Practical issues in schizophreniaPresentation Transcript
In the name of Allah the most merciful most beneficial
Practical Issues in Schizophrenia Dr. Ahsan-ul-Haq Chishti Senior Consultant Psychiatrist Fountain House Lahore
The shortest way to do many things is to do one thing at a time.
Schizophrenia is a psychiatric diagnosis that describes a mental disorder characterized by impairments in the perception or expression of reality and by significant social or occupational dysfunction. A person experiencing untreated schizophrenia is typically characterized as demonstrating disorganized thinking , and as experiencing delusions or hallucinations .
Schizophrenia is often described in terms of "positive" and "negative" symptoms. Positive symptoms include delusions , auditory hallucinations and thought disorder and are typically regarded as manifestations of psychosis . Negative symptoms are so named because they are considered to be the loss or absence of normal traits or abilities, and include features such as flat, blunted or constricted affect and emotion , poverty of speech and lack of motivation .
It is not aptitude, but your attitude, that determines your altitude.
Brain Vulenrability (inherited or accquired)
Neurological damage around birth
Interpersonal & social influences
Social & family influence
Onset of schizophrenia typically occurs in late adolescence or early adulthood, with males tending to show symptoms earlier than females.
Delusions (persecutory, reference, thought withdrawal, thought insertion, thought broadcast)
Depressive or Aggressive Mood
Lack of insight
Neuro Cognitive deficits
It is no sin to attempt and fail. The only sin is not to make the attempt.
Depressive Symptoms in Schizophrenia
Depression may be a side effect of antipsychotic medication
Depressive symptoms may be a response to recovery of insight
Depression may be integral part of schizophrenia
Substance Abuse in Schizophrenia
The rate of substance use is known to be particularly high in this group. In a recent study, 60% of people with schizophrenia were found to use substances and 37% would be diagnosable with a substance use disorder.
There is strong evidence that using certain drugs can trigger either the onset or relapse of schizophrenia in some people. It may also be the case, however, that people with schizophrenia use drugs to overcome negative feelings associated with both the commonly prescribed antipsychotic medication and the condition itself, where negative emotion, paranoia and anhedonia are all considered to be core features.
It is not so much how busy you are, but why you are busy. The bee is praised; the mosquito is swatted.