0
The Paragraph 
Topic Sentence, Supporting Details, and Closing Sentence
What is a paragraph? 
A paragraph is a series of sentences 
developing 1 topic
The paragraph 
A topic sentence 
Supporting details 
Closing or transition sentence
We don’t want a 
paragraph that 
looks like this...
or this...
It should have: 
A topic sentence 
Supporting details 
Closing or transition sentence
indent 
Through the centuries, rats have managed to 
survive our efforts to destroy them. Rats are very 
resilient. It is ...
Topic Sentence 
Through the centuries, rats have managed to 
survive our efforts to destroy them. Rats are very 
resilient...
New Idea = 
New Paragraph
Topic Sentence 
This is the controlling idea of the sentence
Topic Sentence 
= 
topic + controlling idea
Topic 
= 
The subject of your paragraph. It is what you are 
writing about. 
It is usually a noun or a noun phrase.
What is the topic of 
this presentation? 
ParNaHamgbOurrgaers!!phs
Underline the topic: 
1. Bread is an important part of our everyday 
food. 
2. Potatoes are good for you. 
3. The hamburge...
Let’s Find talk the about Topic 
rice… 
Rice plays an important part in some 
ceremonies. 
Rice is a nutritious part of ou...
Controlling Idea 
The controlling idea limits or controls your 
topic to one aspect, or thing, you want to write 
about.
topic + controlling idea 
topic = rice 
What we say about rice will change based on our 
controlling idea.
Where are the 
controlling ideas? 
Rice plays an important part in some ceremonies. 
Rice is a nutritious part of our diet...
Underline the controlling idea: 
1. Bread is an important part of our diet. 
2. Bread plays an important role in our regio...
Good Topic Sentences 
Fact vs. Opinion
Good Topic Sentences 
Good topic sentences are often opinions. 
A fact is not a good topic sentence 
because there is noth...
Fact or Opinion? 
In some countries, people eat too much rice. 
Opinion
Fact or Opinion? 
Rice is a cereal. 
Fact
Fact or Opinion? 
Potatoes are good for you. 
Opinion
Fact or Opinion? 
The potato is a vegetable. 
Fact
Fact or Opinion? 
Alliya is the best teacher in the world. 
JuOstpF iaKnciditodning
Good Topic Sentences 
Dividing into Parts
Good Topic Sentences 
Another topic sentence divides the topic into parts.
Good Topic Sentences 
Potatoes are good for you in three ways. 
There are 4 basic methods of eating 
French fries. 
Potato...
Dividing the Topic 
If you use this type of topic sentence, your 
paragraph should explain the parts. 
For example…
Dividing the Topic 
Potatoes are good for you in three ways. 
Supporting Details = 3 ways potatoes are 
good for you
Dividing the Topic 
Potatoes are good for you in three ways. 
Supporting Details = 3 ways potatoes are 
good for you
Supporting Details 
Tell more about the topic sentence. 
Facts Examples 
Description Explanation
Start General 
(Topic Sentence) 
Then add specific details. 
Facts Examples 
Description Explanation
I like American food. 
Then add specific details. 
I like to eat steak. 
I like to eat French Fries. 
I like to eat apple ...
Add adjectives 
To make it more interesting 
I like to eat thick, juicy steak. 
I like to eat cripsy French Fries on 
the ...
Add explanations 
To make it more reflective 
I like to eat thick, juicy steak because 
we don’t eat a lot of beef in my 
...
All supporting 
details support the 
topic sentence. 
Topic Sentence 
Example 
Description 
Fact 
Explanation
Choose the 
sentence that 
doesn’t belong 
Topic Sentence 
Example 
Description 
Fact 
Explanation
(1) To control a nosebleed, sit down and 
lean forward. (2) Put pressure on the 
lower part of the side that is bleeding f...
1) Your attitude about your job may affect 
your chances of becoming sick. (2) A cold 
and a viral infection are common 
i...
(1) Carpentry is rewarding in many 
ways (2) Working with wood can be 
relaxing and creative. (3) Carpenters 
enjoy workin...
Supporting Details 
Tell more about the topic sentence. 
Facts Examples 
Description Explanation
Closing Sentence 
Restates the topic sentence 
Summarizes the main points in the paragraph 
Tells us ‘so what’
Closing Sentence 
Topic Sentence: Through the centuries, rats have 
managed to survive our efforts to destroy them. 
Closi...
Closing Sentence 
Topic Sentence: There is no day without kimchi 
on the table in my country Korea. 
Closing Sentence: Kim...
The paragraph 
A topic sentence 
Supporting details 
Closing or transition sentence
So remember…
Stay away from...
or this...
But we do want 
this...
Let’s Eat Write!
The Paragraph
The Paragraph
The Paragraph
The Paragraph
The Paragraph
The Paragraph
The Paragraph
The Paragraph
The Paragraph
The Paragraph
The Paragraph
The Paragraph
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

The Paragraph

819

Published on

This SlideShare describes the elements of the paragraph.

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
819
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
6
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
85
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "The Paragraph"

  1. 1. The Paragraph Topic Sentence, Supporting Details, and Closing Sentence
  2. 2. What is a paragraph? A paragraph is a series of sentences developing 1 topic
  3. 3. The paragraph A topic sentence Supporting details Closing or transition sentence
  4. 4. We don’t want a paragraph that looks like this...
  5. 5. or this...
  6. 6. It should have: A topic sentence Supporting details Closing or transition sentence
  7. 7. indent Through the centuries, rats have managed to survive our efforts to destroy them. Rats are very resilient. It is really difficult to get rid of them. Some of them even survived the atomic bomb tests Entwetok Atoll in the Pacific after World War II. In addition to nuclear testing, they have been poisoned and trapped. They have been fumigated, drowned, and burned. In spite of all of our efforts, the rats continue to do well.
  8. 8. Topic Sentence Through the centuries, rats have managed to survive our efforts to destroy them. Rats are very resilient. It is really difficult to get rid of them. Some of them even survived the atomic bomb tests Entwetok Atoll in the Pacific after World War II. In addition to nuclear testing, they have been poisoned and trapped. They have been fumigated, drowned, and burned. In spite of all of our efforts, the rats continue to do well. Supporting Conclusion Details
  9. 9. New Idea = New Paragraph
  10. 10. Topic Sentence This is the controlling idea of the sentence
  11. 11. Topic Sentence = topic + controlling idea
  12. 12. Topic = The subject of your paragraph. It is what you are writing about. It is usually a noun or a noun phrase.
  13. 13. What is the topic of this presentation? ParNaHamgbOurrgaers!!phs
  14. 14. Underline the topic: 1. Bread is an important part of our everyday food. 2. Potatoes are good for you. 3. The hamburger is a popular food in the United States. 4. People all around the world drink tea. 5. Bread is the poor man’s food.
  15. 15. Let’s Find talk the about Topic rice… Rice plays an important part in some ceremonies. Rice is a nutritious part of our diet. White rice is not healthy for you.
  16. 16. Controlling Idea The controlling idea limits or controls your topic to one aspect, or thing, you want to write about.
  17. 17. topic + controlling idea topic = rice What we say about rice will change based on our controlling idea.
  18. 18. Where are the controlling ideas? Rice plays an important part in some ceremonies. Rice is a nutritious part of our diet. White rice is not healthy for you.
  19. 19. Underline the controlling idea: 1. Bread is an important part of our diet. 2. Bread plays an important role in our region. 3. Potatoes are easy to grow. 4. Potatoes are a staple food in Ireland. 5. French fries are popular all over the world.
  20. 20. Good Topic Sentences Fact vs. Opinion
  21. 21. Good Topic Sentences Good topic sentences are often opinions. A fact is not a good topic sentence because there is nothing more you can say about it.
  22. 22. Fact or Opinion? In some countries, people eat too much rice. Opinion
  23. 23. Fact or Opinion? Rice is a cereal. Fact
  24. 24. Fact or Opinion? Potatoes are good for you. Opinion
  25. 25. Fact or Opinion? The potato is a vegetable. Fact
  26. 26. Fact or Opinion? Alliya is the best teacher in the world. JuOstpF iaKnciditodning
  27. 27. Good Topic Sentences Dividing into Parts
  28. 28. Good Topic Sentences Another topic sentence divides the topic into parts.
  29. 29. Good Topic Sentences Potatoes are good for you in three ways. There are 4 basic methods of eating French fries. Potato eaters fall into different groups.
  30. 30. Dividing the Topic If you use this type of topic sentence, your paragraph should explain the parts. For example…
  31. 31. Dividing the Topic Potatoes are good for you in three ways. Supporting Details = 3 ways potatoes are good for you
  32. 32. Dividing the Topic Potatoes are good for you in three ways. Supporting Details = 3 ways potatoes are good for you
  33. 33. Supporting Details Tell more about the topic sentence. Facts Examples Description Explanation
  34. 34. Start General (Topic Sentence) Then add specific details. Facts Examples Description Explanation
  35. 35. I like American food. Then add specific details. I like to eat steak. I like to eat French Fries. I like to eat apple pie.
  36. 36. Add adjectives To make it more interesting I like to eat thick, juicy steak. I like to eat cripsy French Fries on the side. After dinner, I like to eat delicious apple pie.
  37. 37. Add explanations To make it more reflective I like to eat thick, juicy steak because we don’t eat a lot of beef in my country.
  38. 38. All supporting details support the topic sentence. Topic Sentence Example Description Fact Explanation
  39. 39. Choose the sentence that doesn’t belong Topic Sentence Example Description Fact Explanation
  40. 40. (1) To control a nosebleed, sit down and lean forward. (2) Put pressure on the lower part of the side that is bleeding for about five minutes. (3) Consult a doctor if the bleeding does not stop within 15 minutes. (4) It’s sometimes difficult to see a doctor without an appointment.
  41. 41. 1) Your attitude about your job may affect your chances of becoming sick. (2) A cold and a viral infection are common illnesses. (3) A university study indicated that employees with good attitudes were sick less often. (4) On the other hand, those that were unhappy used their sick days.
  42. 42. (1) Carpentry is rewarding in many ways (2) Working with wood can be relaxing and creative. (3) Carpenters enjoy working with their hands. (4) My father, a carpenter, opened a wood-working shop.
  43. 43. Supporting Details Tell more about the topic sentence. Facts Examples Description Explanation
  44. 44. Closing Sentence Restates the topic sentence Summarizes the main points in the paragraph Tells us ‘so what’
  45. 45. Closing Sentence Topic Sentence: Through the centuries, rats have managed to survive our efforts to destroy them. Closing Sentence: In spite of all of our efforts, the rats continue to do well.
  46. 46. Closing Sentence Topic Sentence: There is no day without kimchi on the table in my country Korea. Closing Sentence: Kimchi is an indispensable side dish at meals in Korea.
  47. 47. The paragraph A topic sentence Supporting details Closing or transition sentence
  48. 48. So remember…
  49. 49. Stay away from...
  50. 50. or this...
  51. 51. But we do want this...
  52. 52. Let’s Eat Write!
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×