Organizing, Outlining, and Writing Presentations


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Ch. 12 Organizing, Outlining, and Writing Presentations in Real Communications book

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Organizing, Outlining, and Writing Presentations

  1. 1. Organizing, Outlining, and Writing Presentations Chapter 12 of Real Communication by Dan O’Hair and Mary WeimannWednesday, February 29, 2012
  2. 2. Organize Main Points ✴ Central claims that support the specific purpose and thesis statement. ✴ Each main point has one major idea. ✴ Ask: Does this point prove my thesis and does it achieve my specific purpose?Wednesday, February 29, 2012
  3. 3. Utilize Main Points ✴ Each main point should be supported by sub-points. ✴ Each sub-point can be supported by sub-sub- points.Wednesday, February 29, 2012
  4. 4. Organizational Arrangements Chronological pattern uses a time-related pattern for your points. Topical pattern is organized in categories, such as persons, places, things, or processes. Spacial pattern arranges by their proximity or position.Wednesday, February 29, 2012
  5. 5. Organizational Arrangements Problem-solution pattern dramatizes an obstacle, then narrows the remedies. A problem that requires a change in belief, attitude or behavior. A number of possible solutions could solve the problem. Your solution is the most effective and efficient remedy.Wednesday, February 29, 2012
  6. 6. Organizational Arrangements Cause-effect pattern circles around the message to cause-to effect or effect-to-cause relationships. Narrative pattern ties points together that present a vivid story, complete the characters, setting, plot, and imagery. Motivated sequence pattern is based on attention, need, satisfaction, visualization, and action.Wednesday, February 29, 2012
  7. 7. Using the research ✴ Clear definitions ✴ Facts and statistics ✴ Meaningful examples ✴ ComparisonsWednesday, February 29, 2012
  8. 8. Outlining the Speech A working outline is a draft outline that you use to prepare your material. A speaking outline is a delivery outline complete with details and delivery cues.Wednesday, February 29, 2012
  9. 9. Outlining the Speech Outline essentials: standard symbols like I., II., III., a., b., c., ... separate parts of your speech (intro, body, conclusion) cite your 2 or 3 sources (MLA format) give your speech a titleWednesday, February 29, 2012
  10. 10. Outlining the Speech Styles of Outlines: Sentence outlines offer the full text of your speech. Phrase outlines are parts of sentences. Key=word outlines are the briefest type of outline the uses only key words. ✴ delivery cues and oral citationsWednesday, February 29, 2012
  11. 11. Tying It All Together Writing Introductions preview main points connect with audience capture audience attention ✴ use surprise ✴ tell a story ✴ start with a quote ✴ ask a question ✴ make them laughWednesday, February 29, 2012
  12. 12. Tying It All Together Using Transitions to connect different thoughts together. ✴ use signposts like “next”, “first”, or “however” ✴ use previews to tell what is ahead or summaries to sum up a pointWednesday, February 29, 2012
  13. 13. Tying It All Together Writing Conclusions signal the end of the speech summarize main points make an impact using quotations or a storyWednesday, February 29, 2012
  14. 14. Using Language that Works ✴ respect your audience ✴ keep it simple ✴ use vivid language ✴ use language that makes a lasting impression by repeating certain terms ✴ make allusions to people The water stood still as a ✴ use similes and metaphors cat watching it’s prey.Wednesday, February 29, 2012