 Natural vegetation refers to a plant

community which has grown naturally
without human aid and has been left
undisturbe...
FACTORS CAUSING DIVERSITIES
IN FAUNA & FLORA
 Land
 Soil
 Climate :
 Temperature
 photoperiod (sun light)
 precipita...
A system which comprises the
physical environment and organisms
living there in
TYPES OF VEGETATIONS
 Tropical Rain Forests
 Tropical Deciduous Forests
 Tropical Thorn Forests and scrubs
 Montane Fo...
Tropical Rain Forests
 Found in areas having







more than 200cm rain
fall with a short dry
seasons
The trees reac...
Tropical Deciduous Forests
 Most wide spread forests in India
 They are also called monsoon forests
 Spread over the re...
MOIST DECIDUOUS FORESTS &
DRY DECIDUOUS FORESTS
 MOIST
 Rainfall 200 to 100cm
 Eastern part of india
 Teak,Bamboo,sal,...
Tropical Thorn Forests and scrubs
 Consists of thorny trees

and bushes
 Spread in the regions
less than 70cm rain
 Fou...
SILVER FIR
ALPINE
VEGETATION

4000
3000
2000
1500
1000

Temperate forests containing coniferous trees
like pine deodar etc...
Montane Forests
Mangrove forests
 Found in the areas of

coasts influenced by
tides
 The deltas of the
Ganga, the krishna, the
godavari ...
Wildlife
 India has more than

89000 of animal species
 India has more than
1200 of species of birds
(13%)
 2500 specie...
14 BIO RESERVES
OF INDIA

2001

1701 km

383551 km

Kerala tamilnadu
Chatisgharh MP
 By
 N.C.Krishnakumar.
 K.V.Pangode
Natural vegetation. ch 5
Natural vegetation. ch 5
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Natural vegetation. ch 5

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Transcript of "Natural vegetation. ch 5"

  1. 1.  Natural vegetation refers to a plant community which has grown naturally without human aid and has been left undisturbed by humans for a long time  Wildlife refers to all non-domesticated plants, animals, and other organisms
  2. 2. FACTORS CAUSING DIVERSITIES IN FAUNA & FLORA  Land  Soil  Climate :  Temperature  photoperiod (sun light)  precipitation
  3. 3. A system which comprises the physical environment and organisms living there in
  4. 4. TYPES OF VEGETATIONS  Tropical Rain Forests  Tropical Deciduous Forests  Tropical Thorn Forests and scrubs  Montane Forests  Mangrove forests
  5. 5. Tropical Rain Forests  Found in areas having     more than 200cm rain fall with a short dry seasons The trees reach great heights up to 60 m There is no definite time for trees to shed their leaves Ebony,mahogany,rose wood,rubber, cinchona are examples of important trees
  6. 6. Tropical Deciduous Forests  Most wide spread forests in India  They are also called monsoon forests  Spread over the region receiving rain fall between 200cm and 70cm.  0n the basis of the availability of water these forests are classified in to  MOIST DECIDUOUS FORESTS &  DRY DECIDUOUS FORESTS
  7. 7. MOIST DECIDUOUS FORESTS & DRY DECIDUOUS FORESTS  MOIST  Rainfall 200 to 100cm  Eastern part of india  Teak,Bamboo,sal,peep al,shisham,sandal wood TEAK etc are important trees  DRY  Rainfall 100 to 70cm  Rainier part of peninsular plateau,UP and Bihar
  8. 8. Tropical Thorn Forests and scrubs  Consists of thorny trees and bushes  Spread in the regions less than 70cm rain  Found in the north western parts of india including the semi arid areas of Gujarat, Rajastan,MP,UP,Chhatt isgarh and Haryana  Acacias,palms,euphorbi as and cacti are the main plants
  9. 9. SILVER FIR ALPINE VEGETATION 4000 3000 2000 1500 1000 Temperate forests containing coniferous trees like pine deodar etc found(15oo to 3000 m) Wet temperate forests (1000to2000 m) ever green trees such as oaks & chestnuts prominent
  10. 10. Montane Forests
  11. 11. Mangrove forests  Found in the areas of coasts influenced by tides  The deltas of the Ganga, the krishna, the godavari and the kaveri are covered by mangrove forests  The GangaBrahmaputra delta is also called as sundarban delta
  12. 12. Wildlife  India has more than 89000 of animal species  India has more than 1200 of species of birds (13%)  2500 species of fish (12%)
  13. 13. 14 BIO RESERVES OF INDIA 2001 1701 km 383551 km Kerala tamilnadu Chatisgharh MP
  14. 14.  By  N.C.Krishnakumar.  K.V.Pangode
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