Final test (2)


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Final test (2)

  1. 1. Topic:Tests
  2. 2. • What are tests for? • Reasons for testing • Basic concepts of taking test • Types of test elicitation techniques • How to design a test • How to administer test SYNOPSIS
  3. 3. • A test may be defined as an activity whose main purpose is to convey how well the testee knows or can do something. • Purpose: • Learning • Feedback on knowledge • assessment Definition
  4. 4. • Tests may be used as a means to: • Give the teacher information about where the students are and help the teacher decide what to teach next. • Give the student information about what they know and what they need to learn or review. • Motivate students to learn specific material • Get a noisy class to keep quiet and concentrate. Reasons For Testing
  5. 5. • Provide a clear indication that the class has reached a station in learning. • Get students to make an effort,which is likely to lead to better results and feeling of satisfaction. • Give students tasks and challenges • Provide students with a sense of achievement and progress in learning. Cont......
  6. 6. • A test should consists on following concepts. • The theoretical concepts:validity,reliability,backwash • The distinction between the following pairs of concepts • -achievement vs proficiency tests • -diagnostic vs prognostic tests • -discrete point vs integrative tests • -subjective vs objective tests BASIC CONCEPT OF TEST
  9. 9. Formal Testing usually implies a written document, such as a test, quiz, or paper. Students are told in advance what they need to know. FORMAL TESTING An informal testing usually occurs in a more casual manner and may include observation, checklists, perform ance assessments, partici pation, and discussion. INFORMAL TESTING Cont......
  10. 10.  Question and answers  True/ False  Multiple-Choice  Matching  Gap-Filling  Cloze  Translation  Transformation ELICITATION TECHNIQUES
  11. 11. 1.Question and answers  Simple questions may require short or long answers  Can be used to test almost every thing. 2. True/False  A statement is to be marked as true or false.  Used to test  listening or reading  Vocabulary  Grammar  Does not test speaking or writing. ELICITATION TECHNIQUES
  12. 12. 3.Multiple-choice  Student has to select the right option  Used for the same testing purpose as T or F  Easy to mark  Difficult to design. 4.Matching  Usually tests vocabulary  Awkward to administer orally  Time consuming  Difficult to compose  Easily checked Cont.........
  13. 13. 5. Gap-filling  Usually tests grammar or vocabulary  Tedious to compose  Easily administered in writing than speech  Marking is simple 6. Cloze  Word are omitted at regular intervals  Tests reading  Spelling  Vocabulary and grammar  Easy to prepare and administer Cont...........
  14. 14. 7.Translation  To translate sentences or passages  Items are easy to compose and administer  Marking may sometimes more difficult 8. Transformation  To change the sentence according to given instructions.  Easy to design administer and mark  Used to test grammar  Marking is fairly straight forward Cont.....
  15. 15. Designing A TEST Preparation Performance Feedback
  16. 16. PREPARATION • Prepare your test. • List in writing all the material that you want your test to cover. PERFORMANCE • Administer your test to a class of learners. FEEDBACK • Look at how your test was done. • Ask the students how they felt about it. Steps For Designing A Test
  17. 17. The actual design of test,whether oral or written,formal or informal is,of course,important,but it is not the end of the story.How the test is actually administered and returned can make a huge difference to motivation and performance;in particular,sensitive presentation of a test can significantly reduce learners anxiety. Test Administration
  18. 18. Things to keep in mind for administring a test • Before the test 1. Announcement 2. Marking Criteria 3. Information about time,place,limitation and rules 4. Tips to cope up with test 5. Guidance for preparation Steps For Administring A Test
  19. 19. • Giving the Test 1. Importance of administring test 2. Instructions before giving test 3. Addition of anything during distribution of paper 4. Your behaviour passive or interactive during paper Cont.....
  20. 20. • After the Test 1. Time which you take for checking and returning the paper. 2. Discuss paper after checking with students. 3. Demand or follow up work on the part of the students. Cont.....
  21. 21. • Test is conducted to assess the testee or to get feedback on knowledge. • They developes an atmosphere of competetion if they are designed and adminiterd properly. • They should be conducted sytematically. • If all the above points should be kept in mind,they will be more result -oriented and will fulfill all the purposes of conducting test. Conclusion