Assistive technology

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Examples of assistive technology tools for special education students

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Assistive technology

  1. 1. ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY: Tools to Enhance the Educational Experience for Students with Special Needs
  2. 2. Students with Special Needs • Individualized Education Programs (IEP) • Supported by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA 2004) • For students with difficulties learning and functioning to set goals and make strong academic progress • Qualifying students include those with learning disabilities, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, emotional disorders, cognitive disorders, autism, hearing impairments, visual impairments, speech/language impairment, or developmental delays • Classed carried out in general education classroom or resource classroom • Lease restricted environment • Referral and Evaluation by multidisciplinary team • Conference with parents • Conference with student • Observation of student • Analysis of student performance
  3. 3. Assistive Technology Overview • Defined by IDEA: “any service that directly assists an individual with a disability in the selection, acquisition, or use of an assistive technology device” • Promotes independence • Technology solutions • Movement: body positioning, mobility • Communicate: receptive, expressive • Use Materials: utensils, drawing tools • Can be no-tech, simple and low-tech, or complex and high-tech • No-tech: pillow • Low-tech: electronic voice recording device • High-tech: augmentative communication, computer software
  4. 4. Assistive Technology Overview Cont’d • Assistive technology commonly used to help students in these areas: • organization • note taking • writing • academic productivity • access to reference and general educational materials • cognitive assistance
  5. 5. Examples of Assistive Technology • Read and Write Gold: text-to-speech software, word prediction • Voice Dream Reader: text voice-over, magnification, annotation, definitions, highlighting • Voice Recognition Software: speech-to-text software, spelling and grammar assistance • DAISY audio players: for visually impaired students or students with print disabilities, listen to audiobooks • Magnification Software: magnify computer screen, invert text color, increase mouse/cursor size • LiveScribe SmartPen: record audio and sync notes • Refreshable Braille Display: instant, real-time, refreshing Braille to access the information that is presented
  6. 6. Examples of Assistive Technology Cont’d • Communication boards: behavior management, schedules, organization utilized on a visual board of symbols or photos • Environmental controls: for individuals with limited physical mobility to close doors, close windows, answer phone, turn off lights • Adjustable monitors and keyboards: move monitors, keyboard trays, large font keyboards, adjustable tables and chairs • Trackball Mouse: ergonomic purposes to avoid strain • Augmentative and Alternative Communication: may be touch-screen, switch access, or eye-gaze activated for computer access
  7. 7. Assistive Technology: SMART Board • SMART board: large interactive white board placed at front of the classroom • Connectable to computer • Touchscreen capabilities • Hearing Impaired • Speakers for videos on screen • Teachers can wear a microphone to project lectures • Dyslexia • Change text color • Interactive touchscreen phonics activities • Spotlight feature to block certain areas on screen • Reading Comprehension Difficulties • Enlarge text • Digital highlighter • Display textbook pages
  8. 8. Assistive Technology: SMART Board Cont’d • Writing Comprehension Difficulties • Can write on SMART board with finger, SMART pen, or other soft objects to practice writing, constructing letter forms • Pre-lined paper templates • ADHD • Interactive to capture attention • Activities and games with touchscreen • Reveal and Spotlight features to prevent too much information from becoming a distraction • Autism • Visual stimuli • Interactive manipulatives • Structure and routine
  9. 9. Assistive Technology: Audio Loop • Audio Loop: personal FM units to amplify teacher’s voice used by individuals with hearing impairment • Portably worn on the student with hearing impairment and teacher • Allows for movement of both the student and the teacher • Small and concealed, less distracting to other students in classroom • Background noise cancellation • Focus on teacher or speaker • No background distractions • Student can be in general education classroom with peers instead of a resource classroom
  10. 10. For Further Information • SMART Boards: • http://smarttech.com • https://www.blossomlearning.com/showresource.aspx?rid=56 • Audio Loops: • http://www.hearingloop.org

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