Easement rights
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Easement rights

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    Easement rights Easement rights Presentation Transcript

    • CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 EASEMENT BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. RIGHTS Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 Divya Raman Corporate Department EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com
    • INTRODUCTION CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. An easement is a certain right to use Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 the real property of another without COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, possessing it. It is "best typified in the right of way which one # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 landowner, A, may enjoy over the land of another, B. EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com
    • EXAMPLES CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, • Right-of-way (easements of way) Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE • Easements of support (pertaining to Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. excavations) Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 • Easements of "light and air" • Rights pertaining to artificial waterways EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com
    • DOMINANT AND SERVIENT ESTATE CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Easements require existence of two Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, parties: Bangalore - 560 001. The party gaining the benefit of the Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE easement - Dominant estate. BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 The party granting the burden – Servient estate. EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com
    • TYPES OF EASEMENTS CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road, • AFFIRMATIVE AND NEGATIVE Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 EASEMENTS BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, An affirmative easement is the right to use anothers property for a specific Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. purpose, while a negative easement is the right to prevent another from Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 performing an otherwise lawful activity on their property. EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com
    • CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, • PRIVATE AND PUBLIC EASEMENTS Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE A private easement is held by private Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. individuals or entities. A public Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE easement grants an easement for a BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 public use, for example, to allow the public an access over a parcel owned by an individual. EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com
    • CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road, • EXPRESS AND IMPLIED EASEMENTS Mylapore, An express easement may be "granted" Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, or "reserved" in a deed or other legal instrument. Implied easements are Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. not recorded or explicitly stated, but reflect the practices and customs of Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 use for a property. They are very complex. EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com
    • CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road, • EASEMENT BY NECESSITY Mylapore, Necessity alone is an insufficient claim to Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, create any easement. A court order is necessary to determine the existence Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. of an easement by necessity. This method of creating an easement, Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 being an active creation by a court of an otherwise non-existent right, will be EMAIL info@altacit.com automatically extinguished upon WEBSITE www.altacit.com termination of the necessity.
    • CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road, • EASEMENT BY PRIOR USE Mylapore, Easements by prior use are based on the Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, idea that land owners can intend to create an easement, but forget to Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. include it in the deed. Eg: A sells the front lot, but forgets to get an easement Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 for driveway access. An easement may be created by prior use. EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com
    • CHENNAI Five elements to establish an easement3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 by prior use are: BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, 1. Common ownership of both properties at one time Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE 2. Followed by a severance BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 3. Use occurs before the severance and afterward EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com
    • CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road, 4. Notice Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 a. Not simply visibility, but apparent or BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, discoverable by reasonable inspection (e.g. 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 the hidden existence of a sewer line that a COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, plumber could identify may be notice # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 enough) 5. Necessary and beneficial b. Reasonably necessary c. Not the "strict necessity" required by an EMAIL info@altacit.com easement by necessity WEBSITE www.altacit.com
    • CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road, • EASEMENT BY PRESCRIPTION Mylapore, Easements by prescription, also called Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, prescriptive easements, are implied easements granted after the dominant Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. estate has used the property in a hostile, continuous and open manner Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 for a statutorily prescribed number of years. EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com
    • CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road, • EASEMENT BY ESTOPPEL Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 When a property owner misrepresents the existence of BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, an easement while selling a property and does not Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. include an express easement in the deed to the Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 buyer, the court may step in and create an easement. Easements by estoppel generally look to COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 any promises not made in writing, any money spent by the benefiting party in reliance on the representations of the burdened party. If the court finds that the buyer acted in good faith and relied on the sellers promises, the court will create an EMAIL info@altacit.com easement by estoppel. WEBSITE www.altacit.com
    • INDIAN EASEMENTS ACT, 1882 CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, • Chapter II – Imposition, Acquisition Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, and Transfer of Easements Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE • Chapter III – Incidents of Easements BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 • Chapter IV – Disturbance of Easements • Chapter V – Extinction, Suspension and Revival of Easements EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com
    • EASEMENTS AND LICENSES CHENNAI 1. An easement is a privilege to use or3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 occupy the land of another for a specific duration and for a precise and BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, definite purpose which is not 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, inconsistent with the owners rights in the property. License is the personal Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 and revocable permission to perform acts on the land of another. EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com
    • CHENNAI 2. Easements - longer duration and3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 generally not revocable. BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, License – shorter and generally revocable. Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE 3. Easements become part of the BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 property. Licenses are personal between the licensor and licensee. EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com
    • CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, 4. To the extent consideration is paid for the right to use Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE your neighbors land, a BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 license will usually cost less than an easement. EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com
    • CONCLUSION CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Thus concluding, an easement is a right Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, which the owner of a property has to compel the owner of another property Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. to permit something to be done, or to refrain from doing something on the Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 servient element for the benefit of the dominant element. EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com
    • CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com