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Almería ´s guide


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A Complete guide of Almeria City where you will find infromation about places to visit, to teast the traditional spanish food, places to sleep...

A Complete guide of Almeria City where you will find infromation about places to visit, to teast the traditional spanish food, places to sleep...

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  • 1. almería in your pocket
  • 2. 2
  • 3. Located in the southeast of Spain and looking out to the Mediterranean Sea.Clear skies, innumerable beaches and an exceptional gastronomy. Importantnatural reserves and an incredible archaeological patrimony. An open Cityand a meeting point between Western and Eastern cultures.A City full of sunlight. 3Welcome to Almeria
  • 4. 4
  • 5. almería in your pocketAA > index pg. 7 Prepare the visit Information 7 How to get around 8 When to visit 8 Guided tours 9 Emergency Info 9 Shopping hours 11 Credit cards 11 Health services 11 How to get to Almeria 12 How to get around 12 Where to stay 13 5 pg. 17 Enjoy the city Art and culture 21 Nature 58 El Toyo 61 Beaches 62 Beauty and health 63 Gastronomy 64 Where to eat 66 Fiestas, traditions & events 71 Main Events 72 Sports 72 pg. 75 Discover the surroundings pg. 79 Maps
  • 6. 6 > Close up of Almeria’s Flag
  • 7. AA Prepare the visitBAInformationArea 296,21 Km2Currency Euro 7Population 186.651 inhabitants (INE 2007)Oficial language SpanishClimate Average yearly temperature 18.7 º CFrom major cities Madrid 544 Km Sevilla 415 Km Granada 166 Km EUROPE SPAIN ANDALUSIA
  • 8. > Telephone code BA How to get around Phoning to Spain: Getting around in Almeria is very easy. The Old 00 34 + local phone number All calls to Almeria begin with the code 950. Quarter and the different neighbourhoods are all in walking distance. To reach areas that are out > Tourism offices of walking distance, public transport is recom- City Council Tourism Office mended. 1, Constitución Square, 04001 Almeria. Tel.: +34 950 210 538 – +34 950 280 748 Open: Monday – Friday: from 9 am - 2 pm and 4 pm -7pm - Saturdays, Sundays and holidays: BA When to visit from 9 am -2 pm With more than 3,000 hours of sunlight per year The City Tourism Board also has several informa- and an average temperature of 18.7ºC, Almeria tion points situated in different areas in Almeria: has one of the most privileged climates in the the Intermodal Station (bus and train), the Beach Promenade and in the Toyo neighbourhood. Iberian Peninsula. This makes Almeria an ideal all year round destination. Our original and ex- The Junta de Andalucia Tourism act slogan explains this to our visitors “Almeria,8 Office (Andalusian Government) Nicolas Salmerón Park, corner with Martinez where the Sun holidays in Winter”. Campos Street, 04002 Almeria Tel.: 950 175 220 Open: Monday-Friday: 9 am - 7:30 pm Saturday, Sunday and holidays: 9:30 am to 3 pm (in Summer: 10 am - 2 pm) Patronato Provincial de Turismo de Almería (Provincial Tourism Board of Almeria) Bendicho Square, 04011 Almeria. Tel.: +34 950 881 178 Open: Monday-Friday: 9 am - 2 pm Almeria Airport Nijar Road, Kilometre 9, 04130 Almeria. Tel.: +34 950 292 918 > Palm trees on the City’s Paseo Marítimo (sea promenade).
  • 9. BA Guided tours Indalcongress 35, Mediterráneo Avenue, 04007 Almeria. Tel.: 950 15 17 24The size of the Old Quarter and the nearby neigh- www.indalcongress.combourhoods makes them ideal to be visited on indalcongress@indalcongress.comfoot. The sightseeing train is another interesting Meditecon 2002way to get to know the City. 16, Hernán Cortés Street, 04003 Almeria. Tel.: 950 25 61 31 > Guided Tours - isabel@meditecon.comGuided Tours are the best way to get to know Mundicongressthe natural and cultural patrimony of the City 6, Doctor Gómez Ulla, Street, 04001 Almeria.throughout the year. The variety of itineraries Tel.: 950 24 30 77 www.mundicongress.comwill take the visitors to discover all the charms direccion@viajessolar.comhidden in the streets, squares and in the uniquesites of the City. P&S Congresos 13, Doctor Gregorio Marañón Street, 6th FloorInformation: Tourism office 950 210 538 Apt. 1, 04005 Almeria. - Tel.: 950 62 26 96 > siGhT-seeinG Train info@pscongresos.comItinerary through the Old Quarter and the Port 9 Thema Azafatasof Almeria. 55, Altamira Street, Ground floor, Information: Tourism Office: 950 210 538 04005 Almeria. - Tel.: 950 255 941 www.thema-azafatas.esStarting point Emilio Pérez Square, next to Cir- info@thema-azafatas.escular Square.Saturdays and Sundays. Mornings: 11 am, 12am and 13 pm. Afternoons: 5 pm, 6 pm and 7pm. (July y August: 6 pm, 7pm y 8 pm)ACCESSIBLE FOR DISABLED PEOPLE BA Emergency Info > Tourism services companies emergency telephone numbers Emergency telephone number: ............................112Congresur 2001 Ambulances: ...........................................950 268 9944, Santos Zárate Street, 1st floor apt. 4, Firedepartment: ............................ 950 271 534 / 08004004 Almeria. - Tel.: 950 08 92 Seaman’s home: ......................................950 235 Red Cross: ................................................950 257 166 Police Station: .........................................950 623 040Contraportada Health emergencies: ............................................06140, Montserrat Avenue, 1st Stairway, 2nd floor, Guardia Civil: ................................. 950 256 122 / 062Apt. B, 04006 Almeria. - Tel.: 950 24 23 47 Guardia Civil (traffic): ..............................950 256 Policía Nacional (urban police force) : ......950 238 Local Police Force: ....................................950 621 206
  • 10. Guided tours organized by the AA Tourism Board of the City of Almeria > MOORISH ALMERIA » Catholic Kings in Almeria » The Medina. X Century Almeria » The History of Los Coloraos » San Cristobal Hill. XI Century Almeria » Saint Valentines in Almeria » The Alcazaba » Legends and Traditions of Almeria » The Sea front.The Port » That Almeria > CHRISTIAN ALMERIA > THEATRICALLY REPRESENTED VISITS IN » Temples in Almeria SUMMER (JULY AND AUGUST) » Barroque Legacy in Almeria » Almeria and Los Coloraos > ALMERIA THROUGH THE CENTURIES: » Moorish Almeria. X Century CENTURIES XVIII-XIX » Moorish Almeria. XI Century » Stately and bourgeois Almeria » Catholic Kings in Almeria » The Iron Mining Boom » That Almeria (XIX Century and beginning of » Eliminating the Walls: Modern Era Almeria XX Century) > XX CENTURY ALMERIA » Almeria bourgeois10 » The City of Guillermo Langle. The Civil War bomb shelters > CABO DE GATA > THE MILLARES > DISTINGUISHED PEOPLE OF ALMERIA > TAPAS SAFARI > BULLFIGHTING TRADITION. BULLRING > SPECIAL DATES TO VISIT » Summer Evening Visits (July and August) » Torregarcia Celebration in honour of La Virgen del Mar (Our Lady of the Sea) » Holy Week in Almeria » May Holy Crosses » The Sea and the Tradition of the Saint John bonfires » Almeria’s Fair > THEATRICALLY REPRESENTED VISITS » Films made in Almeria » Medieval Almeria > Image taken from a Holy Week Procession.
  • 11. civil protection BA Health servicesLocal Government: ..................................950 210 000Government Delegation: .........................950 01 0100 Red Cross Hospital (public hospital)Civil Government: ....................................950 759 000 196, Ronda Road.Government Subdelegation: ...................950 759 000 Tel.: 950 017 400 / 950 222 222Sea Rescue Service: .................................950 271 726 950 275 477 Hospital  Provincial (public hospital) San Luis Square. Tel.: 950 017 600BA Shopping hours Hospital Torrecárdenas (public hospital) Torrecárdenas Paraje.Shopping hours begin between 9.30 am and Tel.: 950 016 00010 am and close at 20:30 am, with a break atlunch time. The big supermarkets usually close Hospital Virgen del Mar (private hospital)between 9 pm and 10 pm and do not close Virgen del Mar Square.throughout the day. Tel.: 950 290 099 / 950 217 100Banks usually open between 8 am and 8:30 am Clínica Mediterráneo (private clinic)and close between 1:30 pm and 2 pm. Nueva Musa Street. Tel.: 950 621 631 11 Urgencias Bola Azul (public urgencyBA Credit cards service)emergency telephone numbers Ronda Road. Tel.: 950 017 206 / 950 017 2074B ............................................................902 114 400American Express .................................... 902 375 637Diners Club ...............................................902 401 112Mastercard ...............................................900 971 231Tarjeta 6000 .............................................902 203 000Visa ..........................................................900 991 124Credit Card Protection Service ..................914 531 470> View of La Rambla.
  • 12. BA How to get to Almeria BA How to get around Inside the City, moving around is easy, the distances > By plane are short and there is a great public transport The City is only a few minutes away from the service. Almeria International Airport which is connected > By Bus to various Spanish and European destinations by Surbús regular and charter flights. Tel.: 950 62 47 35 Almeria Airport - Nijar Road, Kilometre 9, 04130 Almeria. Tel.: 950 21 37 00 > cyclinG The following streets and promenades have bi- cycle lanes so you may ride through the City or > By Train and coach admire the coast: Federico García Lorca Rambla, The Intermodal Station (trains and buses) con- Amatisteros Rambla, Nicolás Salmerón Park, the nects the City of Almeria with all the towns and Sea Promenade, Ribera Path to the University, La cities of the Province and to different cities in Cañada to the University and the Boticario Park.12 Spain and Europe. > Taxis Intermodal Station 6, Estación Square, 04006 Almeria. Tele Taxi Tel.: 950 26 20 98 Tel.: 950 25 11 11 Radio Taxi > By car Tel.: 950 22 61 61 By car, Almeria is accessible on the Mediterra- > car renTal companies nean coast by the A-7 and with the rest of Anda- Atesa lusia by the A-92. 141, Nuestra Señora de Montserrat Avenue. 950 252 275 / Fax: 950 275 672 > By ship Airport: Nijar Road, kilometre 9, Almeria. 950 761 002 / Fax: 950 213 745 The Port of Almeria is an important fishing port, export terminal and passenger hub, apart from Telefurgo (van rentals) being port of call for many cruise ships that sail Tel. 902 889 943 - on the Mediterranean Sea. Almericar The Almeria Port Authority 17, Rueda López Street - Tel.: 950 234 966 Muelle de Levante Street, 04071 Almeria. Tel.: 950 23 60 33 Record Rent a Car S.A La Mezquita Industrial Estate - warehouses 4 and 5. Tel.: 950 273 575 -
  • 13. BA Where to stay > hoTels 4* AC Almería 5, Flores Square, 04001 Almeria. Tel.: 950 23 49 99 - Alcazaba Mar Juegos de Argel Street El Toyo Urbanisation. 04131 Retamar (Almeria). Tel.: 950 20 91 60 Barceló Cabo de Gata El Toyo Promenade, El Toyo Urbanisation.> The Intermodal Station Façade. 04131 Retamar (Almeria). Tel.: 950 18 42 50 - Cabogata Garden Juegos de Casablanca Avenue,Alva Rent a Car El Toyo Urbanisation, 04131 Retamar (Almería)22, Alfareros Rambla, 04003. Tel.: 950 01 07 50 - www.gardenhotels.comTel.: 950 237 747 - cabogata@gardenhotels.comFualsa 13Tel.: 902 666 333 - Cabo de Gata Mar Garden Juegos de Casablanca Avenue,Mapfre El Toyo Urbanisation, 04131 Retamar (Almería)Tel.: 902 448 844 Tel.: 950 01 79 50 / 950 18 16 www.gardenhotels.comAvis indalia@gardenhotels.comAlmeria. Intermodal Station – Establishment 9. Cabogata Plaza SuitesTel.: 950 621 712 - Juegos de Argel Street, El Toyo Urbanisation.Autos Casado S.L 04131 Retamar (Almeria). - Tel.: 950 00 12 0013, Pío Baroja Street, Ground floor. - cabogata@zthotels.comTel.: 950 454 153 - CatedralViajes París 8, La Catedral Square, 04002 Almeria.1, Puerta del Mar Street, 04002 Almeria. Tel.: 950 27 81 78Tel.: 950 620 575 - www.hotelcatedral.netServirent & Servibus reservas@hotelcatedral.net8, Avión Street, 04009 Almeria. Citymar Gran Hotel AlmeríaTel.: 950 278 118 8, Reina Regente Avenue, 04001 Almeria.Rent a Car Tel.: 950 23 80 11 - www.citymar.com26, Horno Street, 04005 Almeria. reservas.gha@grupocitymar.comTel.: 950 270 327 Elba AlmeríaClásicos RB Mediterráneo Avenue, 04009 Almeria.55, Altamira Street, 04005 Almeria. Tel.: 950 14 53 90 - www.hoteleselba.comTel.: 649 101 773
  • 14. Husa Gran Fama Costasol Mediterráneo Avenue, 04006 Almeria. 58, Paseo de Almeria, 04001 Almeria. Tel.: 950 14 50 39 Tel.: 950 23 40 11 - Nh Ciudad de Almería recepción@hotelcostasol.com14 Jardín de Medina Street, 04006 Almeria. Torreluz Tel.: 950 18 25 00 3, Flores Square, 04001 Almeria. Tel.: 950 23 43 99 - Plaza Vieja Hotel & Lounge > Hotels 2* 4, Constitution Square. 04003 Almería Tel.: 950 28 20 96 Blanca Brisa - 49, Las Jóricas Street, 04150 Cabo de Gata (Almeria).- Tel: 950 37 00 01 Tryp Indalo 310, Mediterráneo Avenue, 04009 Almeria. Tel.: 950 18 34 00 - Complejo de Servicios El 21 Almeria-Murcia Highway, exit 471. Vincci Mediterráneo 04130 Almería - Tel.: 950 20 74 20 281, Mediterráneo Avenue, 04009 Almeria. Tel.: 950 62 42 72 Embajador 4, Calzada de Castro Street, 04006 Almeria. Tel.: 950 25 55 11 > Hotels 3* Citymar Indálico 4, Dolores Rodríguez Sopeña Street. La Perla HR 04004 Almeria. - Tel.: 950 23 11 11 7, Carmen Square, 04003 Almeria. Tel.: 950 23 88 77 -
  • 15. Las Salinas Hostal Las DunasAlmadraba de Monteleva Street. 58, Barrio Nuevo Street.04150 Cabo de Gata (Almeria). - Tel.: 950 37 01 03 04150 Cabo de Gata (Almeria) - Tel.: 950 37 00 - Hostal Manolo CruzLos Arcos Botica Retamar Promenade.157, Nijar Road, 157, 04130 El Alquián (Almeria).Tel.: 950 29 76 03 - 04131 Retamar (Almería) Tel.: 950 20 74 03Sol Almería193, Ronda Road, 04006 Almeria. TorrecárdenasTel.: 950 27 18 11 13, Teruel Street. 04009 Almerí - Tel.: 950 14 27 06Torreluz II www.pensiontorrecardenas.com6, Flores Square, 04001 Almeria. pensiontorrecardenas@hotmail.comTel.: 950 23 43 99 - 3, Iglesia Street, 04150 Cabo de Gata (Almeria). > Hotels 1* Tel.: 950 37 01 02 - www.barnavas.comSevilla > -apartHotels25, Granada Street, 04003 Almeria.Tel.: 950 23 00 09 Apartahoteles 6, Flores Square, Building, 04001 Almeria. Tel.: 950 23 43 99 - > Hostals 2*Delfín Verde > YoutH Hostals2, García Cañas Street, 04007 Almeria. Almería Youth HostalTel.: 950 26 79 27 Isla de Fuenteventura Street, 04007 Almeria. > Hostals 1* Tel.: 950 17 51 36 almeria.itj@juntadeandalucia.esMaribel153, Federico Garcia Lorca Avenue. > CampinGs04005 Almería - Tel.: 950 23 51 - Camping Cabo de Gata Cabo de Gata Road.Nixar 04150 Cabo de Gata (Almería)24, Antonio Vico Street, 04003 Almeria. Tel.: 950 16 04 43Tel.: 950 23 72 55 - > GuestHouses info@campingcabodegata.comAmericano Camping La Garrofa6, Estación Avenue, 04005 Almeria. National Road N.340, kilometre 435.Tel.: 950258011 - 04002 Almería. Tel.: 950 23 57 70Estación www.lagarrofa.com37, Calzada de Castro Street, 04006 Almeria. info@lagarrofa.comTel.: 950 26 72
  • 16. 16 > Panoramic view of the Alcazaba from the Fishing Port.
  • 17. > San Cristóbal Hill.AA Enjoy the cityAlmeria has an extensive legacy of monuments Arts and Crafts School, the Bullring, the Central 17inherited from the succession of cultures and the Market, the Train Station and especially the Min-riches of its history. eral Loading Pier.From Moorish times: in the X Century, the Al- The Bomb Shelters, restored in 2006, are an-cazaba and the remains of the Main Mosque other interesting visit. The Shelters are an under-(today’s San Juan Church); in the XI Century, the ground gallery system, built to protect the civil-City reached its maximum splendour of which ian population from raids during the Civil War.the Aljibes (water cisterns) and the Jairan Wallbuilt from the Alcazaba to Cerro San Cristobal(Hill behind the Alcazaba) are the most impor-tant remains.From Christian times, the Cathedral Fortress, theChurches of Santiago, San Pedro , San Sebastian,the Convent Church of Las Puras and the ConventChurch of Las Claras among other temples.The City of Almeria, after a rich Moorish period,will not recuperate its splendour until the XVIIICentury, reaching its maximum development atthe end of the XIX Century. From this time, the
  • 18. Weekend AA itinerary poamor Street opposite to the XiX Century Friday Palace of Los Marqueses de Cabra, present History archive of the City. Continuing up > Morning arréaz Street, you will arrive at the rear Façade of the Town Council Building and to the Ad- The Cathedral Fortress ministration Vieja Square where the UNEd in the Cathedral Square, the Portal of the re- (Spanish Open University) is located in the for- naissance Cathedral Fortress can be admired mer XiX Century Las Puras School and inside as well as the Façade of the Episcopal Palace the Plaza Vieja (Constitution Square) where opposite the Cathedral. The Cathedral is only the Town Council is located, we have the Mo- open during Mass. The entrance for guided nument to Los Coloraos (The reds). tours inside the Cathedral is at a lateral street Continuing to the City centre through Mariana named after the great painter, Velazquez Street, we arrive at the emblematic Tiendas Street. Street and finally to the XVi Century Santia- Before beginning the tour of the Cathedral, go Church (Temple in honour of Saint Geor- our advice is to go to the corner of the Cathe- ge). There is a pedestrian street full of bars dral with Cubo Street to admire the emblem of next to the Temple where we can find the Xi the City of almeria the “Sol de Portocarrero”. Century Aljibes de Jairán (water cisterns). We continue on to the Paseo de Almeria and18 Leaving the Cathedral by the lateral door at then turn left to Puerta de Purchena, what Velazquez Street, turn right and go up the could be considered as the real City centre. street, at the end of which you will be able to in this Square, we can admire La Casa de las contemplate the lateral Portal of “Los Perdo- Mariposas, el Cañillo del Agua, the Statue nes” (the forgiveness) and continue to the XVi of Nicolas Salmeron y Alonso and we can Century Las Puras (Religious Order) Church also visit the Civil War Bomb Shelters ( Manuel and Convent with its Mudejar (pertaining to Perez Garcia Square). Moors in Christian land) Tower situated on a typical street of Moorish descent crowned by Now, we take Granada Street with an interes- the sight of the alcazaba overhead. ting variety of shops to Vilches Street, where we can promenade through the market and Strolling up Jose angel Valente Street, where admire the Bullring (polygonal base with 20 the poet’s house is located, we arrive at Cam- sides built in 1888, very lively during the Fair of almeria in august) To eat, you can visit the restaurants and tapa bars between La rambla and El Paseo, the Sea Promenade and the Zapillo neighbourhood. > afternoon:             The Archaeological Museum located at ron- da road will take you through the history of almeria from prehistoric settlements (argar and Los Millares) to roman and Moorish ti- mes. after the visit, we can walk down ronda > Sight-seeing train takes you to the most emblematic corners of the City.
  • 19. > El Toyo Sea Balcony. play golf or enjoy a spa. Taking the coastal road towards Murcia, we enter the Natural Park Cabo de Gata (de- clared Costal and Land Natural Park and Bios- phere reserve by the UNESCO). you must see and visit Las Salinas, the beach and the Bird Observation Centre with more than 80 spe- cies including flamencos. To eat, you can reserve a paella in the fisherman’s neighbourhood of San Miguel de Cabo de Gata and enjoy beautiful fresh fish at the Salinas Beach, La Fabriquilla or at La alma- draba de Moneleva. > afternoon:road to the Centro de arte Museo de almeria Shopping in XIX Century Almeria(almeria’s modern art museum), where tem-porary exhibitions are held. The Museum is you can go shopping in the City Centre and at 19next to a building built in 1927, which is an the same time get to know some of almeria’sinteresting example of bourgeois architecture. past. Walking down El Paseo at the interSec-Opposite the Museum and the bourgeois Buil- tion with the pedestrian aguilar de Campooding, lies the Train Station built in 1893 as a Street, you can see the Main Façade of thegreat example of iron architecture. XiX Century Central Market, an example of iron architecture. Proceeding down El Paseo, we arrive at Navarro rodrigo Street, where the> Evening: Palacio de la Diputacion (Provincial Govern-dinner with a flamenco flair at Peña Fla- ment Building) is located. This Palace enclosesmenca El Morato (typical cave at Morato a splendid Patio de Luces (interior patio) whereStreet, Tel.: 675 525 460) or Peña El Taranto temporary art exhibitions take place. Following(aljibe de Jairan at Tenor iribarne Street, 20 Navarro rodrigo Street, we arrive at ObispoTel.: 950 235 460). Orberá rambla where the 1855 Compañía de Maria Convent is located. We take Obispo Orbera towards the Federico SaTUrday Garcia Lorca Rambla an extensive park full of ponds, fountains and garden areas. Now we promenade down towards the sea to the Pla-> Morning za de las Velas (Sails Square) where the Es-discover the Sun of almeria at El Toyo and tatua de la Caridad (Charity Statue 1897) isRetamar (highway in direction to Murcia). El located and on the opposite side of the streetToyo was built for the 2005 Mediterranean is the unique Casa de Gonzalez MontoyaGames celebrated in almeria. The area has (1928) also known as La Casa Montañesgreat areas to promenade or to relax; you can (“Mountain Chalet” pertaining to an archi-
  • 20. > Spanish Civil War Bomb Shelter. tectural style from northern Spain). Now we na Street, you will come upon the Sanctuary finally arrive at the Nicolas Salmeron Park from of La Virgen del Mar (temple devoted to the where we can contemplate the Cable ingles (li- Our Lady of the Seas), where the image of the20 terally known as the English cable, the mineral Virgen, a Xiii-XiV Century Sculpture is kept. at Loading Pier built in 1904). The Cable ingles is the end of Gravina Street, we meet real Street linked to the Train Station through a railway and turn down towards the Port where we bridge all the way to the almadrabillas beach. arrive at Fuente de los Peces (the fish foun- tain) at the Nicolas Salmeron Park. Turning right up to the end of San Luis Promenade, > Evening: you will arrive at La reina Promenade, follow dining out and enjoying the night life: restau- the street all the way up to almanzor Street rants and bars in the centre of Town (between and you will finally arrive at the foot of the al- Paseo de almeria and Garcia Lorca rambla). cazaba which is located on the hill dominating the Medina. To eat: Nicolas Salmeron Park, the Marina and SUNday the beach promenade. > Morning: > afternoon: an inexcusable visit is to the Civil War Bomb To have a coffee, we recommend the Paseo Shelters located at Puerta Purchena at Manuel de almeria- La rambla area and the Sea Pro- Perez Garcia Square. Bomb resistant subterra- menade. nean galleries which conservation, dimensions Visit to the City beaches and importance make them unique in Spain Booking: 950 268 696 > Evening: Leaving the Shelters at Pablo Cazard Street, Going for a walk and having dinner on the you will find the Arts Crafts School with a beach promenade or at the Old Quarter. XViii Century Cloister. Continuing down Gravi-
  • 21. BA Art and culture > moorish almeria The Alcazaba > a BiT of hisTory The Alcazaba has 1,430 metres of walled pe-During the Moorish period, Almeria reached its rimetre; it is the second biggest Moorish con-maximum splendour, especially during the XI-XII struction after the Alhambra. In the X Century,Centuries, after the fall the Caliphate of Cordoba, Abderraman III ordered the Fortress to be builtbecoming a very populated and civilized area. after founding the City. The Fortress is structuredFrom this period, the Alcazaba is the most im- in three enclosures, the first two Moorish and theportant legacy that has endured till today. last one Christian. Works on the Christian enclo-After the fall of the City to the Catholic Kings on sure began after the Catholic Kings conqueredDecember 26 1489, Almeria fell into centuries the City in 1489.of decline. Only in the XVIII Century did Almeria The Fortress is located on a hill overlooking thebegin to prosper once again and especially at the primitive urban nucleus, la Medina. In the Firstmiddle and end of the XIX Century, as it had in Enclosure of today’s Alcazaba, there is an exten-Moorish times, due to the mining business and sive garden area and Moorish Aljibes.the cultivation of grapes which made the bour-geoisie prosper. The Great XI Century Palace of King Almotacín 21 is located in the Second Enclosure. This areaToday, Almeria has a firm economy based on was made up of a public area, where today, youtourism and agriculture (extensive greenhouse- can find Aljibes (water cisterns) from the Cali-horticulture production). phate period, a Christian arch which belonged to the residence of the first Christian governor, two reconstructed buildings, the Mudejar style > Gate to the Alcazaba.
  • 22. Al-mariyat AA Bayyana There are remains of human settlements, caiceria (silk market), the atarazanas (ship- as far back as the Bronze age, on the hill yards) and the Zoco (market) stood. overlooking almeria where the alcazaba is al-Hawd and La Musalla were the religious located. Before roman times, there are re- and commercial neighbourhoods made up mains of Phonetician origin. From roman of independent nucleus separated by origin, times, there are many ceramic remains from creed and trade. in the years 1009-10, the the i Century to more elaborated pieces of Cordoba Caliphate Civil War began which fine pottery from late roman Era (V and Vi resulted in almeria becoming an indepen- Centuries). This means that there were sett- dent and thriving Taifas Kingdom. Jairan, lements around the bay of almeria, which at the death of Hixem ii of Cordoba, sieged depended on an interior urban nucleus (Urci) and took the City and almeria seceded from and served as its natural port before the City Cordoba (the Caliphate disintegrated) thus was founded in 955. We can see remains creating one of the Kingdoms of Taifa. Jai- from this period in many parts of the City. ran reinforced and extended the Walls of The first reliable news referred to almeria go the City. almotacin (one of the successors of back to the iX Century, in which abd al-rah- Jairan) surrounded himself with writers and man commissions a group of yemmenies to poets in a small court of scholars. defend the coast to impede Normand raids. in the Xi Century, almeria was the most im-22 Together with the indigenous population, portant international port in al-andalus. Silk a republic of sailors was formed in Pechina of excellent quality and different varieties (small village in the north of the City) which was the most exported product. almeria was thrived on commerce, especially with the famous for its textiles and for having many North of africa. Pechina grew and acquired textile workshops. despite its splendour, al- the characteristics of a true city which was meria was not able to withstand the siege named Bayyana and almeria was just a coas- of the almoravides (orthodox Muslims, origi- tal neighbourhood inhabited by fishermen nating from the Sahara-Mauritania area) and and merchants with a defensive tower to later on, the Christian kingdoms attracted by control the bay. the economic development invaded the City The defensive tower was situated on the in 1147 under alfonso Vii. in 1157, the al- highest point of the hill where the alcazaba mohades (orthodox Muslims from the North stands today, exactly in the third enclosure. of Morocco) conquered the City back into The Tower gives name to the City, al-mariyat Moorish hands; these ten years of Christian Bayyana the Tower of Pechina. after defea- domination produced an important econo- ting a Mozarabe (Christians of roman and mic downturn. Visigoth descent) uprising, abd al- rahman in the Xiii Century, after the almohades, the iii (912-961), moved the Capital from Pe- Nazaries period began. The Nazari dynasty china to the area surrounding the Tower (last Moorish dynasty in the Peninsula) cha- of Pechina and thus founded the City. The racterized itself by continuous internal dispu- Main Mosque was built and a wall was erec- tes in which almeria was involved. Finally du- ted linked to the Tower. The City was formed ring the 1488 and 1489 campaigns, almeria around a walled urban nucleus, La Medina, falls under Castilian dominance. where the Main Mosque or aljama, the al-
  • 23. > The Christian Enclosure in the Alcazaba. 23chapel devoted to San Juan, public rest-rooms, with three characteristic towers: La del Homena-among other facilities. The House of Government je (of the homage), La Noria (waterwheel) andor Palace reception area was also located in the La Polvora (gun powder).central part of the Enclosure. The private quar- Almanzor Street, 04002 Almeria. Tel.: 950 175 500ters of King’s Almotacin’s Palace were located at Open: 1 November to 31 March, Tuesdays to Sun-the top part of the Enclosure nearest to the Third days, 9 pm to 6:30 pm; 1 April to 31 October 9 pmEnclosure. The only Remains of the Palace are the to 8:30 pm; Closed: 25 December and 1 January.private baths and the only wall to be standing is Musalla Neighbourhoodthe so called Mirador or Ventana de la Odalisca When the Cordoba Caliphate disintegrated, Al-(observation point or window to the harem). meria became an independent Taifa. A periodThis Window contains a curious legend referring of important demographic and economic deve-to a love story between a Christian prisoner and lopment followed due to the Cordoba Civil War,the Kings favourite concubine. which provoked a huge amount of population toFinally, the last Enclosure began to be built un- come to Almeria from Pechina in search of pro-der the Catholic Kings after conquering the City. tection. There were also a great number of trave-The Third Enclosure is a Christian castle inside a llers passing by Almeria; at that time, there wereMoorish fortress. It is made up of a big courtyard more than 1,000 lodging houses in the Aljibe
  • 24. neighbourhood (Al-Hawd), today’s Pescaderia- continued through Obispo Orbera Street to Javier La Chanca. Sanz Street and then to La Rambla towards the The rapid growth of the population made the sea. The other Wall began in the fortress bulwark newcomers build their homes outside the Walls, and went down Reina Street and divided the therefore the Kings Jairan and Zuhayr expanded Medina from la Musalla. the Walls to the east to envelop the settlements The Musalla was the main market place; it in- and in this way, create the Musalla neighbour- cluded today’s Plaza Vieja, that was an area hood (the oratory). full of bazars and taverns. The most important streets were Real Street of Pechina (afterwards These Walls named after Jairan, begin in the First called Lenceria Street and today’s Las Tiendas Enclosure, go through the Hoya ravine to the San Street), Mar Street (today’s Real Street), both Cristobal hill (this part of the Wall continues were very important commercial areas. intact). From here, the Wall descends to Anto- nio Vico Street and Carmen to Puerta Purchena Square (before called Pechina), then the Wall > Jayran Wall.24
  • 25. > La Medina, at the foot of the Alcazaba. 25Jairan Wall and San Cristobal Hill Mediterranean Sea was built in the XX CenturyFrom the Alcazaba descends the Wall towards (around 1930) and restored in the year 2000.the North across the Hoya ravine, this Wall con-tinues to the San Cristobal Hill. This part of the The Almeria Wall Interpretation CentreWall was built in the times of Jairan, XI Century The Almeria Wall Interpretation Centre situated(1012-1028). This is what remains of the Musalla on the corner of La Reina Street with NicolasWall that continued down to Antonio Vico Street. Salmeron Park contains remains of the Calipha-On the Hill, known in Moorish times as Monte La- te Wall that date back to the times the City washam there are 7 towers, three Moorish of square founded in the X Century and a fish-salting fac-construction and four Christian of semi-circular tory of Roman times.structure. The Christian towers were built by the Nicolás Salmerón Park corner La Reina Street.Templars who converted it into a fortress-chapel 04002 Almeria - Tel.: 950 250 286 Open Wednesday to Sunday 10h to 14h.after they conquered the City commanded by BUILDING ACCESSIBLE FOR DISABLED PEOPLEAlfonso VII in 1147.This Hill has an incredible view on the City, and La Medinaon its summit, there is an impressive statue of La Medina was the first urban area of the City.the Sacred Heart of Jesus made of marble from Abderraman III Founded the City in 995 (XMacael. The Statue that blesses the City and the Century) and undertook the fortification of the
  • 26. La Medina, and the construction of the Wall to defend the City, as well as the Main Mosque for prayer. The Wall extended from Mar Avenue to La Reina Street, then crossed diagonally from La Imagen Gate (at the beginning of La Reina Street) to La Sortida (Socorro Street), Pechina Path (Real de la Almedina Street) which belonged to the Medina of Caliphate times. Remains of the Wall still exist. Another principal street went along Cruces Ba- jas Street, to Santa Maria Street, to San Anton Street and finally to San Juan Street. The main streets had a minimum width (never exceeding 3m.) and were crossed by smaller narrower and winding streets. These smaller streets divided in smaller dead end alleys (as the one originated in Santa Maria Street).26 This complex organization of streets and alleys left no space for plazas and squares. The com- > Interior view of an Arab Aljibe. mercial quarter, formed by warehouses, markets and bazars was established around the Main Mosque. La Alcaiceria (luxury commercial area) was also situated around the Mosque. Las Ata- time. The Neighbourhood began at Mar Avenue razanas (shipyards) were located at Atarazanas all the way to the Caballar ravine. It was formed Street. They occupied a large area in the south- by fishermen, merchants and sailors of the west- east of the Medina. There were many smaller ern anchorage area. neighbourhoods surrounding La Medina with The Chanca neighbourhood started developing their own Mosque, for example today’s San An- in 1850. Its name means “establishment or fish- ton Chapel was a neighbourhood mosque. ing utensils warehouse”, where the fishermen The Aljibe neighbourhood stored their fishing apparel. This Neighbour- (Al-Hawd) hood was the Jewish quarter, especially near This Neighbourhood, today’s Pescaderia-La San Roque church, till they were expelled by Chanca, was the old Moorish Al-Hawd; it meant the Catholic Kings. Edrisi commented that the “aljibe” (water cistern). The name comes from an neighbourhood was densely inhabited with aljibe that existed in the Neighbourhood at the many baths, shops and taverns.
  • 27. The Chanca has some magnificent viewpoints San Juan Churchover the City: Barranco de Greppi and Cerillo del (previous Main Mosque)Hambre. To reach the two viewpoints, go up Cara The Church was built on the remains of the for-Street and continue up one of the most typical mer Main Mosque of Almeria. The Mosque wasstreets: Hospicio Viejo Street. erected in the X Century; after the Catholic Kings conquered the City in 1489, it was converted intoAljibes Árabes the first Cathedral of the City.(Moorish water cisterns)Almeria in Moorish times did not have running However, after the earthquake in 1522, only thewater in the buildings therefore pillars and foun- primitive structure of the Mosque remained: thetains had to be projected. We have information of wall of the Quibla and the niche of the Mihrab,the waterworks in Almeria thanks to al-Himyari which belonged to the Oratory. The Mihraband al-Udri. According to al-Himyari, Jairan dur- Niche was rediscovered in the 1930s (XX Cen-ing his reign ordered the construction of a water tury) by Leopoldo Torres Balbas after remainingsystem; but al-Udri declared that it was built in hidden since the construction of the San JuanJairan’s successors reign, Zuhayr (1028-1038). In Church. The interior style is XII Century Almohad.any case, the Aljibes are known as Jairan’s. After the destruction of the Mosque, the BishopThe objective facts are that a water system was Portocarrero ordered the Church to be built at 27 the beginning of the XVII Century. During thebuilt from the fountains of the Alhadra to the Spanish Civil War, the Church suffered the con-higher part of the City, Puerta de Pechina (now sequences of the bombings as the Mudejar stylePuerta de Purchena), where in the XI Century roof was destroyed and only the outer walls re-Taifa period, aljibes for public use were put in mained. The Church was left abandoned in theplace. middle of the Old Quarter. In 1979, the ChurchOf the Aljibes built, there are only remains of was rehabilitated in order to celebrate Mass oncethree communicated naves. The Aljibes meas- again.ured 15 X 3.5 metres and were built with solid In 1991, the Church was restored by the Directionbricks and half barrel vault. These water cisterns General de Bienes Culturales de la Consejeria deare located at Tenor Iribarne Street. Medio Ambiente (Cultural and Patrimonial De-The total volume of water the Aljibes could store partment of the Government of Andalusia). Thewas 630,000 litres; this quantity was enough to Quibla and the Mihrab of the original Mosquesupply the City during a long siege. There were were recuperated and the Church received a newalso wells to supply waterwheels and water- roof, replacing the prefabricated roof from theways. 1979 reconstruction.12, Tenor Iribarne Street, 04001 Almeria.Tel.: 950 273 039 The XVII Century Façade of the Church, facingOpen: Monday to Friday 9 am to 2 pm and Satur- Cristo de la Buena Muerte Square, stands out duedays 10 pm to 12:30 am.
  • 28. to its rusticated stone masonry. The Pediment is Puerta de Pechina (Pechina Gate) decorated with the coat of arms of the Bishop Puerta de Pechina was the most important en- Portocarrero by whose initiative the Temple was trance to the City; it was located at Manuel Perez erected. Garcia Square at the beginning of Tiendas Street. General Luque Street, 04002 Almeria. The Entrance was knocked down in 1855 to per- Tel.: 950 220 748 Open: Winter: 18 am to 6:30 am; Summer: 7 pm mit the modern City to expand. 7:30 pm. Calle de las Tiendas (literally: street of shops) Typical street of Moorish heritage, it follows Camino de Pechina and ends at Puerta de Pe- china. > Façade of the Church of San Juan (previously the Main Mosque of the City).28
  • 29. > chrisTian almeria fortress; it had religious and defensive functions to protect the population from barbary pirates.The Cathedral The Main Façade of the Cathedral denotes itsThe Cathedral Square was designed in the XIX defensive characteristic: strong walls and coun-Century and has undergone remodelling sev- terforts. The decoration lies mainly on the Por-eral times, the last one in the year 2000. The XVI tal: the coat of arms of Charles I of Spain and V ofCentury Façade of the Cathedral-Fortress with its Germany and the bishop founder of the Cathe-Renaissance Portal presides the Square. dral, Fray Diego Fernandez de Villalan. The lateralThe construction of the Cathedral began in 1524, Portal, “Los Perdones” on Velazquez Street, is alsoafter the 1522 earthquake destroyed the first Ca- of Renaissance style although the decoration isthedral, situated on the site of the Main Mosque not as the Medina. The prime characteristic of the The interior is of Gothic style with a rectangularTemple lies on the fact that it is a Cathedral- nave; The Sacristan and the masonry work of > The Cathedral of Almeria. 29
  • 30. the Choir are of Renaissance style from the art- (an important local businessman who had ist Juan de Orea. The Retro-choir and the Cloister earned fortune through the mining boom in are XVIII Century Neoclassic. The Cloister is the eastern Almeria) bought the plot and urbanized best example of a Neoclassical cloister in Spain. the Square in 1855. The Square, an ample space The High Altar, modified in the XVII Century, is flanked by straight streets (Castelar and San presided by a Tabernacle decorated as a retable Francisco), became a wealthy residential area with scenes of the life of the Virgen Mary and there and part of the City’s eastern expansion. are two antique XVI engravings of La Anunciacion The San Pedro Church, a magnificent example of and el Calvario de Cristo (the Annunciation and the Neoclassical style in Almeria together with the Torment of Christ) in the middle of the ensemble. Cathedral’s Cloister, was built between XVIII and The most important chapels are situated behind XIX Centuries on the ruins of the XVI San Fran- the High Altar in the Girola: San Indalecio, El Cristo cisco Convent. After the Desamortizacion, the de la Escucha (Christ who listens) and la Virgen de Convent was converted into today’s San Pedro la Piedad (Our Lady of Pity). Diocese. On the High Altar, there is an image of In the Cathedral Plaza opposite the Cathedral San Pedro were previously San Francisco stood. stands the XIX Century Episcopal Palace. The There is a big medallion of Saint Francis of As- Emblem of the City “Sol de Portocarrero” is on sisi and Santo Domingo de Guzman giving each30 the corner of one of the Cathedral’s towers at the other a hug with two angles representing the Calle Cubo which belongs to the Chapel Santo theological virtues of faith, hope and charity. Cristo de la Escucha. The Church conserves an antique XVII Century Catedral Square, 04001 Almeria. Chapel, the only part of the Convent recovered. Tel.: 950 23 48 48. The Main Façade of the Church is very unique, it Open: Monday to Friday 10h to 14h and 16h to 18h. presents a Portal between two twin towers; the MONUMENT ACCESSIBLE FOR DISABLED lateral Portal at Rodrigos Street is not as richly San Pedro Church decorated. The XX Century Tower hanging over The Square was designed in 1848 by order of the Rodrigos Street is of Historical style. San Pedro Square, 04001 Almeria. Civil Governor Eugenio Sartorius with gardens Tel.: 950 230 803 and a roundabout. The name of the Square has Open: Monday to Friday from 12:30 am to 1 pm changed from San Francisco to San Pedro; in 1862 and from 7 pm to 7:30 pm. it was named Isabel II and de la Libertad in 1868. Esclavas del Santísimo Sacramento The San Pedro (or Sartorius as it was named Convent at the middle of the Century) roundabout was The Convent was previously the old XVII Cen- built on the plot of the former Convent of San tury San Pedro el Viejo Church before the 1837 Francisco and its gardens. This land was expro- Mendizabal Desamortización (Mendizabal’s priated from the Spanish Catholic Church by the expropriation of Catholic Church patrimony) Desamortizacion Law of 1835. Ramon Orozco then the Diocese moved to the old San Francisco
  • 31. Convent. At the end of the XIX Century, the Build- Portals: the Main Portal overlooking the Squareing was reformed and inaugurated by the Jesuit and a lateral Portal at Alcalde Muñoz Street. TheOrder at the beginning of the XX Century. After Tower of the Church has a characteristic polygo-being damaged during the Civil War, the Convent nal shape. On the Main Portal, there is a repre-was rebuilt. Today the Building is the closed Con- sentation of the martyrdom of San Sebastianvent of Las Esclavas del Santisimo Sacramento by Ventura Rodriguez and J. Antonio Munar. OnOrder. The last rehabilitation was done by Ra- the sides of the Church there are very powerfulmon de Torres. Its interior transmits peace of counter-fortes, strong walls and a very charac-mind and the ceiling is of a Mudejar style. teristic dome at Murcia Street. The Façade of theSan Pedro Street, 04001 Almeria.                   Church is presided by a lateral tower. San Sebastián Square, 04003 Almeria.San Sebastián Church Tel.: 950 231 195The San Sebastian Square gives the name to Open: Monday to Friday from 10 am to 11 am.the Temple located in the Square. From the XI MONUMENT ACCESSIBLE FOR DISABLEDCentury, the Square was always one of the mostpopular areas of the City and a crossroad to thenorth-east and east of the Province. In Moorish > The San Sebastian Church.times, the Square was on the outskirts of theWall and presided by a mosque which in Chris- 31tian times became the temple of San Sebastian.In the XVIII Century, it was part of the City expan-sion area and became a square. Today, there is asmall Monument erected in honour of the Im-maculate Conception which was restored afterthe 1936 Civil War.The Church standing in the Square was a mosquein Moorish times which became the temple ofSan Sebastian. In the XVII Century, the Diocese ofSan Sebastian de las Huertas was founded; it isnamed after the popular name given to the plotit was founded on “San Sebastian de las Güertas”(“Güertas” local phonetic variation of “Huertas”{plot of land}). The Church was blessed in 1679by the Bishop D. Antonio de Ibarra; his coat ofarms decorates the lateral Portal. The Temple,predominantly Baroque was built between theXVII and XVIII Centuries. The Temple has two
  • 32. Santo Domingo Church, the Sanctuary of La Virgen del Mar (Our Lady of the Sea) The La Virgen del Mar Square, designed in the middle of the XIX Century, is a tranquil spot lo- cated in the Old Quarter. The Square is presided by the Façade of the Sanctuary La Virgen del Mar (Our Lady of the Seas), popularly known as the Temple of the Patron. The Dominican Order is in charge of the Temple which is also known as the Santo Domingo Church. This Order founded Santo Domingo el Real Convent in the XVI Century occupying the land where the School of Arts and Patron’s Sanctu- ary are now located. The XII-XIV Century poly- chromed Image of the Virgen del Mar lies in the interior of the Temple. The Image was found next32 to a Atalaya (defensive tower) on the Torregarcía beach in 1502. The Square is furnished with gardens and foun- > Church of Santo Domingo or “Temple of the Patron”. tains and the bust of Father Vallarin. This Domin- ican Father lived most of his life in Almeria and distinguished himself by his dedication to the re- habilitation of the Sanctuary after the Civil War. Santa María Magdalena Royal Hospital and Chapel The Church, which has two XIX Century Portals, (called the Provincial Hospital) was hugely damaged during the Civil War. The El Hospital Provincial is one of the most antique Sanctuary had to be restored due to a terrible buildings conserved to this day. The Hospital fire. The interior of The Sanctuary is of Baroque was built by the initiative of the Bishop Fray style, decorated by Jesus de Perceval. We must Diego Fernandez de Villalan between the years highlight the Chapel which holds the original 1547 and 1557; Juan de Orea also participated Image of the Patron, Our Lady of the Sea. in the work. At the end of the XVIII Century, the Virgen del Mar Square,   04001 Almeria. ecclesiastical administration of the Hospital was Tel.: 950 237 948 Open: Monday to Sunday from 8 am to 12 am changed to a board of administration controlled and from 6 pm to 9 pm.        by both civilian and ecclesiastical authorities. In MONUMENT ACCESSIBLE FOR DISABLED PEOPLE 1777, the newly constituted Board of Adminis-
  • 33. tration took on some important works on the Compañía de Maríabuilding. The XVI Century Courtyard was redone Church Conventduring the works taken on in the Hospital at the Restauracion Period (Spanish political period be-end of the XVIII Century. tween the end of the 1800s and the beginning of the 1900s) in Almeria meant a new implementa-The Main Façade, overlooking Hospital Street, tion of religious architecture with an importanthas a Neoclassic Portal built in 1778. The Portal number works taken on. Among the buildingis framed between two Jonic Pillars that sustain projects erected, the Compañía de María Churchan Entablature inscribed with the name of the Convent built by initiative of the Diocese PrelateHospital and the date. The Portal is crowned by a Jose Maria Orbera y Canton.balcony with a curved moulding with the RoyalCoat of Arms in its centre. The Ensemble is an The origin of the building was conceived by theexample of the transition between Baroque and Bishop Orbera, he wished to create a school ofNeoclassic Periods. free tuition, in order to do that he asked theHospital Street, 04002 Almeria Town Council for 8,851 metres of land in the Re-Tel.: 619 103 222                 ducto area. Once he was conceded his petition,Open: from Monday to Friday from 10:30 am to13:30 pm. he turned it down as he had found a better plot between Belen Rambla and Pescaderia Prom- 33 > Retable of Santiago Church.
  • 34. enade (today’s Obispo Orbera) which was being Queen, Isabel of Castile died) Teresa Enriquez built at that time. This change of location modi- modified the Governor’s Will by giving the Con- fied substantially the terms of the project as the vent to the Order of Our Lady of the Immaculate previously chosen area at the west of the City Conception (Las Puras). was mainly a workers neighbourhood, therefore This Convent was built on what were originally free tuition was needed, in contrast to the final three houses with a plot and a tower each. The area chosen in the bourgeois east expansion area Gutierrez de Cardenas family possessed the land of the City. in the Musalla neighbourhood which coincide The Architect was Enrique Lopez Rull, the works with today’s Cervantes Street, Eusebio Arrieta started in 1882 and the School was inaugurated Street, Sanchez Toca Street and San Fernando in 1885. The Nave is of rectangular shape and the Square (today’s Administracion Vieja Square). Main Façade overlooks Obispo Orbera Rambla. The Plot covered the whole block leaving out the The central part of the plot is occupied by the Diocesan School which has ceased to exist. Church, the Convent and the School are on the The Convent is made up of the Church, Cloister sides of the Church. The architectural styles are and the access area to Cervantes Street with a XIX Medieval Historicism with Gothic and Roman- Century Portal and the Cloister situated behind esque roots.34 it. The Main Façade of the Church Convent dating Las Puras Church Convent from the XVIII Century is characterized by its so- The Closed Convent of the Order of Franciscan ber style and its Baroque Portal and XVII Century Sisters (also known as Real Monasterio) rep- Mudejar Tower. The Church is a boxed style nave resents one of the most important artistic en- with a beautiful interior; XVIII Century Baroque sembles of the City, declared of Spanish Cultural decoration highlighted in the High Altar. Interest in 1982. The construction took place in 1515 (the oldest in Almeria) when the Convent > The Façade of Las Puras Church Convent. was founded. The site was on a plot of Moorish houses donated by Gutierrez de Cardenas, the first Christian Governor of the City. The styles represented go from the Mudejar to the Baroque including abundant reforms and transforma- tions. In 31 May 1498, Gutierrez de Cardenas in Alcala de Henares in his Last Will and Testament ordered a convent to Saint Clair to be founded. In 1503 at the death of Gutierrez de Cardenas, King Fernando the Catholic acceded to this, but his wife (King Fernando remarried after his wife and
  • 35. In the Cloister, there are remains of Gothic style pearance of the Main Façade of the Convent andPortal in the cemetery and four salomonic reta- adoption of the same architectural style of thebles covered with paradise birds that were re- Square.formed in the XVIII and XIX Centuries. One of the The Convent has gone through different vicis-chapels of the Church is named after the founder situdes: the first transformation in 1811 whenof the Convent Santa Beatriz. This is the Chapel Jovellanos Street was inaugurated facing theMausoleum of the Family of Jesus de Perceval. Convent’s garden in 1837, the DesamortizacionThe Cratícula (barred window) is situated under Law converted the Convent into the Civil Gov-the choir, it is an old oratorio from where the ernment and the Local Provincial Governmentnuns acceded to be given communion through Building, therefore the nuns had to move to Lasan annexed door. The Church is decorated with Puras Convent; and the Convent being set afire inpaintings of the Virgen Mary except the Angus- tragic circumstances during the Civil War wheretias which is of a different theme; the paintingsare of the XVIII Century painter from Lorca, An-tonio Garcia. > The Portal of Las Claras Church Convent.Cervantes Street (entrance to the Convent) andGeneral Castaños Street, corner to José ÁngelValente Street (entrance to Church).04003 Almeria. 35Tel.: 950 238 906Open: Monday to Sunday from 4 pm to 6 pm.Las Claras Church ConventEl Real Monasterio of Santa Clara (Royal Monas-tery of Saint Clair) first appeared in the Last Willand Testament of Jeronimo Briceño de Mendozain 1590. The works began in 1719 and only fin-ished in 1756 due to economic difficulties. Oncethe works were finished, the nuns occupied theConvent. The plot originally occupied the Consti-tution Square, Mariana Street and Marin Streetto the interSection with Lectoral Sirvent Street.The inauguration of Jovellanos Street in the gar-den area of the Convent gave way to the creationof a new façade (main one) and the eliminationof the garden area and the Convent infirmary.The modification of the Constitution Squarebetween 1824 and 1846 provoked the disap-
  • 36. only the Church remained intact. The Convent had to be rebuilt during the post-war The Portal of the Main Façade at Jovellanos Street has an semi-circular arch with entwined mouldings framed between two half columns over a plinth that hold a entablature crowned by a curved moulding which holds the vaulted niche with the image of Saint Clair. The lateral Portal at Mariana Street has a more sober style. Jovellanos Street, 04003 Almeria Tel.: 950 234 692 Open: Monday to Sunday from 6 pm to 6:30 pm. Summer: Monday to Sunday from 6:30 pm to 19 pm. MONUMENT ACCESSIBLE FOR DISABLED Santiago Church The Church, founded by the Catholic Kings in 1494, was included in the diocese division of the36 City, implemented in order to Christianize the > Santiago Church. inhabitants. The Building, designed by Juan de Orea under Bishop Fray Diego Fernandez de Villalan, was built between 1553 and 1559. The Temple in its first phase is of Mudejar style (Mudejar pertains Main Portal overlooking Hernan Cortes Street, to Muslims that continued living in Christian crowned by the Church Tower and a Lateral conquered land) due to the political urgency of Portal (due to its beauty, it is considered as the the construction of the Church to consolidate Main one ) decorated in Renaissance style with Christianity. This made the quality of the con- a relief of Santiago Matamoros (St. James the struction of the first phase to be relatively poor. Moor slayer). The interior of the Church contained Mudejar Tiendas Street, 04003 Almeria style wood-works on the ceiling. But all in all, Tel.: 950 237 120 Open: Mondays to Fridays from 9:30 am to 12 am the Church has a Renaissance structure. The and from de 6 pm to 7 pm. Church was seriously damaged during the Civil MONUMENT ACCESSIBLE TO DISABLED PEOPLE War, the Mudejar wood-works and other artistic treasures were destroyed. The Temple was de- San Roque Church clared a XVI Century Spanish Artistic and Historic The Church, blessed in 1893, is located in the Monument. The Temple has two Portals , the Old Aljibe neighbourhood (today’s Pescaderia-
  • 37. La Chanca). The structure of the Church has clear San Anton ChapelNeoclassical influences in a general Classical ec- (Chapel in honor of Saint Anthony)lecticism. The Tower, in the centre of the Façade, The Chapel, previously a mosque, gives namefollows the Civilian architecture of the time, of to one of the most popular neighbourhoods inwhich the Town Council building is an example. Almeria. Each year in January “rabicos” (pigtails)This model will influence subsequent temples are auctioned and bonfires are lit in honour of San Anton.From this small Church you can accede down toMalaga Road through an elegant stairway. The In 1877, the Bishop Orbera organized a smallChurch has been renovated from the ground convent in the houses adjacent to the Chapel toup several times, since it was built over the old home the nuns of the Santa Clara Convent thatmosque that belonged to the neighbourhood. were expelled due to State expropriation of theFrom the moment it was founded, the Temple Convent. The nuns lived there until 1899. Thewas dedicated to San Roque protector against Chapel continued being a public place of prayerthe plague. The Church was redesigned at the and in 1908, a Grotto to Our Lady of Lourdes wasend of the XIX Century and in the year 1900, the inaugurated and quickly became very popular.Diocese was founded. The Church suffered the After being severely damaged during the Civilconsequences of the 1936-1939 Civil War. War, the Diocese of San Juan Evangelista was3, Corbeta Street, 04002 Almeria. established 37Tel.: 950 275 108 San Antón Street. 04002 Almeria. > San Roque Church.
  • 38. > The old Railway Station.38 > iron archiTecTure in almeria half of the XIX Century. Iron was used instead of traditional materials (stone and brick) because Train Station of its capacity to support great weights and cov- The arrival of the train to Almeria is essentially linked to the extraction of iron ore from the er large areas. Glass was used to cover walls and mountains of the interior. A cheap way of trans- ceilings as it was very light and very appropriate port was needed to transport the mineral from for light-weight and open-plan constructions. the mines in Alquife (Province of Granada) and The Main Façade, facing the Estacion Square, is Sierra de los Filabres mountains (Province of a divided in three parts. The Main Entrance, built Almeria) to the Port of Almeria. The Almeria- with the two typical materials of the time: iron Guadix railway was inaugurated in 1895, and and glass, has a huge monumental glass Portal afterwards continued to Linares. This linked over the Entrance making it at the time, worthy Almeria to the rest of Spain by rail. to receive the people of Almeria who travelled The Old Train Station Central building is a beau- in such a modern way of transport. The lateral tiful example of Iron Architectural style used in wings are made of stone covered by brick and industrial and functional buildings in the second glazed ceramics.
  • 39. El Cable Inglés using new materials such as iron in the construc-The Mineral Loading Pier called “Cable Ingles” tion of the Mineral Loading Pier. The Cable Ingles(literally the English Cable) is located on the Al- lies on a beach next to the Port and is linked tomadrabillas beach next to the Levante dock and the Train Station through a railway linked by a railway bridge to the Train Station. The Cable Ingles is made up of two parts: theThe Pier was built and owned by an English min- rails that link the Train Station to the Pier anding company “The Alquife Mines Railway Limited”, the Loading Pier itself where the trains unloadedwhich obtained the mining concession in 1901 directly onto the ships’ holds. The railway linkageand immediately started the building process. to the Pier is built on semi-circular stone arches fastened to the rails by huge iron beams. In 1998The Pier is a masterpiece of the Iron Architecture the Cable Ingles was declared Bien de Interesof the beginning of the XX Century. Building the Cultural (of Spanish Cultural Interest) for its his-Cable Ingles was possible due to the existence of toric, symbolic and aesthetic valuesthe Port and the Railway. The Project was eclectic Playa de las Almadrabillas (Almadrabillas beach).but it introduced an all new architectural style, 04001 Almeria. > A night view of el Cable Ingles. 39
  • 40. Central Market Building project to build the Market in the Old Quarter The construction of a public market had been on was cancelled. the drawing board for some time. At the begin- In the El Paseo Prolongation Project taken on ning of the 1840s, the Market was to be built in by the architect Jose Marin Baldo, there was the Old Quarter to therefore conserve the exist- a plot reserved in centre of the expansion area ing market at the Constitution Square. for a public market and fish stalls. From then on, In the second half of the XIX Century, the City ex- several projects were forwarded but non imple- panded towards the new bourgeois Levante area mented until 1892 that Antonio Martinez Perez (the east, El Paseo) and in doing so, the City’s was finally adjudicated the project.40 Monument to Tolerance AA Next to the Cable ingles in the almadrabillas Park lies the Monument dedicated to the people of almeria who were victim of the Nazi Holocaust. The author is Mª angeles La- zaro Guil. The Monument was inaugurated in 1999 by the initiative of the last person from almeria who survived a concentration camp: antonio Muñoz Zamora; antonio saved his life thanks to another Spaniard, who filled in his admission file to the gas chamber with the word “exterminated”. The Monument remembers the 252 persons from almeria imprisoned in the Mauthau- sen and Gusen concentration camps of which 142 did not survive. The Monument has 142 cement columns for each deceased person; the Columns surround a central sculpture which represents the forced labour that the prisoners were subject to.
  • 41. The future Market had an ideal location in themiddle of the bourgeois expansion area betweenObispo Orbera Street and El Paseo. The Main Fa-çade of the Market faces El Paseo through thepedestrian Aguilar de Campoo Street.The Market, restored in 1982, has been con-served intact to our days. The Market Project wasbased on the Iron Architecture of the time as thismaterial was used in most of the structure. TheBase and the Pavilion of the Main Façade weremade with masonry and brick and stone-work.The roof structure is made of metal and rollerblinds and glass cover the walls. On the Princi-pal Portal at Aguilar de Campoo Street, there is afemale statue carrying a basket of fruit symbol-izing abundance. 41 > almeria ThrouGh The cenTuries > Sol de Portocarrero, the City’s emblem on the Fortified Tower at Calle Cubo.Bendicho SquareThe Square, born under the protection of the the City “La Casa de los Puche” is situated inCathedral, is situated in the middle of the Old the Square; an old noble family that arrived inQuarter (the old Musalla neighbourhood). The Almeria with the first Christian settlers in 1494.Square was one of the favourite residential areas The House structured in two floors, the first floorof the aristocracy from the XVI to XVIII Centuries. for house workers and the second floor whereFrom this Square, the merlons and fortified tow- the owners lived. The Façade includes a Portalers of the Cathedral can be contemplated. These with a semi-circular arch over which the fam-elements belong to the Cathedral’s ambulatory, ily coat of arms lies. The Balcony placed directlywhere on the exterior wall the high relief of the over the Portal has a very beautifully decoratedCity emblem “Sol de Portocarrero” overlooks railing.pass-byers. The Square is named after Juan F. Next to the Casa de los Puche on the same side ofJuan Leon Biendicho y Quelty who was born in the street lies the XIX Century “Casa de la Musica”Malaga in 1809; he changed his residence to which has been restored and now is the Patro-Almeria when he married Doña Dolores Puche. nato Provincial de Turismo (Provincial TourismFrom the XVIII Century, The oldest house in Board) Building.
  • 42. The bust of the poet “Celia Viñas” presides the centre of the Square. Celia Viñas teacher and literate, promoted literature in Almeria in post- war Spain. In the last days of the XX Century, Ronda Beato Diego Ventaja (Ronda as synonym to Street), was opened to the public. This Street begins in the Square and goes along the southern side of the Cathedral permitting pedestrians to admire the powerful walls of the Cathedral. Constitución Square (Plaza Vieja) The oldest Square of the City is a very unique and The Watch on the Town Council Building intimate place. Activities such as games, fiestas, The Clock on Town Council plays bullfights, processions and other types of pa- the popular melody of el Fandan- rades have been held there. guillo of almeria every quarter of an hour and at each o’clock the42 In Moorish times, the Square had an irregular complete song. structure and was the main marketplace of the City. In Christian times, it will be known as “Juego de las Cañas” (game of canes). In the middle of the XIX Century the Square obtains its final lay out two-storey homes and arcades. The Square is ment to the Martyrs of Liberty. An Obelisk dedi- slightly trapezoid and maintains the characteris- cated to 24 liberals who landed on the beaches tics of XIX Century closed squares. of Almeria dressed in red (this is why they are The Square is presided by the Town Council called “Los Coloraos” (“The Reds”)), to proclaim Building. The Building, finalized between the liberty and the constitution against the despot- XIX and XX Centuries, has an eclectic style. The ism of Fernando VII. They were executed by firing Façade is divided in three parts: the arcades with squad in 24 August 1824. The first Monument, the semi-circular arches; the Main Front more from 1868-1870 was located in Cadiz Square elaborate, including balconies; and the third (today’s Purchena Square) and in 1900 it was tier with attic flats. In the upper centre part of moved to the Plaza Vieja until it was destroyed the Façade, stands a Tower with a semi-circular in 1943. The first Monument was made of stone dome where the clock and Emblem of the Town and today’s Monument, rebuilt by donations Council lie. from the citizens of Almeria, is made of marble. In the middle of the Square stands the Monu- It has a great pedestal from which a column
  • 43. rises and becomes a beautiful Corinthian stylecapital, ending in a bronze sphere surrounded byspines or sunrays. This characteristic Monumentis known as the “Monument” or the “Pinguruchoa los Coloraos” (column in honour of the reds).In the northern part of the Square lies el Con-vento de las Claras rebuilt after suffering a fireduring the Spanish Civil War.Culture Casino > The interior of the Cultural Casino.The Culture Casino is of today’s Central Gov-ernment Delegation Building. Originally a XIXCentury bourgeois Palace was declared SpanishHistoric Monument in 1982. The Monument is The Culture Casino, founded by Joaquin dean example of the Historical architectural style Vilches in 1840, was definitively taken to El Pa-of the time. seo after considering alternative possibilities. El Culture Casino was established in what was the > Pingurucho or the Column in honour of home of Emilio Perez Ibañez, who had been an 43 The Coloraos at Plaza Vieja. important member of the local bourgeoisie in the Restauracion (political period in which the Bourbon Family were again on the Throne 1874- 1931). The Project was implemented by Enrique Lopez Rull a very important architect of the time. In the 1920s, different reforms were made in the Building; being the most important the works on the Dancing Hall and the Moorish decoration of the Arabe Hall. The Casino was a place of cultural activities and round tables of conversation over City novelties, local industry and agriculture. Nevertheless, People also relaxed playing games, billiards and chess. The Building was partially burnt down in the Civ- il War due to bomb raids and being abandoned. In 1940, the Building was restored but between
  • 44. 1950 and 1960 it was once again abandoned un- from the functional building models imple- til the Junta de Andalucia (Government of Anda- mented during the II Spanish Republic develo- lusia) acquired the Building through an embargo ped by Guillermo Langle. The Local Municipal due to tax debts. Police Station at Santos Zarate Street is a good The Façade of the Monument is of Historical style example. The Main Façade is a pavilion with a with a typical bourgeois stone base structure, continuous window, forming long friezes and that holds a semi-basement and monumental a marquee in the entrance with two columns. Portal crowned by a balcony with Classicists The Entrance has a concave form so it adapts to influences. The Building includes an ample en- Barcelona Square. This contrasts with the circu- trance way for horse carriages and an artistic lar forms of the lateral shapes in the lobby that stairway hand-rail. give the Building such a creative freedom that Paseo de Almería. the Junta de Andalucia declared the Station of Old Bus Station Cultural Interest. Barcelona Square. Built in 1952 and designed by the architect Gui- llermo Langle Rubio. Careaga Square The Bus Station was essential for the City as Irregular urban spaces in the Old Quarter gave44 communications by rail were very scarce; there- way to the creation of squares during the XVIII fore links to the towns in the Province and cities and XIX Centuries. These squares were usually in of bordering provinces were necessarily ad- the neighbourhoods of the more privileged as dressed by road. for example Carreaga Square, which is similar to The Building is a good example of the Architec- a peaceful interior courtyard. tural Rationalism of Almeria which comes back The Square is named after the Family Carreaga > The old Bus Station.
  • 45. that owned a house and land in the area. Juan chena, is the City’s meeting point where peopleOchoa Ortiz de Carreaga arrived with four war go shopping, do and talk business in the differ-vessels to intervene in the War of Granada (up- ent cafés or simply go for a morning walk. Puertarising of the Moors against the Crown of Castile) Purchena was considered as an outer-wall partand finally set up his home in Almeria. Don of the City and once implemented the urban ex-Miguel Avis-Venegas y Careaga Marín Benavides pansion of the second half of the XIX Century; itwas named Marquee of Torre Alta Y Vizconde de became an essential urban area.Careaga by the Carlos II. This illustrious family The bourgeois expansion towards Levante (thewas formed by the blood of Christian conquerors east) in the second half of the XIX Century afterand Moorish princes. The famous Calle del Arco the walls were removed converted El Paseo and(Arch street) takes its name from the Arch of Ca- Puerta Purchena into the privileged areas of thereaga that communicated the Marquee’s house City. This Bourgeois expansion came in close cor-to the stables. relation with the mining development and theThe Home of the Marquees “La Casa de los Mar- commerce of grapesqueses de Torre Alta” located in the Square wasdesigned in 1847; it is structured in two tiers. It Walking along Puerta Purchena and El Paseo weis a typical Neoclassical Bourgeois construction can contemplate many examples of XIX and be-with Ogive arches as an outstanding and new ginning of the XX Century bourgeois buildings. 45element in Almeria. There are individual homes and apartment buildings of which la “Casa de las Mariposas” (thePuerta de Purchena butterfly house) in Puerta Purchena is a magnifi-and Paseo de AlmeriaAll the City urban expansion in Puerta Purchena > Puerta de Purchena with a close up of theand the Paseo was undertaken in the XIX Cen- Statue of Nicolas Salmeron.tury. Puerta Purchena, the neurological centreof the City, is situated between Carmen Squareand Manuel Perez Garcia Square. Puerta Pechina,today’s Puerta Purchena, was the principal gate-way of the City that led to Pechina. The name“Puerta Purchena” was wrongly applied by theChristians as it should have been named “Puertade Pechina”. The Gate and the most part of theWalls were torn down in 1855. The original Pu-erta Pechina Gate was framed by two fortifiedtowers.El Paseo de Almeria, together with Puerta Pur-
  • 46. cent example. This Building is known as “Casa de Body) took the initiative to build a pier in Le- los Rapallo” (home of the Rapallo family) after its vante (east side of the City) and the dock would owner or Casa de las Mariposas due to its decora- be finished in 1906. One of the most important tion. The Building was designed by the architect products exported through the Port was iron Trinidad Cuartara Casinello. ore, of course due to the great importance of the Cable Ingles. This Loading Pier represents the ar- The Port and chitecture of its time, Iron Architecture, and the the Nicolas Salmeron Park importance of mining in the XIX. There are no remains of the important X Century Port of Almeria. In the times of Abderraman III (X Today, the Port is divided in three areas: Muelle Century), Almeria was the base of Caliphate fleet de Poniente (western dock) or fishing port; the and axe of important commercial ties. Through Commercial Pier, where the ships dock and the Marina where the Cable Ingles stands. In honour its Port, Almeria was in contact with all the of the visit of Queen Isabel to Almeria, the Royal Mediterranean. Steps in the dock of Levante were built. From In the XIX Century, the construction of the Port here, there is a beautiful panoramic view of the was a real necessity and a key factor in the de- City and the waterfront. velopment of the City. The works began on the La Fuente de los Peces (Fish Fountain) in today’s46 jetty in 23 May 1847, in what was just an open Marina Square is where the New Park built in beach. The exportation of grapes and afterwards 1940 in honour of Nicolas Salmeron, President of iron ore were the two most important reason in the I Spanish Republic (born in Almeria) begins the building of the Port. and the Old Park towards Poniente ends. The The lead foundry owned by the Herederia family Park was completely restored in the final years in Pescaderia accelerated the construction of the of the XX Century. Nicolas Salmeron Park has two dock in poniente (west side of Almeria); while fountains dedicated to sailors and to those beau- the Junta de Obras del Puerto (Port’s Governing tiful mammals: the dolphins. The end of the Park > A Panoramic view of Almeria at night.
  • 47. > Almeria’s lighthouse. > Fuente de los Peces (fish fountain) in Nicolas Salmeron Park.facing the Port gives way to La Rambla (Federico The Palace is one of the most important exam-Garcia Lorca Avenue) which has been recently ples of Domestic Architecture in the City. This 47urbanized (end of the XX and beginning of the Palace was built approximately between 1773XXI Century). This new Urban Space has given and 1780.the City an all new modern look. The Façade, with entablature in upper area, is ofThe Palace of the Vizcondes del two floors: the first floor is characterized by reg-Castillo de Almansa (today’s ular open spaces and the second floor with bal-Provincial Historical Archive) conies decorated with curved and split mould-The arrival in the second half of the XIX Century ings, where the family coat of arms is displayedof Academicists theories in Spain had an impor- Following Infanta Street, we come upon thetant impact on building precepts in Almeria. The Provisional Archaeological Museum with thepopular and Baroque characteristics of local ar- monumental Portal of “Casa de Don Francisco Jo-chitecture, which were very often intertwined, ver y Tovar”, designed by the Municipal architectwere substituted by a new aesthetic intellectual Trinidad Cuartara Casinello in 1894.trend: Historicism. The Palace of the Vizcondes del Castillo de Al-This moment of transition is best seen on the mansa and the home of Francisco Jover y Tovar,Façade of the Palace of the Vizcondes del Castillo mayor and chronicler, now belong to the Histori-de Almansa. This Aristocratic Title was bestowed cal Provincial Archive.upon the Almansa Family from Almeria in 1773. Campomanes Street.
  • 48. 48 > Plaza de Toros (bullring). Plaza de Toros (bullring) The Project, directed by the Municipal architects: The Old Plaza de Toros was situated between Enrique Lopez Rull and Trinidad Casinello, was Murcia Street and Granada Street (where the concluded in July 1888. The total capacity of the “Malecon de los Jardinillos” stands today) and Bullring was of 9,054 spectators. the Circus, near La Rambla; it was built in 1849. The layout of the Bullring is eclectic: the base is At the end of the Century, the local bourgeoisie polygonal with 20 sides, three of them protrude had grown and therefore the Old Plaza was not forming monumental entrance portals: the Sun big or comfortable enough for this growing so- Entrance, the Main Entrance and the Shade En- cial class. A legal person was created with shares trance. Over the Main Entrance there is an arch taken on by the main representatives of the local with a symbol of a bull head and the different in- Bourgeoisie in order to buy a plot (Huerta de los struments used in the Fiesta. The Moorish influ- Lopez, at the end of Calvario Street) and erect a ence is felt in the in Moorish arches (also known new Bullring. as Horseshoe arches) of the second tier. In public ceremony with the local authorities, Vilches Avenue. the first stone was placed in 13 August 1887.
  • 49. Apolo Theatre its semi-circular arches, protrusions and oculusWith the surge of the Bourgeoisie, more places characteristic of the Historicist style façades.of leisure and culture were demanded, therefore The Apolo is today property of the City Counciltheatres such as the Apolo were built. The Apolo, of Almeria. Obispo Orberá Rambla.built in 1881, substituted the Calderon Theatrelocated at Obispo Orbera and Juan Lirola Streets. Spanish Open University From 1880 to 1900, the Apolo was the City’s Building (previously the Purisima School)main theatre; there were plays, Zarzuela (popu- The only school that survived the Desamortiza-lar Spanish opera) and Opera. Opera was very cion law (expropriation of the Catholic Church’spopular among the citizens of Almeria and an patrimony) was the School run by the Purisimaessential part of the cultural life of the second Order. Religious orders undertook teaching ashalf of XIX Century. a business after a good part of their patrimonyThe Apolo was remodelled several times in the was taken by the State. With starting a school inXX Century for different uses, such as cinema and mind, a building was erected on a plot belongingfinally it was definitively closed. It was not until to the Order, to the south of San Fernando Square1993 that the Theatre was rebuilt, conserving ( Administracion Vieja Square). This Building has 49 reached our days with a few a few reforms. The Initial Project belonged to the architect Trin-> Apolo Theatre. idad Cuartara Casinello and the works were di- rected by the Architect Ortiz de Villajos; building began in 1885 and the School was inaugurated in 1885. On the Façade, there are Neo-gothic and Medieval elements: pointed and splayed arches with thin columns in the frames. The Building has a very characteristic courtyard and is today’s Spanish Open University delegation for Almeria. School of Arts and Crafts The Building was used as the provincial second- ary school during the second half of the XIX Century and a good part of the XX Century. The School was the principal educative institution of the City. The School substituted the Colegio de Humanidades (School of Humanities) which was located in the Convent of Santo Domingo since
  • 50. 1840. The Building underwent several reforms Open: September to June: Monday to Friday from 8 which affected the interior division and the am to 10 pm; July: from 9 am to 2 pm; August: closed. three façades. The Façade situated to the south Palace of the Marqueses de Cabra (General Tamayo Street ) was restored in 1889 as (today’s Municipal Historic Archive) it was in ruinous state since 1889. The Palace belonged to the Marqueses de Cabra The composition of the Building is similar to (Family from Cordoba), it is one of the best ex- the original layout of the Puras School with the amples of aristocratic buildings in the Neoclassic same open spaces, splayed arches and columns Period. The Building is one of the most monu- on frames. This contrasts with the second floor mental and purest examples of middle of the XIX which is completely different, full of eclectic Century Classicism which has been restored. The Classicists elements. Palace out stands for its size and the Historicist The School Courtyard belongs to the old XVIII elements on the Portal and half Tuscan columns Century Santo Domingo Convent and today used Campoamor Square. for art exhibitions and cultural activities. The Diputación Provincial (old Palace Cloister was restored in the XVIII Century and the and home belonging to Juan Lirola) third floor is of recent construction. 1 Pablo Cazard Square, 04001 Almeria. The Building, housing the Diputacion Provincial50 Tel.: 950 156 158 (Provincial Government), is a bourgeois house > Interior courtyard of the Arts and Crafts School.
  • 51. belonging to Don Juan Lirola, a very influential mixed gender School, until 1966 when Nicolasliberal politician. The Building was enlarged in Salmeron High School was built as a male only1884 by the architect Trinidad Cuartara Cass- institution in Ciudad Jardin (neighbourhood ininello. The first project was studied to be on the the beach area).corner of Reyes Catolicos and Navarro Rodrigo The female students’ entrance was at La RamblaStreets. and they occupied the third floor of the BuildingThe Building, of great relevance, is a two tier and used the terrace as playground and gym-building. The Façade at Reyes Catolicos Street is nasium. The male students used the first twoof highly finished ashlar masonry, stone laid in floors, the patio and the gym.straight courses. In the second Tier, the Façade is The Building became part of a long cultural tra-of red brick, with clear light-coloured masonry dition: it was an important library and the firston windows and balconies with mouldings with Archaeological Museum of Almeria with two ex-reliefs of female heads in the centre. On the hibition halls. The School was named after Celiacorner of Navarro Rodrigo and Reyes Catolicos Viñas, an important poet who also promoted theStreets, a windowed balcony with a beautiful general cultural life of the City in post-war Spain.railing (decorated with curve and geometric ele- The Building is an example of Historicism stylements) held by powerful cantilevers. In the in- architecture, more specifically Neoacademicism 51terior of the Building, there is a wonderful Patio which is reflected on its main Façade: very mon-de luces (a mixture between a light well and an umental with Classicist elements such as greatinterior courtyard) where exhibitions and official pilasters, high base, big portal and open spacesacts are conducted. The Building is of an Eclectic and a monumental stairway that accesses thetendency. first floor.Navarro Rodrigo Street. Javier Sanz Street.Celia Viñas High School Círculo Mercantil (local MercantileThe first High School in Almeria was founded in Association) and Cervantes Theatre1849 in today’s Arts and Crafts School. The Build- The Circulo Mercantil was founded betweening in that time was too small for the number of 1887 and 1899, the Association shared thestudents and the growing educative needs of Building with the Ateneo (bourgeois cultural as-the time, therefore the Director of the School, sociation) at San Pedro Square. Afterwards bothFrancisco Saiz Sanz moved the School to today’s Associations would take on separate locations.location at Javier Sanz Street, the old Arts and The President of the Circulo Mercantil in the sec-Crafts School. ond half of the XIX Century was Ramon Orozco, who belonged to an important and successfulThe Building, erected in 1911, played an impor- family dedicated to the mining business in thetant part in the education of a great quantity of second half of the XIX Century in Almeria. Incitizens of the City. At the beginning, it was a
  • 52. 1990, the Association moved to Principe Prom- Centro de Arte Museo de Almeria enade and in 1904 to San Pedro again Square. (Modern Art Museum of Almeria) Finally in 1920, the Circulo Mercantil established The Building which was previously the old pre- itself in what is today’s location in the Cervantes ventorium Niño Jesus, is made up of two differ- Theatre at The Paseo. ent constructions: a one family chalet belonging to Jose Batles from 1927 and reformed in 1943 The Association organizes all kinds of cultural and the galleries and premises promoted by the activities (literature, painting exhibitions, car- National Anti-tuberculosis Patronage in 1944. In nival balls and New Year’s Eve celebrations). The this way, the Chalet reached the end of Nuestra interiors were decorated in 1920. The Circulo Señora de Montserrat Avenue. The Galleries, Mercantil had a great impact on the economy of opened towards the garden, held the dormito- the City as it debated and addressed all the is- ries of the boys in the first floor and the dormi- sues pertaining to the development of Almeria: tories of the girls in the upper floor. The Chalet railways, port and technical improvements in was the administrative centre and clinic of the mining and agriculture. Preventorium. The Building was closed in 1966. The Cervantes Theatre Façade overlooking El Paseo is dated from the end of the XIX and be- ginning of the XX Centuries. The Façade is clearly52 of Monumental style with elements such as big > City Town Council Building, previously semi-circular arches, balconies with balustrade, Almeria’s old Preventorium. stylized forms of Modernist and Naturalist in- spiration such as sunflower shaped lamps. The Façade also includes figurative designs and el- ements such as lyres, masks and a relief of Cer- vantes. The Cervantes Theatre is one of the longest projects to implement that Almeria has had in modern times (end of the XIX Century). The works started in 1866 together with the license permission from the Town Council. After a prom- ising beginning, the construction stopped in 1898, when the architect Enrique Rull designed the final blueprints of what is the Building today. Works were not renewed until 1910 and finally the Theatre was inaugurated in 1921. Paseo de Almeria.
  • 53. Only the Chalet remains, which is of regional tra- Spanish Civil War Bomb Sheltersditional style from the architect Guillermo Lan- Underground galleries, nine metres below thegle Rubio. An annex to the Building was added surface, designed by the architect Guillermoto house the Centro de Artes Museo de Almeria. Langle Rubio, in order to save human lives fromThe Museum, inaugurated in 1998, belongs to the bombing raids that took place. The City hasthe Cultural Department of the Town Council. recovered close to 1 km of the 4.5 kilometres ofCarlos Cano, Square, 04001 Almeria. galleries. The kilometre of Galleries recoveredTel.: 950 269 680Open: Mondays from 18h to 21h, Tuesdays to coincides with El Paseo. The Galleries have recre-Saturdays from 11 am to 2 pm and 6pm to 9 pm, ated some of the interior spaces of the time: foodSundays y holidays from 11 am to 2 pm. storage room, the refuge belonging to GuillermoBUILDING ACCESSIBLE TO DISABLED PEOPLE Langle and a surgery room. The Shelters began to be designed in 1936 and the construction tookPlaza de las Flores place in 1937 and finished in 1938. The Galleries(The Flowers Square) were restored by the Town Council and now haveThis Square, which used to be a flower market, become the biggest shelters open to the publicis surrounded by a hotel complex and its name in Europe.originates in a flower market that used to take Manuel Pérez García Square, 04001 there. The Square is presided by a unique Tel.: 950 268 696Neo-baroque bourgeois multifamily building 53designed by Guillermo Langle Rubio and fin- (Booking at a ticket office by telephone is essential; groups may book by email.)ished 1926. Open: Tuesdays to Thursdays from 10 am to 2 p.m.; Fridays, Saturdays and Sundays from 10La Casa del Cine am to 2 pm and from 5 pm to 9 pm.(The Home of Cinema) MONUMENT ACCESSIBLE TO DISABLED PEOPLEThe Building is a cortijo (typical local ruralhouse) from 1866. It is a typical bourgeois homebuilt on the outskirts of the City. The Town Coun-cil restored the Building and converted it into acinema museum, in this way paying homage tothe splendour of the cinema industry in Almeria.John Lennon lived some months in this Cortijo.The interior is a museum: a great home for cine-ma.2, Camino Romero Street, 04009 Almeria.Open: Wednesdays to Sundays from 10 am to 2pm and from 4 pm to 7 pm.
  • 54. > Spanish Civil War Bomb Shelter food storeroom. Almeria: 52 bomb raids, 754 bombs AA The Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) marked the history of the Country deeply and although almeria did not live the War directly (it was the last City to be in republican hands), the City did suffer air and sea bombardments: 52 raids aimed at military, strategic and even civilian objectives The most terrible raid happened in 31 May 1937, when a German fleet opened fire on the City: 40 dead, 150 injured and 200 buildings destroyed. due to the raids, the citizens of almeria decided to collaborate together to build underground bomb shelters to protect themselves from the raids. Almeria became a real “Guernica” but without a historic or political revision over the54 matter. AA space for life A From October 1936 to Spring 1938, the municipal architect Guillermo Langle, the civil Engi- neer Jose Fornieles and the mining Engineer Carlos Fernandez directed the construction of 4.5 kilometres of nine metres deep subterranean galleries with 67 entrances for a total capacity of 34,144 people (almeria had 50,000 inhabitants at that time). The rest of the population took shelter in the iron mineral depots of the Compañia andaluza de Minas (andalusian mine company) and in the caves in La Chanca neighbourhood. Langle had it all thought out. The ventilation tubes made of asbestos had a diameter of 100 millimetres and were located next to the entrances. They were resistant enough to resist hand grenades. He studied the entrances and exits so that there would not be any avalanches of peo- ple and the same structure of the entrances would also act as a screen against possible hand grenade explosions. Langle used two copper wires for the lighting system and built a storeroom for supplies, in case they were needed, and also an operating room for the wounded. Once the War was over, Kiosks were built to block the entrances to the Bomb Shelters. Langle designed these kiosks following a rational archectural design. These Kiosks are now part of the street furniture of the City and are located in Urrutia Square, Conde Ofalia Square and Virgen del Mar Square, this last one has been greatly reformed. The Bomb Shelters would not be used again, but the Galleries sit there asleep crossing the City as if they were the backbone of the City.
  • 55. > museums and Museo de la Ciudad (City Museum) exhiBiTions cenTres Museum with a very functional architectural structure that houses temporary exhibitions ofArchaeological Museum of Almeria all artistic genders and its facilities are also usedThe Museum, located in Ronda Road, is a mod- for conferences, symposiums and others. It wasern style building of recent construction, It con- inaugurated in 2009 and belongs to the Towntains important works from prehistoric to Moor- Council.ish times. Ronda del Beato Diego Ventaja Street, 040029, Ronda Road, 04006 Almeria. Tel.: 950 175 510     Almeria Tel.: 950 274 358Open: Monday closed. Tuesday from 2:30 pm to Open: Tuesdays to Saturdays from 10 am to 2 pm8:30 pm, Wednesdays to Saturdays from 9 am to and from 5.30 pm to 7.30 pm.8:30 pm, and Sundays from 9 am to 2:30 pm. BUILDING ACCESSIBLE FOR DISABLED PEOPLEBUILDING ACCESSIBLE FOR DISABLED PEOPLE Centro Andaluz de FotografíaCentro de Arte Museo de Almeria (Andalusian Centre of Photography)(Modern Art Museum of Almeria) 9, Pintor Díaz Molina Street, 04002 Almeria.Located on the premises of a regional style Tel.: 950 186 360    chalet, clearly in context with the Train Station, Open: Mondays to Sundays from 11 am to 2 pm and from 5:30 pm to 9:30 pm.     it was built in 1927 designed by the architect 55 BUILDING ACCESSIBLE TO DISABLEDGuillermo Langle Rubio. The Museum, recentlybuilt, is property of the Town Council of Almeria, Centro de Documentaciónit houses temporary and itinerary art exhibi- de los Juegos Mediterráneostions. It was built as an annex in the 90s to the (Mediterranean Games1927 Chalet. documentation centre)Carlos Cano Square, 04001 Almeria        Universidad of Almeria Library.Tel.: 950 269 680 Sacramento Road, 04120 La Cañada de San Ur-Open: Mondays from 6 pm to 9 pm; Tuesdays to bano. Tel.: 950 014 105Saturdays from 11 am to 2 pm and from 6 pm to 9 Open: Mondays to Thursdays from 9:30 am to 2pm; Sundays and holidays 11 am to 2 pm. pm and from 4:30 pm to 7pm.BUILDING ACCESSIBLE FOR DISABLED PEOPLE BUILDING ACCESSIBLE FOR DISABLED> The Archaeological Museum of Almeria.
  • 56. Statues AA and Sculptures Strolling through almeria, one encounters this Sculpture pays homage at Biendicho numerous figures carved out in Stone and Square to the author, Celia Viñas Olivella metal. (born in Lerida in 1915 – died in almeria in 1954). She wrote poetry for children » SAGRADO CORAZÓN DE JESÚS (Sa- in Spanish and Catalan. She was not very cred Heart of Jesus): Made in marble from prolific but their work was considered in- Macael, it was made in 1930 on the San novative and key in the cultural life of post- Cristobal hill (behind the alcazaba). The war almeria. The Writer studied philology original Sculpture disappeared during the in Barcelona and worked as a teacher in al- Civil War. meria, where she arrived in 1943. She wed » MONUMENT TO THE MARTYRS OF LI- arturo Medina, a professor from almeria BERTY: Situated in the centre of the Plaza and lived very close to the inhabitants of Vieja (Constitution Square). it is known as the City until she died in 1954. the “Monument” or “el Pingurucho de » BUST OF FEDERICO GARCÍA LORCA: it los Coloraos”. it commemorates the arri- is located at Maestro rodríguez Espinosa val of 24 liberals on a ship from Gibraltar Square, who was precisely one of Lorca’s willing to stand up against the despotism teachers during his stay in almeria (1906- of Fernando Vii (more information in the 1909). This Square, before called Balmez, Section: almeria through the Centuries: is where Lorca resided during those three Constitution Square (Plaza Vieja)). years.56 » LOW RELIEF OF SAINT VALENTINES: The » BUST OF FATHER BALLARÍN: in Virgen relief made by Jesus de Perceval, located in del Mar Square, this dominican Prior was Campoamor Square, opposite the Palace a prime contributor to the reconstruction of the Marqueses de Cabra. The Low relief of the Virgen del Mar Sanctuary, after it is placed inside a monolith made of metha- was bombed and burnt during the Spanish crylate and aluminium; these two elements Civil War. highlight the polychromatic rock of the relief. On the foot of the relief, there are » STATUE OF JOHN LENNON: member of a few verses from ramon de Campoamor, the Beatles who is remembered for his stay writer and the person the Square is named in the City during the filming of “How i after: “it is proper of love, if it is real, to Won the War” (1966). John Lennon resi- condense the World in one being”. One of ded in the cortijo “Santa isabel” today’s the peculiarities of the Monolith is that it Casa del Cine (cinema museum), where is surrounded by a low grill fence, where he composed “Strawberry Fields Forever”. people in love introduce closed locks sym- The Statue, initially placed in Federico Gar- bolising their relationship. cia Lorca avenue (La rambla) is now loca- ted in front of the Cervantes Theatre in El » STATUE OF BLESSED DIEGO VENTAJA: Paseo. statue in remembrance of the Bishop and martyr diego Ventaja Milán, born in Oha- » ALMERIA AL EDUCADOR: literally “alme- nes (almeria). He was the Bishop of alme- ria to teachers”, the Statue represents a tea- ria during the Civil War. He was Bishop of cher in class with his students. it is located in the City during the Civil War and beatified Juan Cassinello Square, also known as Edu- by Pope John Paul ii. The Statue is located cador Square (in front of the Post Office). in the Cathedral Square under the Tower. » STATUE OF NICOLÁS SALMERÓN: situa- » BUST OF CELIA VIÑAS: since 1984, ted in the middle of Puerta de Purchena; it
  • 57. is a bronze Statue (author Lourdes Umerez » STATUE OF CHARITY: located in the 2005) dedicated to the President of the “Park of the Sails” located at Garcia Lor- First Spanish republic (born in alhama de ca avenue, which remembers the victims almeria). of the floods of 1884. it is the image of a woman with her two children. The Statue» LA ESPERA: literally “the wait”, it is a also remembers the charity offered by the bronze Statue (author Javier Huecas) re- regent Queen Maria Cristina, who ordered presenting a woman dedicated to house the river bed (La rambla) to be channelled work, resting a for a moment. and homes to be built for the victims, cha-» THE GARGOLES: bronze sculpture ensem- rity neighbourhood, the adjacent reina ble by Javier Huecas. in front of the apo- regente Street was founded in honour of lo Theatre, at Obispo Orbera avenue, the the Queen. two characters in different positions: lying » PUERTA DE ALMERIA: “the door of al- and sitting, observe the people who have meria” located in Nicolas Salmeron Park is come to the Theatre “they observe those made of red coral characteristic of the reefs who are going to observe”. The sculpture off the isle of alboran, which is considered ensemble will be completed shortly with a as part of the Province by the citizens of third character which will be standing up almeria. and yelling at the spectators who are in front of the Theatre. » MONUMENTO A LA TOLERANCIA: “monument to tolerance”, is dedicated to 57» BLOOD DONOURS: marble Statue that the citizens of almeria who were victims of represents a drop of blood (author rodri- the Nazi Holocaust. it is located in the al- go Valero 2003) located at Federico Garcia madrabillas Park, next to the Cable ingles. Lorca avenue. (More information in the Section: almeria» EL SALUDO: literally “The Salute”, an en- and iron architecture). semble made in metal by Miguel Moreno » STATUE OF ALFREDO KRAUS: in ho- (1995) that represents a body of a man and nour of the illustrious Tenor, it is located in a woman; located at Federico Garcia Lorca Maestro Padilla Theatre. avenue. > Sculpture belonging to The Salute; at La Rambla, author Miguel Moreno.
  • 58. > cinema, TheaTre and shows BA Nature Cervantes Theatre and Cinema 1, Poeta Villaespesa Street, 04001 Almeria. Nicolás Salmerón Park Tel.:  950 237 0293 - Number of cinemas: 1 Gardens and fountains in the centre of the City in Theatre Apolo front of the Port of Almeria. 25, Obispo Orberá Rambla, 04001 Almeria. (More information in the Section Almeria through Tel.: 950 269 268 the Centuries).   C.C. Mediterráneo Cinemas Mediterráneo Avenue, 04009 Almeria. Saharan Fauna Rescue Park Tel.: 902 010 173 - Number of cinemas: 10 Animal Reserve with species in danger of extinc- Filmoteca Museo Arqueológico tion: Dorca, Dama and Cuvier gazelles and Saha- (Film Club in the Archaeological Museum) ran Arrui. It has an Arab garden, recently reformed. Ronda Road. - Tel.: 950 175 529 Number of cinemas: 1 1, General Segura Street, 04001 Almeria. Tel.: 950 281 045. Booking required. Auditorio Municipal Open: Mondays to Fridays. Maestro Padilla (Maestro Padilla Concert City Hall) Parque del Boticario 1, Alfredo Kraus Square, 04007 Almeria. (Apothecary Park) Tel.: 950 273 002 It is the biggest garden area in Almeria, located58 El Morato Flamenco Club El Morato Street, 04008 Almeria. - Tel.: 675 525 460 in La Cañada (neighbourhood between Almeria and the Airport), it divided in two areas: children El Taranto Flamenco Club 12, Tenor Iribarne Street, 04001 Almeria. recreation area and the Park, with the Arab Gar- Tel.: 950 235 057 den, Rock Park and the Botanic Garden. La Chanca Flamenco Club Venta Cabrera Road - Viator. 04120 Almeria. Barranquillo Street, 04002 Almeria. Tel.: 950 389 7427 / 950 389 544 Tel.: 608 639 189 Open: Winter: Mondays closed, Tuesdays to Sun- days from 8 am to 3 pm and 4 pm to 6 pm. Sum- Antonio de Torres Flamenco Club mer: Mondays closed, Tuesdays to Sundays from 80, Real Street, 04120 La Cañada de San Urbano, 8 am to 1 pm and 6 pm to 9 pm. Almeria. - Tel.: 605 366 986 > Monsul Beach. > Gazelles at the Saharian Fauna Rescue Park.
  • 59. > Salinas of Cabo de Gata.Cabo de Gata Natural ParkAn unbelievable natural Paradise located only innumerable beaches: Monsul, Genoveses, El20 kilometres from the City. A natural space Plomo, El Playazo, San Pedro, etc…with uncountable ecologic values, which when Torregarcia, Las Amoladeras, el Torreon de San 59visited, one realises that it is the greatest natural Miguel and Las Salinas are some of the interest-treasure in the Province of Almeria. ing places inside Cabo de Gata Park that belongThe Park, situated inside the Town Councils of to the City of Almeria.Almeria, Nijar and the south-west of Carboneras, > The XVI Century coastal defence tower Torre-is the biggest protected and the most ecologi- garcía, was restored in the XVIII Century. In 21cal relevant area in the western Mediterranean December 1502, the Image of the Patron Saintin Europe. In 1987, the UNESCO catalogued it as of Almeria, Our Lady of the Seas, was found byBiosphere Reserve and it is without doubt one of the coast vigilant Andres de Jaen. A Romanthe most unique coastal setting. fish-salting Factory and the Torregarcia Chapel,29.000 land hectares and 12,000 more sea designed by the distinguished local architect,hectares with dunes, flat sand areas, small and Guillermo Langle, are in the area.large coves, Posidonian sea bottoms and great > El Centro de Visitantes “Las Amoladeras”diversity in fauna, old mining towns and monu- (Park information centre for visitors Las Amo-mental and archaeological remains which you laderas) with all kinds of didactical and visualwill run into with every beautiful step one takes. information on the Park.This unique landscape throughout the Park from Road ALP 202 Retamar-Pujaire km.7 04007. Tel.: 950 160 435    Cabo de Gata (the Village) to Pozo de los Frailes, Open: Winter:  Monday to Sunday from 10 amLos Escullos, La Isleta del Moro, Rodalquilar, Las to 15 pm. Summer: Monday to Sunday from 10Negras, Nijar, San Jose, Aguamarga, etc.. and the am to 2 pm and from 6 pm to 8 pm.
  • 60. > Torreón de San Miguel (XVIII Century de- up to the Lighthouse of Cabo de Gata, there is fensive tower) in San Miguel de Cabo de Gata a beautiful and unique view of the Arrecife de beach. las Sirenas (the mermaid reef). > Las Salinas, with the beautiful scenery of the Isle of Alborán Albufera (wetlands) with all kinds of birds that At 40 nautical miles from the coast of Almeria, can be contemplated from the bird watching lies the little known Isle of Alboran. It is less than centre. The Church of Las Salinas (1907) can a kilometre long with a flat landscape and con- also be admired, making the whole area very tinually swept by eastern and western winds. unique. Following the road, leaving the Fabri- The Moors baptised the Isle as sea belly bottom quilla on the right hand side, you start going and it is thought the Island was named after the AA for discovering the Natural Park Cabo de Gata Paths 1.- Alias River 9.- Las Amoladeras Length: 5.200 metres / low difficulty / Longitude: 5.300 metres / low difficulty / Time: 2 hours approx. time: 3 hours approx.60 2.- Mesa Roldán 10.- Caldera de Majada Redonda Length: 1.900 metres / low difficulty / Length: 2.600 metres / low difficulty / Time: 1 hour approx. time: 1:30 hours approx. 3.- Via Verde (green way) from Lu- 11.- Escullos – Isleta del Moro cainena to Aguamarga Length: 1.400 metres / low difficulty / Length: 8.300 metres /medium difficulty time: 45 min approx. / Time: 3 hours approx. 12.- Escullos – Pozo de los Frailes 4.- San Pedro – El Plomo – Aguamarga Length: 5.000 metres /low difficulty / Length: 11.700m / medium difficulty / time: 2:30 hours approx. Time: 4:30 hours approx. 13.- Loma Pelada 5.- La Molata Length: 6.300 metres / low difficulty / Length: 2.500 metres /low difficulty / time: 3:30h approx. Time: 1:30 hours approx. 14.- El Pocico - Las Marinas 6.- Cortijo del Fraile – Montano – Length: 6.300 metres / low difficulty / Hornillos time: 3 hours approx. Length: 7.700 metres/ medium: 3 hours 15.- Los Genoveses approx. Length: 2.300 metres / low difficulty / 7.- Requena time: 1:30 hour approx. Length: 6.600 metres / medium difficulty 16.- Vela Blanca / time: 3 hours approx. Length: 3.400 metres / low difficulty / 8.- Cerro del Cinto time: 2 hours approx. Length: 4.600 metres / medium difficulty / time: 5 hours approx.
  • 61. Moorish pirate from Almeria Al-Borani. He is said delegations were housed. One of the symbols ofto have taken refuge in the Island where legend the Event was the Acebuche (olive tree variety)says he hid his treasures. There are some botanic standing near the Plaza del Mar (sea square), itjewels and the rare seagull, Audouin, and in its is centennial tree symbolising the union of peo-sea bottom, all the riches of the Sea. Today, the ples.Island is considered a natural marine and fishing El Toyo has a great number of facilities to offerreserve. to visitors and residents alike: a highly modern hospital, a school, many garden areas, for ex. Alboran Park, many luxury hotels and a great golf course. The beaches with wooden foot-BA El Toyo bridges and observation points have quality cer-The land where the Toyo is located is near Cabo tification. From here, you can accede to the XVIIIde Gata Park; it was urbanised in 2005 for the Century Casa Fuerte de la Cruceta.Mediterranean Games to build the Olympic Villa Next to El Toyo lies the commuter and touristwhere all the athletes and other members of the neighbourhood Retamar. > Typical landscape of the Cabo de Gata Natural Park. 61
  • 62. Kt Lo ANDARAX RIVER Lk Ks Kr The chapel of Lq Lp Ln Ll Torregarcia Lm Kq Kp Ko Kn MEDITERRANEAN SEA Km Kl62 BA Beaches Almeria is usually awarded between 10 and 12 Kp Las Amoladeras Blue Flags each year. Protected Beach inside the perimetre of the Cabo Kl La Fabriquilla or El Corralete de Gata Park. It is the last Beach before entering Nijar, it is a Kq Torregarcía very calm for swimmers and sunbathers. The Torregarcia Beach which obviously receives Km La Almadraba de Monteleva its name from the coastal defensive tower: Torre- This sandy Beach belongs to Almadraba de Mon- garcia limits with the Natural Park Cabo de Gata. televa, it is located just after the Las Salinas de Kr Retamar Cabo de Gata beach. Beach at the Retamar urbanisation has all the Kn Las Salinas de Cabo de Gata necessary facilities for a beach dedicated to tour- This Beach with marvellous sand is near the ism. wetlands where there are many interesting bird Ks El Toyo species. Beach at the El Toyo, a new urban expansion area Ko San Miguel de Cabo de Gata next to the Cabo de Gata Park. An excellent Blue Flag beach surrounded by a Kt El Perdigal or El Alquián natural environment with many facilities. A virgin and tranquil Beach.
  • 63. BB Beauty and health > ArAb bAths Aire de Almería. Termas de Al Andalus 4-5, Constitución Square (Almería ) Tel: 950 282 095> Almadraba de Monteleva Beach in Cabo de Gata. Balneario Alhamma Almeraya (Thermal spring spa) 9, Perea Street, 04003 Almeria. - Tel.: 950 231 010Lk Costacabana www.alhammalmeraya.comCosta Cabana Beach receives its name from this balnearioalmeraya@gmail.comunique urbanisation called Costa Cabana. TheBeach has all the facilities necessary for tourism. > hotels with spALl El Bobar or La Cañada - Almería. Alcazaba MarBeach used for sports fishing. Juegos de Argel Street El Toyo Urbanisation 04131 Retamar (Almeria) - Tel.: 950 20 91 60 63Lm Nueva Almería - Almería. www.azhoteles.comBeach which is next to San Miguel beach, it has alcazabamar@azhoteles.comall the facilities of an urban beach. Cabogata Plaza SuitesLn San Miguel or Las Conchas - Almería Juegos de Argel StreetUrban Beach completely fitted with all the nec- El Toyo Urbanisation - 04131 Retamar (Almeria)essary services and infrastructures to be attrac- Tel.: 950 00 12 00 - www.zthoteles.estive for tourism. Barceló Cabo de GataLo Las Olas - Almería. Toyo Promenade, El Toyo UrbanisationBeach next to the fishing port. 04131 Retamar (Almeria) - Tel.: 950 18 42 50 - cabodegata@barcelo.comLp San Telmo - Almería.Beach next to the lighthouse of San Telmo. Cabogata Garden Juegos de Casablanca AvenueLq La Garrofa - Almería. El Toyo Urbanisation - 04131 Retamar (Almeria)Small Beach of gravel on which there is a camp- Tel.: 950 01 07 50 - cabogata@gardenhotels.coming site and a scuba diving club. Cabo de Gata Mar Garden Juegos de Casablanca Avenue El Toyo Urbanisation - 04131 Retamar (Almeria) Tel.: 950 01 79 50 -
  • 64. BA Gastronomy Almeria’s cuisine is imaginative, autonomous, Tapa tradition varied and original. Peppers and the products as the legend goes, alfonso X el Sabio (the wise) in the Xiii Century derived such as pimenton are the base of a cul- ordered that in the taverns of Cas- ture that has reached our days. Pimenton is still tile, wine would not be served un- served today in many restaurants. less it was accompanied by food, so the alcohol would not go to their heads. The tapa (which means in > Tapas Spanish “lid”) would be put on top of the glass so that flying objects Tapas are a culinary tradition in Almeria; they would not fall in the drink. The tapa are free when one orders wine, beer or mosto accompanying the wine would ge- nerally be a slice of ham, chorizo, in practically every bar in Almeria. There are a or other kinds of sausages or cold great variety of tapas: swordfish, rice (paella), meats and sometimes a piece of marinade anchovies, fried squid, fried marinated cheese. Therefore the tapa would be placed on top of the glass or dogfish, snails, grilled ribs, cherican (toast with jug as if it were a lid, but of course many different toppings popularly pronounced full of food to soak up the alcoholic64 as “cherigan”), potato salad, ratatouille (Span- drinks. ish: tabernero, pisto and fritailla), grilled shrimp, grilled cuttlefish, cuttlefish in sauce, migas (typical local dish), vaporised mussels, mojama (dried tuna fish), gurullos (typical local stew), places to go for tapas: trigo (typical local stew made with wheat), 1. Fishing port area. (San Roque Church). lomo en orza (conserved: ham fried in its own 2. Around Real Street–Trajano Street - Cathedral fat), grilled ham, patatas bravas (potatoes in hot - Plaza Vieja. Reference: Fish Fountain (Nicolás sauce typical from Almeria), potatoes with ali- Salmerón park). oli sauce (olive oil and garlic), bread slice with 3. Following Squares: Flores Square, San Pedro varied toppings (sometimes very sophisticated), Square, Urrutia Square and Virgen del Mar pipirrana (octopus with olive oil dressing and Square. finely cut peppers), patatas a lo pobre (softly 4. Around San Sebastián Square - Puerta Purch- fried potatoes in olive oil, sliced finely with pep- ena - Paseo de Almeria. pers and onions), fried fish, ajoblanco (typical 5. Around the Abastos Square (central market) from Almeria: cold soup with olive oil, garlic, and Celia Viñas High School. crushed almonds, sometimes accompanied with 6. Around La Rambla. melon or grapes), and many more types of tapas. 7. Around Cable Inglés - Sea Promenade.
  • 65. > Typical dishes together by hand in order to produce very small grain-size pasta. Then the pasta is left outdoorsMigas to dry on a cloth to make ready for cooking.Old home-made dish, very typical of Almeria, as PimentónMigas are also known in Seville and Castilla La Pimenton is a typical dish from Almeria of hum-Mancha, but they are made of bread. In Almeria, ble origin; it originated in times of need in Fisher-Migas are made of hard grained wheat. Migas man neighbourhoods. It is a light, aromatic andare accompanied with “toppings”: radish, her- healthy Mediterranean dish which is easy to pre-ring or fish, blood sausage, chorizo, fried pep- pare: first make the sofrito, lightly fry choppedpers and small pieces of fried pork fat. Migas are onions, tomato, garlic and dried peppers (theprepared in warm coastal urban areas when it dried peppers have been previously crushed withrains and the weather is cool, so to add needed salt and cumin); secondly Separately, boil watercalories. in a pan with parsley, roasted and peeled pep-Gurullos pers and fish and third add the sofrito and sepa-The gurullos are an Autumn-Winter stew that rate the pan from the fire, the mixture shouldis made in hunting season. It is made with par- not boil. This typical dish from Almeria can betridges, hare or mountain rabbits. It is an artisa- served as a soup or with potatoes.nal pasta made with hard grained wheat, water 65and salt. Once amassed, thick noodles are rubbed
  • 66. Trigo This is the most typical and emblematic dish in BB Where to eat Almeria. It takes at least a day as the chickpeas > RestauRants have to be left in water and the shell removed from the wheat. Removing the wheat is done on > MediteRRáneo avenue and suRRoundings the street lifting and letting the wheat grain fall. Once the shell is removed, it is boiled for half an Mesón Don Quijote Restaurant hour, removed from the stove and covered with a Mediterráneo Avenue cloth so that the wheat grains may continue ex- Commercial Centre - Tel.: 950 14 54 33 panding. The stew is made with a piece of spine, Entresabores Restaurant Mediterráneo Avenue. pig bones and tail, fresh fat and a hand full of Tel.: 950 14 53 90 fennel and blood sausage. There is also the pos- Casa Gabriele Restaurant sibility of adding beans instead of chickpeas. Pilarica Street Tel.: 950 08 74 13 Fish and Seafood Fish and seafood have always been present in Asahi Restaurant 43, Profesor Mulián. Almeria’s gastronomy. With more than 200 kilo- Tel.: 950 14 28 14 metres. of Mediterranean coast, there is a great Fuji Restaurant66 seafood variety: groupers, bogas, horse mackerel Peseta Street, corner Gaudi Square. and red mullet as well as clams, mussels, shrimp, Tel.: 627 31 85 42 squid and cuttlefish. These delicious varieties of Restaurant Hai Cheng Mediterráneo Avenue ( Argar Building) seafood become delicious “fritura de pescado” Tel.: 950 23 44 83 (fried fish), which is served in many restaurants Kay Yue Restaurant in Almeria. Mediterráneo Avenue Commercial Centre. Tel.: 950 14 23 48 Sweets and desserts Salsa Criolla Restaurant The traditional sweets and desserts are still 288, Mediterráneo Avenue. made at home and there are still many restau- Tel.: 950 85 20 16 rants where you can be offered homemade des- Yesca serts and sweets during high-season. At Holy 4, Italia Street - Tel.: 950.85.45.45 Week, “borrachillos, “papaviejos” and “buñuelos rellenos” are typical and at Christmas: turrones, mantecados and alfajores. > Old Quarter Restaurant La Encina 16, Marín Street. - Tel.: 950 27 34 29 Gran Hotel Restaurant 8, Reina Regente Avenue. Tel.: 950 23 80 11
  • 67. La Sacristía Restaurant 12, General Segura Street. Tel.: 950 08 39 73 Mesa España Restaurant 19, Méndez Núñez Street. Tel.: 950 27 49 28 El Turia Restaurant 6, Ricardos Street. Tel.: 950 26 37 68Real Restaurant Valentín Restaurant 19 Tenor Iribarne Street.15, Real Street. Tel.: 950 26 44 75Tel.: 950 28 02 43Torreluz Mediterráneo Restaurant El Asador Restaurant 14, Fructuoso Pérez Street.3, Flores Square. Tel.: 950 23 45 45Tel.: 950 28 14 25Catedral Restaurant Ristorante Ritabella 10, Conde Ofalia Street.4, Catedral Square. Tel.: 950 26 34 52Tel.: 950 25 90 04Casa Sevilla Restaurant Da Bruno Restaurant Martínez Almagro Street. 67Rueda López Street (commercial gallery) Tel.: 950 27 72 09Tel.: 950 27 29 12Costasol Restaurant Aljaima Tea Restaurant 12, Jovellanos Street.58, Paseo de Almeria. Tel.: 950 23 29 46Tel.: 950 23 66 65Lamarca Selección Restaurant La Cata Restaurant 15, Concepción Arenal Street.4, Javier Sanz Street. Tel.: 950 28 27 40Tel.: 950 25 94 48Plaza de Cañas Restaurant20, Marín Street. > altaMiRa stReet & suRRounding aReaTel.: 950 27 18 67Torreluz Restaurant NH Ciudad de Almeria Restaurant2, Torres Street. Jardín de Medina Street.Tel.: 950 23 43 99 Tel.: 950 18 25 00Almedina Restaurant Bodega Lamarca Restaurant2, Paz, Street. 33, Gregorio Marañón Street.Tel.: 629 27 78 27 Tel.: 950 08 66 25Capitol Restaurant Chele Restaurant35, Granada, Street. 38 Canónigo Molina Alonso Street.Tel.: 950 24 03 63 Tel.: 950 27 36 80Cuentavinos Restaurant Torresbermejas Restaurant12 General Segura Street. 19, Estación Avenue.Tel.: 950 23 97 72 Tel.: 950 22 30 84
  • 68. Nan Kin Restaurant 39 Altamira Street. Tel.: 950 26 33 83 Restaurant Shang – Hai 170, García Lorca Avenue. Tel.: 950 27 14 06 > The sea fronT & surroundinG area Club de Mar Restaurant Almadrabillas Promenade. Tel.: 950 23 50 48 Chino Peking Restaurant 7, Cartagena Street. Tel.: 950 23 85 78 Building Restaurant 117, Paseo Marítimo (sea promenade). Tel.: 950 26 12 04 Restaurant Delfín Verde La Galatea Cheese Restaurant 42, Paseo Marítimo (sea promenade). 5, Altamira Street, (Cristal Building). Tel.: 950 26 79 9968 Tel.: 950 25 94 09 Duque de Mar Restaurant Tagliatella Restaurant Paseo Marítimo (beach promenade) corner with 3, Ribera Almadrabillas. Cartagena Street. Tel.: 950 26 02 52 Tel.: 950 23 12 74 Jacaranda Restaurant Sierra Morena Restaurant 1, Administración Vieja Square. 15, Bilbao Street. Tel.: 950 24 54 68 Tel.: 950 26 53 31 Martín Fierro Restaurant Veracruz Restaurant Ronda Road (next to the old Train Station) 10, Jaúl Street. Tel.: 950 27 68 53 Tel.: 950 25 12 20 Dragon Restaurant 45, Calzada de Castro Street. Tel.: 950 27 46 89 > cosTacaBana & Toyo urBanisaTions Gran Muralla Restaurant 14 Sagunto Street. El Mirador de Retamar Restaurant Tel.: 950 26 10 56 13, Paseo Marítimo. Tel.: 950 20 91 47 Hong Kong Restaurant 2, Hermanos Machado Street. Taray Restaurant Tel.: 950 26 43 38 Botica Street. Tel.: 950 20 74 12 Internacional Restaurant 5, Ribera Almadrabillas. El Fogón del Toyo Restaurant Tel.: 950 27 27 24 14, Del Sol Street. Tel.: 950 20 83 20
  • 69. Manolo Cruz Restaurant > Tapa BarsBotica Street.Tel.: 950 20 74 03 Marisquería AlcazarEl Lagarto Mejicano Restaurant 2, Tenor Iribarne Street.61, Luxor Avenue, – Costacabana. Tel.: 950238995Tel.: 950 29 27 28 Closed: Mondays Bar Bahía de Palma > caBo de GaTa 1, Administración Vieja Square. Tel.: 661205959Blanca Brisa Restaurant Closed: Sundays49, Joricas Street. Café BareaTel.: 950 37 00 01 2, Granada Street.Restaurant La Goleta Tel.: 950235020Paseo Marítimo Cabo Gata (sea promenade) Closed : Sunday afternoonsTel.: 950 37 02 15 Marisqueria BavieraMorales Restaurant 10,Tenor Iribarne Street.Las Salinas Cabo de Gata. Tel.: 950239658Tel.: 950 37 01 03 Closed: SundaysRestaurant Parque La Bien Pagá TavernLa Almadraba Street. 6, Martínez Almagro Street.Tel.: 950 37 00 75 Tel: 629272627 Closed: Mondays 69 Marques de Heredia Bodeguilla > ouTskirTs of almeria 8, Marqués de Heredia Square. Tel: 950245683Aniceto Restaurant Open every dayAlquián-Viator Road. La Borrachería BarTel.: 950 29 73 44 69, Real Street.El Andaluz Restaurant Tel.: 6256833196, Sierra de Gredos Street. Closed: SundaysTel.: 950 27 14 74 Las Botas BodegaLos Arcos Restaurant 3, Fructuoso Pére Street.157, Níjar Road. Tel.: 950234239Tel.: 950 29 76 03 Closed: SundaysBellavista Restaurant Burana CaféUrbanisation Bellavista (Alquián) 56, Paseo de Almeria.Tel.: 950 29 71 56 Tel.: 950246283El Romeral Restaurant Open every day39, Ingenio Road. El Candil TabernaTel.: 950 22 10 26 Urrutia Square.La Alacena de Pura González Tel.: 950258821 Closed: SundaysRestaurant32, La Marina Street.Tel.: 950 15 23 97
  • 70. Casa Puga Taberna Plaza de Cañas Restaurant 7, Jovellanos Street. 20, Marín Street. Tel.: 950231530 Tel.: 950273429 Closed: Sunday and holidays Closed: Tuesdays Catedral Hotel Restaurant La Sacristia-Calle Mayor Restaurant 8, Catedral Square. 12, General Segura Street. Tel.: 950278178 Tel.: 950083973 Open every day Open every day La Charka Bar Quinto Toro I Bar 7, Trajano Street. 6, Juan Leal Street. Tel.: 669545421 Tel.: 950239135 Closed: Wednesdays Closed: Saturday afternoons and Sundays Costasol Hotel Restaurante Quinto Toro Ii Bar 58, Paseo de Almeria. 24, Javier Sanz Street. Tel.: 950236665 Tel.: 625683319 Closed: Sundays Closed: Saturday mornings and Sundays Cuentavinos Bar Restaurant La Tahona Bar 12, General Segura Street. 30, Reyes Católicos Street. Tel.: 950239772-950265660 Tel.: 950257088 Closed: Sundays Closed: Sundays Doña Lola Taberna Selecta Tía María Bodega Selecta70 22, Padre Luque Street. 4, Gabriel Callejón Street. Tel.: 950273496 Tel.: 950246039 Closed: Sundays Closed: Sundays La Encina Plaza Vieja Restaurant Torreluz Taberna 16 Marín Street. 3, Flores Square. Tel.: 950273429 Tel.: 950234399 Closed: Sunday evenings and Mondays Open everyday Oasis 55 Kiosk El Turia Bar Restaurant Manuel Pérez García Square. 6, Ricardos Street. Tel.: 626003185 Tel. 950263768 Open everyday Closed: Sundays evenings Virgen Del Mar Kiosk 1, Virgen del Mar Square. Tel.: 651980878 Closed: Fridays and Saturdays in the afternoon Lisboa Café Bar 8, San Pedro Square. Tel.: 950261757 Closed: Sundays and holidays Me gusta tambien Bar 9, Circunvalación del Mercado Street. Tel.: 659604651 Closed: Sundays afternoons
  • 71. BA Fiestas, traditions & events tery contest. La Feria de la noche (night fair) is also very popular with many stalls where peopleCarnivals dance and there is a lot partying.Carnival association contest in the Maestro Pa- During La Feria, there is also a Flamenco Festivaldilla theatre. Carnival parade, and the carnival and a Folklore Festival of the Peoples of the Ibe-associations put on the show all over the differ- rian Peninsula and of the Mediterranean.ent neighbourhoods and finally the Funeral ofthe Sardine. > local TradiTionsHoly Week > On 26 December, Almeria celebrates the dayEach year Los Pasos (similar to parade floats but of El Pendon (the banner), coincides with Sanwith a Holy Week theme) are richer in decora- Esteban. This Day commemorates the day thetion. Los Pasos outstand for their great artwork. Catholic Kings conquered the City in 1498. TheThe Almeria Holy Week Processions have been civic-religious Commemoration begins in thedeclared of Spanish Tourism Interest since 2004. Plaza Vieja (Town Council Square) and then the procession proceeds to the Cathedral.May CrossesThe Crosses are set up in buildings and squares(drink, food and music accompany). Crosses are > Portal of the Feria of Almeria.successful or not depending on how much par- 71ticipation they receive and how cheerful theyare.Noche de San Juan (Saint John’s Bonfires)Local fiesta that is celebrated on the shortestnight of the year (23 to 24 June) and coincideswith the beginning of Summer. Bonfires are litup all over the beaches and there is a popularverbena (feast) with fireworks at midnight.Feria and Fiestas in Honour of LaVirgen del Mar (Our Lady of the Seas)La Feria and Fiestas of Almeria (seven-day fair)celebrated from the second week of August inhonour of La Virgen del Mar, patron of Almeria.During La Feria different kinds of activities takeplace: sporting events, bullfights and the Feriadel Mediodia (noon fair which is each time morepopular) where stalls are set up in the centre ofTown; equestrian activities and the popular pot-
  • 72. > On the second Sunday of each year, the Romer- Other cultural events ia (popular pilgrimage) to Torregarcia is Religious Music Festival, many plays, flamenco, celebrated. The Procession ends at the Atalaya dance and concerts take place in the Mu- (coastal defence tower) where the Image of La nicipal Maestro Padilla Theatre, Apolo Theatre, Virgen del Mar was found (1502). A Chapel in Aljibes Arabes de Jairan and in the Centro de honour of La Virgen del Mar was built there. Arte Museo de Almeria. More information at > The last Saturday of La Feria is the day of the patron, La Virgen del Mar. It is a local holi- day and a sung mass is celebrated and a flower offering is made at 12 am . Citizens and visitors BA Sports alike may accede to Our Lady’s Chapel to see Municipal Sports Centre Distrito 6 the Image. Sport facilities for practising basketball, hand- > La Virgen del Carmen. On 16 July, the fish- ball, five-a-side football and volleyball. There is erman’s neighbourhood pays homage to the also a weights and fitness hall, climbing wall, Virgen the Patron of all fishermen. There is Indoor swimming pool sauna and jacuzzi a procession that begins in the San Roque Bédar Street. - Tel.: 950 621 331 Church where the Virgen is stored and contin-72 ues on a fishing boat to open sea. Sports Complex Rafael Florido In this Complex, basketball, handball, five-a-side football, boxing, paddle, squash, tennis and vol- BA Main Events leyball can be practised. There is also a weights Teatro del Siglo de Oro (Spanish room, a tatami, a gymnasium, an Indoor swim- Golden Theatre Era): ming-pool a warm up pool, two Finnish saunas, In April the most important plays of the time are two contrast showers and two vapour baths and represented. a swimming-pool jacuzzi. Book and Reading Festival (LILEC) 228, Mediterraneo Avenue. - Tel.: 950 224 447 Is celebrated in May. Sports Complex Las Almadrabillas Alamar Mediterranean Music Festival which is celebra- Facilities to practise martial arts, basketball, ted in June. handball, 5-a-side football, squash, tennis and volleyball are available. There is also a sauna, Almeria Jazz Festival thermal area and two swimming pools (one Takes place in October. It has been celebrated indoor). since 1984. Cabo de Gata Avenue. Almeria en Corto Tel.: 950 253 230 International Short Film Festival which takes place in December.
  • 73. Municipal Sports Pavilion Alborán Alboran Golf CourseJosé Antonio Segura The Course, located in the new Toyo residentialSports Centre prepared for badminton, handball, complex, is near the City and a few metres from5-a-side football, archery and volleyball the Beach and very close to the Cabo de GataVirgen de las Angustias, (Araceli neighbourhood). Natural Park. This Golf Course has 18 holes andTel.: 950 621 340 - is surrounded by a unique semi-desert environ-Mediterranean Games Municipal ment. From a technical point of view, this is onePalace of the most modern golf courses in Europe. Ideal facilities for athletics, martial arts, basket- Aeropuerto Road km 12. El Toyo (Almeria).ball, handball, 5-a-side football, sport gymna- Tel.: 950 208 583 - www.alborangolf.comsium, table tennis and volleyball Club de Mar of Almeria1, Belladona Street. - Tel.: 950 332 Playa de las Almadrabillas (Almadrabillas Beach) s/n. 04007 Almeria.Costacabana Sports Complex Tel.: 950 230 780Apart from having an indoor swimming-pool, www.clubdemaralmeria.esthere are other facilities for basketball, handball, cma@clubdemaralmeria.es5-a-side football and two tennis courts. Estación Náutica Bahía de AlmeriaGarona Street - Costacabana neighbourhood. 5, Sergio Leone Street, 04007 Almeria.Tel.: 950 293 399 - Tel.: 950 101 666 73 www.enbahiadealmeria.esLa Cañada Municipal Sports Centre info@enbahiadealmeria.esFacilities for basketball, handball, 5-a-side foot-ball and volleyball.Mar de la Cañada Street - C.P. San IndalecioTel.: 950 291 107 -> Spanish First Division match at the Mediterranean Games Stadium.
  • 74. 74 > The Castle of Velez Blanco.
  • 75. > Tabernas Desert. AA Discover the surroundings 75 Roquetas de Mar City Los Millares Only 10 minutes from Almeria, Roquetas de Mar The most important Bronze Age (2700-1800 has a varied leisure offer: Aquarium Roquetas de a.c.) archaeological remains in Europe. It is Mar, is the biggest aquarium in Andalusia or the located in Santa Fe de Mondujar about 17 kilo- waterpark Mariopark. metres from Almeria on a plateau between the Andarax River and Huechar Rambla. There was Mojacar an excellent agriculture culture in the area, and Mojacar is typical Moorish town which conserves it was also the first place in the western Medi- its unique structure of terraces in different levels, terranean to implement copper metallurgy. The corners and narrow streets. The most proximate population was protected by four lines of walls weekend to 10 June is the day when Moros y and a dozen fortifications; there is an impressive Cristianos Feast (enactment of the confrontation necropolis with more than a hundred collective between Christian and Moosish troops) takes burial tombs. To arrive at the Remains take the place in Mojacar. This Fiesta is an important A-348 from Almeria city to Alhama and turn tourism attraction; it begins with the creation right at kilometre 141 in the direction of Santa of the headquarters of each army. The events oc- Fe, then follow the N-324 (do not take the exit to cur relentlessly until the great parade on Sunday Santa Fe), after 200 metres you will see the signs afternoon. indicating the way to Los Millares.
  • 76. Tabernas Desert Karst en Yesos de Sorbas Tabernas, a Spanish Protected Natural Area since (Gypsum Caves in Sorbas) 1989, is located 30 kilometres from Almeria at The effect of thousands of years of running water 404 metres over sea level with 2,000 square me- on the gypsum depression in Sorbas (Almeria) tres of desert. A desert environment with almost has produced a unique subterranean scenery. 3,000 hours of sunlight and without any vegeta- This incredible cave formation in Almeria is lo- tion, it has been the ideal set for many films and cated in a sub-desert area with more than 1,000 publicity announcements. The following films cavities (some are incredibly spectacular) carved have been made here: A Fistful of Dollars; For in gypsum. There are kilometres of stalactites a Few More Dollars; The Good, the Bad and the and stalagmites of crystal rock that reflect the Ugly; King of Kings and a long etc... . Inside the light from the visitors’ helmets. The Karst en Tabernas Desert area, there are many old west- Yesos de Sorbas Natural Park is an Officially Pro- ern village sets: Fort Bravo, Western Leone and tected Area since 1989. Oasys Theme Park (which also has an animal reserve). > Panoramic view of Mojacar.76
  • 77. > The lighthouse of Roquetas de Mar. 77The Alpujarra of Almeria Sierra María-Los Vélez Natural ParkThe Alpujarra of Almeria, at the west of the The Sierra Maria-Los Velez Natural Park locatedProvince, are at the foot of Sierra Nevada moun- in the extreme north of the Province, possessestains. The Moorish heritage of these villages can a spectacular beauty. This Natural Park hasbe seen through elements such as waterways, magnificent thick forests, the best preserved inwhite-washed villages, sober Mediterranean Almeria, important archaeological remains andHolm Oaks, vines and vineyards. In this trip paintings.around the Alpujarras of Almeria, you can visitvillages such as: Alhama de Almería, Canjáyar,Fiñana, Laujar de Andarax, Ohanes and Padules.
  • 78. 78 > The Toyo Golf Course.
  • 79. MapsAA Almería City 79
  • 80. COLATIVI A CARBONERAS SIERRA ALHAMILLA A AGUAMARGA ANDALUSIA GRANADA ALMERÍA EUROPE A-92 TABERNAS SPAIN ALMERÍA Níjar Cuevas de los Úbedas ALMERIA MUNICIPAL DISTRICT Scale: 1/40.000 ALPUJARRA VIATOR 453 BENAHADUX 448 Cuevas de AIRPORT Los Medinas MURCIA 456 E-15 A-7 TOYO / CABO DE GATA 460 CTRA. RONDA 446 CABO DE GATA Venta Gaspar N-347 467 TO CAMPOHERMOSO AVDA. FEDERICO GARCÍA LORCA N-349 443 Loma Cabrera SIERRA DE GADOR EL BOTICARIO Cárdenas PARK Defensive Tower N-344 Retamar RAMBLA TO RODALQUILAR LAS El Alquián AMOLADERAS AL-12 Airport TO RODALQUILAR PORT 438 ALMERÍA Casa Fuerte de La Cruceta El Toyo CABO DE GATA ROAD La Cañada El Perdigal Defensive Tower Campo de golf de San Urbano El Perdigal Beach El Toyo Beach Torregarcía Defensive Tower Las Amoladeras San Telmo Castle INTERMODAL University Costacabana Beach Retamar Beach Path STATION Las Olas Beach ANDARAX RIVER E-15 San Telmo Beach Torregarcía Castell del Rey PORT OF RAMBLA A-7 La Garrofa Beach Chapel MORALESMÁLAGA ALMERIA CAMINO DE RIBERA Torregarcía Beach PARK INFORMATION La Garrofa Defensive Tower SAN JOSÉ CENTRE FOR VISITORS El Palmer Beach Nueva Almería Beach “LAS AMOLADERAS” El Bobar Beach Ruescas Isleta El Pocico - Las Marinas del Moro Path Escullos Las Amoladeras Beach Pozo de los Frailes Pujaire Cabo de Gata San Miguel de N Cabo Gata Beach San Miguel DefensiveTower Bird Watching Centre O E MEDITERRANEAN SEA San José Las Salinas Beach Cabo de Gata La Almadraba de Monteleva Beach Genoveses Beach S La Fabriquilla Beach CABO DE G ATA-N ÍJAR ALBORAN ISLAND Mónsul Beach N ATU RA PARK To 48 millas Cabo de Gata
  • 82. 80 > The Chapel of Torregarcia.
  • 83. 81 P Hs H 14 16 12 AP H 1033 9 28
  • 84. 47 H 82 18 H Hs P P H H 17 P H 15 14 19 46 21 13 12 P H AP H 20 H 22 H 26 P10 P P H 27 43 BUS STATION 41 28 11 42
  • 86. Hs H 14 16 1 12 AP H H 10 27 33 9 28 1 8 7 7 1 5 4 H 6 3 30 29 2 31 35 31 3284 38 D O C K P L AT F O R M C U S TOM AGUADULCE ROQUETAS DE MAR COMMERCIAL PORT FISHING PORT
  • 87. P H H 17 P H 15 14 19 46 21 13 12 P H AP H 20 H 22 H 26 P10 P P H 27 43 BUS STATION 41 28 11 425 TRAIN STATION 4 H 23 24 40 P 6 25 H 30 29 P 36 35 37 P P H 44 85 39 MARINA LAS CONCHAS BEAC 34 MEDITERRANEAN SEA
  • 89. 87
  • 90. City Council Tourism Office1, Constitucion Square. 04001 AlmeríaTel.: +34 950 210 538 - +34 950 280