Cyber terrorism

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Cyber terrorism

  1. 1. CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, CYBER TERRORISM Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com JENI VARGHESE WEBSITE PATENT DEPT. www.altacit.com
  2. 2. CYBER TERRORISM CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, • The term ‘cyber terrorism’ was coined in 1996 by148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Barry Collin. Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 • Cyber terrorism - “convergence of cyberspace and BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, terrorism”. 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com
  3. 3. CYBER TERRORISM CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, • US national infrastructure protection centre148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 (2001) has defined cyber terrorism as: BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, “A criminal act perpetrated by the use of computers Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. and telecommunications capabilities, resulting in Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 violence, destruction and/or disruption of services, COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, where the intended purpose is to create fear by causing Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 confusion and uncertainty within a given population, with the goal of influencing a government or population to conform to a particular political, social or ideological agenda.” EMAIL • Use of computers, internet and information info@altacit.com WEBSITE gateways to support traditional terrorism. www.altacit.com
  4. 4. CYBER TERRORISM CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, • Targets may include power plants, military148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. installations, the banking industry, air traffic control centers, water systems, and other major centers Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, affecting the lives and well-being of many people and 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 companies. COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, • # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com
  5. 5. FEATURES OF CYBER TERRORISM CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, • Difficulty Identifying Attackers: It remains difficult to148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, determine the identity of the initiators of most cyber attacks. Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 • Lack of Boundaries: Attacks can originate from anywhere in BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, the world and from multiple locations simultaneously. Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, • Speed of Development: The time between the discovery of a Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 new vulnerability and the emergence of a new tool or COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, technique that exploits the vulnerability is getting shorter. # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. • Low Cost of Tools: The technology employed in attacks is Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 simple to use, inexpensive, and widely available. • Automated Methods: The methods of attack have become automated and more sophisticated, resulting in greater damage from a single attack. EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com
  6. 6. FORMS OF CYBER TERRORISM CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road, Some of the forms of cyber terrorism are: Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 (a) Privacy violation. BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, (b) Secret information appropriation and data 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 theft. COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, (c) Demolition of e-governance base. Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 (d) Distributed Denial of Services (DoS) attack. (e) Network damage and disruptions. (f) Use of cyber communications for terrorism. EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com
  7. 7. METHODS OF ATTACK CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, Three methods of attack: involves different types148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 of weapons BANGALORE (a) Physical Attack: Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, •against computer facilities and/or transmission lines. 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. •accomplished by use of conventional weapons to destroy or seriously Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 injure computers and their terminals. COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, (b) Electronic Attack: Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 •use of power of electromagnetic energy or electromagnetic pulse to overload computer circuitry. (c) Cyber Attack or Computer Network Attack: •use of a malicious code to take advantage of softwares weakness; or •an attacker uses stolen information to enter restricted computer systems. EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com
  8. 8. TOOLS FOR CYBER TERRORISM CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, Some of the tools used by cyber terrorists to148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 disseminate their agenda are:- BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, (a)Virus: A computer program that can replicate itself and spread from one computer to another. Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, (b)Worm: a standalone computer program that # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 replicates itself in order to spread to other computers. (c) Trojan Horse: A non-self-replicating type of malware which facilitates unauthorized access to EMAIL the users computer system. info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com
  9. 9. TOOLS FOR CYBER TERRORISM CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road, (d) Logic Bomb: A piece of code intentionally inserted into a software system that will set Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, off a malicious function when specified conditions are met. Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, (e)Trap Doors: A method of gaining access to # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 some part of a system other than by the normal procedure. (f)Denial of Service: The attacker sends almost innumerable requests for information/e-mail EMAIL that cause a computer systems to crash. info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com
  10. 10. TOOLS FOR CYBER TERRORISM CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, (g) Use of Cryptography and148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Steganography: to aid terrorism Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Cryptography: Information is transformed into Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. unreadable format (cipher text). Only those Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 who possess a secret key can decipher (or COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, decrypt) the message into plain text. Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 Steganography: Writing hidden messages in a way that no one, apart from the sender and intended recipient, suspects the existence of the message. EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com
  11. 11. INCIDENCE OF CYBER TERRORISM CHENNAI Al Qaeda Terrorist used the Internet to plan the September11,3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 2001 operations upon new York City and Washington D.C.148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. 2001 2001 They used a special internet chat software for communication. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, A nuclear power plant in Iran was attacked by the Stuxnet Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 worm. The worm installed itself in the plant’s PLC (Programming Logic Controller) 2010 2010 computer-controlled system and caused a change in the rotational speed of machinery. The increased speed without the usual automated shut-down controls caused the nuclear plant fusion center to spin EMAIL info@altacit.com uncontrollably and explode. WEBSITE www.altacit.com
  12. 12. ACTS OF CYBER TERRORISM IN INDIA CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, • In the case of 26/11 Mumbai attacks, terrorists used148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. cyber communication to aide the terrorists to carry on with the massacre. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 • Cyber communication was also used in July 2011 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, Jhaveri Bazaar Mumbai bomb blasts and 2010 # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 Varanasi blasts. EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com
  13. 13. INDIA : FEW INITIATIVES CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road, The Government of India has put in place some Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 mechanisms to counter the threat of cyber terrorism. BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, • Indian Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT- Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, In): a functional organization of the department of Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 Information Technology with the objective of COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, securing Indian cyber space. # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 • National Cyber Security Assurance Framework is established by the CERT-In for protection of Critical Information. • The Information Technology Act, 2000 and IT EMAIL (Amendment) Act 2008. info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com
  14. 14. THE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ACT, 2000 AND IT ACT AMENDMENT 2008. • Amendments under the Information Technology Act, CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. 2000 has defined the term “Cyber terrorism” U/Sec. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 66F (1). BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, • Punishment for Cyber terrorism 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 Whoever commits or conspires to commit cyber terrorism shall be COIMBATORE punishable with imprisonment which may extend to BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, imprisonment for life. (Section 66F (2)) Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 • Section 69 gives power to the state to issue directions for interception or monitoring or decryption of any information through any computer source. • Section 70 A and 70 B- Agency for critical EMAIL information and Indian Computer Emergency response info@altacit.com team (CERT-In) for incident response. WEBSITE www.altacit.com
  15. 15. CHENNAI3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’,148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, THANK YOU 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com

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