Art Appreciation-Chapter14-Earliest to Bronze Ages

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  • Photographer: H. Jensen. © University of Tübingen.
  • Naturhistorisches Museum, Vienna, Austria. Copyright Erich Lessing/Art Resource, NY.
  • Christopher Henshilwood © University of Bergen.
  • Photograph: Jean Clottes\\Richard Lagrange.
  • Des & Jen Bartlett\\Photoshot Holdings Ltd./Bruce Coleman.
  • Robert Bednarik.
  • Louvre, Paris France. Copyright Reunion des Musees Nationaux/Art Resource, NY.
  • © English Heritage.NMR Aerofilms Collection.
  • Photograph: SuperStock, Inc.
  • Penn Museum object B17694, image a. #150888, image b. #150029.
  • Penn Museum object B17694, image a. #150888, image b. #150029.
  • Photograph: Himer Fotoarchiv, Munich, Germany.
  • Copyright SEF/Art Resource, NY.
  • © Tom Till.
  • Photograph: SuperStock, Inc.
  • Copyright The British Museum.
  • Art Appreciation-Chapter14-Earliest to Bronze Ages

    1. 1. Earliest Art to the Bronze Age Chapter 14
    2. 2. Paleolithic Period <ul><li>Two million years ago humans began making crude stone cutting tools </li></ul><ul><li>One million years ago humans began to make more refined tools with cutting edges </li></ul><ul><li>The earliest sophisticated art is dated to 40,000 years ago </li></ul>
    3. 3. Hohle Fels Figure . c. 35,000 B.C.E. Height 2-1/2&quot;. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    4. 4. Hohle Fels <ul><li>Oldest surviving carved human figure </li></ul><ul><li>Found in southwest Germany in 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Found next to a flute in a cave </li></ul><ul><li>Just over 2 inches high </li></ul><ul><li>Highly exaggerated female characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Where the head should be is a ring to thread possible to be worn as a necklace </li></ul><ul><li>Could be a representation of the Great Mother </li></ul>
    5. 5. Venus of Willendorf . Aurignacian (late Paleolithic). c. 25,000–20,000 B.C.E. Height 4-1/2&quot;. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    6. 6. Engraved Ochre . From Blombos Cave, South Africa. c. 75,000 B.C.E. Length 4&quot;. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    7. 7. Earliest Centers of Civilization. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    8. 8. Wall Painting of Animals . Chauvet Cave, Pont d'Arc, France. c. 28,000 B.C.E. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    9. 9. Wall Painting of Animals, Chauvet Cave, Pont d’Arc, France <ul><li>Painted with charcoal or earthen pigments </li></ul><ul><li>Found in a cave in central France </li></ul><ul><li>Very lifelike animals depicted some of which are now extinct </li></ul><ul><li>Caves of this sort are thought to possibly be places for rituals </li></ul>
    10. 10. Deer and Hands . Las Manos Cave, Argentina. c. 15,000 B.C.E. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    11. 11. Murujuga Petroglyphs . Up to 10,000 years old. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    12. 12. Murujuga Petroglyphs <ul><li>Petroglyph- created by scratching or pecking the surface of a stone </li></ul><ul><li>Off the coast of Australia </li></ul><ul><li>Meaning is unclear </li></ul><ul><li>These petroglyphs are in danger due to wearing from whether and economic development </li></ul>
    13. 13. Neolithic Period <ul><li>Known as the New Stone Age </li></ul><ul><li>Appears to have risen in what is now Iraq between 9000 and 6000 BCE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>BCE is before common era </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AD is anno domini, in the year of our lord </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Life is changing in this period from nomadic hunter gatherers to a more stable existence that includes farming </li></ul>
    14. 14. Earthenware Beaker . Susa, Iran. c. 4000 B.C.E. Height 11-1/4&quot;. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    15. 15. Earthenware Beaker <ul><li>From Susa, Iran </li></ul><ul><li>More abstract than the cave drawings </li></ul><ul><li>Shows animals that are less natural </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Long necked birds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Long bodied dogs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Triangular shapes make up the goat </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. Stonehenge. c. 2000 B.C.E. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    17. 17. Stonehenge <ul><li>Located in south central England </li></ul><ul><li>Built in layers taking over a millennium </li></ul><ul><li>The road in aligned to the northernmost winter moonrise </li></ul><ul><li>The stone weigh more than 25 tons each and were brought from 19 miles away </li></ul><ul><li>The use for Stonehenge is a matter of debate </li></ul>
    18. 18. Mesopotamia <ul><li>Mesopotamia- “the land between the rivers” </li></ul><ul><li>What is now Iraq </li></ul><ul><li>Sumer is considered the first Mesopotamian civilization </li></ul><ul><li>The Sumerians worshipped a hierarchy of nature gods </li></ul>
    19. 19. Ziggurat of Ur-Nammu . Iraq. c. 2100 B.C.E. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    20. 20. Lyre <ul><li>The bull’s head represents royalty </li></ul><ul><li>Dipicts scenes from the Epic of Gilgamesh </li></ul>
    21. 21. Ziggurat Ur-Nammu <ul><li>Temples set of huge platforms </li></ul><ul><li>Embodied the idea of the “sacred mountain” that links heaven and earth </li></ul><ul><li>Filled with sun baked bricks and faced with colored glazed bricks </li></ul>
    22. 22. Lyre . Front plaque of reconstructed lyre from &quot;The King's Grave&quot; tomb RT 789. Ur. c. 2650–2550 B.C.E. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    23. 23. Lyre . Soundbox of reconstructed lyre from &quot;The King's Grave&quot; tomb RT 789. Ur. c. 2650–2550 B.C.E. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    24. 24. Head of an Akkadian Ruler . Nineveh. c. 2300–2200 B.C.E. Height 12&quot;. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    25. 25. Head of an Akkadian Ruler <ul><li>The region north of Sumer is Akkadia </li></ul><ul><li>Scattered cities were ruled by one king </li></ul><ul><li>This piece potrays one of the kings </li></ul><ul><li>Careully observed naturalism blended with rhythmic pattern and stylization </li></ul>
    26. 26. Egypt <ul><li>Egypt is surrounded by desert allowing the culture to be unaffected by outside influence </li></ul>
    27. 27. The Great Pyramids . Giza, Egypt. Pyramid of Mycerinus, c. 2500 B.C.E.; Pyramid of Chefren, 2650 B.C.E.; Pyramid of Cheops, c. 2570 B.C.E. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    28. 28. The Great Pyramids <ul><li>Burial structures built for kings that were thought to be gods </li></ul><ul><li>Workers cut huge stone blocks, transported them to the site, and stacked them without mortar to form the pyramid </li></ul>
    29. 29. The Ancient Middle East. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    30. 30. Funerary Temple of Queen Hatshepsut . Deir el-Bahari. c. 1490–1460 B.C.E. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    31. 31. Mask from Mummy Case . Tomb of Tutankhamen. c. 1340 B.C.E. Height 21-1/4&quot;. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    32. 32. Wall Painting from the Tomb of Nebamun . Thebes, Egypt. c. 1450 B.C.E. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.

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