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Week 24                     Ch. 12.2-3 pg 315When HeredityFollows DifferentRules
Click here for acomplete                      Gene E in a bottle  incompletedominance                                     ...
alleleOne form of a gene,Ex. there are three different ______s for blood – A, B, and O
codominant allele Allele that is expressed equally with another dominant   allele, co-starring Ex. White (WW) X Black (BB)...
multiple allele trait   See video Trait controlled by   more than two   alleles Example: Humans   have three alleles   for...
autosomeNon-sexchromosomes              This is a human karyotype
sex chromosomeChromosomes that determine the sex of an individual, X and Y                        Male xy            Femal...
sex-linked traitTraits controlled by genes on  sex chromosomesex. Female carrier for Hemophilia (X X ),                   ...
polygenic inheritanceInheritance pattern of a trait that is  controlled by two or more genesex. height, skin color, eye co...
external              internalenvironment           environment                      Survival based on Temperature,       ...
sickle celldiseaseCauses defective  hemoglobin which  changes shape of blood  cell into a sickle, or half-  moon, blocking...
Name 4 Human blood typeswith their genotypes Blood type animation Phenotype      Genotype Type A         IAi or IAIA Type ...
red-green color blindnessCaused by recessive genes on X chromosome, affects green and red receptors in eyes
hemophiliaX-linked disorder that  causes problem with  the bloods ability to clot
A polygenic trait, indicatedskin color    by three or four genes
karyotypeA chart showing chromosome  pairs              Catfish
Down Syndrome Results from trisomy of chromosome  21, tri = 3
Protein Synthesis   Transcription   Translation
Here are some true/falsequestions for you
What determines structure and function of cells?             The DNA molecule
Offspring receive geneticinformation (DNA) from their          parents.
Chromosomal mutations           may lead to        genetic variation
Some mutations are good, andhelp an organism survive.True or False?            True,   but not often
Plants reproduce sexually andasexually. True or false? True
DNA in one organism (like a mouse) hasmany similarities with DNA in anotherorganism (like you). True or False?   True     ...
Every cell within an organismhas same DNA. True or False? True      Liver cell      Brain cell
www.scilinks.orgwww.go.hrw.com www.si.edu/hrw
And now the quizzzzzz
_________                               Click here for a_________                     Gene E in a bottledominance         ...
_________One form of a geneEx. there are three different ______s for bloodA, B, and i
_________ allele Allele that is expressed equally with another dominant   allele, co-starring Ex. White (WW) X Black (BB) ...
_________ allele trait                   See video Trait controlled by   more than two   alleles Example: Humans have   th...
_________Non-sexchromosomes              This is a human karyotype
____ _________ Chromosomes that  determine the sex  of an individual, X  and Y                         Male xy            ...
_________ traitTraits controlled by genes on  sex chromosomesex. Female carrier for Hemophilia (X X ),                    ...
_________ inheritanceInheritance pattern of a trait that is  controlled by two or more genesex. height, skin color, eye co...
_________             _________environment           environment                      Survival based on Temperature,      ...
________ ___diseaseCauses defective  hemoglobin which  changes shape of blood  cell into a sickle, or half-  moon, blockin...
4 Human ________ _______with their genotypes Blood type animation Phenotype      Genotype Type A         IAi or IAIA Type ...
____ _____ _____ _________Caused by recessive genes on X chromosome, affects green and red receptors in eyes
_________X-linked disorder that  causes problem with  the bloods ability to clot
A polygenic trait, indicated_________ by three or four genes
_________A chart showing chromosome  pairs              Catfish
_________ Syndrome Results from trisomy of chromosome  21, tri = 3
For homework:Draw Protein Synthesis    Transcription    Translation
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Transcript of " B24 ppt heredity follows different rules"

  1. 1. Week 24  Ch. 12.2-3 pg 315When HeredityFollows DifferentRules
  2. 2. Click here for acomplete Gene E in a bottle incompletedominance dominancethe offspring will show only the When the offsping show traits intermediate betweendominant trait in its phenotype dominant and recessive,ex Black (BB) X White (bb) = ex Black (BB) X White (bb) =White (Bb) Gray (Bb) phenotype genotype 100% heterozygous
  3. 3. alleleOne form of a gene,Ex. there are three different ______s for blood – A, B, and O
  4. 4. codominant allele Allele that is expressed equally with another dominant allele, co-starring Ex. White (WW) X Black (BB) = Black and White Spotted(BW) WW BB W BW BW All BW BW heterozygous W
  5. 5. multiple allele trait See video Trait controlled by more than two alleles Example: Humans have three alleles for blood - A(IA), B(IB), and (IO)
  6. 6. autosomeNon-sexchromosomes This is a human karyotype
  7. 7. sex chromosomeChromosomes that determine the sex of an individual, X and Y Male xy Female xx
  8. 8. sex-linked traitTraits controlled by genes on sex chromosomesex. Female carrier for Hemophilia (X X ), H h Hemophiliac male (XHY)Hemophiliac female (XHXH) Color blindness – X-linked Male pattern balding 4 Sex-Linked Traits: 2. Normal Color Vision: A: 29, B: 45, C: , D: 26 hemophilia 3. 2. Red-Green Color-Blind: A: 70, B: , C: 5, D: 4. 3. Red Color-blind: A: 70, B: -, C: 5, D: 6 5. 4. Green Color-Blind: Hairy ears A: 70, B: , C: 5, D: 2 Female pattern balding
  9. 9. polygenic inheritanceInheritance pattern of a trait that is controlled by two or more genesex. height, skin color, eye color
  10. 10. external internalenvironment environment Survival based on Temperature, gender, age, nutrition, light, interaction with chemicals, other organisms infectious agents
  11. 11. sickle celldiseaseCauses defective hemoglobin which changes shape of blood cell into a sickle, or half- moon, blocking blood flow
  12. 12. Name 4 Human blood typeswith their genotypes Blood type animation Phenotype Genotype Type A IAi or IAIA Type B IBi or IBIB Type AB IAIB Type O ii
  13. 13. red-green color blindnessCaused by recessive genes on X chromosome, affects green and red receptors in eyes
  14. 14. hemophiliaX-linked disorder that causes problem with the bloods ability to clot
  15. 15. A polygenic trait, indicatedskin color by three or four genes
  16. 16. karyotypeA chart showing chromosome pairs Catfish
  17. 17. Down Syndrome Results from trisomy of chromosome 21, tri = 3
  18. 18. Protein Synthesis  Transcription  Translation
  19. 19. Here are some true/falsequestions for you
  20. 20. What determines structure and function of cells? The DNA molecule
  21. 21. Offspring receive geneticinformation (DNA) from their parents.
  22. 22. Chromosomal mutations may lead to genetic variation
  23. 23. Some mutations are good, andhelp an organism survive.True or False? True, but not often
  24. 24. Plants reproduce sexually andasexually. True or false? True
  25. 25. DNA in one organism (like a mouse) hasmany similarities with DNA in anotherorganism (like you). True or False? True Mouse Human
  26. 26. Every cell within an organismhas same DNA. True or False? True Liver cell Brain cell
  27. 27. www.scilinks.orgwww.go.hrw.com www.si.edu/hrw
  28. 28. And now the quizzzzzz
  29. 29. _________ Click here for a_________ Gene E in a bottledominance dominancethe offspring will show only the When the offsping show traits intermediate betweendominant trait in its phenotype dominant and recessive,ex Black (BB) X White (bb) = ex Black (BB) X White (bb) =White (Bb) Gray (Bb) phenotype genotype 100% heterozygous
  30. 30. _________One form of a geneEx. there are three different ______s for bloodA, B, and i
  31. 31. _________ allele Allele that is expressed equally with another dominant allele, co-starring Ex. White (WW) X Black (BB) = Black and White Spotted(BW) WW BB W BW BW BW BW W
  32. 32. _________ allele trait See video Trait controlled by more than two alleles Example: Humans have three alleles for blood - A(IA), B(IB), and (IO)
  33. 33. _________Non-sexchromosomes This is a human karyotype
  34. 34. ____ _________ Chromosomes that determine the sex of an individual, X and Y Male xy Female xx
  35. 35. _________ traitTraits controlled by genes on sex chromosomesex. Female carrier for Hemophilia (X X ), H h Hemophiliac male (XHY)Hemophiliac female (XHXH) Color blindness – X-linked Male pattern balding 4 Sex-Linked Traits: 2. Normal Color Vision: A: 29, B: 45, C: , D: 26 hemophilia 3. 2. Red-Green Color-Blind: A: 70, B: , C: 5, D: 4. 3. Red Color-blind: A: 70, B: -, C: 5, D: 6 5. 4. Green Color-Blind: Hairy ears A: 70, B: , C: 5, D: 2 Female pattern balding
  36. 36. _________ inheritanceInheritance pattern of a trait that is controlled by two or more genesex. height, skin color, eye color
  37. 37. _________ _________environment environment Survival based on Temperature, gender, age, nutrition, light, interaction with chemicals, other organisms infectious agents
  38. 38. ________ ___diseaseCauses defective hemoglobin which changes shape of blood cell into a sickle, or half- moon, blocking blood flow
  39. 39. 4 Human ________ _______with their genotypes Blood type animation Phenotype Genotype Type A IAi or IAIA Type B IBi or IBIB Type AB IAIB Type O ii
  40. 40. ____ _____ _____ _________Caused by recessive genes on X chromosome, affects green and red receptors in eyes
  41. 41. _________X-linked disorder that causes problem with the bloods ability to clot
  42. 42. A polygenic trait, indicated_________ by three or four genes
  43. 43. _________A chart showing chromosome pairs Catfish
  44. 44. _________ Syndrome Results from trisomy of chromosome 21, tri = 3
  45. 45. For homework:Draw Protein Synthesis  Transcription  Translation
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