BARRIERS ENCOUNTERED BY APARTMENT RENTAL BUSINESS IN MANILACHAPTER 3 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
Submitted by: Lizel Nipas Donna Dale Regidor Alpha May Nocillado Submitted to: Dr. John Teope
INTRODUCTION Research Method is the procedure of careful investigation employing an instrument to gather information for building thesis of knowledge which provides answer to problem. The research will encounter necessary methods and techniques in order to collect data to be used in the study. This will undergo research design, respondents of the study, instruments, procedure in data gathering and statistical treatment of the data. RESEARCH DESIGN The descriptive research will be used in the study. This was deemed appropriate because the research attempted to analyze the barriers encountered in the apartment rental business in Manila. To achieve the objective of the study ,the descriptive design method is will be use in the study. RESPONDENTS OF THE STUDY The researcher will go to distribute survey questionnaires to the different owners of apartment rental business in Manila. INSTRUMENTS The researcher will use questionnaires as its major instruments for data gathering which is commonly used in studies.
DATA GATHERING The researchers exerts much effort to make the research successful, searching on libraries to get some information about the different barriers encountered by the apartment rental business in Manila. SAMPLING DESIGN Due to lack of material ,time, and financial constraint the researchers use the convenience methods. STATISTICAL TREATMENT The data gather from the respondents were going to statistically be tabulated ,analyze and were presented on tables embodied in the study. The researchers applied the following statistical treatment of data for the solution to the problems.. FREQUENCY AND PERCENTAGE 1.FREQUENCY- these tools facilitate the tallying and counting of frequencies based on each item or category.
Chi- square It is used to determine the significant differences between the perceptions of the respondents. The values of chi- square or a given distributions are computed by
Findings the difference in between each observed value and the corresponding expected value; Expressing the square of the differences as a fraction of the expected value; and Summing
Thus, the formula used for computing the chi- square values is presented below: Where: = chi- square X2= observed frequency FO=observed frequency FE= expected frequency
The computation for the degree of freedom is necessary in order to obtain the critical value (P). The formula is: d f= (r-1)(k-1) Where: r = number of rows k = number of columns D f = degree of freedom Hypothesis Ho = there is no significant variation between the obtain/actual and expected frequencies Ha = There is a significant variation between the obtain/actual and expected frequencies Where: Ho = Stands for Null Hypothesis Ha = Stands for Alternative Hypothesis
Ranking This is a descriptive measure to describe numerical data in addition to percentage. Ranking is used in the study for comparative purpose and for sharing the importance of items analyzed. Weighted Mean Another statistical technique to be used is the weighted mean. It is use to determine the average responses of the different options provided in the various parts of the survey questionnaire used. The method is used in conjunction with the Liker Scale. It is solved by the formula:
X= ∑ f x / n
Where: X = weighted mean ∑ f x = the sum of all the products of f and x, f being the frequency of each weight and x as the weight of each operation n= total number of respondents