Animal farm character foil lesson plan

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Animal farm character foil lesson plan

  1. 1. Animal Farm - Character Foils by Mickey Vickroy Standards: CO-2010.RWC.9.GLE.2.1 Increasingly complex literary elements in traditional and contemporary works of literature require scrutiny and comparison Objectives: Students will be able to use quotes from the text to compare and contrast characters from the literature. Students will understand what a character foil is and how it is used in literature. Activities: Before Instruction: Allow about 10 minutes 1. Number students off by threes. 2. Designate a different section of the class for each number and have the students move there. 3. Ask them to partner up with 3 or 4 other students who share their number. 4. Distribute the activity sheet appropriate to each group. 1. Group 1 gets the Boxer and Mollie sheet 2. Group 2 gets the Benjamin and Moses sheet 3. Group 3 gets the Napoleon and Snowball sheet 5. On the back of each sheet is the pre and post assessments. 1. Preassessment: 1. The word Foil, and its various definitions, is displayed on the board and on the activity sheets given to each student. Definitions include a type of sword, thin sheets of metal, the act of preventing success of a plan, and the definition we will use for today's lesson, a character who contrasts with another character in literature. 2. Students are asked to circle or highlight the definition that they think we will be working on today. 3. This assessment is informal, and will serve to show growth in understanding when they are asked to describe what a character foil is after the lesson's activities. 2. Postassessment: 1. What is a character foil? 2. Why do you think it's important to pay attention to how characters act and what they say rather then simply let the narrator describe the character's personality to you? 3. Assessment Rationale: 1. Students may or may not have been introduced to the concept of a character foil. 2. Preassessing their knowledge by asking them to identify the definition of a character foil and then assessing their knowledge after the lesson will show student growth. During Instruction: Allow about 30 minutes 1. Using Squealer's character as an example, model how you would scan the text looking for dialog, and determine who's talking. Emphasize that we are skimming the pages looking for
  2. 2. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. quotation marks and information on who's speaking. Ask the class if they think the quotes you find are things that define Squealer's character, and if they are, write them into the section. 5 min Each group will search the text looking for quotes or mottoes for the characters they have been assigned and write them into the appropriate section of the worksheet. They will then work together to come up with a list of ways in which the characters are foils for each other and write them into the appropriate section of the worksheet. 15 min As the groups finish up, have them stand and read the quotes that they found for the characters and the list of character differences. 7 min When all groups have finished, ask them to complete the assessment on the back of the sheet and hand it in for credit. 3 min
  3. 3. Boxer Mollie Character Description: The cart-horse whose incredible strength, dedication, and loyalty play a key role in the early prosperity of Animal Farm and the later completion of the windmill. Quick to help but rather slowwitted, Boxer shows much devotion to Animal Farm’s ideals but little ability to think about them independently. He naïvely trusts the pigs to make all his decisions for him. Character Description: The vain, flighty mare who pulls Mr. Jones’s carriage. Mollie craves the attention of human beings and loves being groomed and pampered. She has a difficult time with her new life on Animal Farm, as she misses wearing ribbons in her mane and eating sugar cubes. Quotes/Mottoes (include page #): Quotes/Mottoes (include page #): Contrast these characters. In what ways are these characters foils for each other?
  4. 4. Benjamin Moses Character Description: The long-lived donkey who refuses to feel inspired by the Rebellion. Benjamin firmly believes that life will remain unpleasant no matter who is in charge. Of all of the animals on the farm, he alone comprehends the changes that take place, but he seems either unwilling or unable to oppose the pigs. Character Description: The tame raven who spreads stories of Sugarcandy Mountain, the paradise to which animals supposedly go when they die. Moses plays only a small role in Animal Farm, but Orwell uses him to explore how communism exploits religion as something with which to pacify the oppressed. Quotes/Mottoes (include page #): Quotes/Mottoes (include page #): Contrast these characters. In what ways are these characters foils for each other?
  5. 5. Napoleon Snowball Character Description: The pig who emerges as the leader of Animal Farm after the Rebellion. Based on Joseph Stalin, Napoleon uses military force (his nine loyal attack dogs) to intimidate the other animals and consolidate his power. In his supreme craftiness, Napoleon proves more treacherous than his counterpart, Snowball. Character Description: The pig who challenges Napoleon for control of Animal Farm after the Rebellion. Based on Leon Trotsky, Snowball is intelligent, passionate, eloquent, and less subtle and devious than his counterpart, Napoleon. Snowball seems to win the loyalty of the other animals and cement his power. Quotes/Mottoes (include page #): Quotes/Mottoes (include page #): Contrast these characters. In what ways are these characters foils for each other?
  6. 6. Foil verb - to keep (a person) from succeeding in an enterprise, plan, etc. noun - metal in the form of very thin sheets noun - a person who contrasts with another character (usually the protagonist) in order to highlight various features of the character's personality noun - a flexible four-sided rapier having a blunt point 1. What is a character foil? 2. Why is it important to pay attention to how characters act and what they say rather than simply let the narrator describe the character's personality to you?

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