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Participatory mapping in the design process of a SDI. A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)

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In the recent years, the major production of cartographic information and the advancement of new Information Technologies (IT's) has brought with it the need to develop new storage and management …

In the recent years, the major production of cartographic information and the advancement of new Information Technologies (IT's) has brought with it the need to develop new storage and management tools, making access in a simpler way either alphanumeric or vector information.
Since the 60s, the processing, analysis and visualization of cartographic data has been carried out using GIS as desktop software, installed on a single computer. The advantage of this system was the possibility of combining different cartographic information thereby facilitating decision-making.
The need to share data, mainly cartographic information, between agents who are working in the same area has been the basis for the creation of Spatial Data Infrastructures (SDI) at global, national, regional ,local, or corporative level.
Several resources for managing, classifying, sharing, exchanging, combining and accessing geographic data through internet connection have been developed together with the implementation of all levels of SDI's. The resources can be classified as: software for publishing cartographic data (maps servers), publication standards, metadata, legal framework, agreements among organizations, and the possibility to create different user levels.
Therefore, the aim will be to have cartographic information updated and available for all the involved agents who are working in the same territory, which will result in sharing efforts and costs.
Nevertheless, the development of new technologies has had an effect where the cartographic data producers have less direct contact with the field, ignoring somehow the people living in it who are the ones with best knowledge of the territory.
In remote areas, where it is difficult to access such as the Rio Platano Biosphere Reserve Region (Honduras), it is indispensable to create an SDI for managing and sharing cartographic information by the involved agents in the territory.
It is important that the information offered by the indigenous communities is not left aside because they have a direct relation with the field. In the case of Rio Platano, they are scattered along the territory.
The basis of this thesis is to create the SDI for the Rio Platano region and the methodology to combine the different cartographic information published by different organisms. Also, it will be important to include in the SDI structure the information regarding the cadastral boundaries and socio environmental indicators obtained from the indigenous communities. It will require the design of participative pictograms using Participatory Mapping techniques.

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  • 1. PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI) A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras) Master of Science in Geospatial Technologies PhD. Professor Laura Díaz Sánchez - University Jaume I (Spain) PhD. Professor Joaquín Huerta Guijarro - University Jaume I (Spain) PhD. Professor Roberto Henriques - University Nova de Lisboa (Portugal)March 1st, 2013 Alberto Olivares Colás
  • 2. Index of the Presentation:1. Introduction2. Study area. PROTEP project INTRODUCTION3. Previous situation4. Objectives OBJECTIVES5. Indigenous communities cartographic integration process6. Spatial Database Management METHODOLOGY System (SDBMS)7. Rio Platano Region SDI8. Results RESULTS9. Conclusions CONCLUSIONS PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI)2 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 3. 1. IntroductionWhy participation of the indigenous communities?  They are the ones with the best knowledge of the territory.  Participation improves communication and cooperation.  Motivation during the participatory decision-making process.  Participation results in better decisions. (Narayanasamy, N., 2009) http://www.autism-community.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/07/ParentParticipation-Main.jpg PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI)3 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 4. 1. IntroductionParticipatory mapping methodologies Ground Mapping Participatory 3-D modelling mapping Sketch Mapping Aerial and Remote sensing images (International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), 2009) PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI)4 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 5. 2. Study Area. PROTEP Project Heritage of Man and the Biosphere by UNESCO in 1982. One of the few remaining tropical rainforest areas in Central America. The surface is 900 thousand hectares. Population of approximately 150 thousand inhabitants. 2.000 indigenous people have preserved their traditional way of life. Communications within the area are complicated due to mountainous terrain, and unpaved roads.  Management and protection of natural resources.  Land management at the community level. PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI)5 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 6. 2. Study Area. PROTEP Project PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI)6 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 7. 2. Study Area. PROTEP Project PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI)7 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 8. 2. Study Area. PROTEP Project PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI)8 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 9. 3. Previous situationOrganizing the Cartographic information Socio-economical Cadastre Anthropological http://www.blakejennelle.com/wp- PostgreSQL format content/uploads/2010/03/guy- alone-on-an-island2.jpg NO metadata Environmental  Shapefile format  Paper Maps  NO metadata  NO metadata PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI) 9 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 10. 3. Previous situationAgents in the Area NGO s Inhabitants of the Region Other Municipalities ICF Offices entities PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI)10 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 11. 4. ObjectivesResearch Objectives  Design the methodology to obtain information from the indigenous communities:  Cadastral.  Socio-environmental information.  Methodology of digitizing. GIS software.  Global structure of the SDI Rio Platano Region.  Design the platform to share all the available information with the different agents. Including Indigenous communities. PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI)11 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 12. 5. INDIGENOUS COMMUNITIES CARTOGRAPHIC INTEGRATION PROCESS Process to define cadastral boundaries Step1. Preparation2. Field Work (Participatory Mapping) Functional Habitat Map3. Validation (Participatory Mapping) Consolidated Functional Habitat Map4. GIS Integration5. Meetings between neighbouringcommunities6. Parcel Title PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI)12 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 13. 5. INDIGENOUS COMMUNITIES CARTOGRAPHIC INTEGRATION PROCESS Process to define cadastral boundaries Step1. Preparation2. Field Work (Participatory Mapping) Functional Habitat Map3. Validation (Participatory Mapping) Consolidated Functional Habitat Map4. GIS Integration5. Meetings between neighbouringcommunities6. Parcel Title  The Functional Habitat is the area that the community uses to supply their basic needs. PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI)13 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 14. 5. INDIGENOUS COMMUNITIES CARTOGRAPHIC INTEGRATION PROCESS Process to define cadastral boundaries Step1. Preparation2. Field Work (Participatory Mapping) Functional Habitat Map3. Validation (Participatory Mapping) Consolidated Functional Habitat Map4. GIS Integration5. Meetings between neighbouringcommunities6. Parcel Title PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI)14 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 15. 5. INDIGENOUS COMMUNITIES CARTOGRAPHIC INTEGRATION PROCESS PPGIS (Participatory GIS) Process to define cadastral boundaries Step1. Preparation2. Field Work (Participatory Mapping) Functional Habitat Map3. Validation (Participatory Mapping) Consolidated Functional Habitat Map4. GIS Integration5. Meetings between neighbouringcommunities6. Parcel Title Right to Use: It is defined by the Functional Habitat of the indigenous community. Ownership Right: It is the legal term which defines the property of a piece of land. PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI) 15 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 16. 5. INDIGENOUS COMMUNITIES CARTOGRAPHIC INTEGRATION PROCESS Process to define cadastral boundaries Step1. Preparation2. Field Work (Participatory Mapping) Functional Habitat Map3. Validation (Participatory Mapping) Consolidated Functional Habitat Map4. GIS Integration5. Meetings between neighbouringcommunities6. Parcel Title Right to Use: It is defined by the Functional Habitat of the indigenous community. Ownership Right: It is the legal term which defines the property of a piece of land. PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI) 16 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 17. 5. INDIGENOUS COMMUNITIES CARTOGRAPHIC INTEGRATION PROCESS Process to define cadastral boundaries Step1. Preparation2. Field Work (Participatory Mapping) Functional Habitat Map3. Validation (Participatory Mapping) Consolidated Functional Habitat Map4. GIS Integration5. Meetings between neighbouringcommunities6. Parcel Title Right to Use: It is defined by the Functional Habitat of the indigenous community. Ownership Right: It is the legal term which defines the property of a piece of land. PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI) 17 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 18. 5. INDIGENOUS COMMUNITIES CARTOGRAPHIC INTEGRATION PROCESSDigital Land use managementPictogram Land Use Forest area Pine area Colour wood (mahogany tree,…) Human settlement Hunting area Livestock area Fish area Access route Crops area Invaders (Ladinos) PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI)18 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 19. 5. INDIGENOUS COMMUNITIES CARTOGRAPHIC INTEGRATION PROCESSConversion to GIS symbologyIt is necessary to transform the image format from .tiff to .svg, which isthe format used by QuantumGIS to show symbology. PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI)19 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 20. 5. INDIGENOUS COMMUNITIES CARTOGRAPHIC INTEGRATION PROCESSSIMONI – Integral Monitoring System Good and Practices of the territory Platform to measure the Pictogram Incidence Type management effectiveness of the Reserve. Burnt areas (dry period) Polygon It was designed for incorporating Flood areas (rainy season) Polygon alphanumerical information to Jaguar killing Point define environmental indexes. Iguana Killing Point It was developed the cartographic Natural deforestation Polygon tool. Human deforestation Polygon Over-fishing Point Artificial barriers created Point by man “Incidence participatory pictograms” PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI)20 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 21. 5. INDIGENOUS COMMUNITIES CARTOGRAPHIC INTEGRATION PROCESSConversion to GIS symbologyIt is necessary to transform the image format from .tiff to .svg, which isthe format used by QuantumGIS to show symbology. PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI)21 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 22. 6. SPATIAL DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (SDBMS)The design of a database is a complex process which requires:  To define the main purpose.  To establish the potential users.  To identify available data sources.  To define the organizational structure or data model. PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI)22 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 23. 6. SPATIAL DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (SDBMS) USERS AND PERMISSIONS User SIMONI User Cadastral information Read Read/Write Read Read/WriteAdministrator X Administrator XPROTEP workers X PROTEP workers XICF workers X Municipality XOther entities X TechniciansExternal People X Other People X User Socio-environmental information Read Read/Write Administrator X PROTEP workers X Municipality Technicians X http://i.istockimg.com/file_thumbview_a pprove/9363373/2/stock-illustration- Other People X 9363373-shiny-icons-business-users.jpg PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI) 23 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 24. 6. SPATIAL DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (SDBMS)USERS AND PERMISSIONS PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI)24 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 25. 6. SPATIAL DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (SDBMS)USERS AND PERMISSIONS Read only permission user: Write/Read permission user: Superuser/Administrator: PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI)25 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 26. 6. SPATIAL DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (SDBMS)LADM, "LandAdministration DomainModel" described by ISO19152 ISO / TC 211. LADM structure (PROTEP cadaster database) PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI)26 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 27. 6. SPATIAL DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (SDBMS) Socio-environmental database PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI)27 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 28. 6. SPATIAL DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (SDBMS) Structure of the SIMONI incidences database PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI)28 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 29. 7. RIO PLATANO REGION SDINODE STRUCTURE NOT IMPLEMENTED YET HONDURAS SDI RIO PLATANO REGION SDI PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI)29 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 30. 7. RIO PLATANO REGION SDICOMPONENTS OF THE SDI PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI)30 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 31. 7. RIO PLATANO REGION SDI Users Quantum GIS Consult XML file CSW service Edit Return Socio- Metadata Catalogue User WFS service environmenta l Database request (shapefile) Return Logging SIMONI Databas e WMS service Cadastr (image) al Databas Layer Publish e Management GeoExplorer Published cartography PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI)31 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 32. 7. RIO PLATANO REGION SDIAGREEMENTS AND LEGISLATION PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI)32 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 33. 7. RIO PLATANO REGION SDIAGREEMENTS AND LEGISLATION Geoportal PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI)33 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 34. 7. RIO PLATANO REGION SDIAGREEMENTS AND LEGISLATION Geoportal PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI)34 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 35. 7. RIO PLATANO REGION SDISTANDARDS PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI)35 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 36. 7. RIO PLATANO REGION SDISTANDARDS  Web Map Service (WMS): The response to the request is one or more geo- registered map images (returned as JPEG, PNG, etc).  Web Feature Service (WFS): The WFS standard defines interfaces and operations for data access and manipulation on a set of geographic features.  Web Coverage Service (WCS): defines a standard interface and operations that enables interoperable access to geospatial "coverages". http://www.spacemetric.com/images/OGC_Logo_3D_200x95.gif PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI)36 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 37. 7. RIO PLATANO REGION SDISERVICES PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI)37 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 38. 8. RIO PLATANO REGION SDISERVICES – MAP SERVER PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI)38 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 39. 7. RIO PLATANO REGION SDISERVICES – MAP SERVER Database Management system Map and feature server providing standardized web access Web map accelerator Javascript map controls for viewing and editing data Rich user interface controls for the geospatial web PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI)39 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 40. 7. RIO PLATANO REGION SDISERVICES - GEOSERVER PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI)40 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 41. 7. RIO PLATANO REGION SDISERVICES - GEOSERVER PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI)41 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 42. 8. RESULTSSERVICES - GEOEXPLORER PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI)42 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 43. 8. RESULTSSERVICES - GEOEXPLORER Conservation targets PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI)43 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 44. 8. RESULTSSERVICES - GEOEXPLORER Cadastral information PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI)44 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 45. 8. RESULTSSERVICES - GEOEXPLORER User without edit permission PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI)45 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 46. 8. RESULTSSERVICES - GEOEXPLORER Functional Habitat Ownership rights PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI)46 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 47. 8. RESULTSSERVICES - GEOEXPLORER Print Map PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI)47 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 48. 8. RESULTSSERVICES - GEOEXPLORER <?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?> <StyledLayerDescriptor version="1.0.0" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.opengis.net/sld StyledLayerDescriptor.xsd" xmlns="http://www.opengis.net/sld" xmlns:ogc="http://www.opengis.net/ogc" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"> <NamedLayer> <Name>Pictograms</Name> <UserStyle> <Title>Pictograms</Title> <FeatureTypeStyle> <Rule> <Name>1</Name> <Title>1</Title> <ogc:Filter> <ogc:PropertyIsEqualTo> <ogc:PropertyName>id</ogc:PropertyName> <ogc:Literal>1</ogc:Literal> </ogc:PropertyIsEqualTo> </ogc:Filter> …………………………………………………………. It is necessary to transform the SLD code from QuantumGIS to Geoserver structure PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI)48 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 49. 8. RESULTSSERVICES - GEOEXPLORER Export Map PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI)49 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 50. 8. RESULTSSERVICES - METADATA PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI)50 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 51. 8. RESULTSSERVICES - METADATA PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI)51 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 52. 8. RESULTSSERVICES - METADATA PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI)52 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 53. 9. ConclusionRELATION AMONG AGENTS Inhabitants of the Region Municipalities Other entities NGO s ICF Offices PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI)53 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 54. 9. Conclusion In the recent years, two important terms : Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) and Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI). Both terms have difficulties in being implemented in this area due to the lack of organization and structure regarding cartographic information. It was not possible to set aside the information offered by the ones with the most direct relation to the field. Indigenous communities. PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI)54 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 55. 9. Conclusion  This process is not strictly voluntary, and a different way of communication is needed; like Participatory mapping technics.  It was designed a methodology to use the information obtained from the indigenous communities in GIS software and in the new platform.  Final result is a platform in which all the agents are connected, sharing organized cartographic information obtained from all available sources (i.e. Google maps, OpenStreetMap, national organizations, regional organizations, NGOs, inhabitants and indigenous communities). PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI)55 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 56. Bibliography  NARAYASAMI, N., 2009, Participatory Rural Appraisal: Principles, Methods and Application (1st ed.), Sage Publications, ISBN: 978-81-7829-885-6 (PB).  INTERNATIONAL FUND FOR AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT (IFAD), 2009, Good Practices in Participatory Mapping.  WARREN, A., 2004, International forum on indigenous mapping for indigenous advocacy and empowerment. The indigenous Communities Mapping Initiative. PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI)56 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)
  • 57. Any Question?“Maps are more than pieces of paper.They are stories, conversations, livesand songs lived out in a place and areinseparable from the political andcultural contexts in which they are used.”(Warren, 2004).Thank you very muchfor your attention!! http://pjsaunders.blogspot.com.es/2012/05/twenty-questions-atheists-struggle-to.html PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (SDI)57 A case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)