial Archaeology <ul><li>Mars has no native culture. How does the colonial venture define itself? What will be a place on Mars? </li></ul><ul><li>Who are the agents of colonisation? Revival of the Dutch East Mars Company? </li></ul><ul><li>For all mankind? What about the technological barriers to 3 rd world countries </li></ul>

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