8th Grade Ch. 6 Sec. 2 Divisions of the Nervous System

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8th Grade Ch. 6 Sec. 2 Divisions of the Nervous System

  1. 1. Sec. 2 Divisions of the Nervous System
  2. 2. nervous system central peripheral nervous nervous system system
  3. 3. central nervous system • control center of body • incl: 1.brain 2.spinal cord
  4. 4. central nervous system Brain & Spinal Cord
  5. 5. brain • contains about 100 billion neurons
  6. 6. 3 main regions of brain cerebrum cerebellum brain stem
  7. 7. cerebrum • largest part of brain • interprets input from senses • controls movement of skeletal muscles • divided into right half & left half – right half creativity & artistic ability – left half math skills, speech, writing, logical thinking
  8. 8. cerebrum
  9. 9. cerebellum • muscular coordination • balance
  10. 10. brainstem • controls involuntary actions –breathing, heartbeat
  11. 11. peripheral nervous system • all the nerves located outside of central nervous system • divided into 2 groups: 1. somatic system- controls voluntary actions 2. autonomic system- controls involuntary actions
  12. 12. reflex • automatic response that occurs very rapidly & without conscious control
  13. 13. nervous system injuries 1. concussion= bruiselike injury of brain 2. spinal cord injury= spinal cord is cut or crushed
  14. 14. Ouch !!!!!
  15. 15. It may be a concussion????
  16. 16. Spinal cord injury
  17. 17. Christopher Reeve as Superman
  18. 18. Christopher Reeve The Man of Steel
  19. 19. Christopher Reeve
  20. 20. Spinal cord injury
  21. 21. Quadripalegic

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