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Art Appreciation-Chapter 19
Art Appreciation-Chapter 19
Art Appreciation-Chapter 19
Art Appreciation-Chapter 19
Art Appreciation-Chapter 19
Art Appreciation-Chapter 19
Art Appreciation-Chapter 19
Art Appreciation-Chapter 19
Art Appreciation-Chapter 19
Art Appreciation-Chapter 19
Art Appreciation-Chapter 19
Art Appreciation-Chapter 19
Art Appreciation-Chapter 19
Art Appreciation-Chapter 19
Art Appreciation-Chapter 19
Art Appreciation-Chapter 19
Art Appreciation-Chapter 19
Art Appreciation-Chapter 19
Art Appreciation-Chapter 19
Art Appreciation-Chapter 19
Art Appreciation-Chapter 19
Art Appreciation-Chapter 19
Art Appreciation-Chapter 19
Art Appreciation-Chapter 19
Art Appreciation-Chapter 19
Art Appreciation-Chapter 19
Art Appreciation-Chapter 19
Art Appreciation-Chapter 19
Art Appreciation-Chapter 19
Art Appreciation-Chapter 19
Art Appreciation-Chapter 19
Art Appreciation-Chapter 19
Art Appreciation-Chapter 19
Art Appreciation-Chapter 19
Art Appreciation-Chapter 19
Art Appreciation-Chapter 19
Art Appreciation-Chapter 19
Art Appreciation-Chapter 19
Art Appreciation-Chapter 19
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Art Appreciation-Chapter 19

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  • National Museum, Lagos, Nigeria. Photograph: Werner Forman Archive.
  • The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. The Michael C. Rockefeller Memorial Collection. Bequest of Nelson A. Rockefeller, 1979. 1979.206.86. Photograph by Schecter Lee. Photograph © 1986 The Metropolitan Museum of Art/Art Resource, NY.
  • The Metropolitan Museum of Art. The Michael C. Rockefeller Memorial Collection. Gift of Nelson A. Rockefeller, 1972 (1978.412.323). Photograph by Schecter Lee. © 1986 The Metropolitan Museum of Art/Art Resource, NY.
  • UCLA, Fowler Museum of Cultural History.
  • Photograph: W. Fagg, 1959. William B. Fagg Archive, UCLA Fowler Museum of Cultural History.
  • Collection of Flora Edouwaye S. Kaplan, NY. Photograph: Sheldan Collins.
  • Courtesy of Keahonui Rosehill Newhouse.
  • Honolulu Academy of Arts, by exchange, 1943 (4752).
  • Photograph: Patrick Frank.
  • Photograph: Seth Joel, Bishop Museum.
  • Museum of Indian Arts and Culture/Laboratory of Anthropology Collections. Museum of New Mexico, Santa Fe. Photograph: Blair Clark. 7912/12.
  • Courtesy of National Museum of the American Indian/Smithsonian Institution. 24/7577. Photograph: Carmelo Guadagno.
  • Photograph: Steve McCutcheon.
  • Photograph: John S. Flannery/Photoshot Holdings Ltd./Bruce Coleman Inc.
  • Photograph: The Art Archive/Dagli Orti.
  • Photograph: Hans Namuth/Photo Researchers, Inc.
  • © Copyright British Museum.
  • Photograph: Ewing Krainin.
  • Transcript

    • 1. Africa, Oceania, and the Americas Chapter 19
    • 2. Africa. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    • 3. Africa <ul><li>North of the Saraha, art is mostly influenced by Egyptian, Roman, and Islamic traditions </li></ul><ul><li>We will be focusing on Sub-Saharan Africa in this chapter </li></ul><ul><li>Much of the art was made of parishable materials, so little is still remaining of this art </li></ul>
    • 4. Head . Nok culture, Nigeria. 500 B.C.E. – 200 C.E. Height 14-1/2&quot;. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    • 5. Head, Nok Culture <ul><li>Made of terra cotta </li></ul><ul><li>Life-size </li></ul><ul><li>Dates from the time of the Greeks and Romans </li></ul><ul><li>Beautiful detail on the hair ornaments </li></ul><ul><li>Abstracted eyes and nose </li></ul>
    • 6. Benin Head . ca. 1550. Height 9 1/4&quot; (23.5 cm). Width 8-5/8&quot;. Depth 9&quot;. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    • 7. Benin Head <ul><li>Bronze casting </li></ul><ul><li>Portraits of royalty or distinguished ancestors </li></ul><ul><li>Often placed in altars </li></ul>
    • 8. Pendant Mask (Africa). Nigeria, Court of Benin. Early 16th Century. Height 9-3/8&quot; (23.4 cm). Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    • 9. Pendant Mask <ul><li>Carved ivory </li></ul><ul><li>Portrays a Queen Mother who gazes out with a serene expression </li></ul><ul><li>Her crown has alternating human heads and salamanders </li></ul><ul><li>The salamanders represent immortality </li></ul><ul><li>The slots on her brow held consecrated ointments during ceremonies </li></ul>
    • 10. Olembe Alaye. House Post . Yoruba, Nigeria. Mid-20th Century. Height 83&quot;. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    • 11. House Post by Olembe Alaye <ul><li>Literally a house post meant to hold up a roof </li></ul><ul><li>Also a meditation on the idea of support </li></ul><ul><li>The top figure is an elder seated in a chair, the second figure is a woman holding a baby on her back, and last is a woman holding her breasts in a traditional gesture of welcoming </li></ul><ul><li>All three of the figures represent the backbone of the community </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wisdom, nurturing, and hospitality </li></ul></ul><ul><li>This post was used on the tomb of a Chief </li></ul>
    • 12. Tomb of Former Chief Lisa . Ondo, Nigeria. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    • 13. Adire Cloth . Detail of “Women's Wrapper with Human Hands and Proverbs.” Yoruba, Lagos, Nigeria. 1984. L 76&quot; × W 62&quot;. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    • 14. Adire Cloth <ul><li>Textile arts are highly developed in Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Many patterns have specific uses or meanings </li></ul><ul><li>Adire cloth is made by using stencils made from tin on the cloth and then pressing flour and water into the stencil </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The flour and water resists the dye that is then used on the fabric </li></ul></ul>
    • 15. Oceania and Australia
    • 16. Oceania and Australia. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    • 17. Basic Beliefs <ul><li>The world was created by the union of Earth Mother and Sky Father </li></ul><ul><li>Ancestors are the intermediaries between people and the gods </li></ul><ul><li>Mana-spiritual power that resides within a person </li></ul>
    • 18. Coconut Grater <ul><li>Highly finished wood artwork </li></ul><ul><li>One sits in the saddle and uses the blade to grate the coconut </li></ul>
    • 19. Coconut Grater . Kapingamarangi, Caroline Islands. 1954. Height 19-1/2&quot;. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    • 20. Female Figure . Nukuoro Atoll, Central Carolines.19th century. Height 15-9/16&quot;. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    • 21. Moai . Easter Island. c. 1000–1500. Height 12'. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    • 22. Moai <ul><li>There are around 600 of these large stone sculptures on Easter Island </li></ul><ul><li>They were discovered by explorers in 1770 </li></ul><ul><li>Many are up to 32 feet tall </li></ul><ul><li>They are head and torso carved from one stone and a hat or topknot carved from a different stone </li></ul><ul><li>They represent ancestors that protect and oversee </li></ul>
    • 23. Aumakua . Wooden image from Forbes Cave, Hawaii. Height 29&quot;. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    • 24. Aumakua <ul><li>Aumakua- ancestral deity </li></ul><ul><li>Found in a burial cave of a chief </li></ul><ul><li>Human hair and bones are used in this small sculpture </li></ul><ul><li>Highly refined wood carving </li></ul><ul><li>Exaggeration the the female form and roundness </li></ul>
    • 25. Americas. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    • 26. Jar . Ácoma Pueblo. c. 1850–1900. Height 12-1/2&quot;. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    • 27. Jar <ul><li>Pueblo pottery </li></ul><ul><li>Each Pueblo has its own style, this jar is Acoma </li></ul><ul><li>Made from local clay and shaped without a wheel </li></ul><ul><li>Pigments are made from earthen powders </li></ul><ul><li>The patterns refer the the forces of nature </li></ul>
    • 28. Marshall Lomakema. Hopi Kachina. Humis Katsina Figure . 1971. Shungopovi, Arizona. 1971. Height: 86.36 cm, 34&quot;. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    • 29. Hopi Kachina <ul><li>A kachina doll is made by fathers and given to sons to teach and pass on traditions </li></ul>
    • 30. Tlingit Community House . Ketchikan, Alaska. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    • 31. Tlingit Community House <ul><li>Abstracted animals depict their mythology </li></ul><ul><li>Totem-animal or plant that serves as an emblem of a family or clan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They often symbolize prehuman ancestors </li></ul></ul>
    • 32. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    • 33. Teotihuacan <ul><li>Pyramid of the Sun </li></ul><ul><li>Among the largest of the pyramids in the world </li></ul><ul><li>Many Mexican cultures believe that humanity emerged from a hole in the ground and this pyramid may mark the spot </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It sits over a deep cave </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The pyramid is aligned to face the sun on August 12, the first day of the Maya calendar </li></ul>
    • 34. Detail of Temple of the Feathered Serpent Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    • 35. Temple of the Feathered Serpent <ul><li>Shows the storm god with goggle eyes and scaly face </li></ul><ul><li>Feathered serpent is portrayed with it ’s head emerging from a plume of feathers </li></ul>
    • 36. Temple I . Maya. Tikal, Guatemala. c. 300–900 C.E. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    • 37. Lintel 24. Yaxchilan, Maya. 709 C.E. Height: 43&quot;. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
    • 38. Lintel <ul><li>From Yaxchilan </li></ul><ul><li>Written symbols around the edges help us to understand the meaning </li></ul><ul><li>The king is standing holding a flaming torch </li></ul><ul><li>His wife, Lady Xoc has pierced her tongue and will use the blood on sheets of paper in the basket in front of her </li></ul>
    • 39. Machu Picchu . Inca. Peru. 16th Century. Kero Cup . Peru. Late 16th–17th Century. 7-3/8&quot; × 6-15/16&quot;. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.

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