An introduction to Gothic art

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A brief introduction to Gothic art aimed at students of English bilingual schools (2 ESO in Spain)

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An introduction to Gothic art

  1. 1. Gothic art
  2. 2. Where and when did gothic art appear? th - Gothic style began in the mid 12 century in France, and then spread all over Europe. Thisartistic style was succesful in the continent until the 15th century.- Romanesque style did not disappear suddenly.Both styles co-existed for a few years, but Gothic substituted Romanesque little by little.
  3. 3. Gothic art - Gothic was a urban art. Cities were becoming prosperous when gothic appeared.- Every city wanted to have its own cathedral, the most characteristic symbol of gothic art. Cathedrals were symbols of prestige for cities.
  4. 4. Gothic architecture
  5. 5. Main characteristics of gothic architecture
  6. 6. Characteristics of gothic architectureGothic temples werehigher than romanesquetemples.
  7. 7. This was possible thanks to the use of new building techniques.
  8. 8. The use of pointed (or ogival) arches
  9. 9. ArchesIn order to build thearches, woodenstructures calledfalsework had to beerected. Then, brickswere placed over thefalsework, and thus anarch was created.
  10. 10. The use of ribbed vaults
  11. 11. Thanks to the use of pointedarches and ribbed vaults, walls were not so important to sustain the weight of the vault as they were during the Romanesque period. Gothic buildings have many morewindows, and thus they are brighter inside.
  12. 12. Stained glass was inserted in the window panes
  13. 13. White light coming from the suntrespassed the stained glass thus creating an intense atmosphere inside the temple
  14. 14. Buttresses and counterforts wereused on the outside to support the weight of the vault
  15. 15. At the top of the counterforts,pinnacles were erected as decoration
  16. 16. Gothic cathedral section
  17. 17. Apses were enlarged
  18. 18. There were usually 3 or 4 storeys inside
  19. 19. A rose window covered with stained glass was situated on the facade
  20. 20. Gargoyles were used for getting rid of rainwater, and for decoration
  21. 21. Gothic sculpture
  22. 22. Both reliefs and free-standing sculptures were made
  23. 23. Facades were decorated with reliefs
  24. 24. Capitals...
  25. 25. Tympana
  26. 26. Columns on the facades...
  27. 27. And archivolts
  28. 28. Saints and sinners were represented
  29. 29. Gothic sculptures are more natural and full of expression than Romanesque
  30. 30. Wooden retables were placedbehind the altars. This one is in a convent in Burgos (Cartuja de Miraflores)
  31. 31. Tombs could be very beautiful, too
  32. 32. Gothic paintings
  33. 33. Main characteristics- Paintings on the walls (al fresco) were not as important as they were in Romanesque. - Basically, gothic artists painted on wood.- The main motifs were religious, but portraits were common, too. - Retables were painted, too. - And they illustrated religious books.

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