Buffalo breeds 1

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Buffalo breeds 1

  1. 1. Classification of Buffaloes 08/31/10
  2. 2. Taxonomical classification <ul><li>Kingdom : Animal </li></ul><ul><li>Phylum : Chordata </li></ul><ul><li>Class : Mammalia </li></ul><ul><li>Order : Artiodactyls </li></ul><ul><li>Sub order : R uminantia </li></ul><ul><li>Family : Bovidae </li></ul><ul><li>Sub Family : Bovines </li></ul>08/31/10
  3. 3. 08/31/10 Genus 1.Bubalus : B.bubalis,B.carabanensis 2. Anoa : B.depressicorsais 3.Syncerus : S.caffer,S.c.nanus 4. Bison . : American bison 5. Poephagus : Yak 6. Bibos : Guar 7.Bos : B.taurus,B.Indicus
  4. 4. CLASIFFICATION OF BUFFALO (Based on Domestication) 08/31/10 S.caffer caffer S.c.brachycers S.c.nanus Buffalo African wild buffalo Asian buffalo Wild Buffalo Domestic Buffalo Indian wild Arni Babalus arni Anoa B.deprssicorais Tamaro B.mindorensis River type Bubalus bubalus Swamp type Bubalus carabanensis
  5. 5. Classification of Indian Buffalo breeds 08/31/10 Murrah , Nliravi Surti, Jaffarbadi Mehasana Bhadawari,& Tarai Nagpuri, Pandaripuri Etc Nagpuri,,Pandaripuri,Manda Buffalo Punjab& Haryana Gujarat UP Central Indian South Indian Kanara,Toda
  6. 6. Buffaloes <ul><li>River </li></ul><ul><li>Murrah </li></ul><ul><li>Niliravi </li></ul><ul><li>Godavari </li></ul><ul><li>Jaffarbadi </li></ul><ul><li>Surti </li></ul><ul><li>Mehasana </li></ul><ul><li>Badavari </li></ul><ul><li>Nagpuri </li></ul><ul><li>Pandaripuri </li></ul><ul><li>Marthwada </li></ul><ul><li>Toda </li></ul><ul><li>Egyptian </li></ul><ul><li>JIme s </li></ul><ul><li>Khoozestan i </li></ul><ul><li>Myanmar </li></ul><ul><li>Swap Type </li></ul><ul><li>Kerabao </li></ul><ul><li>Tedang </li></ul><ul><li>Brazil </li></ul><ul><li>Kalaban </li></ul><ul><li>Tamaro </li></ul><ul><li>Thailand </li></ul>08/31/10
  7. 7. Murrah <ul><li>Breed local names </li></ul><ul><li>Dharwari in Karnataka, Kali,Kundi in Delhi </li></ul><ul><li>Location Haryana and Delhi </li></ul><ul><li>Uses Milk </li></ul><ul><li>Breed colour </li></ul><ul><li>Jet black with markings on tail, face & extremities ,massive body, </li></ul><ul><li>Long tail with white switch </li></ul><ul><li>Short and tightly coiled and spiral in form </li></ul>08/31/10 . t Uses Home
  8. 8. Murrah <ul><li>PERFORMANCE CHARECTERS </li></ul><ul><li>Parturition interval (days) 400 </li></ul><ul><li>Age at first parturition (month) 40 </li></ul><ul><li>Age of breeding animals (M) 32.6 </li></ul><ul><li>Birth weight 29.4 </li></ul><ul><li>Age of maturity (avg, month) 50 </li></ul><ul><li>Calving interval (days) 453 </li></ul><ul><li>Breed milk information </li></ul><ul><li>Milk yield per lactation (kg) 1828 </li></ul><ul><li>Lactation length (day) 300 </li></ul><ul><li>Milk fat (%) 7.2 </li></ul>08/31/10
  9. 9. Godavari 08/31/10 <ul><li>Evolved by crossing Native buffalo x Murrah </li></ul><ul><li>Location : Godavari & Krishna delta of AP </li></ul><ul><li>Breed Characters </li></ul><ul><li>Colour is black </li></ul><ul><li>Coarse sparse brown hair </li></ul><ul><li>Horns are short, flat, curved, </li></ul><ul><li>Slightly downward ,backwards forward with loose ring at the top </li></ul><ul><li>Lactation length 1200-1500Lts </li></ul><ul><li>Calving interval 380 Days </li></ul>
  10. 10. Nili-Ravi <ul><li>Breed local names NiliRavi Pancha Kalyani </li></ul><ul><li>Location </li></ul><ul><li>Indo-Pak border in Ferozepur and Amritsar districts of Punjab </li></ul><ul><li>Uses MILK </li></ul><ul><li>Physical characters </li></ul><ul><li>Usually black, occasionally brown, </li></ul><ul><li>wall eyes and white marks on head, legs tail,&muzzle </li></ul><ul><li>Horns are small and tightly curled but slightly open as compared to that of Murrah </li></ul><ul><li>Tail switch is white </li></ul>08/31/10 . t Uses
  11. 11. 08/31/10 <ul><li>Productive traits </li></ul><ul><li>Parturition interval (day, avg) 440 </li></ul><ul><li>Age at first parturition (month) 40 </li></ul><ul><li>Seasonality (no,avg) 140 </li></ul><ul><li>Age of breeding animals (month) 37 </li></ul><ul><li>Birth weight at birth male 34 </li></ul><ul><li>Age of maturity (month) 51 </li></ul><ul><li>Birth weight Female 27.5 </li></ul><ul><li>Milk information </li></ul><ul><li>Milk yield per lactation (kg) 1850 </li></ul><ul><li>Lactation length (day 298 </li></ul><ul><li>Milk fat (%) 7.6 </li></ul>
  12. 12. Jaffarabad i <ul><li>Breed local names </li></ul><ul><li> Gir ,Jaffri & Bhavanagri </li></ul><ul><li>Location Kathiawar, Gujarat </li></ul><ul><li>Uses MILK </li></ul><ul><li>Physical Characters </li></ul><ul><li>colour Black </li></ul><ul><li>Long body, massive head </li></ul><ul><li>Large horns going downward sideways compressing the head </li></ul><ul><li>Fore head is prominent </li></ul>08/31/10 . t Uses 1
  13. 13. 08/31/10 <ul><li>Performance information </li></ul><ul><li>Parturition interval (day, avg) 440 </li></ul><ul><li>Age at first parturition (month) 51 </li></ul><ul><li>Seasonality (no,avg) 150 </li></ul><ul><li>Age of breeding animals (M) 30 </li></ul><ul><li>Birth weight (Kg) 27.5 </li></ul><ul><li>Milk information </li></ul><ul><li>Milk yield per lactation (kg) 2336 </li></ul><ul><li>Lactation length (day) 289 </li></ul><ul><li>Milk fat (%) 8.5 </li></ul>
  14. 14. Surti <ul><li>Breed local names </li></ul><ul><li>Deccani,Gujarati, Nadiadi, Surati </li></ul><ul><li>Location </li></ul><ul><li>Anand, Kaira and Baroda </li></ul><ul><li>districts of Gujarat </li></ul><ul><li>Uses Milk . </li></ul><ul><li>Physical Character </li></ul><ul><li>Colour rusty brown sometimes silver grey </li></ul><ul><li>Massive body </li></ul><ul><li>Long tail </li></ul><ul><li>Horns are medium sized, sickle shaped curving downward, backward and upward </li></ul><ul><li>Two white collars one around the jaw &other at brisket </li></ul>08/31/10 . t Uses 1
  15. 15. 08/31/10 Performance information 1.Parturition interval (day, avg) 430 2.Age at first parturition (month) 35 3.Seasonality (no,avg) 130 4.Age of breeding animals (M) 26 5.Birth weight (Kg) 24 Milk information * Milk yield per lactation (kg) 1400 * Lactation length (day) 340 * Milk fat (%) 7.9
  16. 16. Mehsana <ul><li>Breed local names Mahesani (Surti x Murrah) </li></ul><ul><li>Location </li></ul><ul><li>Mehsana,Banaskantha, Sabarkantha, Gandhinagar and Ahmedabad districts of Gujarat </li></ul><ul><li>Uses Milk </li></ul><ul><li>Physical Characters </li></ul><ul><li>Black, grey, brown long body </li></ul><ul><li>Horns are Sickle shaped & less curved </li></ul>08/31/10 1
  17. 17. 08/31/10 <ul><li>Production performance </li></ul><ul><li>Parturition interval (days) 315 </li></ul><ul><li>Age at first parturition (M) 23 </li></ul><ul><li>Seasonality (no,avg) 134 </li></ul><ul><li>Age of breeding animals (M) 30 </li></ul><ul><li>Birth weight (Kg) 29 </li></ul><ul><li>Milk information </li></ul><ul><li>Milk yield per lactation (kg) 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>Lactation length (day) 315 </li></ul><ul><li>Milk fat (%) 7.2 </li></ul>
  18. 18. Bhadawari <ul><li>Breed local names </li></ul><ul><li>Etawah </li></ul><ul><li>Location within country </li></ul><ul><li>Agra and Etawah districts of Uttar Pradesh, and Bhind Morena districts of Madhya Pradesh </li></ul><ul><li>Uses Milk and This breed is famous for high butter fat </li></ul><ul><li>Breed colour </li></ul><ul><li>Rusty brown sometimes silver grey& </li></ul><ul><li>copper-colored with pale legs </li></ul><ul><li>Horns are curve outward, downward, backward parallel and close to neck and finally upwards </li></ul><ul><li>Thick & long with brown tail switch. </li></ul><ul><li>Hind quarter higher than the fore quarter </li></ul>08/31/10 . t Uses
  19. 19. 08/31/10 <ul><li>Productive traits </li></ul><ul><li>Parturition interval (day, avg) 390 </li></ul><ul><li>Age at first parturition (month) 45 </li></ul><ul><li>Seasonality (no,avg) 128 </li></ul><ul><li>Age of breeding animals (M) 27 </li></ul><ul><li>Birth weight 25 </li></ul><ul><li>Breed milk information </li></ul><ul><li>Milk yield per lactation (kg) 900 </li></ul><ul><li>Lactation length (day) 280 </li></ul><ul><li>Milk fat (%) 7.5 </li></ul>Bhadawari
  20. 20. Nagpuri <ul><li>Breed local names </li></ul><ul><li>Berar Ellichpuri Gaulani & Gauli </li></ul><ul><li>Location </li></ul><ul><li>Nagpur, Wardha and Berar districts of Maharashtra </li></ul><ul><li>Uses Milk &draught power . </li></ul><ul><li>Breed colour </li></ul><ul><li>Usually black, sometimes black with white patch on the face and legs </li></ul><ul><li>Relatively short tail </li></ul><ul><li>Horns are long, flat, curved and carried back on either side of neck </li></ul><ul><li>Tail is comparatively short reaching below hock </li></ul>08/31/10 . t Uses 1
  21. 21. 08/31/10 <ul><li>Productive Traits </li></ul><ul><li>Parturition interval (day, avg) 350 </li></ul><ul><li>Age at first parturition (month) 56 </li></ul><ul><li>Seasonality (no,avg) 140 </li></ul><ul><li>Age of breeding animals (M) 29 </li></ul><ul><li>Birth weight male ( Kg) 32 </li></ul><ul><li>Age of maturity (avg, month) 51 </li></ul><ul><li>Birth weightFemale(Kg) 28 </li></ul><ul><li>Milk information </li></ul><ul><li>Milk yield per lactation (kg) 1050 </li></ul><ul><li>Lactation length (day) 285 </li></ul><ul><li>Milk fat (%) 7 </li></ul>
  22. 22. PANDARIPURI 08/31/10 Habitat Southern Maharashtra Average Production Traits Phenotypic Traits 305 days Milk Yield 1400 Kg Horns Long touching hock bone Age at First Calving 44.8 months Colour Blackish with grey Lactation Length 350 days Size Medium Calving Interval 465 days Forehead Long narrow face, Prominent thick neck Tail Short, White switch common
  23. 23. 08/31/10 MARTHWADA Habitat Marathwada region of Maharashtra Average Production Traits Phenotypic Traits 305 days Milk Yield 1000 Kg Horns Medium length, parallel to neck reaching shoulder Age at First Calving 55.7 months Colour Grayish black to jet black Lactation Length 300 days Size Light to medium, Compact stature Calving Interval 435 days Forehead Long narrow face, White mark on head common Tail Short, White switch common
  24. 24. Toda <ul><li>Breed local names Deccani Gujarati Nadiadi Surati </li></ul><ul><li>Location within country </li></ul><ul><li>Nilgiri, North-western Tamil Nadu </li></ul><ul><li>Uses Milk </li></ul><ul><li>Breed colour </li></ul><ul><li>Grey, light or dark, calf is fawn colored at birth </li></ul><ul><li>Horns are long, wide apart curving outward, slightly downward, upward and inward at points </li></ul><ul><li>Thick hair coat is found all over the body </li></ul>08/31/10 Uses
  25. 25. 08/31/10 PRODUCTION TRAITS Age at first parturition (month) 47 Seasonality (no,avg) 160 Age of breeding animals (avg, month) 24 Birth weight 23 Calving interval 480 Breed milk information Milk yield per lactation (kg) 700 Lactation length (day) 250
  26. 26. Egyptian buffalo <ul><li>Local names : Menufi/Behari, </li></ul><ul><li>Location : Lower Egypt (northern Egypt) & delta and mid Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>Physical Characters </li></ul><ul><li>Black& Grey </li></ul><ul><li>Long curved Horns tips bending slightly upwards </li></ul><ul><li>Performance Characters </li></ul><ul><li>Parturition Interval : 525 Days </li></ul><ul><li>Age at first calving : 40 M </li></ul><ul><li>Age at breeding : 36 M </li></ul><ul><li>Milk Yield /Lacta. : 1500 Kg </li></ul><ul><li>Lactation Length : 250 Days </li></ul><ul><li>Milk Fat (%) : 7.7 </li></ul>08/31/10
  27. 27. Jimes <ul><li>Location : South-eastern and northern Iraq . High resistance to different endemic diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Uses : Milk </li></ul><ul><li>Colour : </li></ul><ul><li>Black or dark grey, often with white on head, feet and tail </li></ul><ul><li>Horns are sickle shaped </li></ul><ul><li>Production Performance </li></ul><ul><li>Age at First calving : 48 M </li></ul><ul><li>Age of maturity : 40 M </li></ul><ul><li>Birth weight : 39 Kg </li></ul><ul><li>Milk tield /Lacta. :1550 Kg </li></ul><ul><li>Lactation lenth : 240 Days </li></ul><ul><li>Fat (%) : 6.75 </li></ul>08/31/10
  28. 28. Khoozestani <ul><li>Location : Khuzestan province of Iran </li></ul><ul><li>Uses : Milk </li></ul><ul><li>Breed characters </li></ul><ul><li>Black with markings on the forehead & feet </li></ul><ul><li>Horns are flat &curved upward </li></ul>08/31/10
  29. 29. <ul><li>Local : Bama Kywe </li></ul><ul><li>Location : Wet zone of Lower Myanmar, northern wet zone and coastal area </li></ul><ul><li>Physical Characters </li></ul><ul><li>Wither height (avg, cm) 115 </li></ul><ul><li>Weight (avg, kg)300 </li></ul><ul><li>Production characters </li></ul><ul><li>Milk yield per lactation (kg) 404 </li></ul><ul><li>Lactation length (day) 298 </li></ul><ul><li>Milk fat (%) 7 </li></ul>08/31/10 MYNMAR SWAMPBUFFALO
  30. 30. SWAMP BUFFALOES 08/31/10
  31. 31. Indonesian Kerabao <ul><li>Local names </li></ul><ul><li>Javanese,Karabou </li></ul><ul><li>Location </li></ul><ul><li>Sumatra, Java, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, Nusatenggara </li></ul><ul><li>Uses : Draugt </li></ul><ul><li>Physical characters </li></ul><ul><li>Colour : Grayish black </li></ul><ul><li>swamp type, massive muscles covering the skeleton, </li></ul><ul><li>strong, short legs and neck Curved horns </li></ul>08/31/10
  32. 32. Kerabao <ul><li>Productive Traits </li></ul><ul><li>Age at first calving : 40 M </li></ul><ul><li>Age Breeding animals : 18 M </li></ul><ul><li>Age of Maturity : 30 M (Male) </li></ul><ul><li>Milk Yield/Lacta. : 600 Kg </li></ul><ul><li>Lactation length : 130 Days </li></ul><ul><li>No. Of Lactations : 12 </li></ul>08/31/10
  33. 33. Indonesian Tedong <ul><li>Location : South Sulawesi </li></ul><ul><li>Uses : Meat </li></ul><ul><li>Physical characters </li></ul><ul><li>Grayish to black Or White with black spots </li></ul><ul><li>Horns are that point horizontally backwards </li></ul>08/31/10
  34. 34. Tedong <ul><li>Productive Traits </li></ul><ul><li>Age at first calving : 40 M </li></ul><ul><li>Age of breeding : 18 M </li></ul><ul><li>Age at maturity : 30 M </li></ul><ul><li>Lactation length : 130 (days) </li></ul><ul><li>Milk Fat (%) : 10 </li></ul>08/31/10
  35. 35. Brazil Tipo Baio <ul><li>Local name : Vermelho </li></ul><ul><li>B. bubalis fulvus </li></ul><ul><li>Location : Amazan area </li></ul><ul><li>Physical characters </li></ul><ul><li>The breed is well adapted to the locally adverse conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Black ,& Horns are curved </li></ul><ul><li>Productive characters </li></ul><ul><li>Age of breeding : 36 M </li></ul><ul><li>Birth weight : 34 kg </li></ul><ul><li>Milk yield : 1200 kg </li></ul><ul><li>Lactation length : 200 Days </li></ul><ul><li>Milk Fat (%) : 7.0 </li></ul>08/31/10
  36. 36. Brazil Kalaban <ul><li>Swamp type buffalo . </li></ul><ul><li>Colour : Black </li></ul><ul><li>Productive Traits </li></ul><ul><li>Age of breeding : 32 M </li></ul><ul><li>Birth weight : 31 Kg </li></ul><ul><li>Milk yield : 600 Kg </li></ul><ul><li>Lactation length: 300 Days </li></ul><ul><li>Milk Fat (%) : 7.4 </li></ul>08/31/10
  37. 37. Philippine Tamarao <ul><li>B. mindorensis </li></ul><ul><li>Location : Mindoro </li></ul><ul><li>Uses : Meat </li></ul><ul><li>Physical Traits </li></ul><ul><li>Colour is Black, grey, brown </li></ul><ul><li>This breed is very hardy, it can exist on poor quality forage. </li></ul>08/31/10
  38. 38. Thailand Buffalo <ul><li>Local name: </li></ul><ul><li>Kra boo,Siamesee,Kwai </li></ul><ul><li>Uses :Draught power </li></ul><ul><li>Physical characters </li></ul><ul><li>Grey or black with white chevron below neck and white stocking on feet </li></ul><ul><li>Horns are back swept horns </li></ul><ul><li>Productive characters </li></ul><ul><li>Age of breeding : 30 M </li></ul><ul><li>Birth weight : 30kg </li></ul><ul><li>Milk yield : 447kg </li></ul><ul><li>Lactation length : 315 Days </li></ul><ul><li>Milk Fat (%) : 9.3 </li></ul>08/31/10
  39. 39. 08/31/10 THANK YOU
  40. 40. 08/31/10 Bublis deprissicorn(Anoa ) Slide 3 Slide4
  41. 41. African Buffalo 08/31/10 Home Syncerus caffer
  42. 42. 08/31/10
  43. 43. American bison & Yak 08/31/10 Slide 3

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