Many models of opening public sector information can be raised by applying the European Directive 2003/98/EC. But it is not always good news that many models can coexist. Releasing public information is a complex problem for Governments, perhaps so tangled as the Gordian knot that Alexander the Great found in his campaign of conquest of Persia. The Basque Government has started up an open government data strategy 18 months ago. Now we have got experience enough to define our own model. It’s very important to discuss strong and weak points of each model in order to approach some kind of agreement between governments. The aim is to be more effective and more useful for european society.
First of all, the timeline of our project. There is a history since 1998, when the European Commission drafted the Green Paper on public sector information in the information society. That was the foundation stone of the PSI movement. In 2003, the European directive on this matter was approved . Spain approved its own law at the end of 2007.
In parallel to the PSI movement, we find an equivalent in USA, called Open Government Data. PSI and OGD are not exactly the same, but both seek compatible goals, albeit from somewhat different ideological approaches . In 2007 we have the oGov Data Principles manifesto. In 2009, President Obama came to office and, in a short time, data.gov is online. It’s the first time that a national government conducts the eight principles of open government data.
In 2009, we find the first case in Europe, with data.gov.uk, by the Gordon Brown Government in the UK.
Agreement 29/12/2009: the Basque Government ordered starting up the project to open public data
We have around 18 months of experience by now.
The Basque government has expressed its commitment to the principles of open government : transparency, participation and collaboration. At one hand, each department is launching initiatives for open government, from a sectorial point of view. At the other hand, we are launching some cross-cutting initiatives for the whole government. One of them is Open Data Euskadi. Another one is Irekia, our Open Government website.
European Directive defines PSI as “documents”. Problems: It misleads. The nuclear unit is the data, while the document is a collection of data assembled temporarily for a particular purpose. It is overwhelming . The number of documents possible from the data approaches infinity, and the neccesary work incalculable. It is unclear. PDF documents can not be considered open public information! Our choice: raw datasets, with a high level of disaggregation.
The term &quot;administrative license&quot; implies a request for use of public information, an administrative proceeding and the issuance of a license for a particular use for a given period. This is an absurd bureaucratic complexity, because: Information on the Internet is directly taken, not is requested. If public, I have the right to make lawful use of it. Why limit my access? Our choice: CC-BY license where neccesary
When we think of documents and administrative licenses, we are thinking of a system of public information at the request of stakeholders. This builds: An unsustainable system . Each request would be an onerous administrative burden. Barriers to consumption. It's hard to ask for information we do not know that there is. Our choice: release the information without waiting until is demanded, while listening to the demands to release more information.
The EU directive allows the setting of fees for the use of public information. Again, we are in a paradigm of documents into a demand system. However, when focusing on data in a offer system, the fees are unnecessary and counterproductive. The fees are a major barrier. Reuse decreases exponentially with the price of fees. Even small amounts can be a barrier that discourages most. The data is cheap. If an Administration already offers information on its website, the cost of offering data besides is minimal. The collection costs. The recovery procedures are only sustainable with high rates. Our choice: spend a small budget, release lots of data and let them free.
PSI Alliance 2011-06-28
Alberto Ortiz de ZarateDirector of Citizen Services Brussels, 2011/06/28 Four clues for untying the Gordian knot of 2011 Annual Public Sector Information Conference ‘Moving Forward’
PSI chronology the backgroundgreen DIRECTIVE LAW PSIpaper 2003/98/CE 37/200799 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 oGov Data USA: OGD Principles data.gov data.gov: data.gov: conducts the 8 principles of Open Government Data.
PSI chronology the background UK (Brown):green DIRECTIVE LAWpaper data.gov.uk 2003/98/CE 37/200799 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 oGov Data data.gov OGD Principles data.gov.uk: data.gov.uk: first in Europe
PSI Chronology07 08 09 10 11 12 The Basque Country makes history
PSI chronology from a basque point of view DECREE 472/200907 08 09 10 11 12 LAW 37/2007 data.gov data.gov.uk Decree 472/2009 gives responsibility on 472/2009, openness of public information to the Office of Citizen Service
PSI chronology from a basque point of view Government DECREE Commitment 472/200907 08 09 10 11 12 LAW 37/2007 data.gov data.gov.uk Commitment 29/12/2009 the Basque 29/12/2009: Government ordered starting up the project to open public data
PSI chronology from a basque point of view Commitment 29/12/2009 Open Data Decree Euskadi 472/200907 08 09 10 11 12 LAW 37/2007 data.gov data.gov.uk 07/04/2010: "Open Data Euskadi" starts, with over 1,000 datasets
PSI chronology from a basque point of view Commitment 29/12/2009 Decree 472/200907 08 09 10 11 12 LAW 37/2007 data.gov data.gov.uk “you are here” here” 1.500 datasets
“In the Basque Country that I want, the citizen is anadult one who is able to think, decide and takeresponsibility by participating in the jointconstruction of the country.And I want to stress this: the times when citizenswere treated like children who are led by the hand,who are told what to do are over. The days whenpeople look to the politic parties or public institutionsto know where to walk have come to an end.” Patxi Lopez, January 14, 2010 “A new social contract between Basques” http://www.slideshare.net/Irekia/100114-contrato-social-kontratu-sozial
Main objectives(1) Generating value and wealth Innovative products by companies, reusers and citizens in general.(2) Promoting government transparency Reuse of data to analyze and evaluate governance.(3) Interoperability between administrations New public services using data from different public bodies.
Cutting the Gordian knot#1: No documents, but data#2: No authorizations, but free reuse information-on- on-#3: No information-on-demand, but on-offer#4: No fees, but free
#1: No documents, but datado it Wisdomyourself! Information Documents Data
#4: No fees, but freeAustralian Government: http://www.finance.gov.au/publications/gov20taskforcereport/chapter5.htm
Priority in the releasing of datawith reasonable technological sophistication 1.500 datasetstecnological model4 stars on a scale of 5 (Berners-Lee)
A model based on web content transparency1st step: step:public information = online
A model based on web content transparency collaboration step:2nd step:release of open datasets
A model based on web content transparency collaboration wealth innovation transparency step:3rd step:reuse provides social value
Areas of valueFor Governments and civil society (Ton Zijlstra): • Participation, self empowerment • Transparency, democratic control • Better (gov) products and services • New (gov) products and services • Policy impact analysis, data journalism • Efficiency and effectivity of government bodies • New knowledge entrepeneurs:For companies and entrepeneurs: • New businesses based on reuse of data • Products and services enriched with data reuse • Stimulation of local innovation • More efficient and transparent markets • Improving internal efficiency Ton Zijlstra: http://www.slideshare.net/TonZijlstra/ogd-in-europe
“one stop shop” for reusers shop” 1.500 datasets
Types of data released• Official statistics• Geographic data, maps, orthophoto ...• Environmental information• Meteorology• Tourism resources• Tenders• Grants and subsidies• Other procedures
More datasets• Data on management• Data of common interest to many applications• Data on human rights• Translation memories into basque language• The incidence of real-time traffic• Election results• Location of health care resources• Atlas of mortality•…
Some extrasAs an example of reuse, some products havebeen developed:– Weather forecast widget– Map of traffic incidences– Search for grants and subsidies in real time
Keys to success1. Highest political leadership2. Short-term releasing the maximum number of datasets.3. First datasets of maximum utility and minimum difficulty4. Making the project sustainable, with moderate levels of investment and spending5. Providing good web content, usable and understandable, before making it available as open data.6. Structured formats and standards.7. Listen and involve reusers in order to meet their needs.8. Advance the technological model, without seeking the leadership in this regard.9. Permanent Beta: flexibility in response to the changing environment.
Hatching a global movement CTIC Foundation: http://datos.fundacionctic.org/sandbox/catalog/faceted/
Lilacs out of the dead landCTIC Foundation: http://datos.fundacionctic.org/sandbox/catalog/faceted/
mila esker | thank you Alberto Ortiz de Zárate firstname.lastname@example.org http://eadminblog.net linkedin.com/in/alorza @alorza