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8th Grade-Ch. 23 Sec. 4
 

8th Grade-Ch. 23 Sec. 4

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    8th Grade-Ch. 23 Sec. 4 8th Grade-Ch. 23 Sec. 4 Presentation Transcript

    • Ch. 23 Sec. 4The Warat Home
    • Mobilizing the Nation
    • mobilization• gathering resources & preparation for war
    • National War Labor Board• ensured production of war materials• workers demands:1. 8 hour workday2. overtime pay3. equal pay for women4. right to form unions
    • Workers Duringthe War
    • men  warwomen  work
    • Video-Women in World War I
    • jobs for African-Americans & Mexican-American farm Mexicans workers picking up potatoes.
    • Video- African-Americans
    • Paying for the War
    • moneyhttp://www.youtube.com raised from/watch?v=DxRKwKJI_uI Liberty taxes Bonds
    • Video-Daylight Savings Taxes and Liberty Bonds
    • Video-Raising Money, Conservation and Government
    • Producing Supplies
    • Food Administration• headed by Herbert Hoover – appointed by Pres. Woodrow Wilson
    • Food Administration• encouraged farmers to produce more food & public to eat less• voluntary rationing = limiting use of food
    • War Industries Board• headed by Bernard Baruck• supervised industrial production• converted factories  production of war related goods Bernard Baruck
    • Mobilizing Support
    • Committee on Public Information• headed by George Creel• to persuade Americans – war = battle for democracy & freedom
    • Video-Committee on Public Information
    • Americans & the War
    • • govt. stifled dissent (opposition to war)
    • African-American Migration
    • • from 1914-1920 - about 500,000 African Americans left South & moved North
    • ControllingPublic Opinion
    • opposition to war socialists pacifists opposed believed violence industriess/b publicly owned
    • war acts passed by Congress 1917 1918 Espionage Sabotage Act Act & Sedition Actspying for enemy secret action to damage war effort
    • Video-Fear on the Homefront