Guiding Questions…… •How did Jefferson’spresidency reflect a democratic style?
Guiding Questions……•What actions did Jefferson take to reduce the power of the federal government?
Guiding Questions…….. •How did Chief Justice John Marshall strengthen the Supreme Court?
Jefferson’s Democratic Style • Jefferson wanted to make the government more democratic.
Vocabulary………. •Democratic: making sure all people have the same rights.
Thomas Jefferson – He made his inauguration a lowkey affair instead of a fancy one.
Thomas Jefferson•He preferred quiet dinners to formal parties.
Thomas Jefferson•To show that the President was an ordinary citizen, he wore casual clothes and greeted people by shaking hands instead of bowing.
Thomas Jefferson •He promised that although his party, theRepublicans, were in the majority, he would not treat the Federalists harshly.
Thomas Jefferson •In his inaugural address, he said,“The minority possess their equal rights,which equal laws must protect.”
Jefferson’s Economic Policies •Jefferson believed that one way to lessen government power was to reduce the federal budget.
Jefferson’s Economic Policies•Jefferson believed in the economic idea known as laissez faire.
Vocabulary…….•laissez faire: a policy in which the government plays as small a role as possible in economic affairs.
Jefferson’s Economic Policies•Instead the economyrelies on a free market where goods andservices are exchanged with little regulation.
Reducing the Power of the Federal Government • Tries to cut federal budget and reduce federal debt• Promotes laissez-faire policies in economic affairs
Reducing the Power of the Federal Government • Decreases the size of government departments• Reduces the size of the army and navy
Reducing the Power of the Federal Government• Asks Congress to repeal the whiskey tax
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Reconciling Party Differences• Retains the Bank of the United States • Continues to pay off state debts using federal moneys
Reconciling Party Differences •Allows manyFederalists to keep their government jobs
Chief Justice Marshall and the Supreme Court •John Adams had appointed John Marshall as ChiefJustice of the Supreme Court. Marshall was a Federalist.
Chief Justice Marshall and the Supreme Court•Marshall found thecourts to be weakerthan other branches of government.
Chief Justice Marshall and the Supreme Court •When William Marbury sued Secretary of State James Madison, thecase came before the Supreme Court.
Chief Justice Marshall and the Supreme Court •The Judiciary Act of1789 said the Supreme Court could decide cases against federal officials.
Chief Justice Marshall and the Supreme Court•Supreme Court case: Marbury v. Madison, Marshall wrote that the Constitution didn’t give the Supreme Court the right to hear such a case, and Congress could not give it the right.
Chief Justice Marshall and the Supreme Court •Therefore, theJudiciary Act of 1789was unconstitutional.
Chief Justice Marshall and the Supreme Court•The decision in Marbury v. Madison set a precedent. It gave the Supreme Court the power of judicial review.
Vocabulary…………•judicial review—the power to decide whether laws passed by Congress were constitutional and to reject laws that it considered unconstitutional.
10.1 Assessment…..Jefferson believed in a free market, which is a) a grocery store run by ordinary farmers. b) an economy in which goods and services are exchanged with little regulation. c) an economy in which the government works to promote trade and manufacturing. d) an economic situation
10.1 Assessment…..In the case of Marbury v. Madison, Chief Justice Marshall a) reduced the power of the Supreme Court. b) established the Supreme Court’s power of judicial review. c) established the Supreme Court’s power to decide cases against federal officials. d) upheld the Judiciary Act.