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Art Appreciation-Chapter17
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Art Appreciation-Chapter17

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  • Photograph: Prithwish Neogy. Courtesy of Duane Preble.
  • Photograph: Borromeo. Art Resource, NY.
  • Courtesy of Boston Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. Helen and Alice Colburn Fund.37.99. Photograph © 2006 Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.
  • Indian Museum, Calcutta.
  • Photograph: Borromeo. Art Resource, NY.
  • Kandariya Mahadeva Temple, Khajuraho, Madhya Pradesh, India. Photograph: Copyright Borromeo/Art Resource, NY.
  • © 2001 The Cleveland Museum of Art. Purchase from the J. H. Wade Fund. 1930.331.
  • Photograph: Hamilton Photography & Film Company.
  • © Cleveland Museum of Art. Gift of Mrs. A. Dean Perry, 1997.88.
  • Metropolitan Museum of Art. Purchase, Mrs. Richard E. Linburn Gift, 1987. (1987.10) Photograph: © 1989 Metropolitan Museum of Art. Art Resource, NY.
  • © The Cleveland Museum of Art. The Severance and Greta Millikin Purchase Fund, 1994.25.
  • Photograph: Kyoto News.
  • Honolulu Academy of Arts. Gift of James A. Michener, 1969. (15,490).
  • Transcript

    • 1. Traditional Arts of Asia Chapter 17
    • 2. India
      • Much of what we now consider as Indian culture was begun by Aryan tribes that invaded around 1500BCE
      • Their system of gods and social structure are the foundation of Indian society
      • Key beliefs are:
        • The universe cycles through creation and destruction
        • Individuals are reincarnated
        • There is one supreme form of wisdom
      • Buddhism was a major influence
    • 3. Historical Map of Asia. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    • 4. Great Stupa . Sanchi, India. 10 B.C.E. – 15 C.E. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    • 5. Great Stupa
      • Stupa - domelike structure evolved from burial mounds
      • Has four gates in the four cardinal directions
      • The devout walk around the stupa in a ritual path
      • These were built in sacred locations and often contained relics
      • Relief sculptures cover the gates and depict stories from Buddha’s life without directly depicting him
    • 6. Eastern gate of The Great Stupa . 10 B.C.E. – 15 C.E. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    • 7. Evolution of Buddhist Architecture . a. Early Indian stupa. 3rd century to early 1st century B.C.E.; b. Later Indian stupa. 2nd century C.E.; c. Chinese pagoda. 5th to 7th centuries C.E.; d. Japanese pagoda. 7th century C.E. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    • 8. Bodhisattva . N.W. Pakistan, Gandhara region. Late 2nd Century C.E. Kushana period. Overall: 109.5 × 38.1 × 22.9 cm, 89.4 kg (43-1/8" × 15" × 9", 197.09 lb). Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    • 9. Bodhisattva
      • Bodhisattva-a person who is on the point of achieving enlightenment
      • Gandhara style
      • These figures are often shown wearing rich garments and jewels
      • The sculptor had knowledge of Greek sculpture and techniques
    • 10. Standing Buddha . 5th Century. Height 5'3". Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    • 11. Standing Buddha
      • Gupta style combines Ghandara style naturalism with native Indian ways of seeing
      • Simplified figure
      • Soft, rounded figure enhanced by curves
      • The drapery seems wet and clings to the body
      • Conventions of depicting Buddha:
        • He wears the simple garment of a monk
        • His earlobes are long signifying his earlier life as a prince who wore expensive earrings
        • The topknot on his head signifies enlightenment
    • 12. Kandarya Mahadeva Temple
      • The Hindu temple becomes the major architectural form of India
      • Typically has two parts:
        • Porch for purification
        • Womb chamber where an image of the god is kept
        • The rounded projecting forms symbolize male and female sexuality
    • 13. Kandarya Mahadeva Temple . Khajurãho, India. Exterior. 10th–11th Centuries. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    • 14. Scene from Kandarya Mahadeva Temple . Erotic reliefs. Chandella dynasty, 1025–1050 C.E. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    • 15. Erotic Relief from Kandarya Mahadeva Temple
      • Erotic scenes cover the outside of the structure
      • In Hindu belief, union with God is related to the sensual pleasure of erotic love
      • An allegory for spritual union
    • 16. Nataraja, Shiva as King of Dance . South India. Chola Period, 11th Century. Height: 111.5 cm. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    • 17. Shiva as King of Dance
      • Shiva is the god of the creation, preservation, dissolution, and re-creation of the world
      • Shiva is performing the cosmic dance in the orb of the sun
      • The circle of flame is the purifying fire of destruction and creation
      • He taps on a small drum to mark cosmic rhythm
      • The sculpture strongly implies movement
    • 18. China
      • Chinese civilization is characterized by three traditions:
        • Confucianism
        • Daoism
        • Buddhism
    • 19. Terra Cotta Warriors . Pit No. 1, Museum of the First Emperor of Qin. Shaanxi Province, China. Qin dynasty. c. 210 B.C.E. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    • 20. Terra Cotta Warriors
      • Emporor Qin ordered an army of clay soldiers to protect him in the afterlife
      • 6000 life-size sculptures protect his tomb
    • 21. Watching the Deer by a Pin-Shaded Stream by Ma Yuan
      • Traditional Chinese Painting has two major focal points:
        • Calligraphy
        • Landscape
      • Most landscapes did not depict an actual location, but a creation by the artist
      • A poetic, smaller landscape
      • Meticulous brushwork
      • “ one-corner Ma”-he was called this because of his tendency to leave large portions of the work unpainted
    • 22. Ma Yuan. Watching the Deer by a Pine-Shaded Stream . Southern Song Dynasty. 24.2 × 25.4 cm. 9-1/2" × 10". Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    • 23. Porcelain Plate . Chinese. Late Yuan dynasty. Mid-14th Century. Diameter 18". Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    • 24.  
    • 25. Porcelain Plate
      • The Chinese had a rare clay (porcelain) that turns pure white when fired
      • Traditionally these are decorated with blue because it was the only color that could withstand the high firing temperatures needed for the porcelain
    • 26. Avatamaska Sutra ( Hwaomgyong ), Vol. 12 13th–14th Century. Korea, Goryeo period. 8" × 17-1/4". Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    • 27. Avatamaska Sutra
      • Sutra - book of Buddhist teachings
      • A book page illustrated using fine strands of gold and silver
    • 28. Japan
      • The indigenous religion of Japan is an ancient form of nature and ancestor worship called Shinto
      • God dwells in nature
    • 29. Main Shrine . Ise, Japan. c. 685. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    • 30.  
    • 31. Main Shrine, Ise
      • At a sacred site in a forest
      • The Main Shrine is rebuilt every twenty years in an elaborate ceremony
      • The structure is left pure: no paint, no nailsTawaraya Sotatsu. Waves at Matsushima . 17th Century. Japanese, Edo period. 152.0 × 369.9 cm. 59-7/8" × 145-1/2".
    • 32. Kitagawa Utamaro. Reflected Beauty, Seven Beauties Applying Make-Up: Okita . c. 1790. 14-1/4" × 9-1/2". Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    • 33. Reflected Beauty by Kitagawa Utamaro
      • Woodcut printing became very popular
      • The prints are called ukiyo-e: pictures of the floating world
        • They depict scenes of daily life
      • Bold outlines and clear un-shaded shapes Detached Palace . Kyoto, Japan. Gardens and tea house. 17th Century.

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