Volcanoes/Mt Vesuvius What are the discovery's of the lost cities?
This information is from the book called Pompeii By: Peter Connolly!
In 1594 Count Muzzio Tuttavilla decided to build an aqueduct to carry water from the river Sarno to his villa at Torre Annunziata at the foot of Vesuvius. As the workmen were digging along the southern slopes of the volcano they uncovered ruined buildings.
In spite of this discovery Pompeii was not the first of the buried towns to be excavated. In 1710, 13 kilometres up the coast of Resina, a peasant was digging another well in which he discovered large slabs of marble. A local nobleman seeing the marbles realized at once what they where and bought the land. Herculaneum, one of the buried towns had been discovered.
For nearly 40 years Herculaneum was robbed. It’s treasures went to adorn noble houses. When this excavation proved difficult people remembered the other finds. On the 23 of march 1748, digging began at Pompeii. For more than 100 years the excavation proceeded in a haphazard way.
Since Fiorelli’s time the technique of excavation has continued to improve. The buildings of Pompeii were generally crushed by the weight of the pumice & ashes. The tops of those buildings which remained standing & protruded were robbed for building materials by later generation.
I think that perhaps Fiorelli was best remembered for his plaster cast of the dead! Many skeletons where found at Pompeii. The fascinating thing was not so much the bodies but the imprints shown in the ashes. When people who where caught by the volcanoe died the ashes and pumice settled around their bodies. Then the rain came and washed more ashes into the cracks between the pumice. Thus then hardened to seal in the bodies. In time the flesh and clothing decayed leaving only the bones but the full imprint in the body stayed in the ashes. Fiorelli invented a method of casting copies of the body by pumping a type of plaster into the cavity. This process has since been used to cast doors, shutters and even tree roots.