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E waste managment

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  • : An extra added tax can be charged on the electronic articles with a promise by the manufacturers to dispose or dismantle or recycle them once they run out of use for the consumers. This process will provide a way for all the electronic wastes to end up at the right place, without causing any damage to the environment.
  • 80 to 85 percent of electronic products were discarded in landfills or incinerators, which can release certain toxics into the air.
    E-waste represents 2 percent of America's trash in landfills, but it equals 70 percent of overall toxic waste. The extreme amount of lead in electronics alone causes damage in the central and peripheral nervous systems, the blood and the kidneys.
    20 to 50 million metric tons of e-waste are disposed worldwide every year.
    Cell phones and other electronic items contain high amounts of precious metals like gold or silver. Americans dump phones containing over $60 million in gold/silver every year.
    Only 12.5 percent of e-waste is currently recycled.
    For every 1 million cell phones that are recycled, 35,274 pounds of copper, 772 pounds of silver, 75 pounds of gold, and 33 pounds of palladium can be recovered.
    Recycling 1 million laptops saves the energy equivalent to the electricity  used by 3,657 U.S. homes in a year.
    E-waste is still the fastest growing municipal waste stream in America, according to the EPA.
    A large number of what is labeled as "e-waste" is actually not waste at all, but rather whole electronic equipment or parts that are readily marketable for reuse or can be recycled for materials recovery.
    It takes 539 pounds of fossil fuel, 48 pounds of chemicals, and 1.5 tons of water to manufacture one computer and monitor 
    Electronic items that are considered to be hazardous include, but are not limited to:
    Televisions and computer monitors that contain cathode ray tubes
    LCD desktop monitors
    Laptop computers with LCD displays
    LCD televisions
    Plasma televisions
    Portable DVD players with LCD screens
  • Transcript

    • 1. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com .. By Sinduja Amudanathan E-WAR (E-Waste Management)
    • 2. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com What is E-Waste E of e- waste stands for electronic so the electronic wastes are what e-wastes. Any electronic article which is a waste and of no more use or possesses no more value of its own is called E-waste. E-waste also includes any electronic article which though possessing a value or a use is destined for dismantling or land filling etc. This is because either they are surplus or they are no more accepted by the people because of the invasion of newer and developed technologies in the market. .
    • 3. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com CAUSE & Reason The main cause or rather reason for the increasing e waste is the increased number of products (because of development, technology, human mentality and population) because of which disposal problems are caused as excess of anything is not
    • 4. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com E-WASTE (Defects) E-waste is not hazardous waste per- se. However, the hazardous constituents present in the e-waste render it hazardous when such wastes are dismantled and processed, since it is only at this stage that they pose hazard to health and environment.
    • 5. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Causes…… Development-> <-Technology Human mentality -> <-Population
    • 6. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com TYPES OF E-WASTE 1.Based Upon Electrical Articles 2. Based on their reasons of being a waste Type 1 –Emerge of updated version Type 2 – only part of the article is not working.
    • 7. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Treatments of E-Waste There is not any particular technology invented specifically for dealing with the electronic wastes but for sure there is a need of evolution of such specific technologies and technological evolution which has helped the volume of e-waste to rise can also prove to be extremely handy for fighting this. Let us now have a look at the contemporary ways of dealing with it: 1. Incineration: This is a thermal treatment technique where the electronic wastes are treated with a very high temperature. 2. Landfills: Along with the solid municipal waste, the electronic wastes too are disposed to landfill sites where they are buried in the earth . 3.Scrapyards : Most of the e-waste today, is sent to scrap yards. In these scrap yards e-waste is broken down into constituent parts.
    • 8. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com E-waste Trade So how did this E-waste Trade evolved?1. The developed countries industrialized and were full of resources with plenty of job opportunities for the citizen. 2.On the other side, there was less resourcefulness and opportunities for people in the developing countries. 3.The people in the developing country soon realized that they can extract a few components out of the electronic wastes and that may serve their need. 4. So now we can say that the e- waste is no more waste but is a source of income of employment for these people. 5. as its (e-waste’s) demand in the market increased so increased its exports at international market.
    • 9. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com There are concerns for those countries who are importing this waste as a large of these electronic wastes does not finds the right pathway to end up at a recycling or dismantling centre but also a large volume of e –waste ends up as a part of landfills alongside solid municipal waste. INCOME to THE COUNTRY
    • 10. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Few Suggestions to Control 2.Awareness amongst the people: Another thing that can be done is to generate more and more awareness amongst the people about the concern of e-waste disposal and provision of certain guidelines by the municipal organizations 1.Added Tax on electronic articles 3. Restriction on the imports of electronic wastes: The policies of the government should be such that it regulates the inflow of the electronic wastes from other nations. Along with this the government must look towards drafting special guidelines to counter such problems as that of electronic waste. 4. Increasing quality standards of the electronic articles so that they last long: By raising the parameters defined for the quality standards of electronic goods we can make sure that they last longer. There should be a continuous monitoring for these standards and also there is a need for organizations that come forward to fight against this concern.
    • 11. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Legislations/Framework governing e- waste Various legislations cover different aspects of e- waste The hazardous waste (management and handling ) rules, 1998 as amended in 2008 for Toxic content – registration mandatory for recyclers Municipal Solid Waste Management & Handling Rules for non- Toxic content Basel convention for regulating transboundary movement Foreign Trade policy restricts import of second-hand computers and does not permit import of e-waste ‘Guidelines’ by Central Pollution Control Board ( 2008)
    • 12. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com E-Waste Management Rules Spelling the end of unauthorised units handling such refuse, the E-waste (Management and Handling) Rules 2010 — drafted by the the Ministry of Environment and Forests to address the e-waste problem and to regularise the informal sector, which was notified last year — which came into effect across the country, including the Capital, on May 1, 2012.
    • 13. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Salient points of e-waste Rules  Responsibility of each element in the e-waste Value Chain: • Producers – Extended/Individual Producer Responsibility • Dealers •Collection agencies/ collection Centres •Dismantler •Recycler •Consumer and bulk consumers  Procedure for Authorization of producers, collection agencies, dismantlers, recyclers and enforcement agencies  Procedure for registration/renewal of registration of recyclers  Regulations for import of e-waste  Liability of producers, collection agencies, transporter, dismantlers and recyclers  Elimination of hazardous substances used in e-equipments  Setting up of Designated Authority to ensure transparency, audit  and inspect facilities, examine authorization/ registration etc.
    • 14. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com RESPONSABLITIES
    • 15. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com By Sinduja Amudanathan “Solutions can only be there when there are problems, you seek them, you find them and when you find them, you find a way to counter them and when you know how to counter them you owe them your bit” CONCLUSION
    • 16. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com E-waste authorized collection centers
    • 17. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com