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Ucl guest lecture tvh Presentation Transcript

  • 1. How journalists source newsA linguisticethnographic approachUniversitécatholique de Louvain14 October 2012
    Dr. Tom Van Hout
    tom.vanhout@gmail.com
  • 2. etHnograPHY
    A 5-slide primer on:
  • 3. Foto: medhead (flickr.com)
  • 4. culturalecology
    a family of methods involving direct and sustained social contact with agents and of richly writing up the encounter, respecting, recording, representing at least partly in its own terms the irreducibility of human experience.
    (Willis & Trondman 2002: 394)
  • 5. ethnography
    studies meaning in context (fieldwork)
    participates in, observesandreconstructs
    documents the how, whatandwhy
    makes the familiarstrange(process)
    makes the strangefamiliar(product)
  • 6. ethnographic analysis
    case studymethodology
    = micro-level analyses of social action
    evidential: empiricalfacts
    conjectural: meaning in context
    knowledge is generatedinductively
  • 7. ethnographic analysis
    Blommaert, Jan, & Dong, Jie. (2010). Ethnographic Fieldwork: A Beginner's Guide. Bristol: Multilingual Matters.
  • 8. NEWS etHnograPHY
    Next, a 3 slide outline of
  • 9. newsroomethnographies
    the organisationalrequirements of news combine with the professional ideology of objectivity to routinely privilege the voices of the powerful, and this further reinforces the tendency towards the standardised and ideological nature of news.
    (Cottle 2007: 4)
  • 10. atale of twoparadigms
    Paterson, Chris, & Domingo, David (Eds.). (2011). Making Online News - Volume 2. Newsroom Ethnography in the Second Decade of Internet Journalism (Vol. 2). New York: Peter Lang.
    Bird, Elizabeth S. (Ed.). (2010). The Anthropology of News and Journalism: Global perspectives. Indiana: Indiana University Press.
  • 11.
  • 12. LinguisticetHnograPHY
    Andfinally: 2 slides on
  • 13. tying down & opening up
    "'tying ethnography down': pushing ethnography towards the analysis of clearly delimitable processes, increasing the amount of reported data that is open to falsification, looking to impregnate local description with analytical frameworks drawn from outside. [...]
    'opening linguistics up': inviting reflexive sensitivity to the processes involved in the production of linguistic claims and to the potential importance of what gets left out, encouraging a willingness to accept (and run with) the fact that beyond the reach of standardised falsification procedures '[e]xperience … has ways of boiling over, and making us correct our present formulas'."
    Rampton et al 2004: 4
  • 14. discourses
    education
    workplace
    community
    literacy
    multimodality
  • 15. empiricalexample
    Oct 2006 – March 2007
    De Standaard
    How do journalists write from sources?
  • 16. access
    ‘foot in the door’ approach
    interview
    ‘meeloopdag’
    fieldwork
  • 17. fieldwork
    trial & error
    research protocol
    story identification
    reporter confirmation
    data recording & observation
    retrospective interview
  • 18. parameters
    Analyzing the spatiotemporal unfolding of news production;
    Describing concrete situations in order to interrogate claims made about journalism;
    Alternating between levels of analytical magnification;
    Sustaining a dialogue between theory, observation and interpretation
  • 19. veldwerk
  • 20.
  • 21. analysis
  • 22. interview
    My first idea was actually
    Now I must give the floor to
    ‘Ma bon’, it’s Apple
  • 23. Writing at warp speed
  • 24. descriptivestats
  • 25. pausebehavior
  • 26. fluency
  • 27. progression
  • 28. writingfrom sources
    what journalists do, how they do so and why;
    knowledge mediation and journalistic representation processes; and
    ultimately have wider applicability for the study of media production, intertextualityand cultural production in general.