Islamic art
General characteristics- Islamic art is especially famous for itsarchitecture.- There are very few paintings and sculpture...
Representative buildingsThe most important buildings were:●   Palaces (for the caliphs)●   Mosques (temples for praying)
Palaces     They usually had     gardens and     fountains. This     courtyard is the Patio     de los Leones of the     A...
PalacesAnd these gardensare the Generalifegardens, also inGranada
PalacesPalaces consisted of two areas: - Public area (used for welcoming theambassadors who went to visit the caliph)  - P...
Mosques     Mosques were the     buildings for praying     in public, especially     on Fridays.     This is the umayyad  ...
Parts of a mosque          The muezzin called to          prayer from the          minaret.          The Giralda in Sevill...
Parts of a mosque          Some minarets had          funny shapes. This          one is helicoidal, and          its in S...
Parts of a mosque          After going through a          door, we find a          courtyard or patio.          There is a...
Parts of a mosque          The prayer hall is a          covered area with          columns. Muslims          pray here.  ...
Parts of a mosque          The quibla is the wall          muslims face when          they pray.          The quibla is   ...
Parts of a mosque          The mihrab is a small          niche in the quibla          where the Koran is          kept.
Parts of a mosque          The mimbar or pulpit.          The imam (the          muslim priest) leads          prayers fro...
Pics of a few important mosques
Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem
Mosque of Cairo, Egypt
Cordoba mosque, Spain
Blue mosque, Istambul
A summary of the parts of a mosque●  Mimbar●    Minaret●    Courtyard (with an ablution    fountain)●    Prayer hall●    Q...
Decoration of islamic buildings
The interiors of islamic buildings     were richly decorated
Decoration     ●   Muslims used arabic         calligraphy symbols         as decoration.     ●   Usually, they sculpted  ...
Callygraphy decoration
Decoration       They also decorated       the walls with       beautiful vegetal       designs called       ataurique.
DecorationOr geometric designs
Decoration●   Sometimes, the materials they used were not    very rich: simple bricks, plaster, etc.●   But they also used...
Decoration (glazed tiles)
Archs
Different types of archs
Archs   ●   Lobulated arch
ArchsA horseshoe arch, themost typical islamicarch.
Domes
Domes   ●   Mocárabes (as if they       were forming       stalactites)
Domes   ●   Caliphal crossing       dome.
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Islamic art

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An introduction to Islamic Art in English.

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Islamic art

  1. 1. Islamic art
  2. 2. General characteristics- Islamic art is especially famous for itsarchitecture.- There are very few paintings and sculptures,because the Koran did not allow therepresentation of Muhammad, Allah, people oranimals.- However, islamic art is very fine.
  3. 3. Representative buildingsThe most important buildings were:● Palaces (for the caliphs)● Mosques (temples for praying)
  4. 4. Palaces They usually had gardens and fountains. This courtyard is the Patio de los Leones of the Alhambra (Granada)
  5. 5. PalacesAnd these gardensare the Generalifegardens, also inGranada
  6. 6. PalacesPalaces consisted of two areas: - Public area (used for welcoming theambassadors who went to visit the caliph) - Private area (the residence area of the caliph and his family)
  7. 7. Mosques Mosques were the buildings for praying in public, especially on Fridays. This is the umayyad mosque of Damascus.
  8. 8. Parts of a mosque The muezzin called to prayer from the minaret. The Giralda in Seville was the minaret of the old mosque. The mosque was destroyed, and now the plant is occupied by the catholic gothic cathedral.
  9. 9. Parts of a mosque Some minarets had funny shapes. This one is helicoidal, and its in Samarra (Irak)
  10. 10. Parts of a mosque After going through a door, we find a courtyard or patio. There is an ablution fountain which is used for ritual washing and spiritual purification before prayer.
  11. 11. Parts of a mosque The prayer hall is a covered area with columns. Muslims pray here. This is the interior of the Córdoba mosque.
  12. 12. Parts of a mosque The quibla is the wall muslims face when they pray. The quibla is orientated towards the holy city of Mecca.
  13. 13. Parts of a mosque The mihrab is a small niche in the quibla where the Koran is kept.
  14. 14. Parts of a mosque The mimbar or pulpit. The imam (the muslim priest) leads prayers from here.
  15. 15. Pics of a few important mosques
  16. 16. Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem
  17. 17. Mosque of Cairo, Egypt
  18. 18. Cordoba mosque, Spain
  19. 19. Blue mosque, Istambul
  20. 20. A summary of the parts of a mosque● Mimbar● Minaret● Courtyard (with an ablution fountain)● Prayer hall● Quibla● Mihrab
  21. 21. Decoration of islamic buildings
  22. 22. The interiors of islamic buildings were richly decorated
  23. 23. Decoration ● Muslims used arabic calligraphy symbols as decoration. ● Usually, they sculpted verses from the Koran.
  24. 24. Callygraphy decoration
  25. 25. Decoration They also decorated the walls with beautiful vegetal designs called ataurique.
  26. 26. DecorationOr geometric designs
  27. 27. Decoration● Sometimes, the materials they used were not very rich: simple bricks, plaster, etc.● But they also used noble materials, like glazed tiles or hard wood like oak or birch (especially for the mimbars).
  28. 28. Decoration (glazed tiles)
  29. 29. Archs
  30. 30. Different types of archs
  31. 31. Archs ● Lobulated arch
  32. 32. ArchsA horseshoe arch, themost typical islamicarch.
  33. 33. Domes
  34. 34. Domes ● Mocárabes (as if they were forming stalactites)
  35. 35. Domes ● Caliphal crossing dome.
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