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    13.1 13.1 Presentation Transcript

    • Chapter 13The Civil War
    • Essential Question……… How would the United States have changed if the Confederacy had won the war??
    • Sides comparedNorth/Union - South/Confederacy
    • Sides compared North/Union - South/ConfederacyPopulation: North: 20 million people South: 9 million people - including 3.6 million slaves.
    • Sides compared North/Union - South/ConfederacyRailroads: North: 22,000 miles of railroad track. South: 9,000 miles of railroad track.
    • Railroads Attacking armies had to carry enormous supplies of ammunition, food and bandages. The railroad, which had never been used much in war before, was now an important factor.
    • Sides compared North/Union - South/Confederacy The North had more factories, factory workers, more money, more banks, more bank credit, more ships, more locomotives, more steel and iron, more farm machinery, and more firearms.
    • Sides compared North/Union - South/Confederacy North: Grew a variety of crops. South: Grew only a few staple crops - tobacco, cotton and rice- which it had to import in order to obtain all the things it lacked. QuickTimeª and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
    • Sides compared North/Union - South/Confederacy North:relied on labor saving devices like the reaper, for farming - freeing up men for the army. South: relied on slave labor - which could turn on the south at anytime.
    • The Reaper
    • The Rifle
    • QuickTimeª and a decompressor are needed to see this picture. QuickTimeª and a decompressorare needed to see this picture.
    • •The rifle was called soThe Rifle because the inside of the barrel was rifled - or cut with spiral grooves. • When the bullet was pushed out of the barrel, it was released spinning. •This gave it a longer range(500 yards instead of 50 yards)and more accurate aim.
    • Digging in! The style of war was changing. With more accurate long-range rifles, the defenders sat protected behind battlements in well supplied positions. Armies could no longer confront each other in solid ranks.
    • QuickTimeª and a decompressorare needed to see this picture.
    • QuickTimeª and a decompressorare needed to see this picture.
    • The “war of exhaustion”
    • The “war of exhaustion”  This new kind of was a war of exhaustion.  Enemy supplies had to be cut off by railroads, as well as water.
    • The “war of exhaustion” The North had to capture or blockade the southern ports and coasts in order to stop supplies from being delivery to the South.
    • “Conda” - pg. 336
    • Everybody’s War In both the North and the South nearly every family lost a soldier. For the first time in history, the battle were thoroughly covered by newspaper correspondents. They telegraphed back eyewitness accounts so that civilians could read about the horror the next morning.
    • Women at War Dorothea Dix, on June 10, 1861, was appointed the first Superintendent of Women Nurses. QuickTimeª and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
    • Women at War Clara Barton, in 1877, founded and became president of the American Red Cross. QuickTimeª and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
    • The Border States
    • The Border States When the war began, Lincoln was not even sure who was on his side or whether Washington D.C. could even be held. It was surrounded on three sides by Maryland, a slave state. If Maryland was to succeed, Washington D.C. would be lost.
    • The Border States Lincoln imposed martial law in Maryland in order to control it, suppressing newspapers, arresting civilians and even refusing to let them appear before civilian judges. This is called suspending the writ of habeas corpus.
    • The Question of Emancipation.
    • The Question of Emancipation. At the beginning of the war, in order to keep in the Union the border slaves states - Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky, and QuickTimeª and a decompressor Missouri - Lincoln are needed to see this picture. refused to emancipate the slaves.
    • The Question of Emancipation. When (Union)General Fremont, commander of the Western Department, on August 30, 1861, freed the slaves of rebels in Missouri, Lincoln stepped in firmly and overruled him.
    • The Question of Emancipation.  As much as Lincoln, would of like to free the slaves, his first job was to save the Union.