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The los angeles county museum of history1b

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  • 1. The Los Angeles County Museum of History, Science and Art
    Allison Park
    Cultural beginnings in Los Angeles:
  • 2.
  • 3. How did Agricultural Park become Exposition Park?
    What led to the founding of the museum and what goals and ambitions did the founders have in mind when they started the museum?
    Who was William M. Bowen and why was he involved?
    What filled the museum originally? How did the community and local community groups contribute to the museum?
    How was the museum received?
    What else was going on in Los Angeles at the time? In what kind of an environment was the museum founded?
    Research Questions
  • 4. Primary
    Historical Los Angeles Times
    Photographs
    Minutes
    Ephemera
    Visiting the building
    Southern California Quarterly
    Histories of Los Angeles
    Dissertation
    Southern California Quarterly
    Sources
    Secondary
  • 5. Early Los Angeles
  • 6. Population Boom
    Industry
    A developing city
  • 7. Population, Los Angeles County 1860-1900
    1876 Southern Pacific Railroad arrives in Los Angeles
    1885 Santa Fe Railroad arrives in Los Angeles
  • 8. Health seekers
    Job seekers
    Warm weather seekers
    The people who came
    Aerial view of Wilshire Boulevard and Fairfax Avenue, showing Rogers Airport, 1920
    Digitally reproduced by the USC Digital Archive ©2004, California Historical Society
  • 9. Population boom
    Industry
    Reform
    A developing city
  • 10. “Protestant Eden”
    Education, beautification
    Good Government Alliance
    Advocated abolishing saloons and gambling
    Advocated “purity of elections”
    Reformers
  • 11. Population boom
    Industry
    Reform
    Cultural Institutions and Universities
    A developing city
  • 12. Cultural Institutions and Universities
    1888 Ruskin Art Club
    1887 Hazard’s Pavilion
    1894 First permanent display space for paintings
    1895 Society of Fine Arts of California
    1897 Los Angeles Symphony
    1880 University of Southern California
    1887 Occidental College
    1887 Pomona College
    1887 Los Angeles School of Art and Design
    1891 California Institute of Technology
    1906 Los Angeles Art Institute
  • 13. Population boom
    Industry
    Reform
    Cultural Institutions and Universities
    Technological Progress
    A developing city
  • 14. 1882 First electric street light
    1883 First city to be lit solely by electric street lights
    1886 street railways
    1887 First electric railway
    1890 Interurban railway
    1904 Mt. Wilson Observatory
    1910 International Air Meet
    1913 Los Angeles Aqueduct
    Technological Progress
  • 15. From Agricultural Park to Exposition Park
  • 16. Agricultural Park
    • Coursing
    • 17. Gambling
    • 18. Saloons
    • 19. “Plague spot”
    • 20. “A detriment to young people”
    • 21. “Demoralizing”
    • 22. Owners “morally dark-hued,” “jack-rabbits”
  • Agricultural Park and William M. Bowen
    “In the spring of 1899,” says Mr. Bowen, “I began to see a falling off in the attendance upon my Sunday school class in the University Methodist Church. The class numbered twenty-seven boys, whom I had gathered from all over the University district, poor and neglected boys, most of them. I set out to discover the cause for their delinquency, and found it to lie in the demoralizing attractions of the former county fair grounds, called Agricultural Park, where ‘Col.’ F.D. Black, lessee of the grounds, was conducting Sunday coursing matches, with gambling places and open saloons in conjunction. I found the place to be, without doubt, the worst in Los Angeles County. The saloons ran wide open every Sunday, with dozens of boys going there each week to learn to gamble.
    “The hotel on the premises had a bad reputation, while the running of the rabbits was brutal and demoralizing in the extreme.
    “A canvass of the situation led to the conclusion that the only satisfactory thing to do was to remove the objectionable amusement...”
    William M. Bowen
    • Methodist Sunday School Teacher
    • 23. Lawyer
    • 24. City Councilman
    • 25. “Father of Exposition Park”
  • “The task to which Mr. Bowen set himself was not unlike that of Hercules in the cleaning of the Augean stables. He immediately began to turn the current of public opinion in upon the bed of corruption.” -Van Aken, Lillian A. “History of Exposition Park.” Annual Publications of the Historical Society of Southern California, 9 (1912, 1913, 1914): 248.
    Attempts to shut the park down:
    Tried to prove they broke the law (selling liquor on Sundays)
    Argued that treatment of animals was inhumane
    Proved that the property actually belonged to the State.
    1904 W. M. Bowen and James G. Scarborough file suit against 6th District Agricultural Association, arguing that Agricultural Park rightfully belongs to the state.
    1908 The California Supreme Court rules that Agricultural Park belongs to the state.
  • 26. The County Museum
  • 27. Board of Directors:
    • County of Los Angeles
    • 28. Historical Society of Southern California
    • 29. Fine Arts League
    • 30. Southern Division of the Cooper Ornithological Club
    • 31. Southern California Academy of Sciences
    “. . . a Historical Museum and Art Gallery for the purpose of collecting and exhibitingtherein a collection of fine arts, specimens, and data of biology and zoology, and historical matter relative to the Pacific Coast, more particularly Southern California, with a view of promoting and encouraging scientific art and historical education and investigation.”
    1910
  • 32. First exhibits“The plan is to have every county represented, without reference to size, population or wealth.”
    175 donations, 35 loaned collections
    250 borrowed paintings: old masters, 19th Century works, contemporary works by New York artists
    Inca pottery
    Photographs of pioneers of Southern California
    Native American items
    Oriental art
    Los Angeles Ceramic Club
    Rare old books
    Aeronautics
    Fossils from the La Brea tar pits
    Birds, bird nests, bird eggs, fish
    Big game
    Butterflies, moths, beetles
    Shells
    Botanical and mineral specimens
    Society of Study and Prevention of Tuberculosis
    Artifacts from the Pacific Islands
    Commissioned statuary by local artist Julia Bracken Wendt
  • 33. Digitally reproduced by the USC Digital Archive ©2004, California Historical Society
  • 34. Digitally reproduced by the USC Digital Archive ©2004, California Historical Society
    “I have found approval in unlooked-for quarters, and have been ably seconded by public-spirited citizens here and elsewhere. . . . . We want the attractions of the park itself to become known the world over.”
    -William M. Bowen
    “. . . an institution which in its way will rival the famous Field Museum of Chicago, and others in the East.
    “Certainly these institutions may exceed in their present size and scope, but in the beauty and appointment of the structures that house them they are not in advance of Los Angeles.”
    -“Ancient Relics,” Los Angeles Times
  • 35. The Opening
    November 1913
    A joint celebration
  • 36. The Los Angeles Aqueduct
    November 5, 1913
    “There it is. Take it.”
    -William Mulholland
  • 37. The Opening
    November 6, 1913
    10,000 people
    “Such occasions as this stand for and promote a higher civilization. They show strong and sturdy growth towards cleaner living, clearer thinking and nobler action. . . .
    In dedicating for the use of the people this beautiful building and grounds we pay a tribute to history, to art, to science, to recreation and the joy of living”
    - District Attorney, Capt. John D. Fredericks, Dedicatory Speech