Nursing process Nursing process is a patient centered, goal oriented method of caring that provides a framework to nursing...
<ul><li>A - Assess (what is the situation?) D - Diagnose (what is the problem?) P - Plan (how to fix the problem) I - Impl...
Characteristics of the nursing process  <ul><li>The nursing process is a  cyclical  and  ongoing  process that can end at ...
<ul><li>Cyclic and dynamic  </li></ul><ul><li>Goal directed and client centered  </li></ul><ul><li>Interpersonal and colla...
 
Phases of the Nursing process <ul><li>The following are the steps or phases of the nursing process. </li></ul><ul><li>Asse...
Assessing phase <ul><li>The nurse should carry out a complete and holistic nursing assessment of every patient's needs, an...
<ul><li>These problems are expressed as either actual or potential. For example, a patient who has been immobile by a road...
The following nursing models are used to gather the necessary and relevant information from the patient in order to effect...
<ul><li>The following nursing models are used to </li></ul><ul><li>gather the necessary and relevant  </li></ul><ul><li>ef...
Components of a nursing diagnosis Problem Statement (diagnostic label): describes the patient's health problem Etiology (r...
<ul><li>e.g. Ineffective airway clearance related to the presence of tracheo-bronchial secretion as manifested by thick te...
Diagnosing phase Nursing diagnoses are part of a movement in nursing to standardize terminology which includes standa Type...
High Risk-based on most likely to develop A Possible Nursing Diagnosis-a health problem is unclear and causative factor is...
Components of a nursing diagnosis Problem Statement (diagnostic label): describes the patient's health problem Etiology (r...
e.g. Ineffective airway clearance related to the presence of tracheo-bronchial secretion as manifested by thick tenacious ...
Planning phase In agreement with the patient, the nurse addresses each of the problems identified in the planning phase. F...
Planning phase In agreement with the patient, the nurse addresses each of the problems identified in the planning phase. F...
Implementing phase The methods by which the goal will be achieved are also recorded at this stage. The methods of implemen...
Evaluating phase  <ul><li>The purpose of this phase is to evaluate progress toward the goals identified in the previous st...
<ul><li>New problems may be identified at this stage, and thus the process will start all over again. It is at this stage ...
<ul><li>documented in an approved format in the patient's  care plan  in order to allow all members of the nursing team to...
References  <ul><li>^  Kozier, Barbara, et al. (2004)  Assessing, Fundamentals of Nursing: concepts, process and practice ...
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  • Conversely, if the goal has been achieved then the care can cease. New problems Conversely, if the goal has been achieved then the care can cease. New problems
  • C:\documents and settings\guest.lej 91 ad50999f3\desktop\semester 2\f.o.n\nsg process

    1. 1. Nursing process Nursing process is a patient centered, goal oriented method of caring that provides a framework to nursing care. It involves five major steps of assessment, nursing diagnosis, planning, implementation/ intervention and evaluating.
    2. 2. <ul><li>A - Assess (what is the situation?) D - Diagnose (what is the problem?) P - Plan (how to fix the problem) I - Implement (putting plan into action) E - Evaluate (did the plan work?) All together equaling ADPIE </li></ul>
    3. 3. Characteristics of the nursing process <ul><li>The nursing process is a cyclical and ongoing process that can end at any stage if the problem is solved. The nursing process exists for every problem that the patient has, and for every element of </li></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><li>Cyclic and dynamic </li></ul><ul><li>Goal directed and client centered </li></ul><ul><li>Interpersonal and collaborative </li></ul><ul><li>Universally applicable </li></ul><ul><li>Systematic </li></ul>
    5. 6. Phases of the Nursing process <ul><li>The following are the steps or phases of the nursing process. </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment (of patient's needs) </li></ul><ul><li>Diagnosis (of human response needs that nurses can deal with) </li></ul><ul><li>Planning (of patient's care) </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation (of care) </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation (of the success of the implemented care) </li></ul>
    6. 7. Assessing phase <ul><li>The nurse should carry out a complete and holistic nursing assessment of every patient's needs, an assessment framework, based on a nursing model is used. </li></ul>
    7. 8. <ul><li>These problems are expressed as either actual or potential. For example, a patient who has been immobile by a road traffic accident may be assessed as having the &quot;potential for impaired skin integrity related to immobility&quot;. </li></ul>
    8. 9. The following nursing models are used to gather the necessary and relevant information from the patient in order to effectively deliver quality nursing care. This will help the nurse determine the ranking of the problems.
    9. 10. <ul><li>The following nursing models are used to </li></ul><ul><li>gather the necessary and relevant </li></ul><ul><li>effectively deliver quality nursing care. </li></ul><ul><li>This will help the nurse determine the ranking </li></ul><ul><li>of the problems encountered. </li></ul><ul><li>Gorden ’ health patterns </li></ul><ul><li>Roy's adaptation model </li></ul><ul><li>Body systems model </li></ul><ul><li>Maslow's hierarchy of needs </li></ul>
    10. 11. Components of a nursing diagnosis Problem Statement (diagnostic label): describes the patient's health problem Etiology (related factor): the probable cause of the health problem Defining Characteristic: a cluster of signs and symptoms; <ul><li>How to collect data </li></ul><ul><li>Client Interview </li></ul><ul><li>Physical Examination </li></ul><ul><li>Observation </li></ul>
    11. 12. <ul><li>e.g. Ineffective airway clearance related to the presence of tracheo-bronchial secretion as manifested by thick tenacious sputum upon expectoration. </li></ul><ul><li>Problem (Ineffective airway clearance) + Etiology (related to) + Defining Characteristics (as manifested by) </li></ul>
    12. 13. Diagnosing phase Nursing diagnoses are part of a movement in nursing to standardize terminology which includes standa Types of diagnosis Actual Diagnosis-a judgment on clients response to a health problem that is present
    13. 14. High Risk-based on most likely to develop A Possible Nursing Diagnosis-a health problem is unclear and causative factor is unknown Wellness Diagnosis-indicating a well response of the patient
    14. 15. Components of a nursing diagnosis Problem Statement (diagnostic label): describes the patient's health problem Etiology (related factor): the probable cause of the health problem Defining Characteristic: a cluster of signs and symptoms; e.g. Ineffective airway clearance related to the presence ofof tracheo-bronchial secretion as manifested by thick tenacious sputum upon expectoration. Problem (Ineffective airway clearance) + Etiology (related to) + Defining Characteristics (as manifested by)
    15. 16. e.g. Ineffective airway clearance related to the presence of tracheo-bronchial secretion as manifested by thick tenacious sputum upon expectoration. Problem (Ineffective airway clearance) + Etiology (related to) + Defining Characteristics (as manifested by)
    16. 17. Planning phase In agreement with the patient, the nurse addresses each of the problems identified in the planning phase. For each problem a  measurable   goal  is set. For example, for the patient discussed abo
    17. 18. Planning phase In agreement with the patient, the nurse addresses each of the problems identified in the planning phase. For each problem a  measurable   goal  is set. For example, for the patient
    18. 19. Implementing phase The methods by which the goal will be achieved are also recorded at this stage. The methods of implementation must be recorded in an explicit and tangible format in a way that the patient can  Planning phase be for the patient's skin to remain intact. The result is a  nursing care plan  which is actualization of the health care to provide basic data to the patient
    19. 20. Evaluating phase <ul><li>The purpose of this phase is to evaluate progress toward the goals identified in the previous stages. If progress towards the goal is slow, or if regression has occurred, the nurse must change the plan of care accordingly. </li></ul>
    20. 21. <ul><li>New problems may be identified at this stage, and thus the process will start all over again. It is at this stage that measurable goals must be set—failure to set measurable goals will result in poor evaluations. </li></ul><ul><li>The entire process is recorded or documented in an approved format in the patient's care plan in order </li></ul>
    21. 22. <ul><li>documented in an approved format in the patient's care plan in order to allow all members of the nursing team to perform the agreed care and make additions or changes where appropriate. </li></ul>
    22. 23. References <ul><li>^ Kozier, Barbara, et al. (2004) Assessing, Fundamentals of Nursing: concepts, process and practice , 2nd ed., p. 261 </li></ul><ul><li>^ Notes on Healthcare Process, 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>^ Barrett D, Wilson B, Woollands A (2009) Care Planning: a guide for nurses . Harlow: Pearson Education </li></ul>

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