Cyber terrorism
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Cyber terrorism Presentation Transcript

  • 1. CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, CYBER TERRORISM Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com JENI VARGHESE WEBSITE PATENT DEPT. www.altacit.com
  • 2. CYBER TERRORISM CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, • The term ‘cyber terrorism’ was coined in 1996 by148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Barry Collin. Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 • Cyber terrorism - “convergence of cyberspace and BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, terrorism”. 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com
  • 3. CYBER TERRORISM CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, • US national infrastructure protection centre148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 (2001) has defined cyber terrorism as: BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, “A criminal act perpetrated by the use of computers Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. and telecommunications capabilities, resulting in Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 violence, destruction and/or disruption of services, COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, where the intended purpose is to create fear by causing Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 confusion and uncertainty within a given population, with the goal of influencing a government or population to conform to a particular political, social or ideological agenda.” EMAIL • Use of computers, internet and information info@altacit.com WEBSITE gateways to support traditional terrorism. www.altacit.com
  • 4. CYBER TERRORISM CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, • Targets may include power plants, military148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. installations, the banking industry, air traffic control centers, water systems, and other major centers Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, affecting the lives and well-being of many people and 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 companies. COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, • # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com
  • 5. FEATURES OF CYBER TERRORISM CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, • Difficulty Identifying Attackers: It remains difficult to148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, determine the identity of the initiators of most cyber attacks. Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 • Lack of Boundaries: Attacks can originate from anywhere in BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, the world and from multiple locations simultaneously. Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, • Speed of Development: The time between the discovery of a Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 new vulnerability and the emergence of a new tool or COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, technique that exploits the vulnerability is getting shorter. # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. • Low Cost of Tools: The technology employed in attacks is Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 simple to use, inexpensive, and widely available. • Automated Methods: The methods of attack have become automated and more sophisticated, resulting in greater damage from a single attack. EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com
  • 6. FORMS OF CYBER TERRORISM CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road, Some of the forms of cyber terrorism are: Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 (a) Privacy violation. BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, (b) Secret information appropriation and data 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 theft. COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, (c) Demolition of e-governance base. Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 (d) Distributed Denial of Services (DoS) attack. (e) Network damage and disruptions. (f) Use of cyber communications for terrorism. EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com
  • 7. METHODS OF ATTACK CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, Three methods of attack: involves different types148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 of weapons BANGALORE (a) Physical Attack: Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, •against computer facilities and/or transmission lines. 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. •accomplished by use of conventional weapons to destroy or seriously Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 injure computers and their terminals. COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, (b) Electronic Attack: Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 •use of power of electromagnetic energy or electromagnetic pulse to overload computer circuitry. (c) Cyber Attack or Computer Network Attack: •use of a malicious code to take advantage of softwares weakness; or •an attacker uses stolen information to enter restricted computer systems. EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com
  • 8. TOOLS FOR CYBER TERRORISM CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, Some of the tools used by cyber terrorists to148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 disseminate their agenda are:- BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, (a)Virus: A computer program that can replicate itself and spread from one computer to another. Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, (b)Worm: a standalone computer program that # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 replicates itself in order to spread to other computers. (c) Trojan Horse: A non-self-replicating type of malware which facilitates unauthorized access to EMAIL the users computer system. info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com
  • 9. TOOLS FOR CYBER TERRORISM CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road, (d) Logic Bomb: A piece of code intentionally inserted into a software system that will set Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, off a malicious function when specified conditions are met. Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, (e)Trap Doors: A method of gaining access to # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 some part of a system other than by the normal procedure. (f)Denial of Service: The attacker sends almost innumerable requests for information/e-mail EMAIL that cause a computer systems to crash. info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com
  • 10. TOOLS FOR CYBER TERRORISM CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, (g) Use of Cryptography and148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Steganography: to aid terrorism Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Cryptography: Information is transformed into Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. unreadable format (cipher text). Only those Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 who possess a secret key can decipher (or COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, decrypt) the message into plain text. Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 Steganography: Writing hidden messages in a way that no one, apart from the sender and intended recipient, suspects the existence of the message. EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com
  • 11. INCIDENCE OF CYBER TERRORISM CHENNAI Al Qaeda Terrorist used the Internet to plan the September11,3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 2001 operations upon new York City and Washington D.C.148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. 2001 2001 They used a special internet chat software for communication. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, A nuclear power plant in Iran was attacked by the Stuxnet Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 worm. The worm installed itself in the plant’s PLC (Programming Logic Controller) 2010 2010 computer-controlled system and caused a change in the rotational speed of machinery. The increased speed without the usual automated shut-down controls caused the nuclear plant fusion center to spin EMAIL info@altacit.com uncontrollably and explode. WEBSITE www.altacit.com
  • 12. ACTS OF CYBER TERRORISM IN INDIA CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, • In the case of 26/11 Mumbai attacks, terrorists used148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. cyber communication to aide the terrorists to carry on with the massacre. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 • Cyber communication was also used in July 2011 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, Jhaveri Bazaar Mumbai bomb blasts and 2010 # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 Varanasi blasts. EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com
  • 13. INDIA : FEW INITIATIVES CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road, The Government of India has put in place some Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 mechanisms to counter the threat of cyber terrorism. BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, • Indian Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT- Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, In): a functional organization of the department of Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 Information Technology with the objective of COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, securing Indian cyber space. # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 • National Cyber Security Assurance Framework is established by the CERT-In for protection of Critical Information. • The Information Technology Act, 2000 and IT EMAIL (Amendment) Act 2008. info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com
  • 14. THE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ACT, 2000 AND IT ACT AMENDMENT 2008. • Amendments under the Information Technology Act, CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. 2000 has defined the term “Cyber terrorism” U/Sec. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 66F (1). BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, • Punishment for Cyber terrorism 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 Whoever commits or conspires to commit cyber terrorism shall be COIMBATORE punishable with imprisonment which may extend to BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, imprisonment for life. (Section 66F (2)) Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 • Section 69 gives power to the state to issue directions for interception or monitoring or decryption of any information through any computer source. • Section 70 A and 70 B- Agency for critical EMAIL information and Indian Computer Emergency response info@altacit.com team (CERT-In) for incident response. WEBSITE www.altacit.com
  • 15. CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, THANK YOU 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com