Chapter 9.1  Washington Takes Office
Guiding Questions….. <ul><li>What steps did Washington take to make the new government work? </li></ul>
 
<ul><li>What was Hamilton’s plan to reduce the nation’s debt and build the economy? </li></ul>
<ul><li>What were the causes and results of the Whiskey Rebellion? </li></ul>
Making the New Government Work
First Inauguration <ul><li>Washington was inaugurated on April 30, 1789.   </li></ul>
<ul><li>A presidential  inauguration  is the ceremony in which the President takes the oath of office. </li></ul>
 
Oath…. <ul><li>I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States...
First Cabinet <ul><li>Washington set a  precedent ,  or an example for others to follow, by choosing well-known leaders to...
Vocabulary <ul><li>Precedent: an act or decision that sets an examples for others to follow. </li></ul>
The First Cabinet <ul><li>Congress created five departments to help the President. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Attorney General - Edmund Randolph </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign Affairs - John Jay </li></ul><ul><li>Secretary of Sta...
The Judiciary Act <ul><li>In 1789, Congress passed  the Judiciary Act,  which set up the federal court system.  </li></ul>
Time in Office <ul><li>Washington set another  precedent  when he decided not to run for a third term.   </li></ul>
<ul><li>Not until 1940 did any President seek a third term. </li></ul>
The Nation’s Debt  pg. 280
Hamilton’s Plan  <ul><li>The problem: </li></ul><ul><li>The United States had a huge  national debt  —the total amount of ...
<ul><li>Bonds —certificates that promise to repay the money loaned, plus interest, on a certain date. </li></ul>
<ul><li>The debate </li></ul><ul><li>Hamilton—the federal government must repay both federal and state debts by buying up ...
<ul><li>James Madison—Hamilton’s plan would reward  speculators —people who invest in a risky venture in hopes of a large ...
<ul><li>The compromise </li></ul><ul><li>Hamilton promised to support putting the nation’s capital in the South if souther...
Whiskey Rebellion <ul><li>Causes </li></ul><ul><li>To raise money for the Treasury, Congress approved a tax on all liquor ...
Whiskey Rebellion <ul><li>Results </li></ul><ul><li>Washington called up the militia and sent them to put down the rebelli...
Section 9.1 Assessment <ul><li>To help President Washington carry out his duties, the first Congress </li></ul><ul><ul><li...
<ul><li>Hamilton thought the national government should pay off both national and state war debts because </li></ul><ul><u...
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Us8 ch9.1

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Us8 ch9.1

  1. 1. Chapter 9.1 Washington Takes Office
  2. 2. Guiding Questions….. <ul><li>What steps did Washington take to make the new government work? </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>What was Hamilton’s plan to reduce the nation’s debt and build the economy? </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>What were the causes and results of the Whiskey Rebellion? </li></ul>
  5. 6. Making the New Government Work
  6. 7. First Inauguration <ul><li>Washington was inaugurated on April 30, 1789. </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>A presidential inauguration is the ceremony in which the President takes the oath of office. </li></ul>
  8. 10. Oath…. <ul><li>I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States. </li></ul>
  9. 11. First Cabinet <ul><li>Washington set a precedent , or an example for others to follow, by choosing well-known leaders to serve in the Cabinet. </li></ul>
  10. 12. Vocabulary <ul><li>Precedent: an act or decision that sets an examples for others to follow. </li></ul>
  11. 13. The First Cabinet <ul><li>Congress created five departments to help the President. </li></ul>
  12. 14. <ul><li>Attorney General - Edmund Randolph </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign Affairs - John Jay </li></ul><ul><li>Secretary of State - Thomas Jefferson </li></ul><ul><li>Secretary of Treasury: Alexander Hamilton </li></ul><ul><li>Secretary of War - Henry Know </li></ul><ul><li>Postmaster General - Samuel Osgood </li></ul>
  13. 15. The Judiciary Act <ul><li>In 1789, Congress passed the Judiciary Act, which set up the federal court system. </li></ul>
  14. 16. Time in Office <ul><li>Washington set another precedent when he decided not to run for a third term. </li></ul>
  15. 17. <ul><li>Not until 1940 did any President seek a third term. </li></ul>
  16. 18. The Nation’s Debt pg. 280
  17. 19. Hamilton’s Plan <ul><li>The problem: </li></ul><ul><li>The United States had a huge national debt —the total amount of money that a government owes to others. The national government and state governments had borrowed by issuing bonds. </li></ul>
  18. 20. <ul><li>Bonds —certificates that promise to repay the money loaned, plus interest, on a certain date. </li></ul>
  19. 21. <ul><li>The debate </li></ul><ul><li>Hamilton—the federal government must repay both federal and state debts by buying up the old bonds and issuing new ones. The United States must repay all debts so it won’t lose the trust of investors. </li></ul>
  20. 22. <ul><li>James Madison—Hamilton’s plan would reward speculators —people who invest in a risky venture in hopes of a large profit.. </li></ul>
  21. 23. <ul><li>The compromise </li></ul><ul><li>Hamilton promised to support putting the nation’s capital in the South if southerners agreed to his plan for repaying state debts. </li></ul>
  22. 24. Whiskey Rebellion <ul><li>Causes </li></ul><ul><li>To raise money for the Treasury, Congress approved a tax on all liquor made and sold in the United States. </li></ul><ul><li>Backcountry farmers grew corn. It was easier to get their product to market if they turned their corn into whiskey first. They hated the tax on whiskey. They rebelled, marching in protest and tarring and feathering tax collectors. </li></ul>
  23. 25. Whiskey Rebellion <ul><li>Results </li></ul><ul><li>Washington called up the militia and sent them to put down the rebellion. The rebels fled back to their farms. The national government had shown that it would act firmly in times of crisis. It also showed that violence would not be tolerated. </li></ul>
  24. 26. Section 9.1 Assessment <ul><li>To help President Washington carry out his duties, the first Congress </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a) passed the Judiciary Act. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>b) created the Bank of the United States. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>c) created five departments whose heads made up the Cabinet of advisors. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>d) agreed to place the nation’s capital near his home along the Potomac. </li></ul></ul>
  25. 27. <ul><li>Hamilton thought the national government should pay off both national and state war debts because </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a) it showed the government would act firmly in a time of crisis. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>b) if it didn’t, it would lose the trust of future investors. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>c) it was not fair for speculators to make a profit on the war. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>d) it would protect local industry from foreign competition. </li></ul></ul>

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