Mind
the Gap
The Participation Gap
by Alonda Hassell
Participation Gap
The fundamental inequalities in young people’s access to
new media technologies and the opportunities fo...
~~being online~~

Students have unlimited access to the Internet
Students are fully immersed in technology
Students’ acces...
The Have-Nots
going online
going online

Many students have access to the Internet for about 20
minutes per day between sc...
The availability and use of
educational technology in public schools 2009
educational technology in public schools 2009
97...
Digital Natives - youth who were born
into and raised in the digital world
Digital Immigrants - adults who are not
immerse...
Students using technology to
learn about the effects of
bullying

COMMON CORE Standard 8.1 Educational Technology (By the ...
So, now what?
Educators must incorporate more technology in daily classroom
lessons - blogs, email, educational websites l...
References

Bergman, J. (2012, October 24). Students without access to technology create a digital divide. Retrieved Decem...
References

Bergman, J. (2012, October 24). Students without access to technology create a digital divide. Retrieved Decem...
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Participation gap

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Participation gap

  1. 1. Mind the Gap The Participation Gap by Alonda Hassell
  2. 2. Participation Gap The fundamental inequalities in young people’s access to new media technologies and the opportunities for participation they represent “Media literacy helps students acquire the critical thinking skills they need to access, analyze, evaluate, create, and participate with the powerful images, words, and sounds through which much information is delivered in the 21st century.” Tessa Joll, CEO Center for Media Literacy “Embedding media literacy into the curriculum and more importantly, into the habits of mind of students is a multi-year process... we learn not for school but for life.” Sue Sadler Hathaway Brown Associate Head
  3. 3. ~~being online~~ Students have unlimited access to the Internet Students are fully immersed in technology Students’ access to the Internet and to technology increases their social skills and social competencies Students’ capacity to think and learn in new ways is expanded
  4. 4. The Have-Nots going online going online Many students have access to the Internet for about 20 minutes per day between school and the public library Students are unable to store original work or researched information for future work Students face major restrictions on websites for fear of accessing inappropriate content Access to email and social networking is limited
  5. 5. The availability and use of educational technology in public schools 2009 educational technology in public schools 2009 97% of teachers had one or more computers located in the classroom every day 54% could bring computers into the classroom. Teachers reported that they or their students used computers in the classroom during instructional time often (40%) or sometimes (29%). Teachers reported that they or their students used computers in other locations in the school during instructional time often (29%) or sometimes (43%). Teachers reported having the following technology devices either available as needed or in the classroom every day: projectors (36% 48%, respectively), interactive whiteboards (28% and 23%, respectively), and digital cameras (64% and 14%, respectively). Of the teachers with the device available, the percentage that used it sometimes or often for instruction was 57% for interactive whiteboards, and 49% for digital cameras. My students working with both new media literacy (SmartBoard and laptop) and traditional literacy (writing a story board on the white board) while creating an original comic strip.
  6. 6. Digital Natives - youth who were born into and raised in the digital world Digital Immigrants - adults who are not immersed into the digital world Digital Natives - Digital Immigrants = Ethics Challenges and Limitations Digital Natives + Digital Immigrants = Connections and Positive Learning
  7. 7. Students using technology to learn about the effects of bullying COMMON CORE Standard 8.1 Educational Technology (By the end of 12th grade) ALL STUDENTS WILL USE DIGITAL TOOLS TO ACCESS, MANAGE, EVALUATE, AND SYNTHESIZE INFORMATION IN ORDER TO SOLVE PROBLEMS INDIVIDUALLY AND COLLABORATIVELY TO CREATE AND COMMUNICATE KNOWLEDGE. quipped schools are not e Many to meet chnology needed with the te tandards e common core s th Percentage of students who rely on school or the library to access the Internet: Blacks - 45% Hispanics - 39% White - 15% Asians - 11% Schools lacking in technology only add to the participation gap for students
  8. 8. So, now what? Educators must incorporate more technology in daily classroom lessons - blogs, email, educational websites like bookflix and free rice, newsletters, etc. Educators must be trained and equipped to use technology; they must be open to new techniques to best reach all students SmartBoards, iPads, laptops, desktops, media centers - all are necessary to enhance lessons and encourage participation Schools should offer more access to blocked sites like social networking and gaming to allow the connection between digital natives and digital immigrants. This will allow teachers to use common sites and student interests as lessons Libraries must provide greater access to technology via desktops, laptops, iPads and tablets, and more Parents and educators should provide thumb drives or teach students how to use email and dropbox to store work properly Schools should offer before and after school cyber cafe’s that afford students to conduct research, complete homework, check and send emails and more to help disadvantaged students stay connected
  9. 9. References Bergman, J. (2012, October 24). Students without access to technology create a digital divide. Retrieved December, 4 http://flipped-learning.com/?p=1041 Fast Facts: Educational Technology. (2009). Retrieved December 7, 2013 from, http://nces.ed.gov/fastfacts/display.asp?id=46 Gowen, Annie. (2009, December 06). Lack of computer access hampers some students. Retrieved December 1, 2013 from, http://articles.washingtonpost.com/2009-12-06/news/36831210_1_computer-lab-free-computers-lack-of-computer-acce Jenkins, Henry. (2008, February 6). Audio - Combating the Participation Gap: Why new media literacy matters. Retriev http://www.ischool.berkeley.edu/newsandevents/events/dls20080206 Joll, T. (2010, September 8). Hathaway Brown discovers the power of media literacy for students in the 21st century. R http://www.medialit.org/sites/default/files/eschoolnewsHB%5B1%5D.pdf Long, Cindy. (2008, March). Mind the Gap. Retrieved November 15, 2013 from, http://www.nea.org/home/15468.htm Walton, B. (2013, September 4). Retrieved December 7, 2013 from http://www.itclearning.com/blog/?p=1868 http://articles.washingtonpost.com/2009-12-06/news/36831210_1_computer-lab-free-computers-lack-of-computeraccess
  10. 10. References Bergman, J. (2012, October 24). Students without access to technology create a digital divide. Retrieved December, 4 http://flipped-learning.com/?p=1041 Fast Facts: Educational Technology. (2009). Retrieved December 7, 2013 from, http://nces.ed.gov/fastfacts/display.asp?id=46 Gowen, Annie. (2009, December 06). Lack of computer access hampers some students. Retrieved December 1, 2013 from, http://articles.washingtonpost.com/2009-12-06/news/36831210_1_computer-lab-free-computers-lack-of-computer-acce Jenkins, Henry. (2008, February 6). Audio - Combating the Participation Gap: Why new media literacy matters. Retriev http://www.ischool.berkeley.edu/newsandevents/events/dls20080206 Joll, T. (2010, September 8). Hathaway Brown discovers the power of media literacy for students in the 21st century. R http://www.medialit.org/sites/default/files/eschoolnewsHB%5B1%5D.pdf Long, Cindy. (2008, March). Mind the Gap. Retrieved November 15, 2013 from, http://www.nea.org/home/15468.htm Walton, B. (2013, September 4). Retrieved December 7, 2013 from http://www.itclearning.com/blog/?p=1868 http://articles.washingtonpost.com/2009-12-06/news/36831210_1_computer-lab-free-computers-lack-of-computeraccess
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