Mammary tumors
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Mammary tumors

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Mammary tumors- causative agent, complication and treatment.

Mammary tumors- causative agent, complication and treatment.

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Mammary tumors Mammary tumors Presentation Transcript

  • MAMMARY TUMORS IN DOGS
  • INTRODUCTION
  • NINE YEAR OLD BITCH WITH MAMMARY TUMOR.
    Note deep emaciation in bitch
  • PREVALENCE
  • EPIDEMIOLOGY
  • EPIDEMIOLOGY CONTD….
  • TYPES AND BEHAVIOUR OF TUMOURS
    Approximately 50% of mammary tumours in dog – malignant
  • PROGNOSIS
    Uniform grading system absent
  • Metastasis occurs to regional lymph nodes and lungs
    Mixed malignant tumours have histological characteristics of mesenchymal and epithelial malignancy
  • CLINICAL SIGNS
  • CLINICAL SIGNS
  • INFLAMMATORY CARCINOMA
    An aggressive type of mammary tumor seen in dogs
    Often painful with swollen mammary glands.
    Swelling is often diffuse and can involve either a single mammary chain (i.e., all glands on either the left or right side) or all mammary glands
    Other signs include inappetence, weight loss, generalized weakness, and swelling of one or both hind legs
  • DIAGNOSIS
  • DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS
  • CLINICAL STAGING
  • TREATMENT
  • SURGICAL ANATOMY OF MAMMARY GLANDS
  • SURGICAL TREATMENT
  • SURGICAL OPTIONS
  • SIMPLE LUMPECTOMY
  • MAMMECTOMY
  • MAMMECTOMY INCISION
  • REGIONAL MAMMECTOMY
  • RADICAL MASTECTOMY
    Not indicated to improve the survival in dogs
  • PANHYSTERECTOMY
  • ADJUVANT THERAPY
  • THANK YOU