5th Grade Ch 10 lesson 1 what are nonrenewable energy resources

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5th Grade Ch 10 lesson 1 what are nonrenewable energy resources

  1. 1. Ch. 10 Lesson 1 What are nonrenewable energy resources?
  2. 2. resource supply that will meet a need for materials or energy 2 types 1. renewable 2. nonrenewable
  3. 3. 1. renewable can be replaced ex: trees
  4. 4. 2. nonrenewable cannot be replaced or cannot be replaced as fast as we use it fossil fuels coal, petroleum (crude oil), natural gas
  5. 5. Natural Resources [07:06]
  6. 6. The energy from fossil fuels comes from sunlight.
  7. 7. <ul><li>fuels most electric power plants </li></ul><ul><li>releases sunlight energy from plants </li></ul><ul><li>forms from swampy plants </li></ul><ul><li>layers of dead plants build up </li></ul><ul><li>decaying material forms peat </li></ul><ul><li>peat gets buried </li></ul><ul><li>soft coal  hard coal </li></ul>coal
  8. 10. Many U.S. coal beds are very near the ground's surface, and about two-thirds of coal production comes from surface mines.
  9. 11. Chocolate chip mining <ul><li>Coal is extracted from the Earth’s crust through a process called mining. </li></ul><ul><li>Once mining engineers have discovered, extracted and prepared the coal, they can be used to make energy. </li></ul>
  10. 12. Chocolate chip mining 2 1 Cookie # of choc. chips extracted Predict how many choc. chips you can extract # of chocolate chips on the surface of the cookie
  11. 13. Instructions <ul><li>Take one cookie and pretend it is an environment in which a great source of energy (coal) has been located (chocolate chips). </li></ul><ul><li>Predict how many chips you can extract from this environment. </li></ul>
  12. 14. Instructions <ul><li>Using your mining tools (toothpicks), extract as many chips as possible before your mining lease expires (in 2 minutes) and pile them to one side. </li></ul><ul><li>Count the chips you recovered and compare this with the number of chips you predicted. </li></ul>
  13. 15. Instructions <ul><li>Now study the impact of your mining on your &quot;cookie&quot; environment. What do you think would happen if this were a real coal mine? What if animals and plants lived above the coal deposits? What might happen to them after the mining has taken place? </li></ul><ul><li>Now think of ways to mine the second cookie with less damage to the environment. </li></ul>
  14. 16. Instructions <ul><li>Take the second cookie and mine it using the ideas you came up with to protect the cookie environment. Pile the new chips to one side. </li></ul><ul><li>Compare the two piles of chips. How did you do the second time? </li></ul>
  15. 17. found beneath land or ocean formed same as coal except buried tiny sea organisms instead of plants petroleum (crude oil)
  16. 18. often found by crude oil (petroleum) natural gas
  17. 19. made from the remains of organisms description <ul><li>supplies are limited </li></ul><ul><li>cause pollution </li></ul><ul><li>easy to store & transport </li></ul><ul><li>more energy than other resources </li></ul>fossil fuels 2 dis-advantages 2 advantages type of energy
  18. 20. Fossil Fuels [00:51]
  19. 21. Fossil fuels are made from the remains of organisms.
  20. 22. Fossil fuel is easy to store.
  21. 23. Fossil fuel is easy to transport.
  22. 24. The supplies of fossil fuels are limited.
  23. 25. Fossil fuels can cause pollution.
  24. 26. Q U I Z T I M E
  25. 27. resource <ul><li>supply that will meet a need for materials or energy </li></ul>
  26. 28. renewable & nonrenewable <ul><li>2 types of resources </li></ul>
  27. 29. renewable <ul><li>resource that can be replaced </li></ul>
  28. 30. nonrenewable <ul><li>resource that cannot be replaced </li></ul>
  29. 31. nonrenewable <ul><li>resource that cannot be replaced as fast as we use it </li></ul>
  30. 32. coal <ul><li>formed from plants </li></ul>
  31. 33. coal <ul><li>fuels most electric power plants </li></ul>
  32. 34. fossil fuels <ul><li>made from the remains of organisms </li></ul>
  33. 35. petroleum (crude oil) <ul><li>made from the remains of buried tiny sea organisms </li></ul>
  34. 36. coal <ul><li>formed from peat </li></ul>
  35. 37. List 2 advantages of fossil fuels.
  36. 38. Fossil fuel is easy to store.
  37. 39. Fossil fuel is easy to transport.
  38. 40. List 2 disadvantages of fossil fuels.
  39. 41. The supplies of fossil fuels are limited.
  40. 42. Fossil fuels can cause pollution.
  41. 43. What are nonrenewable energy resources?

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