CHENNAI                                 JUVENILE JUSTICE ACT3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road,       ...
INTRODUCTION         CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road,                                 • The ...
THE JUVENILE JUSTICE (CARE AND                                      PROTECTION OF CHILDREN) ACT         CHENNAI3rd Floor, ...
Cont.         CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,   • The Act defines “juvenile” or “child” as a148-150, Luz Church Road...
JUVENILE IN CONFLICT                                      WITH LAW (JCL)         CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-...
Cont.         CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,   JUVENILE JUSTICE BOARDS148-150, Luz Church Road,         Mylapore,  ...
Cont.         CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,                                 OBSERVATION HOMES148-150, Luz Church R...
Cont.         CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,                                 APPREHENSION OF JUVENILE IN CONFLICT W...
ORDERS THAT MAY BE PASSED         CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,                                 • If the Juvenile ...
Cont.         CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,                                 f. Direct the juvenile to be released ...
ORDERS THAT MAY NOT BE                                             PASSED         CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148...
EXPLOITATION OF                                    CHILDREN FOR A CRIME         CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,   Th...
CHILDREN IN NEED OF CARE AND                                      PROTECTION (CNCP)         CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative En...
Cont.         CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,                                 The committee may commit a child to th...
REHABILITATION AND SOCIAL                                       INTEGRATION                                 • Fourth chapt...
MISCELLANEOUS                                              PROVISIONS         CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,       ...
CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road,         Mylapore,    Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 249...
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  • Jja

    1. 1. CHENNAI JUVENILE JUSTICE ACT3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 JENI VARGHESE PATENT DEPT. EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com
    2. 2. INTRODUCTION CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road, • The Juvenile Justice Act (JJA) was enacted by Government of India in 1986. Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, • The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 Children) Act, 2000 is the primary legal COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, framework for juvenile justice in India. • Further amended in 2006 [Juvenile Justice # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 (Care and Protection of Children) Amendment Act, 2006] • JJA outlines two target groups: EMAIL info@altacit.com • Juveniles in conflict with law. WEBSITE • Children in need of care and protection www.altacit.com
    3. 3. THE JUVENILE JUSTICE (CARE AND PROTECTION OF CHILDREN) ACT CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, The juvenile justice (care and protection of children) act,148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. 2000 is an Act to consolidate and amend the law Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, relating to Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. (iv)juveniles in conflict with law, and Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE (ii) children in need of care and protection, BB1, Park Avenue, by providing for proper care, protection and treatment, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 by adopting a child-friendly approach in the disposition of matters in the best interest of children, and EMAIL info@altacit.com for their ultimate rehabilitation through various WEBSITE www.altacit.com institutions established under this enactment.
    4. 4. Cont. CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, • The Act defines “juvenile” or “child” as a148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. person who has not completed eighteenth year of age. [Sec 2(k) of JJA 2000] Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. • A child below 7 years of age cannot be Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE prosecuted and will not have to enter the BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. juvenile justice system as a juvenile in Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 conflict with law but can fall within the definition of child in need of care and protection, under juvenile justice system . EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com
    5. 5. JUVENILE IN CONFLICT WITH LAW (JCL) CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road, • Second chapter of the Act. Mylapore, • Juvenile who is alleged to have Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, committed an offence and has not completed eighteenth year of age as Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. on the date of commission of such offence. (Section 2(l) of JJA Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 Amendment Act 2006). EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com
    6. 6. Cont. CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, JUVENILE JUSTICE BOARDS148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, •JCL cases can only be heard in the juvenile justice Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 board (JJB) and not by another court. BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, •JJBs must contain a Metropolitan or Judicial magistrate 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 and two social workers of whom at least one shall be a COIMBATORE woman. BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. •In the event of any difference of opinion among the Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 members of the Board in the interim or final disposition, the opinion of the majority shall prevail, but where there is no such majority, the opinion of the principal Magistrate, shall prevail. EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com
    7. 7. Cont. CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, OBSERVATION HOMES148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, •For the temporary reception of any juvenile in conflict with Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 law during the pendency of any inquiry regarding them under BANGALORE this Act. Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, •Set up in every district or a group of districts. Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 •Established and maintained by the State government either COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, by itself or under an agreement with voluntary organizations. # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 SPECIAL HOMES •For reception and rehabilitation of juvenile in conflict with law •Set up in every district or a group of districts. •Established and maintained by the State government either EMAIL by itself or under an agreement with voluntary organizations. info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com
    8. 8. Cont. CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, APPREHENSION OF JUVENILE IN CONFLICT WITH148-150, Luz Church Road, LAW Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 •As soon as a juvenile in conflict with law is apprehended by BANGALORE police, he shall be placed under the charge of the special juvenile Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, police unit (SJPU) or the designated police officer 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 •The juvenile shall be produced before the Board within a period COIMBATORE of 24 hours of his apprehension. BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 BAIL OF JUVENILE: •Bail is available to juveniles in all cases as long as the JJB find the release of this child will not place him in any danger or in the influence of criminals. • If the child is not released on bail he is only to be placed into the EMAIL custody of an Observation Home or a place of safety for such info@altacit.com period during the pendency of the inquiry. WEBSITE www.altacit.com
    9. 9. ORDERS THAT MAY BE PASSED CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, • If the Juvenile has committed the offence, the Board may148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, a. Allow the juvenile to go home after advice or Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 admonition; counseling to the parent or the guardian and BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, the juvenile Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. b. Direct the juvenile to participate in group counseling and Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 similar activities. COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, c. Order the juvenile to perform community service. Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 d. Order the parent of the juvenile or the juvenile himself to pay a fine, if he/she over fourteen and earns money. e. Direct the juvenile to be released on probation of good conduct and placed under the care of any parent, guardian or other fit person executing a bond for good EMAIL info@altacit.com behavior & well being of juvenile for a period not WEBSITE exceed 3 years. www.altacit.com
    10. 10. Cont. CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, f. Direct the juvenile to be released on probation of148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. good conduct and placed under the care of any fit institution for a period not exceeding 3 years. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE g. Make an order directing the juvenile to be sent to a Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 special home for a period of 3 years or less. COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, •The JJB on orders received from the State # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 Government may order a juvenile (16 - 18 years) to be kept under protective custody if offense of a very serious nature is committed and the juvenile’s conduct and behavior is such that the measures provided under this Act is not suitable or sufficient. EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com
    11. 11. ORDERS THAT MAY NOT BE PASSED CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road, • No juvenile in conflict with law shall Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 be sentenced to death or imprisonment for any term which may extend to BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 imprisonment for life COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. • A juvenile can not be committed to prison for inability to pay a fine or for Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 not furnishing security. EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com
    12. 12. EXPLOITATION OF CHILDREN FOR A CRIME CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, This act also has provisions to penalize people who148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, exploit children for a crime. Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 (i) Employment of juvenile or Child for begging BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, -imprisonment for a term that may extend to 3 years and 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. shall also be liable to fine. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE (ii) cruelty to juvenile or child-Imprisonment for a term BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. which may extend to six months, or fine or with both. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 (iii) provides a child with drugs or alcohol – Imprisonment for a term which may extend to 3 years and shall also be liable to fine. (iv) Exploitation of juvenile or child employee: EMAIL info@altacit.com Imprisonment for a term which may extend to 3 years and WEBSITE shall also be liable to fine. www.altacit.com
    13. 13. CHILDREN IN NEED OF CARE AND PROTECTION (CNCP) CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, • Third chapter of the Act148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 • CNCP cases are heard by the Child Welfare BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Committee (CWC). • The committee has a chairperson and four Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE other members of whom at least one should be a woman and at least one expert in childrens BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 issues. • The purpose of the CWC is to provide for the care, treatment, protection, rehabilitation and EMAIL development of the child info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com
    14. 14. Cont. CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, The committee may commit a child to the Childrens home or a148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Shelter home if the child has no immediately available family or Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 support system. BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, CHILDRENS HOMES OR SHELTER HOMES Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, •Set up in ever district or a group of districts. Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 •Established and maintained by the State government either by itself COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, or under an agreement with voluntary organizations. # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 •Children Home: For the reception of child in need of care and protection for their care, treatment, education, training, development and rehabilitation. •Shelter homes function as drop in centers for children in need of urgent support. EMAIL •Restoration of and protection to a child is the prime objective of info@altacit.com any children’s home or shelter homes. WEBSITE www.altacit.com
    15. 15. REHABILITATION AND SOCIAL INTEGRATION • Fourth chapter of the Act CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. • This section discusses certain non-institutional solutions such as (i) adoption, (ii) foster care, (iii) Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, sponsorship, and (iv) sending child to an after care 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 organization. COIMBATORE iii. Orphaned and abandoned children are eligible for adoption. BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. iv. Foster care is used for temporary placement of children who Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 are to be given for adoption. v. Sponsorship programmes provide supplementary support to families, to children’s homes and to special homes to meet educational, nutritional, medical and other needs of the children. EMAIL info@altacit.com vi. After-care organizations are set up to take care of children or WEBSITE juveniles after they leave special homes or children homes. www.altacit.com
    16. 16. MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, • Fifth Chapter of the Act148-150, Luz Church Road, • At any proceeding in respect of the juvenile or the Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE child, the parent or guardian must be present Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. • Any person aggrieved by an order made by a Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 competent authority under this Act may prefer an COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, appeal to the Court of Session. Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 • The act allows for children with special needs such as a mental or physical disease to be given the necessary attention at an approved institution that specializes in the form of care. EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com
    17. 17. CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, THANK YOU 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com
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