6. heroes chapter_6_hdo

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6. heroes chapter_6_hdo

  1. 1. 30th January 2012 Chapter Six Summary Copy this in to your books in the right order 1. It is difficult for Arthur Rivier to understand why a hero such as Francis should want to go unrecognised. 2. Arthur reveals that Francis fell on a grenade and in so doing saved the lives of others. 3. He continues his search for Larry LaSalle. 4. Arthur Rivier finally recognises Francis, who begs him to keep his identity secret. 5. Francis is now a regular visitor to the St Jude Club where he learns that Larry LaSalle is celebrated as a hero. Can I critically respond to the text, ‘Heroes’? (AO1) I must generally refer to relevant aspects of Heroes I should discuss thoroughly and increasingly thoughtfully characters/relationships I could consider and suggest experimental ideas and judgements;
  2. 2. Lesson Objectives Can I critically respond to the text, ‘Heroes’? (AO1) I must generally refer to relevant aspects of Heroes I should discuss thoroughly and increasingly thoughtfully characters/relationships I could consider and suggest experimental ideas and judgements;
  3. 3. Why is this chapter important? A The chapter contains further comments on the nature of heroism. B The atmosphere of the chapter is enhanced by references to the weather. C There is further evidence that Francis has become an outsider observing his own life. D The references to the future that Francis cannot share illustrates the sense of hopelessness which surrounds him. Can I critically respond to the text, ‘Heroes’? (AO1) I must generally refer to relevant aspects of Heroes I should discuss thoroughly and increasingly thoughtfully characters/relationships I could consider and suggest experimental ideas and judgements;
  4. 4. Did you know? The word ‘grenade’, for a small handheld bomb, comes from the Spanish word for ‘pomegranate’. This is because early grenades were about the size of this fruit and their shrapnel pellets resembled the pomegranate’s seeds. Can I critically respond to the text, ‘Heroes’? (AO1) I must generally refer to relevant aspects of Heroes I should discuss thoroughly and increasingly thoughtfully characters/relationships I could consider and suggest experimental ideas and judgements;
  5. 5. Atmosphere Just as the previous chapter ended with a description of gloomy weather, this one begins in the same way. The reference to the clouds, which are still ‘thick and low’ (p.38) could be seen as a metaphor for the troubles that cloud Francis’ mind. The weather in Frenchtown never offers any comfort. It is always unpleasant or threatening, either too hot or too cold, as if it deliberately making life even more difficult for the characters. Can I critically respond to the text, ‘Heroes’? (AO1) I must generally refer to relevant aspects of Heroes I should discuss thoroughly and increasingly thoughtfully characters/relationships I could consider and suggest experimental ideas and judgements;
  6. 6. Self-Esteem In this chapter it is clear that while others might consider Francis to be a hero, what is most important to him is how he sees himself – a failure with no future. His only motivation is his desire for revenge. Arthur cannot understand why he will not identify himself. It is clear that something happened to Francis before the war which has destroyed his self respect. As a result he is full of self-loathing. Can I critically respond to the text, ‘Heroes’? (AO1) I must generally refer to relevant aspects of Heroes I should discuss thoroughly and increasingly thoughtfully characters/relationships I could consider and suggest experimental ideas and judgements;
  7. 7. Self-Esteem The award of the Silver Star for bravery always, and ironically, links Francis with Larry. He cannot escape him. Larry’s heroism is celebrated in Frenchtown. The veterans are encouraged to raise their glasses in a toast to him; his achievements are celebrated in a scrapbook of newspaper cuttings. Yet Francis cannot join their celebration of Larry nor can he accept Arthur’s praise: ‘I look away from the admiration in his eyes’ (p.42). Francis’ only focus is his revenge on Larry. Can I critically respond to the text, ‘Heroes’? (AO1) I must generally refer to relevant aspects of Heroes I should discuss thoroughly and increasingly thoughtfully characters/relationships I could consider and suggest experimental ideas and judgements;
  8. 8. Key Quote Francis: ‘They respect my silence and my anonymity’ (p.33). Can I critically respond to the text, ‘Heroes’? (AO1) I must generally refer to relevant aspects of Heroes I should discuss thoroughly and increasingly thoughtfully characters/relationships I could consider and suggest experimental ideas and judgements;
  9. 9. Dramatic Tension The dramatic tension in the novel centres upon the gradual revelation of what happened to Francis before the war. Robert Cormier draws the reader into the story by revealing the details gradually, allowing the reader to speculate about events and to think about why the characters act in the ways that they do. Can I critically respond to the text, ‘Heroes’? (AO1) I must generally refer to relevant aspects of Heroes I should discuss thoroughly and increasingly thoughtfully characters/relationships I could consider and suggest experimental ideas and judgements;
  10. 10. Dramatic Tension We know from the very beginning that Larry LaSalle is Francis’ intended victim. The obvious depth of feeling that Francis has for Nicole indicates clearly that she is part of what motivates his need for revenge but at this point we do not know the details and this keeps the reader engaged in the narrative. The obvious sense of love that Francis feels for Nicole is matched by the hatred he feels for Larry. Can I critically respond to the text, ‘Heroes’? (AO1) I must generally refer to relevant aspects of Heroes I should discuss thoroughly and increasingly thoughtfully characters/relationships I could consider and suggest experimental ideas and judgements;
  11. 11. Dramatic Tension This chapter adds to the growing sense of intrigue by allowing the characters to speak in praise of Larry LaSalle, whom we met for the first time in Chapter 5 – even the bartender, known as The Strangler, salutes him. We want to know what it is that Francis knows, that the other characters do not. Can I critically respond to the text, ‘Heroes’? (AO1) I must generally refer to relevant aspects of Heroes I should discuss thoroughly and increasingly thoughtfully characters/relationships I could consider and suggest experimental ideas and judgements;
  12. 12. Dramatic Tension Because of what has happened to him and also because he is the narrator and our guide to the events of the novel, we feel great sympathy for Francis and begin to feel that Larry must have done something very serious if he has had such an effect upon a character with whom we identify. Can I critically respond to the text, ‘Heroes’? (AO1) I must generally refer to relevant aspects of Heroes I should discuss thoroughly and increasingly thoughtfully characters/relationships I could consider and suggest experimental ideas and judgements;
  13. 13. Dramatic Tension Through Arthur, Cormier shows us the respect that the other characters have for Francis and what he Checkpoint 6 did. What interests the reader is that not only does he not share their feelings but also he hates himself. The difference between these attitudes creates genuine dramatic tension. Why does Francis feel it is important for him to stay ‘sharp and alert’? (p.39) Can I critically respond to the text, ‘Heroes’? (AO1) I must generally refer to relevant aspects of Heroes I should discuss thoroughly and increasingly thoughtfully characters/relationships I could consider and suggest experimental ideas and judgements;
  14. 14. Key Quote The Strangler: ‘To Larry LaSalle, the best of the best’ (p.40). Can I critically respond to the text, ‘Heroes’? (AO1) I must generally refer to relevant aspects of Heroes I should discuss thoroughly and increasingly thoughtfully characters/relationships I could consider and suggest experimental ideas and judgements;
  15. 15. Examiner’s tip: writing about the past and the future Francis is unable to move on to the future until he has resolved the issues that haunt him from his past. His refusal to publically acknowledge his identity and his silence mean that he appears to be reviewing and assessing his life as a critical outsider. Can I critically respond to the text, ‘Heroes’? (AO1) I must generally refer to relevant aspects of Heroes I should discuss thoroughly and increasingly thoughtfully characters/relationships I could consider and suggest experimental ideas and judgements;
  16. 16. Examiner’s tip: writing about the past and the future Although the talk among the veterans is about the new life they hope to begin, Francis is not able to take part. It is apparent that, unlike the others, he gives no thought to his future because he doesn’t belive that he has one. Yet even though they talk about the future, the other veterans, just like Francis, cannot escape the consequences of the past. The happy atmosphere in the club soon changes and everyone falls quiet as the men appear to be thinking about their wartime experiences. Details are recorded such as Arthur’s mouth twitching, Armand staring into space and George Richelieu tugging at his pinned-up sleeve. It shows that Francis is not alone in carrying the effects of war. Can I critically respond to the text, ‘Heroes’? (AO1) I must generally refer to relevant aspects of Heroes I should discuss thoroughly and increasingly thoughtfully characters/relationships I could consider and suggest experimental ideas and judgements;
  17. 17. Reflecting on my learning: copy out ONE skill you need to work on the MOST at the moment. Part 5: When studying the novel ‘Heroes’, I need more practise... 1. Describing and explaining characters personalities 2. Understanding the links between the themes and characters 3. Using a quotation that matches my point 4. Identifying and exploring language techniques 5. Explaining and commenting on narrative techniques 6. Interpreting the messages within the story Can I critically respond to the text, ‘Heroes’? (AO1) I must generally refer to relevant aspects of Heroes I should discuss thoroughly and increasingly thoughtfully characters/relationships I could consider and suggest experimental ideas and judgements;

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