• Like
  • Save
Photo Design_Chapter 2_Design Elements
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Photo Design_Chapter 2_Design Elements

on

  • 672 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
672
Views on SlideShare
671
Embed Views
1

Actions

Likes
1
Downloads
8
Comments
0

1 Embed 1

https://www.mycourse.dauphine.fr 1

Accessibility

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Adobe PDF

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Photo Design_Chapter 2_Design Elements Photo Design_Chapter 2_Design Elements Presentation Transcript

    • Chapter 2: Design Basics Design basics
    • Composition=Organization•  Working with composition helps us to understand why certain photographs create the impressions they do•  Two most fundamental types of design are contrasts and balance
    • Contrast•  Contrast stresses the differences between graphic elements•  The basis for composing an image is contrast between tone, color, form, sensations…•  Johannes Itten created a theory of composition based on the idea of contrasts.
    • many one
    • flatcontrasty
    • delicate/harsh
    • soft/hard
    • More Contrast Examples
    • Strong/Weak
    • Diagonal/Circular
    • Large/Small
    • Large/Small
    • Still/Moving
    • Long/Short
    • Light/Dark
    • Sweet/Sour
    • Gestalt Perception•  A way of understanding perception•  The mind goes from recognizing the individual parts of a photo to understanding the whole scene•  When the viewer understands the image as a whole, it requires less effort for them to understand the picture
    • Gestalt and Kanisza Triangle•  Gestalt theory of closure•  Parts of a compositionSuggest a shape and thisPerceived shape helps toGive structure to the photo
    • Gestalt
    • Gestalt Laws1.  Proximity-the mind groups things according to how close they are together2.  Similarity-items of similar form or content are grouped together3.  Closure-elements arranged together are seen to complete a shape4.  Simplicity-the mind prefers simple visual explanations
    • Gestalt Laws5.  Common Fate-grouped elements can be read as one6.  Good Continuation-the mind continues shape beyond their end7.  Segregation-in order for an object to be seen, it must be distinguishable from the background
    • Gestalt Principles1.  Emergence-negative space pops out2.  Reification-the mind fills in an area due to inadequate information(like closure)3.  Multistability-inversion-you can t tell what is the subject and what is the background4.  Invariance-objects can be recognized despite orientation
    • Balance•  In photography, the mind tries to balance things based on the laws of the physical world –  Gravity, weight, levers…•  Balance is like a weighing scale, you try to even out the weight
    • Static Balance/Symmetrical•  Everything is centered•  You can place your object in the very center or place something on either side of the center
    • static balance
    • bilateral symmetry
    • William Eggleston
    • Dynamic Balance/ Asymmetrical•  Opposes forces of nature and creates a more dynamic look•  A large object can be balanced by a small one if it is far enough away from the center of the frame
    • imbalance
    • dynamic balance
    • Dynamic Tension•  Using diagonals, rhythm…you can create dynamic tension instead of balance•  It keeps the eye moving outward from the center of the image•  Leading Lines
    • dynamic tension
    • dynamic tension
    • Figure and Ground•  As viewers, we assume, all subjects have a setting or background. One thing is important while the other is secondary•  You can create an ambiguity as to what is figure and what is ground. This adds tension.•  Think about your negative space
    • figure and ground
    • Rhythm•  Several similar elements or repeating elements can create rhythm•  The viewer will continue the rhythm out of the frame•  Rhythm indicates a directionality
    • rhythm
    • dynamic rhythm
    • Pattern, Texture, Many•  Like rhythm, pattern in built on repetition, but it is not movement based. It is area based•  Pattern on a large scale takes on the look of texture. Texture is a surface quality.•  Many has more to do with content and the surprise of seeing so many of something at one time.
    • many
    • regular pattern
    • irregular pattern
    • breaking pattern
    • Perspective•  The appearance of objects in space and their relationship to each other and the viewer.•  Photography usually inherently shows perspective, so it s more a matter of the intensity of the impression of perspective
    • perspective
    • Linear Perspective•  This occurs when lines converge.•  In reality we know that parallel lines never cross, but as they get further from the camera they appear to move towards each other
    • linear perspective
    • Diminishing Perspective•  This is a form of linear perspective•  Objects get successively smaller as they move a way from the lens
    • diminishing perspective
    • Aerial Perspective•  Atmospheric haze reduces contrast as the scene get further from the camera•  By not using filters you can maximize atmosphere•  Telephoto lenses show more aerial perspective than wide angle because they show less of the nearby things that are not hazy
    • aerial perspective
    • lack of aerial perspective
    • Visual Weight•  Our eyes focus most on what in the frame will give us the most information –  Ex: eyes, mouth, hands, writing…•  Also, things that appeal to our emotions draw us –  Ex: cuteness, sexuality, horror…•  We tend to draw conclusions based on previous knowledge
    • visual weight
    • visual weight
    • visual weight
    • visual weight
    • visual weight
    • Looking and Interest•  Our eyes move from point of interest to point of interest quickly until we have the whole picture in our mind•  This can be mapped to show how we take in images•  We also look based on what we are looking for in the image
    • intended order
    • Content, Weak and Strong•  Content is the subject matter..conctrete or abstract•  Strong content calls for practical composition•  With weaker content you can play more with the composition
    • strong content
    • James Nachtwey
    • James Nachtwey
    • Mainly Form•  Photo taken with visuals as the focus