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Functionalism
 

Functionalism

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    Functionalism Functionalism Presentation Transcript

    • Functionalism
      By: Aurrora Greening & Christina Watt
      Callum helped I guess
    • Functionalism sets out to interpret society as a structure with interrelated parts.
      It is a part of both Sociology and Anthropology.
      Functionalism is focused on the importance of everyone working together for the betterment of the society.
      This form of society is comparable to the human body, all parts much function collectively for the success of the whole, the same can be said about a clock, where individuals are cogs in the wheel who must all work together for the common function.
      What is Functionalism?
    • Basics Of Funtionalism and Purpose of Institutions
      Law, Crime, Institution, Education, Religion
    • All institutions provide a function that is needed for society to work.
      – Examples: School, Hospital, Police Station, City Hall, etc.
      Purpose of Instutions
    • Purpose of Instutions
      Purpose of Crime
      Purpose of Law
      The way to allow social change when needed
      Example: prohibition, people collectively going against current social norms in order to change society.
      To enforce the social norms
      • Example: Police, Judge, Prison, etc.
      To deem some actions deviant
    • Purpose of Instutions
      Purpose Of Education
      To socialize children according to current social norms.
      - Teaching everyone in society to pledge allegiance
      To maintain social role
      - Trains the young to fulfill roles
      To create division of labour
      - Sorts students into skill groups
    • Purpose of Institutions
      Purpose of Religion
      Maintains social order.
      Discourages deviant acts a.k.a. sins
      Gives source of personal fulfillment, belonging, love, etc.
    • E. E. Evans-Pritchard
      E.E. Evans-Pritchard
      Studied at Oxford and the University of London
      Studied the lives and cultures of African Societies.
      However he failed to treat women as a whole within the functionalist society.
      He ultimately became a humanist rather than a functionalist.
    • Sir Raymond Firth
      Sir Raymond Firth
      Attended and received his undergraduate degree at the London School of Economics
      Did extensive field work in Tikopia
      His greatest contribution was his distinction between social structure and social organizations.
    • Social organization has tended to be used loosely to refer to the sum total of activities performed in a given social context.
      Social structure has usually been used for the social context itself, or more accurately for the set of social relations which link individuals in a society.
      Distinction Between Social Structure and Social Organization
    • Lucy Mair
      Lucy Mair
      Attended the London School of Economics.
      Mair’s fieldwork was in Uganda
      Her studies focussed on social change and public affairs
      Her most notable work was the contemporary processes of Colonization.
    • http://www2.lse.ac.uk/library/archive/online_resources/anthropology_at_lse/Firth.jpg
      http://www.greatarchaeology.com/archaeologist/EE-Evans-Pritchard.jpg
      http://www.bookrags.com/tandf/social-structure-and-social-1-tf/
      http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2525/3983645756_35205dea37_m.jpg
      http://businesslaw.newark.rutgers.edu/images/BooksandGavelA.jpg
      http://www.iep.utm.edu/natlaw/
      http://www.helium.com/items/828793-crime-according-to-marxism-and-functionalism
      http://classof2014.blogs.wesleyan.edu/files/2010/08/crime-prevention.jpg
      Works Cited/Consulted