Home Care

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As an increasing number of seniors choose to remain in their home rather than move into a senior living community, the demand for home care continues to rise. Also called “companion care”, home care consists of non-medical services that allow an individual to receive assistance with Activities of Daily Living (ADLs) and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADLs). Visit our website for more information: http://www.allseniorhomes.com

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Home Care

  1. 1. Home Care Overview What You Need to Know About Home Care
  2. 2. About Home Care <ul><li>Seniors choosing care at home </li></ul><ul><li>Not choosing to live in a senior living community </li></ul><ul><li>Non-medical services, providing assistance with Activities of Daily Living (ADLs) and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADLs) </li></ul><ul><li>Different from home health care, which consists of skilled nursing services </li></ul>
  3. 3. Activities of Daily Living <ul><li>Bathing </li></ul><ul><li>Dressing </li></ul><ul><li>Hygiene (brushing hair, brushing teeth, denture care, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Toileting (including hygiene, use of incontinence products) </li></ul><ul><li>Transferring (moving from bed to chair, walker to toilet, etc.) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Instrumental Activities of Daily Living <ul><li>Light house-cleaning and upkeep </li></ul><ul><li>Meal preparation </li></ul><ul><li>Medication management </li></ul><ul><li>Shopping for groceries or clothes </li></ul><ul><li>Using the telephone to schedule appointments, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Managing money (balancing a checkbook, paying bills) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Frequency of Home Care Services <ul><li>Varies </li></ul><ul><li>Level of independence senior is able to maintain while ensuring basic needs are met </li></ul><ul><li>May only need assistance with IADLs </li></ul><ul><li>May need daily supervision of all ADLs for safety </li></ul>
  6. 6. Frequency for Specific Services <ul><li>Medication management </li></ul><ul><li>Correct dosage and timing for medications taken several times each day </li></ul><ul><li>Meal preparation can be provided at the same time </li></ul><ul><li>For some, spouse is primary caregiver – home care services are intermittent break in responsibilities </li></ul>
  7. 7. Home Care is Flexible <ul><li>Short-term or long-term </li></ul><ul><li>Often after a medical crisis, e.g. stroke or fall </li></ul><ul><li>Temporary assistance while individual gains strength, mobility </li></ul><ul><li>Long-term basis – daytime care while caregiver works </li></ul>
  8. 8. Home Care Costs <ul><li>Needs determined by an assessment, normally in the home (location may vary) </li></ul><ul><li>Determines frequency of care, estimated expense based on hourly rate </li></ul><ul><li>Many have 4-hour minimum per day </li></ul><ul><li>Average hourly rate: $18 in 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Round-the-clock or overnight care: $150-$375 </li></ul>
  9. 9. Insurance Coverage <ul><li>Medicare does not cover home care </li></ul><ul><li>Medicaid does cover some home care </li></ul><ul><li>Most agencies do not accept Medicaid </li></ul><ul><li>Private pay usually necessary </li></ul><ul><li>Veteran’s Aid and Assistance benefits </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.veteranaid.org </li></ul>
  10. 10. Choosing a Home Care Provider <ul><li>Reputable agency: licensed, bonded, and insured </li></ul><ul><li>Independent advertisers may not have qualifications </li></ul><ul><li>Agency employees have state and/or nationwide background checks and formal training </li></ul>
  11. 11. All Senior Homes <ul><li>All Senior Homes is a resource for seniors and families searching for housing and care services </li></ul><ul><li>Visit http://www.allseniorhomes.com for more information on senior housing </li></ul><ul><li>Information in this presentation provided by Sara Shelton, gerontologist, for AllSeniorHomes.com </li></ul>

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