Where and when did gothic art appear? th - Gothic style began in the mid 12 century in France, and then spread all over Europe. Thisartistic style was succesful in the continent until the 15th century.- Romanesque style did not disappear suddenly.Both styles co-existed for a few years, but Gothic substituted Romanesque little by little.
Gothic art - Gothic was a urban art. Cities were becoming prosperous when gothic appeared.- Every city wanted to have its own cathedral, the most characteristic symbol of gothic art. Cathedrals were symbols of prestige for cities.
Thanks to the use of pointedarches and ribbed vaults, walls were not so important to sustain the weight of the vault as they were during the Romanesque period. Gothic buildings have many morewindows, and thus they are brighter inside.
Stained glass was inserted in the window panes
White light coming from the suntrespassed the stained glass thus creating an intense atmosphere inside the temple
Buttresses and counterforts wereused on the outside to support the weight of the vault
At the top of the counterforts,pinnacles were erected as decoration
Main characteristics- Paintings on the walls (al fresco) were not as important as they were in Romanesque. - Basically, gothic artists painted on wood.- The main motifs were religious, but portraits were common, too. - Retables were painted, too. - And they illustrated religious books.