Creative Commons is a nonprofit organization that works to increase the amount of creativity (cultural, educational, and scientific content) in “the commons” — the body of work that is available to the public for free and legal sharing, use, repurposing, and remixing.
How Does Creative Commons Work?
Creative Commons provides free, easy-to-use legal tools that give everyone from individual creators to major companies and institutions a simple, standardized way to pre-clear copyrights to their creative work.
You are free:
to copy, distribute, display, and perform the work
to make derivative works
to make commercial use of the work
Attribution. You must give the original author credit.
For any reuse or distribution, you must make clear to others the licence terms of the work.
Any of these conditions can be waived by the copyright owner if asked to do so
Pre and Post Prints author’s original idea author’s draft versions author’s final draft refereeing process licence terms (express/implied) determine scope of permitted uses, including extent of self-archiving author retains copyright publisher acquires copyright licence to author or educational institution or third party eg repository assign copyright ? yes no
COPYRIGHT AS A BUNDLE OF RIGHTS
Attribution of authorship
Control modification, adaptation or derivation
Compensation for commercial reuse
Personal reuse, adaptation
Post in web repositories and on other web sites
Licence others to do the same
Creative Commons Licence
A licence which allows open access to material but which may impose restrictions on how that material is used:
CC licences let people easily change their copyright terms from the default of “all rights reserved” to “some rights reserved.”
Creative Commons licences are not an alternative to copyright.
CC – Spectrum of Possibilities
License Elements Attribution No Commercial use No Derivative work Share alike
Four main protocols
Attribution: Other people may use, modify and distribute the work, as long as they give the original author credit.
Non-commercial: Other people may use, modify and distribute the work, but for non-commercial purposes only.
No derivatives: Other people may use and distribute the work, but can not modify it to create derivative works.
Share alike: Other people may modify the work and distribute derivatives, but only on the condition that the derivatives are made available to other people on the same licence terms. This term can not be used with the No Derivatives term, because it applies only to derivative works.
Three Expressions Human-Readable: Commons Deed Lawyer-Readable: Legal Code Machine-Readable: Digital Code, Metadata
Creative Commons and Copyright
CCs apply on top of copyright, so one can modify one’s copyright terms to best suit one’s needs. In collaboration with intellectual property experts all around the world, it is ensured that CC licenses work globally.
Relationship to Copyright
Relies on and is complementary to copyright
Aims to make copyright more alive, active and accessible
Creative Commons – in brief
Creative Commons – not for profit corp. based in SFO
Provides licences for allowing people to reutilise content on certain conditions
Licence Language - Common, Legal and Code – easy to use and understand
To implement - create a link to the CC licence or insert conditions of reuse in your code or metadata