Functionalism By: Aurrora Greening & Christina Watt Callum helped I guess
Functionalism sets out to interpret society as a structure with interrelated parts. It is a part of both Sociology and Anthropology. Functionalism is focused on the importance of everyone working together for the betterment of the society. This form of society is comparable to the human body, all parts much function collectively for the success of the whole, the same can be said about a clock, where individuals are cogs in the wheel who must all work together for the common function. What is Functionalism?
Basics Of Funtionalism and Purpose of Institutions Law, Crime, Institution, Education, Religion
All institutions provide a function that is needed for society to work. – Examples: School, Hospital, Police Station, City Hall, etc. Purpose of Instutions
Purpose of Instutions Purpose of Crime Purpose of Law The way to allow social change when needed Example: prohibition, people collectively going against current social norms in order to change society. To enforce the social norms
Example: Police, Judge, Prison, etc.
To deem some actions deviant
Purpose of Instutions Purpose Of Education To socialize children according to current social norms. - Teaching everyone in society to pledge allegiance To maintain social role - Trains the young to fulfill roles To create division of labour - Sorts students into skill groups
Purpose of Institutions Purpose of Religion Maintains social order. Discourages deviant acts a.k.a. sins Gives source of personal fulfillment, belonging, love, etc.
E. E. Evans-Pritchard E.E. Evans-Pritchard Studied at Oxford and the University of London Studied the lives and cultures of African Societies. However he failed to treat women as a whole within the functionalist society. He ultimately became a humanist rather than a functionalist.
Sir Raymond Firth Sir Raymond Firth Attended and received his undergraduate degree at the London School of Economics Did extensive field work in Tikopia His greatest contribution was his distinction between social structure and social organizations.
Social organization has tended to be used loosely to refer to the sum total of activities performed in a given social context. Social structure has usually been used for the social context itself, or more accurately for the set of social relations which link individuals in a society. Distinction Between Social Structure and Social Organization
Lucy Mair Lucy Mair Attended the London School of Economics. Mair’s fieldwork was in Uganda Her studies focussed on social change and public affairs Her most notable work was the contemporary processes of Colonization.