INTRODUCTION The consumption of fast food has increased dramatically in the last decade in developed countries, and has even underdeveloped countries.
WHAY IS IT SO POPULAR? Vending machines, self-service restaurants and convenience stores that operate 24 hours, are probably the most common places where you can buy fast food. Fast food is so popular because for under € 5.00 can buy a full meal.
IS FAST FOOD BAD? There is no food "bad". All kinds of food can be included with a healthy eating plan. It is true that fast food is usually high in fat, calories, cholesterol, and sodium, but if you eat it occasionally will not cause problems. But if you eat too much fast food over a long period of time you can cause health problems like high blood pressure, heart disease and obesity.
CAUSES There is not just one cause which have caused that the consuption of junk food, low in nutrients and high in calories and fat, is frecuently consumed in the western society. Still, there are certain facts which it´s proving that they help to contribute the consuption. In the last years fresh products that they have raised their price are among: tomatoes, peppers, lettuce, French beans and pears.
In adittion, it´s cheaper to stay at home watching TV that doing sport. On the other hand, television´s role is important because of messages broadcasted. Advertising industry is important too, because advertising on the TV is dominated by sugary cereals to breakfast, soft drinks, sweets and salty appetizer.
This advertising through television decides the preferences of children. One study found that if the amount of ads they saw the children was increasing. This is one of main fators which have duplicated the fat among English children of 6 years and it was triplicated among children 15 years. Apart from this, all experts are agreed in one thing: United States is guilty because this country isn´tpropose solutions. The power of the food industryabout American Government policy is very big.
EFFECTS The effects of the so-called fast food are:1. Overweight With just a fast food meal is ingested more than half the daily energy requirement. Also if we add the energy from the other meals of the day, the total energy content is triggered and lead to obesity.
2. Raising the level of cholesterol in the blood Saturated fats and cholesterol are abundant in these products due to egg-based sauces, butter, cream, butter and other fatty ingredients used in its preparation, and coconut and palm oils used in frying.
3. Difficult digestion In most cases are fried foods, breaded or batter, as are enriched in fat, which is further heated indigestible.4. Alteration of taste In general, these products contain more salt than those prepared at home. In addition, to achieve the desired effect with the smell, color, flavor and texture have preservatives, dyes etc. These dishes often include strong spices or additives that enhance the taste and stimulate the appetite and, over time, alter the perception of taste and habit-forming.
5. Addiction Researchers say that food with high fat and sugar can cause biochemical changes in the brain similar to those that cause some drugs such as snuff, heroin and cocaine. Once hooked on junk food, scientists say, many people are unable to return to a balanced diet and, in many cases, suffer from obesity problems. A survey of neurologists Ann Kelley and Matthew Hill, University of Wisconsin, explains the changes that occur in different diets brains. Their conclusions are that a diet that includes high amounts of fat causes neurological symptoms similar to those that are addicted to hard drugs.
HEALTHY TIPS1. BREAKFAST Make a strong and varied breakfast is essential to our health and our physical and intellectual performance along all morning. After overnight fasting, many hours without eating, you have to eat varied and plentiful. We breakfast at our pleasure: from the Anglo- Saxon style breakfast (eggs, beans, bacon, butter, milk or tea, juice) but the bacon would be better without it, the most common in Spain and very complete (juice, milk, toast , olive oil, cereals).
The important thing is to eat at breakfast a significant amount of carbohydrates that will give us energy. Finally, add that with plenty of breakfast food will reach the less hungry, so we also help prevent weight gain.
2. DINNER Starting at 7 pm our metabolism slows down. Our bodies are governed by an internal clock, in which there are moments of peak performance and activity, and other rest of its energy. In traditional Chinese medicine, is 7:00 to 21:00, the time zone in which the stomach is at a minimum energy, this is the reason why you may feel the need to eat some food, and this is the time most balanced and healthy for dinner, because the digestive system needs to receive food for balance. In addition to dinner moderately early dinner ensures better digestion and assimilation of food, avoiding overloading the liver, bloating and flatulence and suffer sleep disorders.
EXERCISE Physical exercise regularly and moderately is very beneficial for our body and our mind.
It has demonstrated its importance to weight control, cholesterol reduction, proper maintenance of blood glucose, decreased risk of coronary heart disease and sudden death, and is being studied which can exert positive influence on organic diseases such as diabetes, osteoporosis, hypertension, alcoholism, s moking, and mental illnesses such as depression, anxiety, psychosis, mental retardation, etc ...
It is best to do 3 or 4 hours per week of exercise.
TIPS ON HEALTHY EATING AND EXERCISE1. Eat a varied and balanced diet. That is, eat everything (bread, rice, potatoes, fruit , vegetable...).2. Do five meals a day: breakfast, mid morning, lunch, snack and dinner. That way you avoid snacking between meals and reduces the risk of getting fat.
3. Carbohydrates(legume, bread...)"no fat“.4. A rich diet in milkproducts is key topreventing osteoporosis.5. Do not listen to faddiets and dietary adviceyou hear from non-specialists. You shouldalways advice for adetitian or a doctor.6. Physical exerciseevery day, at least anhour.
7. Choose the most appropriate physical activity toyour age, physical condition and environment. It isbetter for your health to be exhausted at the end ofphysical activity. It can even be dangerous.8. The regular practice of physical exercise such aswalking, jogging, helps prevent muscleatrophy, weight gain and osteoporosis.
9. Do physical exercisewhen you aren´t sick.If it´s hot this exerciseshould be with moremoderation and choosecooler times of day.10. Regular physicalexercise and healthyeating are cornerstones inthe prevention andtreatment of diseases suchas obesity, diabetestypes 2, cardiovasculardiseases andosteoporosis.
CONCLUSION Regular consumption of foods rich in saturated fats such as fast food causes a greater tendency towards overweight and even to obesity, causing serious damage to our health. Obesity is not only a disease but affects the appearance of many others: diabetes, hypertension, gout, cardiovascular disorders, arthritis, etc…
MOVIE Heres a film by Spulock Morgan, director and starring of "Super Size Me" (Year 2004), where he spent a month eating, and fattening in McDonalds establishments. And in this entertaining film of epic portions, shows the horrific consequences.
`SUPER ZISE ME´ Spurlock hit the road and interviewed experts in twenty U.S. cities, Houston is also the most obese city in America (now Detroit). Directors of public health, gym teachers, cooks, children, governors, legislators, presented their research, opinions and gut reactions aroused in them a steady increase in body volume of the American people. Finally, Spurlock embarked on an experiment of exceptional characteristics: tested firsthand the effects of fast food on the human body. For thirty consecutive days, Spurlock was fed based on Cheeseburgers, Bic Macs and McNuggets, subsisting exclusively on McDonalds menu items.
Due to consumption of fried and high-sodium foods increased their levels of cholesterol and sodium, and what began as a fun experiment and casual became a serious problem for the hitherto enviable health status of Morgan Spurlock. In this maelstrom food one month accompanied by a series of insightful and candid interviews with top doctors and health professionals with advertising and marketing executives with American teenagers.