Lecture 05 research proposal


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  • Lecture 05 research proposal

    1. 1. Advanced Business Research Methods Lecture No 05 1: Research Proposal 2: Samples of Research Proposals
    2. 2. Definition  A proposal is also known as a work plan, prospectus, outline, or draft plan to answer following questions;  What will be done  Why it will be done  How it will be done  Where it will be done  What is benefit of doing it
    3. 3. Purpose of the Research Proposal To present the question to be researched and its importance  To discuss the research efforts of others who have worked on related questions  To suggest the data necessary for solving the question 
    4. 4. What are the Benefits of the Proposal to a Researcher? Allows the researcher to plan and review the project’s steps  Serves as a guide throughout the investigation  Forces time and budget estimates 
    5. 5. Style of Proposal Use section headings.  Present the information in short paragraphs.  Write short and simple sentences. 
    6. 6. Modules in a Research Proposal        Executive Summary Problem Statement Research Objectives Literature Review Importance of the Study Research Design Data Analysis Nature and Form of Results      Qualifications of Researcher Budget Project Management Bibliography Appendices
    7. 7. 1.Inroduction Introduction (background, problem identification and problem statement).  Your first sentence of your introduction should identify the research problem. This sentence or two should address why the research is important and what you are hoping to accomplish.  Provide the background information with relevant key literature review to support question and objectives.  Identify any gap in knowledge or question which have to be answered. 
    8. 8. Problem Statement Problem is clearly stated with out the use of idioms.  It should be in present tense.  Already specific and suggest research questions. Focus on the following: ◦ a. Explore unexpected findings discovered in previous research. ◦ b. Follow future research suggestions. ◦ c. Apply existing theory to new topic. ◦ d. Challenge the previous findings. ◦ e. Specify the intervening process  
    9. 9. Research Objectives It is the purpose of the study.  It should be written in assertive form.  It is best to list the objectives in order of importance.   To study the trends in the dividend payment of Pakistani corporate firms.  To identify the prominent variables influencing the dividend policies of the select companies.  To study the non-financial and financial firms separately and examine which variables are influencing these firms.
    10. 10. Literature Review Include relevant and recent research studies.  Begin your literature review comprehensive perspective , moving to more specific studies.  Avoid the extraneous details of the literature; do a brief review.  Emphasize the important results and conclusions of other studies.  Summarize the literature review section and indentify the gap. 
    11. 11. Research Design The design module describes what you are going to do in technical terms.  Provide information on your proposed design for such tasks as; sample selection, size, data collection methods, variables, instrumentation and procedures.  Future tense will be used. 
    12. 12. Data Analysis Methods used for analyzing data.  Proposed treatment and the theoretical basis for using the selected technique.  By use of dummy charts and tables its presentation can be enhanced. 
    13. 13. Appendices  A glossary of concepts, constructs, and definitions  Samples of instrument  Other materials that reinforce the body of the proposal the measurement
    14. 14. Evaluating the Research Proposal Proposal must be neatly written in appropriate writing style  Major topics should be easily found and logically organized  Proposal must meet specific guidelines set by the sponsor  Technical writing style must be clearly understood and explained 