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Nanobiotechnology & Patents
Nanobiotechnology & Patents
Nanobiotechnology & Patents
Nanobiotechnology & Patents
Nanobiotechnology & Patents
Nanobiotechnology & Patents
Nanobiotechnology & Patents
Nanobiotechnology & Patents
Nanobiotechnology & Patents
Nanobiotechnology & Patents
Nanobiotechnology & Patents
Nanobiotechnology & Patents
Nanobiotechnology & Patents
Nanobiotechnology & Patents
Nanobiotechnology & Patents
Nanobiotechnology & Patents
Nanobiotechnology & Patents
Nanobiotechnology & Patents
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Nanobiotechnology & Patents

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  • 1. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Nanobiotechnology & Patents BY SRUTHI S RAGHAVAN
  • 2. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com What is biotechnology? The exploitation of biological processes for industrial and other purposes, especially the genetic manipulation of microorganisms for the production of antibiotics, hormones, etc – Oxford Dictionary Eg: genetic engineering, transgenic plants, pharmacogenomics etc
  • 3. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com What is nanotechnology? Nanotechnology is the science and technology of small things, particularly things that are less than 100nm in size. One nanometer is 10^9 meters or about 3 atoms long - National Nanotechnology Infrastructure Network. Eg: A human hair is about 60-80,000 nanometers wide. Key features of nanotechnology: • Small size, measured in 100s of nanometers or less • Unique properties because of the small size • Control the structure and composition on the nm scale in order to control the properties.
  • 4. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Nano & Bio: Emergence of a convergent technology • Biological processes are driven by interactions at the molecular level • Nanoscale devices can thus become the perfect partner to study these interactions. • Can meet nature at its own interface The result of intersection of nanotechnology and biology = Nanobiotechnology or Bionanotechnology
  • 5. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Patenting Nanobiotech Inventions Can build tools from the ground up, which may make it more reliable and predictable than biochemical molecules. Change the dynamics of diagnosis and treatment by interacting at the molecular level. Eg: cancer Can develop therapeutic nanomaterials that are highly specific thereby reducing side effects Eg: caner Eg: scanning probe microscopes, quantun dots, Dendrimers.
  • 6. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Confronting the Big 3 Patent Law at the forefront of Bionanotechnology Novelty – inherent properties of a known material vs unique properties at the nano-scale. Inventive Step/non-obviousness – it may be obvious to make materials smaller, but the properties at nanoscale may not be obvious Industrial applicability – the scope of the nanobiotech inventions in industry is huge. The nano product itself may not be patentable, but the process for making it may be patentable. But analysts wonder whether undue experimentation would be necessary to teach those with ‘ordinary skill’ how to make and use the invention, in the future. Novelty Inventiveness Applicability
  • 7. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Roadmap to IP protection Factors that influence bionanotech patents in medicine Applicant IP Counsel Patent Office Lucrative alternative to stagnant/weak drug pipelines Effective solution to patent cliffs Securing broad patents Construct claims that will secure valid defensible patent protection Multidisciplinary knowledge and expertise required to adviset patent clients Lack of prior art making search difficult Examiners are required to possess knowledge in diverse disciplines to carefully evaluate application. Identifying broad patent claims
  • 8. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com BIONANOTECH IN USA Class 977 for categorising nanotech patents ~ 6000 nanotech patents granted in 2013 alone. Number of bionanotech patents granted is not known. Issues raised – patent thickets/overlapping patents, broad patents, litigations, revocation of patents due to invalidity.
  • 9. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com BIONANOTECH IN INDIA Modest investments in Nanobiotech in India - industry still finding a foothold. Nanomedicines and nanodevices focusing on 5 therapeutic areas: Oncology, neuropsychiatry, diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular and arthritis. Dabur Pharma’s Nanoxel – a novel drug delivery system for the anti-cancer drug ‘Paclitaxel’ Biocon & Abraxis Biosciences launched Abraxane – the nanotech based anti-cancer drug. Some of the most prolific companies exploring these avenues: Lupin Ltd, Cipla Ltd, Cadila Healthcare Ltd, Shasun Pharmaceuticals Few companies are involved in patenting nanobio inventions in India.
  • 10. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com CAN IPO HANDLE BIONANOTECH PATENT APPLICATIONS? Nanobio research in India is focused primarily on the healthcare sector and is gaining more attention. Patenting activity is low and is at an early stage. Trigger – impossibility in predicting the future commercial success or viability of an issued patent Blurring of invention and discovery interface, convergence of biotech and nanotech may challenge the IPR regime.
  • 11. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com POSSIBLE ROADBLOCKS: Section 3d & 3e Invention or discovery? Most nano inventions are based on basic science discoveries. Discovery of new form of a known substance (not resulting in an increase in efficacy), discovery of a new property of a known substance or new use of a known process, machine or apparatus (that does not result in a new product or employs atleast one new reactant) (s. 3d) A substance obtained from/process of producing a substance which is a mere admixture which results in only the aggregation of the properties of its components (s. 3e)
  • 12. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com EXAMINER WOES No defined examining group – could result in broad patents or patenting basic research due to the nature of nanobio. Inadequate or lack of training or examination guidelines Inadequate engagement with outside legal or technology experts. Lack of prior art
  • 13. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com FUTURE OF NANO-BIO Touted to be the next biggest technology with nanotechnology based products worth $1 trillion by 2015 – by National Science Foundation. Could bring breakthrough treatments to taper down the disease burden of India Increase affordability and access to medicines & contribute to the economic growth BUT...
  • 14. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com POSSIBLE REPURCUSSIONS - patent thickets - patent cliffs - increase in application pending period due to the complex nature of the application - application backlog at the IPO - broad patents or worse – low quality patents
  • 15. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com When the going gets tough, the tough gets going For the IPO: Exploiting the current provisions of the IP legislation to make room for nanobio inventions Experimental use exemption, disclosure standards, learn from biotech patents Engage with outside legal and technical experts undertake training where possible
  • 16. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Contd... For the Applicant: Triple-Helix Model Collaborating, publishing and sharing of knowledge Trend watching Creating synergies Triple-Helix-Model
  • 17. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Contd... For the IP counsel/patent agents: - training and undertaking courses in nanotech where possible - build expertise - advise clients by gaining a thorough understanding of the nano patent landscape.
  • 18. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Look out, its coming!! The Small is Getting Big! THANK YOU

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