Perceiving the Self and Others    Chapter Two    Real Communication, An Introduction By Dan O’Hair And Mary WiemannWednesd...
Perception...Wednesday, January 25, 2012
Perception...                       a cognitive process                 interpret our experiences              come to our...
Communication    Processing    We gather, organize, and evaluate    the information we receive.Wednesday, January 25, 2012
Schemas    Mental structures that group    together related information, help    us process new information.Wednesday, Jan...
Less Perceptive    ✤   Mindlessness results in reduced        cognitive activity.    ✤   Selective Perception gives us bia...
Attributions    ✤   Personal characteristics used to explain other        people’s behaviors to understand the cause of th...
Interaction Appearance Theory    ✤   As we get to know people better through        positive interactions, we find them mor...
Interaction Appearance Theory    ✤   As we get to know people better through        positive interactions, we find them mor...
Fundamental Attribution Error    ✤   We overemphasize the        internal and underestimate        the external causes of ...
Improving Perceptions    ✤   Verify your information.    ✤   Be thoughtful when        seeking info.    ✤   Look beyond th...
perceptionWednesday, January 25, 2012
Culture    Understanding how our cultural    differences affect perception.Wednesday, January 25, 2012
Understanding    ✤   Effective and appropriate        communication involves        understanding and appreciating        ...
Cultural Myopia    ✤   My culture and language are        appropriate and relevant in all        situations.    ✤   Don’t ...
Stereotyping    ✤   The practice of fitting individuals        into existing schemas without        taking into account the...
Remove Barriers    ✤   Be mindful of others.    ✤   People belong to many        co-cultures.    ✤   Learn more about othe...
Self    Understanding who I am in order to    communicate better.Wednesday, January 25, 2012
Self-concepts    ✤   Awareness of who we are.    ✤   Thinking about our own strengths        and weaknesses.    ✤   Observ...
Social Comparison Theory    ✤   The practice of comparing our        own self-concepts to what we like        about media ...
Self-esteem    How people think about themselves    can give confidence.Wednesday, January 25, 2012
Self-efficacy    ✤   The ability to predict one’s        effectiveness in a communication        situation based on self-c...
Self-fulfilling prophecy    ✤   A prediction that causes an        individual to alter his or her        behavior in a way...
Assessments    ✤   Self-actualization is a high        assessment.    ✤   Self-adequacy is a satisfactory        assessmen...
Identities    How do we manage our identities?Wednesday, January 25, 2012
Self-    presentation    How we present ourselves to    others.Wednesday, January 25, 2012
Self-monitoring    ✤   Observing our environment        and others.    ✤   We will know how to present        ourselves in...
Self-disclosure    ✤   How we reveal ourselves to        others by sharing information.    ✤   The information we reveal m...
Controlled online    ✤   It’s possible to edit, revise        and organize the information        disclosed.    ✤   We can...
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Perceiving the Self and Others

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Book Review ch. 2 of Real Communication.

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  • Perceiving the Self and Others

    1. 1. Perceiving the Self and Others Chapter Two Real Communication, An Introduction By Dan O’Hair And Mary WiemannWednesday, January 25, 2012
    2. 2. Perception...Wednesday, January 25, 2012
    3. 3. Perception... a cognitive process interpret our experiences come to our understandingsWednesday, January 25, 2012
    4. 4. Communication Processing We gather, organize, and evaluate the information we receive.Wednesday, January 25, 2012
    5. 5. Schemas Mental structures that group together related information, help us process new information.Wednesday, January 25, 2012
    6. 6. Less Perceptive ✤ Mindlessness results in reduced cognitive activity. ✤ Selective Perception gives us bias. ✤ Undue Influence gives greater credibility to something than you should.Wednesday, January 25, 2012
    7. 7. Attributions ✤ Personal characteristics used to explain other people’s behaviors to understand the cause of the behavior and justify perception.Wednesday, January 25, 2012
    8. 8. Interaction Appearance Theory ✤ As we get to know people better through positive interactions, we find them more socially and physically attractive.Wednesday, January 25, 2012
    9. 9. Interaction Appearance Theory ✤ As we get to know people better through positive interactions, we find them more socially and physically attractive.Wednesday, January 25, 2012
    10. 10. Fundamental Attribution Error ✤ We overemphasize the internal and underestimate the external causes of behaviors we see. ✤ “There is something wrong with that guy. He’s always late to work.” ✤ “I’m always late because I have kids.”Wednesday, January 25, 2012
    11. 11. Improving Perceptions ✤ Verify your information. ✤ Be thoughtful when seeking info. ✤ Look beyond the first impression.Wednesday, January 25, 2012
    12. 12. perceptionWednesday, January 25, 2012
    13. 13. Culture Understanding how our cultural differences affect perception.Wednesday, January 25, 2012
    14. 14. Understanding ✤ Effective and appropriate communication involves understanding and appreciating people who perceive differently than us. ✤ Recognizing their uniqueness. ✤ Our background can affect how we see others.Wednesday, January 25, 2012
    15. 15. Cultural Myopia ✤ My culture and language are appropriate and relevant in all situations. ✤ Don’t be blind from our own perceptions.Wednesday, January 25, 2012
    16. 16. Stereotyping ✤ The practice of fitting individuals into existing schemas without taking into account their individual differences. ✤ Prejudice ✤ How do you define prejudice? ✤ Do you have any prejudices?Wednesday, January 25, 2012
    17. 17. Remove Barriers ✤ Be mindful of others. ✤ People belong to many co-cultures. ✤ Learn more about others. ✤ Examine our own schemas.Wednesday, January 25, 2012
    18. 18. Self Understanding who I am in order to communicate better.Wednesday, January 25, 2012
    19. 19. Self-concepts ✤ Awareness of who we are. ✤ Thinking about our own strengths and weaknesses. ✤ Observing our own behaviors and reactions to others.Wednesday, January 25, 2012
    20. 20. Social Comparison Theory ✤ The practice of comparing our own self-concepts to what we like about media figures. ✤ Influences how we think about ourselves.Wednesday, January 25, 2012
    21. 21. Self-esteem How people think about themselves can give confidence.Wednesday, January 25, 2012
    22. 22. Self-efficacy ✤ The ability to predict one’s effectiveness in a communication situation based on self-concept and self-esteem. ✤ Johnny Carson was one of the best at reading his audience and reacting to them.Wednesday, January 25, 2012
    23. 23. Self-fulfilling prophecy ✤ A prediction that causes an individual to alter his or her behavior in a way that makes the prediction likely to occur.Wednesday, January 25, 2012
    24. 24. Assessments ✤ Self-actualization is a high assessment. ✤ Self-adequacy is a satisfactory assessment. ✤ Self-denigration is a negative assessment.Wednesday, January 25, 2012
    25. 25. Identities How do we manage our identities?Wednesday, January 25, 2012
    26. 26. Self- presentation How we present ourselves to others.Wednesday, January 25, 2012
    27. 27. Self-monitoring ✤ Observing our environment and others. ✤ We will know how to present ourselves in a particular situation. ✤ High self-monitors-attuned to other’s behaviors. ✤ Low self-monitors-not sensitive to the situation and don’t feel need to adapt.Wednesday, January 25, 2012
    28. 28. Self-disclosure ✤ How we reveal ourselves to others by sharing information. ✤ The information we reveal must be considered important.Wednesday, January 25, 2012
    29. 29. Controlled online ✤ It’s possible to edit, revise and organize the information disclosed. ✤ We can hide things since there is no body language or other signals.Wednesday, January 25, 2012

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