7th Grade Ch. 3 Baseball Review Game

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  • Copyright © 2002 Glenna R. Shaw and FTC Publishing All Rights Reserved

Transcript

  • 1. Baseball Review Fishes, Amphibians & Reptiles Grade 6
  • 2. Play ball !
  • 3. What is a Vertebrate?
    • connective tissue that is softer than bone, but flexible and strong
    • cartilage
    • vertebrates are part of the ______ phylum
    • chordate
  • 4. What is a Vertebrate?
    • 3 characteristics that vertebrates have at some point in their lives
    • 1. notochord
    • 2. nerve cord
    • 3. pharyngeal slits
    • vertebrate’s internal skeleton
    • endoskeleton
  • 5. What is a Vertebrate?
    • animal whose body does not produce much internal body heat
    • ectotherm
    • animal whose body controls and regulates its temperature by controlling the internal heat it produces
    • endotherm
  • 6. What is a Vertebrate?
    • 3 types of ectotherms
    • fish
    • amphibian
    • reptile
    • 2 types of endotherms
    • birds
    • mammals
    • latest group of vertebrates to appear
    • birds
  • 7. What is a Vertebrate?
    • earliest group of vertebrates
    • jawless fish
    • 3 functions of a vertebrate’s backbone
    • support & protect the body
    • help give shape to the body
    • give muscles a place to attach
  • 8. Fishes
    • ______ move oxygen from the water into a fish’s blood
    • gills
    • fish spend most of their time _______
    • hunting for food or feeding
    • most fish have ___________ fertilization
    • external fertilization
  • 9. Fishes
    • biologists classify fishes into what 3 major groups
    • jawless fishes
    • cartilaginous fishes
    • bony fishes
  • 10. Fishes
    • type of fish that do not have, scales or pairs of fins
    • jawless fishes
    • 2 examples of jawless fishes
    • hagfish & lamprey
    • skeletons made of cartilage
    • cartilaginous fish
  • 11. Fishes
    • 3 examples of cartilaginous fish
    • sharks
    • rays
    • skates
  • 12. Fishes
    • have skeletons made of hard bone
    • bony fish
    • organ that helps bony fish stabilize their body at different depths
    • swim bladder
    • force that water exerts upward on any underwater object
    • buoyant force
  • 13. Amphibians
    • as amphibians develop into adults, they undergo ____________
    • metamorphosis
    • upper chambers of the heart
    • atria
    • lower chamber of the heart
    • ventricle
    • amphibians that keep their tails as adults
    • salamanders
  • 14. It’s time for the 7 th inning stretch ! Take me out to the ball game, Take me out with the crowd Buy me some peanuts and Cracker Jack, I don't care if I never get back. Let me root, root, root for the home team, If they don't win, it's a shame. For it's one, two, three strikes, you're out, At the old ball game.
  • 15. Amphibians
    • specific environment in which an animal lives
    • habitat
    • 2 reasons for the decrease in amphibian populations
    • habitat destruction
    • poisons in the environment
  • 16. Reptiles
    • 3 examples of reptiles
    • snake
    • lizard
    • alligator
    • turtle
    • 3 reptile adaptations to conserve water
    • eggs
    • skin
    • kidneys
  • 17. Reptiles
    • watery fluid in which an animal’s wastes are excreted
    • urine
    • # of chambers in a reptile’s heart
    • 3 chambers
    • 3 differences between snakes & lizards
    • snakes don’t have legs
    • snakes don’t have eyelids
    • snakes don’t have external ears
  • 18. Reptiles
    • reptile whose body is covered by a protective shell
    • turtle
    • largest turtles
    • leatherbacks
    • largest living reptiles
    • alligators, crocodiles & their relatives (crocodilians)
  • 19. Vertebrate History in Rocks
    • hardened remains or other evidence of a living thing that existed in the past
    • fossil
    • type of rock that fossils occur in most frequently
    • sedimentary rock
    • scientists who study extinct organisms
    • paleontologist
  • 20. Chapter 3 test Friday !!! Study !!!