when earthquake’s violent shaking suddenly turns loose, soft soil into liquid mud 2. liquefaction
earthquake that occurs after larger
earthquake in same area
may strike hours, days or months later
large wave created by water displaced by earthquakes on ocean floor
best way to protect yourself during an earthquake
drop, cover & hold
When the shaking first starts... DROP to the floor. Take COVER under a sturdy desk, table, or other furniture. If there is nothing available to take cover under, crouch against an interior wall and protect your head and neck with your arms. If seeking cover under a piece of furniture, HOLD on to it and be prepared to move with it during the quake. STAY AWAY FROM DANGER SPOTS NEAR WINDOWS, HANGING OBJECTS, MIRRORS, OR ANYTHING THAT MIGHT FALL OVER.
Ways to Make Buildings Safer
Make new buildings stronger
& more flexible
Modify older buildings
Choose safe location to build
Build base-isolated buildings
bldg. designed to reduce amt. of energy that reaches bldg. during earthquake
A base-isolated building rests on shock-absorbing rubber pads or springs.