LANGUAGE AND COMMUNICATION  Real Communication by Dan O’Hair and Mary Weimann
LANGUAGE What is language?
LANGUAGEA word is a symbol or a sign forsomething which forms a language.Words have multiple meanings.Denotative meaning i...
LANGUAGECognitive language is the language we use todescribe people, things, or situations in ourmind.This is related to o...
GRAMMARThe system of rules of a language that serves as a way tocreate words, phrases and sentences.Language is bound by r...
WHAT IS FOCACCE?
WHAT IS FOCACCE?    We need the context...
FUNCTIONS OF LANGUAGECommunicationAcquisition is learning howto use the words in alanguage, appropriatelyand effectively i...
FUNCTIONS OF LANGUAGEcontrollinginformingfeelingimaginingritualizing
PROBLEMS WITH LANGUAGE     AND MEANING
PROBLEMSHayakawa’s abstraction ladder  language can range from  vague to specific  high is very vague  low is very specific
PROBLEMS evasion equivocation euphemisms slang jargon
PROBLEMS Semantics is the meaning of words. Pragmatics is the appropriate use of words. Use of labels can erase individual...
PROBLEMS Biased language is infused with subtle meanings that might affect our perceptions. PC-Politically Correct! facts,...
LANGUAGE AND CONTEXT
LANGUAGE BEHAVIORS Speech repertoires are files of language possibilities.   church   family   friends   work
LANGUAGE BEHAVIORS  Relationships  High language  Low language  How comfortable are you?
LANGUAGE BEHAVIORS  Sapir-Whorf hypothesis  says our words influence  our thinking.  If there is no word in that  language...
LANGUAGE BEHAVIORS  Linguistic determinism-  language determines how  we see the world around  us.  Linguistic relativity-...
LANGUAGE BEHAVIORS  Linguistic determinism-  language determines how  we see the world around  us.  Linguistic relativity-...
LANGUAGE BEHAVIORS  High-context cultures use  the context to  communicate in subtle  ways.  Low-context cultures use  dir...
LANGUAGE BEHAVIORS  Gender Roles  Geographic Area  Dialects  Chat Rooms  Texting  Technology
LANGUAGE BEHAVIORS  Accommodation  Code switching  Style switching
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Language and Communication

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Book Review ch. 3 from Real Communication.

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  • Language and Communication

    1. 1. LANGUAGE AND COMMUNICATION Real Communication by Dan O’Hair and Mary Weimann
    2. 2. LANGUAGE What is language?
    3. 3. LANGUAGEA word is a symbol or a sign forsomething which forms a language.Words have multiple meanings.Denotative meaning is a basic andacceptable definition.Connotative meaning is theemotional or response that peoplehave to it.
    4. 4. LANGUAGECognitive language is the language we use todescribe people, things, or situations in ourmind.This is related to our thoughts, attitudes, co-cultures, the society in which we live.This can influence language and how we formour message.
    5. 5. GRAMMARThe system of rules of a language that serves as a way tocreate words, phrases and sentences.Language is bound by relational, situational, and culturalcontext.To communicate well, you must understand the context asmuch as the grammar.
    6. 6. WHAT IS FOCACCE?
    7. 7. WHAT IS FOCACCE? We need the context...
    8. 8. FUNCTIONS OF LANGUAGECommunicationAcquisition is learning howto use the words in alanguage, appropriatelyand effectively in context.
    9. 9. FUNCTIONS OF LANGUAGEcontrollinginformingfeelingimaginingritualizing
    10. 10. PROBLEMS WITH LANGUAGE AND MEANING
    11. 11. PROBLEMSHayakawa’s abstraction ladder language can range from vague to specific high is very vague low is very specific
    12. 12. PROBLEMS evasion equivocation euphemisms slang jargon
    13. 13. PROBLEMS Semantics is the meaning of words. Pragmatics is the appropriate use of words. Use of labels can erase individual differences.
    14. 14. PROBLEMS Biased language is infused with subtle meanings that might affect our perceptions. PC-Politically Correct! facts, opinions, inferences “Just so you know, we’re on the good side with y’all. We do not want this war, this violence, and we’re ashamed that the President of the United States is from Texas.”
    15. 15. LANGUAGE AND CONTEXT
    16. 16. LANGUAGE BEHAVIORS Speech repertoires are files of language possibilities. church family friends work
    17. 17. LANGUAGE BEHAVIORS Relationships High language Low language How comfortable are you?
    18. 18. LANGUAGE BEHAVIORS Sapir-Whorf hypothesis says our words influence our thinking. If there is no word in that language for something, then the culture likely has few thoughts about that concept.
    19. 19. LANGUAGE BEHAVIORS Linguistic determinism- language determines how we see the world around us. Linguistic relativity- speakers of different languages have different world views.
    20. 20. LANGUAGE BEHAVIORS Linguistic determinism- language determines how we see the world around us. Linguistic relativity- speakers of different languages have different world views.
    21. 21. LANGUAGE BEHAVIORS High-context cultures use the context to communicate in subtle ways. Low-context cultures use direct methods of communicating.
    22. 22. LANGUAGE BEHAVIORS Gender Roles Geographic Area Dialects Chat Rooms Texting Technology
    23. 23. LANGUAGE BEHAVIORS Accommodation Code switching Style switching

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