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  • 1. Functionalism
    By: Aurrora Greening & Christina Watt
    Callum helped I guess
  • 2. Functionalism sets out to interpret society as a structure with interrelated parts.
    It is a part of both Sociology and Anthropology.
    Functionalism is focused on the importance of everyone working together for the betterment of the society.
    This form of society is comparable to the human body, all parts much function collectively for the success of the whole, the same can be said about a clock, where individuals are cogs in the wheel who must all work together for the common function.
    What is Functionalism?
  • 3. Basics Of Funtionalism and Purpose of Institutions
    Law, Crime, Institution, Education, Religion
  • 4. All institutions provide a function that is needed for society to work.
    – Examples: School, Hospital, Police Station, City Hall, etc.
    Purpose of Instutions
  • 5. Purpose of Instutions
    Purpose of Crime
    Purpose of Law
    The way to allow social change when needed
    Example: prohibition, people collectively going against current social norms in order to change society.
    To enforce the social norms
    • Example: Police, Judge, Prison, etc.
    To deem some actions deviant
  • 6. Purpose of Instutions
    Purpose Of Education
    To socialize children according to current social norms.
    - Teaching everyone in society to pledge allegiance
    To maintain social role
    - Trains the young to fulfill roles
    To create division of labour
    - Sorts students into skill groups
  • 7. Purpose of Institutions
    Purpose of Religion
    Maintains social order.
    Discourages deviant acts a.k.a. sins
    Gives source of personal fulfillment, belonging, love, etc.
  • 8. E. E. Evans-Pritchard
    E.E. Evans-Pritchard
    Studied at Oxford and the University of London
    Studied the lives and cultures of African Societies.
    However he failed to treat women as a whole within the functionalist society.
    He ultimately became a humanist rather than a functionalist.
  • 9. Sir Raymond Firth
    Sir Raymond Firth
    Attended and received his undergraduate degree at the London School of Economics
    Did extensive field work in Tikopia
    His greatest contribution was his distinction between social structure and social organizations.
  • 10. Social organization has tended to be used loosely to refer to the sum total of activities performed in a given social context.
    Social structure has usually been used for the social context itself, or more accurately for the set of social relations which link individuals in a society.
    Distinction Between Social Structure and Social Organization
  • 11. Lucy Mair
    Lucy Mair
    Attended the London School of Economics.
    Mair’s fieldwork was in Uganda
    Her studies focussed on social change and public affairs
    Her most notable work was the contemporary processes of Colonization.
  • 12.
    Works Cited/Consulted