Food labelling laws in india

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  • © Altacit Global 2009 Email: info@altacit.com
  • Food labelling laws in india

    1. 1. CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road,Mylapore,Chennai - 600 004.Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821BANGALORESuite 920, Level 9,Raheja Towers,26-27, M G Road,Bangalore - 560 001.Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400COIMBATOREBB1, Park Avenue,# 48, Race Course Road,Coimbatore - 641018.Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921EMAILinfo@altacit.comWEBSITEwww.altacit.comFOOD LABELLING LAWS ININDIAP.ILANANGAIIP CONSULTANTPATENT DEPARTMENT
    2. 2. CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road,Mylapore,Chennai - 600 004.Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821BANGALORESuite 920, Level 9,Raheja Towers,26-27, M G Road,Bangalore - 560 001.Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400COIMBATOREBB1, Park Avenue,# 48, Race Course Road,Coimbatore - 641018.Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921EMAILinfo@altacit.comWEBSITEwww.altacit.com• Food labelling is a• tool to promote and protect public health byproviding accurate nutritional information.• an instrument of marketing and productpromotion.• label can reduce the information problembetween producers and consumers, while alsoreducing search costs for consumers.INTRODUCTION
    3. 3. CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road,Mylapore,Chennai - 600 004.Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821BANGALORESuite 920, Level 9,Raheja Towers,26-27, M G Road,Bangalore - 560 001.Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400COIMBATOREBB1, Park Avenue,# 48, Race Course Road,Coimbatore - 641018.Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921EMAILinfo@altacit.comWEBSITEwww.altacit.com• The growing market for packaged foodprovides both opportunities and challenges tofood processors, importers, food packagers,and labelers to respond to consumers’requirements.• Innovations in food product development,packaging, and labelling are becoming keyfactors for survival across the world.• Therefore, product packaging and labellinghave numerous important roles to play in theemerging market environment.
    4. 4. CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road,Mylapore,Chennai - 600 004.Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821BANGALORESuite 920, Level 9,Raheja Towers,26-27, M G Road,Bangalore - 560 001.Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400COIMBATOREBB1, Park Avenue,# 48, Race Course Road,Coimbatore - 641018.Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921EMAILinfo@altacit.comWEBSITEwww.altacit.com• Labelling is any written, electronic, or graphiccommunications on the packaging. A panel found ona package of food which contains a variety ofinformation about the nutritional value of the fooditem.• OBJECTIVE OF LABELLING• Brand Identification• Description• PromotionLABELLING
    5. 5. CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road,Mylapore,Chennai - 600 004.Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821BANGALORESuite 920, Level 9,Raheja Towers,26-27, M G Road,Bangalore - 560 001.Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400COIMBATOREBB1, Park Avenue,# 48, Race Course Road,Coimbatore - 641018.Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921EMAILinfo@altacit.comWEBSITEwww.altacit.com• Consumers often compare prices of food items in thegrocery store to choose the best value for money. Butcomparing items using the food label can help uschoose the best value for our health.• For example, someone with high blood pressure whoneeds to watch salt (sodium) intake may have achoice of five different types of tomato soup on therack. One can quickly and easily compare the sodiumcontent of each product by looking at the part of thelabel that lists nutrition information to choose the onewith the lowest sodium content.WHY FOOD LABELS ARE IMPORTANT FORCONSUMERS?
    6. 6. CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road,Mylapore,Chennai - 600 004.Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821BANGALORESuite 920, Level 9,Raheja Towers,26-27, M G Road,Bangalore - 560 001.Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400COIMBATOREBB1, Park Avenue,# 48, Race Course Road,Coimbatore - 641018.Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921EMAILinfo@altacit.comWEBSITEwww.altacit.com• A food product constitutes a bundle of attributes that serve ascritical indicators for analyzing food quality and safety:• Search attributes are those for which consumer can obtainfull information about the product prior to purchase (color,size, shape);• Experience attributes are those product characteristics thatcan only be determined after consumption (taste, flavor);and• Credence attributes are product characteristics that can beknown only after a long lag; some credence attributes arehazards that cannot be determined with certainty (nutrition,pesticide residues, calorie).contd..THE NEED
    7. 7. CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road,Mylapore,Chennai - 600 004.Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821BANGALORESuite 920, Level 9,Raheja Towers,26-27, M G Road,Bangalore - 560 001.Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400COIMBATOREBB1, Park Avenue,# 48, Race Course Road,Coimbatore - 641018.Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921EMAILinfo@altacit.comWEBSITEwww.altacit.com• It is quite evident that most of the quality propertiesof food products are credence characteristics, witheffects that cannot be inferred before, or sometimeseven after, consumption; these necessitate mandatoryfood safety regulations to alleviate risks and hazards.• One of the most practical methods for addressingcredence problems is proper food labelling coupledwith an effective institutional arrangement forimplementation and certification of food safetyprocesses.
    8. 8. CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road,Mylapore,Chennai - 600 004.Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821BANGALORESuite 920, Level 9,Raheja Towers,26-27, M G Road,Bangalore - 560 001.Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400COIMBATOREBB1, Park Avenue,# 48, Race Course Road,Coimbatore - 641018.Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921EMAILinfo@altacit.comWEBSITEwww.altacit.com• To meet a country’s sanitary requirements, food must complywith the local laws and regulations to gain market access. Theselaws ensure the safety and suitability of food for consumers andalso govern food quality and composition standards.• The disclosure of information on food labels in India is primarilygoverned by the Prevention of Food Adulteration Act of 1954,which focuses mainly on basic product information with lessemphasis on health and nutritional information.• Recent amendments regarding packaging and labelling of foodunder part VII of the Prevention of Food Adulteration Rules of1955 mandate the disclosure of health and nutritional claims onfood labels along with basic information.contd..FOOD LAWS AND REGULATIONS
    9. 9. CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road,Mylapore,Chennai - 600 004.Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821BANGALORESuite 920, Level 9,Raheja Towers,26-27, M G Road,Bangalore - 560 001.Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400COIMBATOREBB1, Park Avenue,# 48, Race Course Road,Coimbatore - 641018.Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921EMAILinfo@altacit.comWEBSITEwww.altacit.com• The Food Safety and Standards Act (FSSA) of 2006 aims atestablishing a single reference point for all matters relating tofood safety across the country, by moving from multilevel, multidepartmental control to a single line of command.• The Act develop science based standards for food and toregulate and monitor the manufacture, processing, storage,distribution, sale and import of food so as to ensure theavailability of safe and wholesome food for humanconsumption.• All food imports will therefore be subject to the provisions ofthe Act and any rules and regulations made under the Act.• Chapter IV, paragraph 23 of the FSSA clearly states that noperson shall manufacture, distribute, sell, or expose for sale, nordispatch or deliver to any agent or broker for the purpose of sale,any packaged food product that is not marked and labeled in themanner specified by regulation.
    10. 10. CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road,Mylapore,Chennai - 600 004.Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821BANGALORESuite 920, Level 9,Raheja Towers,26-27, M G Road,Bangalore - 560 001.Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400COIMBATOREBB1, Park Avenue,# 48, Race Course Road,Coimbatore - 641018.Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921EMAILinfo@altacit.comWEBSITEwww.altacit.comFOOD SAFETY AND STANDARDS (PACKAGINGAND LABELLING) REGULATIONS, 2011• General Requirements:1. Every pre-packaged food shall carry a labelcontaining information.2. The particulars of declaration required under theseRegulations to be specified on the label shall be in Englishor Hindi3. Pre-packaged food shall not be described or presented onany label or in any labelling manner that is false,misleading or deceptive or is likely to create an erroneousimpression regarding its character in any respect;4. Label in pre-packaged foods shall be applied in such amanner that they will not become separated from thecontainer.
    11. 11. CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road,Mylapore,Chennai - 600 004.Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821BANGALORESuite 920, Level 9,Raheja Towers,26-27, M G Road,Bangalore - 560 001.Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400COIMBATOREBB1, Park Avenue,# 48, Race Course Road,Coimbatore - 641018.Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921EMAILinfo@altacit.comWEBSITEwww.altacit.com• As per the Indian Regulations a food label must have1. Product name and category of food2. An ingredient list in descending order of weight3. Logo for Vegetarian / Non Vegetarian Food4. Nutrition facts panel or information which includes energy,protein, carbohydrate (sugars) & fat5. The shelf life (Use by or Best before date)6. Storage conditions7. The name & address of the manufacturer, packer and / or seller8. The country of origin (in case of imported foods)9. The weight10.Instructions for use.contd..WHAT SHOULD THE CONSUMER SEE IN AFOOD LABEL?
    12. 12. CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road,Mylapore,Chennai - 600 004.Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821BANGALORESuite 920, Level 9,Raheja Towers,26-27, M G Road,Bangalore - 560 001.Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400COIMBATOREBB1, Park Avenue,# 48, Race Course Road,Coimbatore - 641018.Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921EMAILinfo@altacit.comWEBSITEwww.altacit.com• Health claims establish a relationship between a food& disease or medical condition.• For example claims like ‘Good for Heart’, ‘Good forGrowing Children’ etc.• Nutritional claims quickly inform a consumer ofnutritional value of a product for example ‘Low Fat’ or‘Zero Cholesterol’.
    13. 13. CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road,Mylapore,Chennai - 600 004.Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821BANGALORESuite 920, Level 9,Raheja Towers,26-27, M G Road,Bangalore - 560 001.Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400COIMBATOREBB1, Park Avenue,# 48, Race Course Road,Coimbatore - 641018.Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921EMAILinfo@altacit.comWEBSITEwww.altacit.com• For example, foods served in hotels, hospitals, byvendors like halwaiis etc.• Other food products include raw agriculturalcommodities like rice, wheat, cereals, sugar, salt, non-nutritive products like tea, coffee, spices, processedand pre-packaged assorted vegetables and fruits,products that comprise single ingredients like papad,pickle.CERTAIN CATEGORIES OF FOOD ARE EXEMPTED FROMTHE LABELLING REQUIREMENTS
    14. 14. CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road,Mylapore,Chennai - 600 004.Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821BANGALORESuite 920, Level 9,Raheja Towers,26-27, M G Road,Bangalore - 560 001.Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400COIMBATOREBB1, Park Avenue,# 48, Race Course Road,Coimbatore - 641018.Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921EMAILinfo@altacit.comWEBSITEwww.altacit.com• On January 1 2013, India joined a select band ofcountries where food containing genetically modified(GM) content must be labelled as such. The LegalMetrology (Packaged Commodities) Rules, 2011, say"every package containing the genetically modifiedfood shall bear at the top of its principal display panelthe letters GM."LABELLING OF FOOD CONTAINING GENETICALLYMODIFIED (GM) CONTENT
    15. 15. CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road,Mylapore,Chennai - 600 004.Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821BANGALORESuite 920, Level 9,Raheja Towers,26-27, M G Road,Bangalore - 560 001.Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400COIMBATOREBB1, Park Avenue,# 48, Race Course Road,Coimbatore - 641018.Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921EMAILinfo@altacit.comWEBSITEwww.altacit.comNestle• Nestle in the dock for 17-year-old complaint onflouting infant formula labelling laws• Nestle has been charged by a trial court in Delhi forallegedly violating infant formula labelling laws, acharge the dairy giant denies.
    16. 16. CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road,Mylapore,Chennai - 600 004.Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821BANGALORESuite 920, Level 9,Raheja Towers,26-27, M G Road,Bangalore - 560 001.Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400COIMBATOREBB1, Park Avenue,# 48, Race Course Road,Coimbatore - 641018.Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921EMAILinfo@altacit.comWEBSITEwww.altacit.comCONCLUSION• Thanks to the food labelling regulations, consumerscan now make a wise decision and choice beforebuying processed food products off the shelf and feelSafe than Sorry.• On October 13, 2011, the Food Safety and StandardsAuthority of India (FSSAI) published “ad-hocguidelines related to imported food clearance processby FSSAI s Authorized Officers.”‟• Furthermore, the Food Safety and Standards(packaging and labelling) Regulations, 2011 statedthat, wholesale packages are no longer exempted fromlabelling requirements.
    17. 17. CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road,Mylapore,Chennai - 600 004.Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821BANGALORESuite 920, Level 9,Raheja Towers,26-27, M G Road,Bangalore - 560 001.Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400COIMBATOREBB1, Park Avenue,# 48, Race Course Road,Coimbatore - 641018.Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921EMAILinfo@altacit.comWEBSITEwww.altacit.comTHANK YOU

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