An analysis of apple’s patent to block recording

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An analysis of apple’s patent to block recording

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An analysis of apple’s patent to block recording

  1. 1. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com AN ANALYSIS OF APPLE’S PATENT TO BLOCK RECORDING P.ILANANGAI IP CONSULTANT PATENT DEPARTMENT
  2. 2. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com INTRODUCTION • Apple was founded by Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, and Ronald Wayne on April 1, 1976, to develop and sell personal computers. • It was incorporated as Apple Computer, Inc. on January 3, 1977, and was renamed as Apple Inc. on January 9, 2007, to reflect its shifted focus toward consumer electronics. • Apple Inc. is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and online services.
  3. 3. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com APPLE PRODUCTS
  4. 4. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com APPLE PRODUCTS
  5. 5. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com LOGOS
  6. 6. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com • During 2013, Apple was issued 1,775 patents by the USPTO, placing it 15th overall in terms of patenting entities worldwide. • The corporation has increased its investment in innovation by at least 30 percent every year since 2010. • Recently Apple was granted patent for system that can block recording. APPLE ‘S PATENT PORTFOLIO
  7. 7. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com The system including a camera to detect images based on visible light, and an image processing circuitry electrically coupled to the camera. This circuitry can determine whether the image captured by the camera has any infrared signal coded with data and if so, decode it. US 9380225 titled “Systems and methods for receiving infrared data with a camera designed to detect images based on visible light”
  8. 8. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com • An electronic device can receive infrared data with a camera that is designed to detect visible light. • For example, an electronic device can include a camera for capturing pictures or videos based on visible light and that camera can also be used to receive infrared data. To prevent the infrared data from interfering with the camera's other functions, the electronic device may analyze the camera's outputs to determine which images include an infrared signal with encoded data. Accordingly, images that include an infrared signal with encoded data can be routed to circuitry that can decode the encoded data. The decoded data can then be used to convey information to a user (e.g., through a display) or modify the device's operation (e.g., apply a watermark to a detected image or disable a function of the device). US 9380225 titled “Systems and methods for receiving infrared data with a camera designed to detect images based on visible light”
  9. 9. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com • The patent describes two embodiments, one is in a place like museum, wherein an infrared emitter may be kept near an artefact and it can emit infrared signals with data that contains information about the particular object, which can then be decoded using the system proposed by Apple. THE PROS AND CONS
  10. 10. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com • Another scenario is when an infrared emitter can send out signals containing commands to disable recording devices. This is useful in situations where recording is prohibited- say a cinema hall or a concert. THE PROS AND CONS
  11. 11. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com • Thus, spectators recording and illegally uploading the recordings on video sharing websites without permission can be stopped using this technology. • Similarly, the disturbance caused to both the performer and other viewers due to distracting flashlights emitted during recording can also be curbed. • Notably, many artists have expressed their displeasure at people recording their performances. American singer Alicia Keys Benedict Cumberbatch THE PROS AND CONS
  12. 12. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com • The system patented by Apple acts as a sort of a technological protection measure (TPM) which is a common form of Digital Rights Management (“DRM”). • As TPMs allow the copyright owner to place restrictions on the use of a file, this system, if implemented, would allow the performers and copyright holders to prevent the recording of their performances and works and thereby obviating the chances of infringement of their rights by illegal sharing of these recordings. • Also, this system, though may prove useful to performers and copyright owners, runs the risk of overstepping the rights granted by copyright law by imposing unnecessary restrictions. • Disabling of recording would prevent the audience from making recordings for even those purposes that do not amount to infringement. THE PROS AND CONS
  13. 13. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com • For instance, under section 38 of the Indian Copyright Act, 1957, the performers have the right to prevent recording of their performances without their consent. • However, as per section 39(a), they cannot prevent so if made for private use or for bona fide teaching or research purposes. • It could be potentially used by governments to prevent protesters from recording visuals of police brutality or an illegal crackdown. • A mass movement like ‘Arab Spring’ was in large measure made possible by people recording videos and live streaming them to gather more support. THE PROS AND CONS
  14. 14. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com • Recently, Democrats in the US used the tool ‘Periscope’ to put on air live their protests against the gun control legislation, despite the Republicans cutting off the video feed used by the cable television network. • Thus, despite the minor annoyances that recordings may cause, the immense impact it has had on enabling a more open and democratic society cannot be overlooked. A system like the one in question opens up the possibility of both individuals and governments using it to silence the voice of dissenters. THE PROS AND CONS
  15. 15. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com • The system patented by Apple may never be converted to a viable product and introduced in the market, thereby avoiding the possibility of such a technology being ever misused. • Further, the system can only be used to disable phones that can detect infrared signals. • Thus, unless all the manufacturers join the bandwagon, it is not going to be possible to disable all the devices out there. • Nevertheless, considering that the most fundamental of civil liberties is at stake, we would do well to raise our guards. CONCLUSION
  16. 16. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com

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